Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Two Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chemistry.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Leibniz, in his differential calculus, broke up the curve into many little straight lines, creating a ________, in Chapter 2 of "Science and the Enlightenment."
(a) Diagonal curve.
(b) Centripetal curve.
(c) Pentagon curve.
(d) Polygon curve.

2. According to Chapter 1, the noble Houyhnhnm in Jonathan Swift's ________ "thought Nature and Reason were sufficient guides for a reasonable animal, as we pretended to be, in showing us what we ought to do, and what to avoid."
(a) Gulliver's Travels.
(b) The Day of Judgement.
(c) A Modest Proposal.
(d) Twelve Articles.

3. In Chapter 4, the narrator reveals that Anne Robert Jacques Turgot was a famous French ________.
(a) Physicist.
(b) Public servant.
(c) Philosopher.
(d) Chemist.

4. The discipline of physics had originally been created by ________, and it had nothing to do with experiment or quantitative measure nor was it limited to the inorganic world.
(a) Plato.
(b) Newton.
(c) Aristotle.
(d) Boerhaave.

5. Georg Stahl renamed the oily earth ________, according to the narrator in Chapter 4.
(a) Conspectus.
(b) Phlogiston.
(c) Memoires.
(d) Subterranean.

Short Answer Questions

1. Of all the subtle fluids conceived of during the Enlightenment, the ________ was the one that caused the most excitement and attracted the most researchers.

2. Chapter 2 states that ________ had been created to deal with the problem of motion and that the new mathematical techniques discovered in the eighteenth century were all responses to the challenges of mechanics.

3. Who stated in 1665 that "Analysis...seems to belong no more to Mathematics than to Physics, Ethics or any other Science"?

4. Who was the extraordinary philosopher whose life and career exemplified many aspects of the Enlightenment, although he was not especially prominent as a natural philosopher nor was he the main protagonist in the vis viva controversy?

5. Joseph Black studied ________, which had only recently been used as a medicine, according to Chapter 4.

(see the answer key)

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