|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What limitations did Tolstoy see as hindering human beings, according to Berlin?
2. What had been the outcome of the European states' revolution?
3. How did authors fare in the mid-nineteenth-century Russian literary scene?
4. Who was exiled to Siberia because of the trial of a group of conspirators?
5. What measures did the Tsar take to assert his values?
Short Essay Questions
1. What influence did censors have on Russian intellectuals and literature?
2. What was Annenkov's role in the circle of Russian Intelligentsia?
3. Describe the main ideas of Hegel's that influenced Herzen.
4. Which Russian intellectuals did Pavel Annenkov describe in his memoirs?
5. What were the three accomplishments of the intellectuals who rose to prominence in the 1830s and 40s?
6. What do foxes and hedgehogs represent in Archilochus' adage, and how does Berlin apply the distinction to Russian thinkers?
7. Describe the difference between progressive and reactionary Romanticism.
8. Whose writings had Russian intellectuals and writers primarily been influenced by?
9. Who was Joseph de Maistre and what ideas did Tolstoy share with him?
10. Describe the difference between Herzen and Bakunin's personalities.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Which writer or character is most representative of the tensions and conflicting desires that characterize the writers Berlin profiles? Define your terms, and use examples from the life of the author you choose.
Essay Topic 2
Were literature and philosophy separable from politics in 19th-century Russian literature, or were they simply the meditative and artistic versions of political activity? What was it about the cultural moment of 19th-century Russia that turned philosophy and literature into political questions?
Essay Topic 3
How were the roles of literature and literary criticism different in 19th-century Russia? What did critics expect to do in criticism? What did writers expect to do by writing? In which writers, or in what cases did these functions overlap? Where did they diverge, or tear a writer's work in two directions?
This section contains 742 words
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