|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Audiences may question the veracity of photographs because:
(a) Images can be staged or manipulated.
(b) Newspapers and magazines caption the images.
(c) Anyone can photograph an event.
(d) Photojournalists are unreliable.
2. Sontag argues that a photograph by which of these photographers triggered mass outcry against the Vietnam War?
(a) Robert Capa.
(b) Henri Cartier-Bresson.
(c) Larry Burroughs.
(d) Ernst Friedrich.
3. Sontag argues that witnessing war atrocities from afar is a unique experience characteristic of:
(a) The early 19th century.
(b) The modern world.
(c) Eastern countries.
(d) Western countries.
4. Which of the following magazines was NOT devoted entirely to photography?
(a) Picture Post.
(c) National Geographic.
5. After World War I, the general public thought of the War as:
(a) A hopeless waste of human energy and life.
(b) An atrocity committed on the world stage.
(c) A clean, necessary and effectively fought war.
(d) The war to end all wars.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which of the following images was often thought to represent a mother, looking tellingly into the sky during an air raid of the Spanish Civil War?
2. Sontag notes that images of war most significantly influenced which of the following groups?
3. Fenton's "The Valley of the Shadow of Death" is unique for which of the following reasons?
4. Which antiwar book which shows images from German military archives does Sontag reference?
5. According to Sontag, anti-war sentiment:
Short Essay Questions
1. Sontag compared the photograph to a maxim or a proverb. Explain this comparison. What does it tell us about the nature or impact of photographs?
2. Discuss the significance of "Here is New York," the exhibit of photographs taken on September 11th during the collapse of the World Trade Center.
3. Discuss the purpose of Virginia Woolf's "Three Guineas" as explained by Sontag, and explain why Sontag opens her book with this reference.
4. Sontag discussed the captions to Goya's "Los Desastres de la Guerra" (The Disasters of War). Explain the significance of these messages to the viewer. How do these captions affect the impact of the image?
5. What did Sontag mean when she claimed that the memory of war is mostly local? What does this mean for international news firms?
6. Sontag identified two types of censorship which affect war photography. Describe both types of censorship. Which is most influential?
7. According to Sontag, how are standards for journalism determined in an era of tele-controlled warfare?
8. Sontag suggests that the same photograph might elicit "opposing responses." Discussing a specific example, explain how this might be possible.
9. According to Sontag, how does a photograph in the news media differ from a written account? How does the audience change?
10. According to Sontag, how are photographs of victims a form of rhetoric? What is their purpose or message? How do they function to convey this message?
This section contains 1,068 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)