|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How many days before the planned Mercury launch do the Russians put a man into space?
2. Which chimpanzee is chosen to go into space?
3. The first test flight using an Atlas rocket is unmanned. Who or what goes up in the second test flight?
4. Who is in charge of crew selection?
5. When Cooper is in the capsule awaiting launch, all of his objective readings indicate that Cooper has done something no previous astronaut has done. What does Cooper do?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why is Betty Grissom so upset at the treatment of Gus after his flight?
2. Why does Webb declare Cooper's flight to be the last of the Mercury program?
3. The seven original Mercury astronauts receive the Iven C. Kincheloe Award for outstanding professional performance in the conduct of test flight from the Society for Experimental Test Pilots. What does receiving this award mean to the astronauts?
4. When Bob Gilruth calls the astronauts together for an emergency meeting just before Christmas, what is the purpose of the meeting?
5. The Air Force has grand plans of their own for a space program. What do their plans include?
6. In Chapter 15, what does John Glenn argue with James Webb about?
7. Why is there a certain danger in scrapping the Redstone rocket in favor of the Atlas rockets?
8. What does Shepard see as the main differences between the actual flight and the centrifuge's simulated flights?
9. During an international space conference attended by the Russians to publicize their successes in space, what reassuring fact does the United States learn?
10. Why does the next group of astronauts selected contain fourteen trainees instead of the intended eleven trainees?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The mindset of a fighter jock, whether testing airplanes or riding on rockets, is different from the mindset of the "average" person. With the danger inherent in their daily occupational duties, the fighter jock mindset probably has to be different to continue to go up and push the envelope.
a. Describe the coping mechanisms the pilots had in place to help them deal with the enormous stress of their jobs.
b. Discuss the coping mechanisms the pilots' wives had in place to deal with the enormous stress of their husbands' jobs.
Essay Topic 2
The book first introduces us to some of the Mercury astronauts during their test flying days and, by the astronaut selection process, we have met all seven of the men who will be selected for Project Mercury. By the end of the book, we have seen these men over three to four years.
a. Compare and contrast the attitudes of the Original Seven astronauts when they first entered the training program to their attitudes towards the conclusion of the Mercury program. How did their success affect the systems in place at NASA?
b. How did the success of the Mercury program change these men, if at all? Pick two of the seven and support your answer.
Essay Topic 3
Throughout the book, the astronauts are compared with the pilots from Edwards Air Force Base. Compare and contrast these two groups in terms at the following times:
a. When Project Mercury was first being announced.
b. When Project Mercury was underway.
c. When Project Mercury was concluded.
This section contains 929 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)