|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Sontag notes that post-colonial Africa is most commonly known to the American public based on a series of which of the following groups of images?
(a) Photographs of the famine fields of Biafra, the Rwandan genocide, and the AIDS epidemic.
(b) Still images of freedom fighters, revolutionary independence movements, and guerrilla insurgencies.
(c) Images of post-war development and national improvement.
(d) Images of American aid groups, support-a-child network assistants, and refugee camps.
2. Sontag lists which of the following as images that the artist "takes"?
3. Which antiwar book which shows images from German military archives does Sontag reference?
(a) Krieg dem Kriege!
(c) The Face of War.
(d) Three Guinneas.
4. Sontag discusses a famous series of photographs taken by Tyler Hicks, titled "A Nation Challenged." What does this series depict?
(a) Hugo Chavez.
(b) Osama Bin Laden.
(c) A wounded Taliban soldier.
(d) The destruction of the Twin Towers.
5. Goya's "Los Desastres de la Guerra" (The Disasters of War) was a series of etchings published in 1863. Which of the following events does this series depict?
(a) World War I.
(b) The Spanish Civil War.
(c) The bombing of Guernica.
(d) Napoleon's invasion of Spain.
Short Answer Questions
1. Sontag argues that Goya's "The Disasters of War" was a turning point in the depiction of suffering. What does she cite as her reason?
2. Sontag lists many effects of photographs depicting war victims. Which of the following was not one of the effects she lists?
3. Who took the infamous image of Brigadier General Nguyen Ngoc Loan executing a Vietcong suspect in the street?
4. Sontag calls for the reader's sympathy for the wounded Taliban soldier whose pain graced the cover of "The New York Times" by suggesting which of the following?
5. Audiences may question the veracity of photographs because:
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Sontag, do people prefer artistic renderings or straight-forward representations of atrocities? Why?
2. Using the example of genocides and AIDS in Africa, Sontag argued that images of suffering in far-off places carry a double meaning. What is this double meaning?
3. Explain Sontag's objection to the idea that a news broadcasting program can "give you the world." Why did she argue that compressing world news into broadcasted programming is bad?
4. According to Sontag, how does Goya's "The Disasters of War" differ from most depictions of mutilated and tortured bodies?
5. What does Sontag mean when she said that photographs transform?
6. According to Sontag, why is there no museum dedicated to the victims of the slave trade?
7. According to Sontag, how do mass Hollywood productions influence the public's perception of catastrophic or horrific events?
8. Discuss the significance of the Magnum Photo Agency, founded in Paris in 1947. What was the group initially founded to do? How did they influence the development of photojournalism?
9. Sontag suggests that Wall's work affirms the normalcy of war. How so?
10. Discuss the purpose of Virginia Woolf's "Three Guineas" as explained by Sontag, and explain why Sontag opens her book with this reference.
This section contains 1,067 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)