Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Four Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 2, Mathematics and the Exact Sciences.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. By what name did natural philosophers want to be known as, according to the narrator in Chapter 1?
(a) Men of Letters.
(b) Professors.
(c) Men of Honor.
(d) Masters.

2. What was the name of the revolution that was a cultural event associated with Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, Rene Descartes, and Isaac Newton?
(a) French Revolution.
(b) Enlightenment Revolution.
(c) Scientific Revolution.
(d) American Revolution.

3. Chapter 1 states that in 1700, ________ first talked about an "almost complete revolution in geometry" that had begun with the analytic geometry of Descartes.
(a) Leibniz.
(b) Cartesians.
(c) D'Alembert.
(d) Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle.

4. Who was France's greatest hero of the Enlightenment partly because he was from England, the source of free thought and liberty and partly because he had solved the riddle of the planets, showing that their motions obeyed the same laws as motions on earth?
(a) Swift.
(b) Fontenelle.
(c) Newton.
(d) Boyle.

5. Who coined the expression "Scientific Revolution," according to the narrator in Chapter 1?
(a) Jean Lerond d'Alembert.
(b) Newton.
(c) Malebranche.
(d) Descartes.

Short Answer Questions

1. What area of science included astronomy, optics, statics, hydraulics, gnomonics, geography, horology, navigation, surveying, and fortification?

2. In Chapter 2, who was the greatest analyst of the Enlightenment and created mathematical theories to predict the buckling of columns and beams?

3. In the early years of the Enlightenment, the strongest support on the Continent for Newton's philosophy came from ________.

4. In Chapter 1, who claimed that his "principle of least action" proved the existence of God?

5. In 1688, Fontenelle wrote a treatise on the nature of the eclogue or ________.

(see the answer key)

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