|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which of the following poets expressed concerns about the effect of national-scale events on human sensibility in 1800?
2. What did Wall's photograph enable soldiers to do that they could not do in "real" life?
(a) Condemn the viewer.
(b) Communicate propaganda.
(c) Speak while dead.
(d) Glorify war.
3. Sontag discusses another common belief regarding media coverage of an event, and suggested that it may seem to contradict the first common belief she addresses. What is this second idea?
(a) Limited exposure diminishes the impact the images have on an audience.
(b) The media sensationalizes stories of atrocity.
(c) Repeated images in the media exhaust our ability to prevent new atrocities.
(d) Overexposure to images in the media makes people callous.
4. What does Sontag claim as our only connection with the dead?
5. Sontag insists that images may be ineffective; however, they do serve one basic and significant function. What is that function?
(a) Images provide representation for the victims, no matter how flawed.
(b) Images inoculate us to the effects of atrocity.
(c) Images remind us that humans are capable of causing great pain.
(d) Images provide moral education.
Short Answer Questions
1. "Without Sanctuary" was a book of photographs taken of which of the following atrocities?
2. According to Sontag, people are less responsive to images of violence in which of the following contexts?
3. In portraying horrors, Leonardo da Vinci encouraged artists to be:
4. Sontag cites one of her earlier books published in 1977. Which of the following is it?
5. Underneath feelings of apathy, Sontag contends are which of the following feelings?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Sontag, designating a hell is not enough; yet, she suggests that this ability to name an atrocity does accomplish something. What does this accomplish? What is the point of naming an atrocity an atrocity?
2. Discuss the significance of the photograph's intended purpose. If a photograph is intended to convey a message, but because of the context in which it is displayed does not, is the photograph still successful?
3. Sontag discusses the emergence of apathy and cynicism toward war. According to her discussion, what feeling underlies cynicism about war and atrocity? What is the purpose of this cynicism?
4. How does our contemporary view of suffering differ from earlier, more traditional Western views?
5. What is unusual about Wall's "Dead Troops Talk (A Vision After an Ambush of a Red Army Patrol near Moqor, Afghanistan, Winter 1986)?" Discuss two aspects of the work that separate it from others like it.
6. Why does Sontag refer to the argument that image-glut desensitizes us to images of suffering as "conservative"?
7. Sontag discusses two widespread ideas about the influence of photography. Sontag notes that the second idea might seem to be the converse of the first. What is the second idea? Discuss the second idea using support from the book.
8. What does Sontag mean when she said that photographs transform?
9. According to Sontag, how does Goya's "The Disasters of War" differ from most depictions of mutilated and tortured bodies?
10. In her discussion of the emotional impact of artistic renderings of suffering, Sontag referrs to Kabuki or Bunraku plays. What are these plays? Why does Sontag include this example?
This section contains 1,148 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)