Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Four Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 2, Mathematics and the Exact Sciences.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who became the ablest and most productive mathematician of the eighteenth century, according to the narrator in Chapter 2?
(a) Newton.
(b) Bernoulli.
(c) Lagrange.
(d) Euler.

2. Who carried rational mechanics to the highest point of generality and abstraction that it was to reach during the Enlightenment?
(a) Daniel.
(b) Diderot.
(c) Hermann.
(d) Lagrange.

3. Chapter 2 reveals that Leibniz wrote the "second difference" in calculus as ________.
(a) A3E.
(b) R6Z.
(c) D2X.
(d) B3C.

4. Leibniz, in his differential calculus, broke up the curve into many little straight lines, creating a ________, in Chapter 2 of "Science and the Enlightenment."
(a) Diagonal curve.
(b) Centripetal curve.
(c) Pentagon curve.
(d) Polygon curve.

5. What was the name of the philosopher who was the leading scientific experimenter in seventeenth-century England, who had agreed that he had never seen any "inanimate production of nature, or of chance, whose contrivance was comparable to that of the meanest limb of the despicabilist animal"?
(a) Locke.
(b) Galileo.
(c) Swift.
(d) Robert Boyle.

Short Answer Questions

1. What category of science, at the beginning of the Enlightenment, was "the science that teaches us the reasons and causes of all the effects that Nature produces," including both living and nonliving phenomena?

2. Who claimed a community of atheists could live a completely moral existence, according to Chapter 1 of the book "Science and the Enlightenment"?

3. What was the name of the revolution that was a cultural event associated with Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, Rene Descartes, and Isaac Newton?

4. The conversion of 'sGravesande confused the ideological debate because he was one of the leading supporters of ________ philosophy on the Continent.

5. What was the name of the priest of the Congregation of the Oratory, who was also a philosopher, mathematician, and member of the French Academy of Sciences?

(see the answer key)

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