Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Four Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 2, Mathematics and the Exact Sciences.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Chapter 1, who made Newton into a supreme rationalist whose laws of motion were a priori deductions of pure thought?
(a) Marquis de l'Hopital.
(b) Maupertuis.
(c) Roberts.
(d) Fontenelle.

2. According to the narrator in Chapter 1, who was one of the originators of the mechanical philosophy who believed there were no forces or powers in matter?
(a) Carnot.
(b) Leibniz.
(c) Descartes.
(d) Bernoulli.

3. Who stated in 1665 that "Analysis...seems to belong no more to Mathematics than to Physics, Ethics or any other Science"?
(a) Euclid.
(b) Aristotle.
(c) Isaac Barrow.
(d) Condillac.

4. Who became the ablest and most productive mathematician of the eighteenth century, according to the narrator in Chapter 2?
(a) Newton.
(b) Bernoulli.
(c) Euler.
(d) Lagrange.

5. ________ in Italy and ________ in Holland did experiments in which they measured the impact of a falling ball by dropping in onto clay.
(a) Giovanni Poleni / 'sGravesande.
(b) Newton / Aristotle.
(c) 'sGravesande / Descartes.
(d) Voltaire / d'Alembert.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the name of the priest of the Congregation of the Oratory, who was also a philosopher, mathematician, and member of the French Academy of Sciences?

2. According to Chapter 2, for Newton, ________ consisted in "making experiments and observations and in drawing general Conclusion from them by Induction."

3. The "Philosophical Letters" was a product of Voltaire's visit to ________ according to Chapter 2.

4. In Chapter 1, who claimed that his "principle of least action" proved the existence of God?

5. What area of study in the Middle Ages had been the domain of those truths that could be found through the use of reason alone without the revelation of the Bible?

(see the answer key)

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