Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Four Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 2, Mathematics and the Exact Sciences.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Chapter 2 reveals that Leibniz wrote the "second difference" in calculus as ________.
(a) R6Z.
(b) A3E.
(c) D2X.
(d) B3C.

2. According to the beginning of Chapter 1, in 1759 the French mathematician ________ described a revolution that he saw taking place in natural philosophy.
(a) Newton.
(b) Carnot.
(c) Euler.
(d) Jean Lerond d'Alembert.

3. Madame du Chatelet supported the Leibnizian theory of ________ because it gave a better account of free will.
(a) Christianity.
(b) Mechanics.
(c) Religion.
(d) Physics.

4. In Chapter 2, who was the greatest analyst of the Enlightenment and created mathematical theories to predict the buckling of columns and beams?
(a) Newton.
(b) Bernoulli.
(c) Leonhard Euler.
(d) Leibniz.

5. Who became the ablest and most productive mathematician of the eighteenth century, according to the narrator in Chapter 2?
(a) Bernoulli.
(b) Lagrange.
(c) Newton.
(d) Euler.

Short Answer Questions

1. In the preface to his "Histoire" of the Paris Academy of Science, who argued in 1699 that the new "geometric spirit" could also improve works on politics, morals, literary criticism, and even public speaking?

2. Descartes's "quantity of motion" is equivalent to our modern principle of the conservation of ________.

3. In 1688, Fontenelle wrote a treatise on the nature of the eclogue or ________.

4. In the hands of ________, history led not to an understanding of God's will but rather to an understanding of human nature.

5. Who stated in the introduction to their book that, "There are no figures in this book. The methods that I demonstrate here require neither constructions, nor geometrical or mechanical reasoning, but only algebraic operations, subject to a regular and uniform development"?

(see the answer key)

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