|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which of the following magazines was NOT devoted entirely to photography?
2. Fenton received directions from the War Office to do which of the following?
3. Sontag observes that "Here Is New York" had no need for captions, but suggests that:
4. How many images did the "Here Is New York" exhibit originally receive?
5. Sontag discusses "Here Is New York," a photography exhibit depicting September 11th. Whom did the organizers ask to contribute photographs?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Sontag, how do mass Hollywood productions influence the public's perception of catastrophic or horrific events?
2. Discuss one way in which the development of technology during and after the Vietnam War has affected the veracity of photographs.
3. According to Sontag, how are photographs of victims a form of rhetoric? What is their purpose or message? How do they function to convey this message?
4. How did war journalism change during the Spanish Civil War (1936-39)? How did the coverage of this war more closely resemble modern media coverage of conflicts?
5. Sontag asserted that "cameras have always kept company with death." What did she mean by this assertion?
6. Explain the connection Sontag made between religious narratives and iconography and the Western understanding of images of suffering. Discuss at least one example from the text.
7. According to Sontag, how does a photograph in the news media differ from a written account? How does the audience change?
8. Sontag compared the photograph to a maxim or a proverb. Explain this comparison. What does it tell us about the nature or impact of photographs?
9. According to Sontag, how are standards for journalism determined in an era of tele-controlled warfare?
10. Discuss the significance of "Here is New York," the exhibit of photographs taken on September 11th during the collapse of the World Trade Center.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Media coverage of the Vietnam War produced a mass outcry against war, while the media coverage of 9/11 produced more divergent effects on individuals. What do you think accounts for this difference? Is it perhaps the difference between a far-off conflict and an attack at "home"? Is it perhaps something in the nature of the wars themselves? Is it the difference in media coverage? Or is it something altogether different? Defend your position with evidence and support.
Essay Topic 2
Sontag suggested that specific memory of atrocities may be detrimental to peace efforts. Is this necessarily true? Is there a way in which memories and memorials might contribute to establishing and maintaining peace? If so, how? If not, why not?
Essay Topic 3
Throughout Sontag's argument, gender norms and expectations emerge as contributing factors in the way individuals receive images. How does Sontag treat these gendered expectations? Do you agree with Sontag's assertions on this issue? Why or why not? Discuss the differences in the ways men and women receive photographs of war and atrocity as well as the way publishing companies think about their audiences in terms of gender.
This section contains 1,053 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)