|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Sixteen days after Grissom's flight, the Russians launch another cosmonaut into space. How many times does the cosmonaut orbit the Earth before landing?
2. Why does Deke Slayton officially retire from the Air Force one year short of being eligible for his 20-year pension
3. Why does the Air Force bring Chuck Yeager back to Edwards?
4. Why does the unmanned flight receive very little public attention?
5. When Cooper is in the capsule awaiting launch, all of his objective readings indicate that Cooper has done something no previous astronaut has done. What does Cooper do?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Shepard see as the main differences between the actual flight and the centrifuge's simulated flights?
2. When Bob Gilruth calls the astronauts together for an emergency meeting just before Christmas, what is the purpose of the meeting?
3. When NASA grounds Deke Slayton, the press refers to him as being "keenly disappointed." How is Slayton actually feeling?
4. During an international space conference attended by the Russians to publicize their successes in space, what reassuring fact does the United States learn?
5. The wives had barely started getting settled into their new homes in Houston when something extraordinary starts happening. What is it?
6. What worries the astronauts the most about Project Mercury potentially losing funding?
7. The seven original Mercury astronauts receive the Iven C. Kincheloe Award for outstanding professional performance in the conduct of test flight from the Society for Experimental Test Pilots. What does receiving this award mean to the astronauts?
8. What is the general assumption regarding why the capsule's hatch blew before the helicopter hooks on?
9. Why does Grissom's suit not keep him buoyant when he is awaiting rescue in the ocean?
10. Why does NASA select the primary pilot and two backups with a few weeks to go before the launch instead of selecting the primary pilot the day before the launch as is originally planned?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
At various times during the lifespan of Project Mercury, there are opposing interests as to the policies and priorities of NASA and the astronauts. Describe the struggle for leadership between the following men.
a. John Kennedy and James Webb?
b. John Glenn and John Kennedy?
c. James Webb and John Glenn?
Essay Topic 2
The two most prominent of the seven astronauts are arguably Alan Shepard and John Glenn. The book pits the two against each other in several ways.
a. Identify and explain the points-of-view of both Shepard and Glenn regarding the off-duty behaviors of the astronauts while at the Cape. Why did their views cause dissension among the remaining astronauts? What was the role of the Konakai Séance in the resolution of their dispute? How was their dispute resolved?
b. Shepard and Glenn are both competing to be selected as the first man into space. Compare how each man prepares for selection. Contrast their reactions when the selected individual is finally named. Compare their behaviors after the selection is made.
Essay Topic 3
Identify and discuss the main political events that hastened the creation of Project Mercury.
a. What specifically occurred to speed up NASA's time frame for space travel?
b. What perceived threats resulted from these events?
c. How did the creation of Project Mercury address these perceived threats?
This section contains 998 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)