|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Sontag, anti-war sentiment:
(a) Emerged in the arts across Europe after World War I.
(b) Overcame the militarized frenzy of the war years.
(c) Produced peace.
(d) Was considered treasonous.
2. The Brady war pictures were taken of which of the following wars?
(a) The Crimean War.
(b) The American Civil War.
(c) World War I.
(d) The Spanish Civil War.
3. After World War I, the general public thought of the War as:
(a) A hopeless waste of human energy and life.
(b) The war to end all wars.
(c) A clean, necessary and effectively fought war.
(d) An atrocity committed on the world stage.
4. Sontag discusses a famous series of photographs taken by Tyler Hicks, titled "A Nation Challenged." What does this series depict?
(a) Osama Bin Laden.
(b) A wounded Taliban soldier.
(c) The destruction of the Twin Towers.
(d) Hugo Chavez.
5. Sontag argues that the most extensive kind of censorship is which of the following?
(a) The censorship implied by public sensibility.
(b) Government censorship.
(c) Military censorship.
(d) The self-censorship of broadcast companies.
Short Answer Questions
1. Sontag describes a famous photograph from the Spanish Civil War in which two things occur simultaneously. What are those two things?
2. Photographic representations of the Vietnam War was essential to promoting:
3. Sontag mentions many factors which influence the way audiences receive war photography. Which of the following was NOT one of those factors?
4. The protagonist of J'Accuse, the 1938 anti-war film, cries out which of the following in German and in English?
5. Fenton's "The Valley of the Shadow of Death" is unique for which of the following reasons?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Sontag, how does a photograph in the news media differ from a written account? How does the audience change?
2. Using the example of genocides and AIDS in Africa, Sontag argued that images of suffering in far-off places carry a double meaning. What is this double meaning?
3. How do captions sway interpretations of images? Discuss one of the examples Sontag provides in Chapter 1.
4. According to Sontag, how are photographs of victims a form of rhetoric? What is their purpose or message? How do they function to convey this message?
5. According to Sontag, how do mass Hollywood productions influence the public's perception of catastrophic or horrific events?
6. Discuss the significance of the Magnum Photo Agency, founded in Paris in 1947. What was the group initially founded to do? How did they influence the development of photojournalism?
7. What did Sontag mean when she claimed that the memory of war is mostly local? What does this mean for international news firms?
8. Explain the purpose of photography collections such as Ernst Friedrich's "Krieg dem Kriege!" (War Against War!), and discuss how these works attempt to achieve this end.
9. Explain the significance of Jacques Callot's 1633 series of etchings titled "Les Miseres et les Malheurs de la Guerra" (The Miseries and Misfortunes of War). Why did Sontag discuss this work?
10. Discuss one way in which the development of technology during and after the Vietnam War has affected the veracity of photographs.
This section contains 1,082 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)