Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Two Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chemistry.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In Chapter 3, whose book described demonstration experiments and gave detailed instructions for making and using the apparatus, but unlike the Dutch physicists, he attempted to create a single rational systematic philosophy, after the model of Leibniz?
(a) Desaguliers.
(b) Wolff.
(c) Chatelet.
(d) 'sGravesande.

2. ________, "curator of experiments" at the Royal Society, began research on the luminosity of phosphorus in 1705, under instruction from members of the society.
(a) Francis Hauksbee.
(b) John Cuthbertson.
(c) Abbe Nollet.
(d) William Gilbert.

3. In 1819, who gave a clue to the source of this pessimism when he wrote that "the power of our analysis is practically exhausted"?
(a) Diderot.
(b) Sylvestre-Francois Lacroix.
(c) Joseph-Louis Lagrange.
(d) Isaac Barrow.

4. According to the narrator in Chapter 3, who became a famous doctor and chemist and initiated the Dutch program in his oration of 1715 entitled "De comparando certo in physicis"?
(a) Musschenbroek.
(b) Boerhaave.
(c) Mariotte.
(d) Newton.

5. Lavoisier, along with the chemists Macquer, Cadet, and Brisson, performed experiments on ________ at the highest temperature available.
(a) Magnets.
(b) Rubies.
(c) Diamonds.
(d) Gold.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who carried rational mechanics to the highest point of generality and abstraction that it was to reach during the Enlightenment?

2. In Chapter 2, what was the name of the shape of a chain suspended between two fixed points?

3. Chapter 1 states that in 1700, ________ first talked about an "almost complete revolution in geometry" that had begun with the analytic geometry of Descartes.

4. In Chapter 3, who noticed that when he pulled off his silk socks in the evening, "they frequently made a crackling or snapping noise" and emitted "sparks of fire"?

5. All of the following were forms of fire, according to Boerhaave and Musschenbroek, except for which one?

(see the answer key)

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