Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Two Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chemistry.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The conversion of 'sGravesande confused the ideological debate because he was one of the leading supporters of ________ philosophy on the Continent.
(a) Platoian.
(b) Voltairian.
(c) Newtonian.
(d) Aristotlian.

2. The eighteenth century was called by the French the ________ because of its emphasis on reason as a path to knowledge.
(a) Century of light.
(b) Century of science.
(c) Century of life.
(d) Century of reason.

3. In attempting to understand the role of air in combustion and calcination, Lavoisier extended ________'s theory of the vaporous state into chemistry.
(a) Macquer.
(b) Bayen.
(c) Turgot.
(d) Black.

4. What was the name of the revolution that was a cultural event associated with Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, Rene Descartes, and Isaac Newton?
(a) Enlightenment Revolution.
(b) American Revolution.
(c) French Revolution.
(d) Scientific Revolution.

5. From ________'s law of falling bodies, it was known that the heights would be proportional to the squares of the velocities at impact.
(a) Poleni.
(b) Voltaire.
(c) Descartes.
(d) Galileo.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who was the extraordinary philosopher whose life and career exemplified many aspects of the Enlightenment, although he was not especially prominent as a natural philosopher nor was he the main protagonist in the vis viva controversy?

2. According to Chapter 2, for Newton, ________ consisted in "making experiments and observations and in drawing general Conclusion from them by Induction."

3. Which German metaphysician, when asked in 1785 if he believed he lived in an enlightened age, answered, "No, we are living in an age of enlightenment."

4. According to the narrator in Chapter 1, who was one of the originators of the mechanical philosophy who believed there were no forces or powers in matter?

5. Who believed that the universe would run down if it were not for God's intervention to renew his creation?

(see the answer key)

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