|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which famous surrealist thinker does Sontag quote as saying "Beauty will be convulsive, or it will not be?"
(a) Andre Breton.
(b) Virginia Woolf.
(c) Pablo Picasso.
(d) Salvador Dali.
2. Which was the first war to be covered by television cameras?
(a) The Vietnam War.
(b) Desert Storm.
(c) The Korean War.
(d) The War on Terror.
3. According to Sontag, _________ also influences the public's perception of war.
(b) Anti-war sentiment.
(d) Government policies.
4. Sontag describes the way people experienced televised images of war in their own homes as which of the following?
(a) Mediated intimacy.
(b) Comfortable distance.
(d) Diplomatic distance.
5. A heated debate emerged when a weekly paper in Boston ran a video of which American journalist's execution in Pakistan?
(a) Ariel Sharon.
(b) Eddie Adams.
(c) Daniel Pearl.
(d) Don McCullin.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Sontag, war journalism first developed during which of the following two wars?
2. Recalling traditions of the 16th and 17th century, Sontag claims that printing images of dark-skinned people in moments of suffering or pain is part of a long tradition of which of the following?
3. In discussing the difference gender makes in perceptions of war, Sontag agrees with which of the following authors?
4. Fenton received directions from the War Office to do which of the following?
5. The Brady group's approach to war photography differed from Fenton's approach in which of the following ways?
Short Essay Questions
1. Sontag asserted that "cameras have always kept company with death." What did she mean by this assertion?
2. Sontag compared the photograph to a maxim or a proverb. Explain this comparison. What does it tell us about the nature or impact of photographs?
3. According to Sontag, how are standards for journalism determined in an era of tele-controlled warfare?
4. Sontag agrees with Woolf's assertion that the educated class has failed to understand war. How is this a failure of empathy or imagination?
5. Explain the significance of Jacques Callot's 1633 series of etchings titled "Les Miseres et les Malheurs de la Guerra" (The Miseries and Misfortunes of War). Why did Sontag discuss this work?
6. Discuss one way in which the development of technology during and after the Vietnam War has affected the veracity of photographs.
7. Sontag identified two types of censorship which affect war photography. Describe both types of censorship. Which is most influential?
8. Sontag distinguished between "image makers" and "image takers". What is the difference between these two groups of artists? How are they perceived differently?
9. What did Sontag mean when she claimed that the memory of war is mostly local? What does this mean for international news firms?
10. Explain the connection Sontag made between religious narratives and iconography and the Western understanding of images of suffering. Discuss at least one example from the text.
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