Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Two Week Quiz A

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chemistry.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The ________ greatly increased the demand for certain chemical products, such as alkalis and mineral acids, and the search for improved methods of manufacture resulted in new chemical techniques in metallurgy, ceramics, and textiles, especially in textile dyeing and bleaching.
(a) Great Depression.
(b) Industrial Revolution.
(c) French Revolution.
(d) World War II.

2. What was the name of the philosopher who had a passion for humanity, a desire to "do good," and a penchant for reform, according to Chapter 1?
(a) Maupertuis.
(b) Condorcet.
(c) Newton.
(d) Descartes.

3. The narrator explains in Chapter 4 that the most popular textbooks in France during the first half of the eighteenth century were those of ________ and ________.
(a) Roi / Lavoisier.
(b) Boerhaave / Lemery.
(c) Cullen / Black.
(d) Stahl / Marggraf / Rouelle.

4. Vis viva was thought by its creator ________ to be the dynamic quantity that was conserved in the universe, according to the narrator in Chapter 2.
(a) Descartes.
(b) Leibniz.
(c) Euler.
(d) 'sGravesande.

5. In 1819, who gave a clue to the source of this pessimism when he wrote that "the power of our analysis is practically exhausted"?
(a) Sylvestre-Francois Lacroix.
(b) Joseph-Louis Lagrange.
(c) Diderot.
(d) Isaac Barrow.

Short Answer Questions

1. In Chapter 4, Abbe Condillac claimed that ________ was the best language because it had the best symbols.

2. In Chapter 4, what is the name of the group of financiers who obtained from the French government the right to collect taxes?

3. ________, "curator of experiments" at the Royal Society, began research on the luminosity of phosphorus in 1705, under instruction from members of the society.

4. The "Philosophical Letters" was a product of Voltaire's visit to ________ according to Chapter 2.

5. Chapter 1 states that in 1700, ________ first talked about an "almost complete revolution in geometry" that had begun with the analytic geometry of Descartes.

(see the answer key)

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