|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Although the camera captures the scene in front of it, Sontag suggests that the ______ may manipulate the image.
2. Ultimately, Sontag claims that war is:
3. Sontag calls for the reader's sympathy for the wounded Taliban soldier whose pain graced the cover of "The New York Times" by suggesting which of the following?
(a) The man was a human being.
(b) The man's loved ones would discover the images one day.
(c) The man's suffering should be a private affair.
(d) The man deserved greater respect for serving his government in war.
4. In interpreting photographs, Sontag claims that everyone approaches the image as which of the following?
(a) A critic.
(b) A literalist.
(c) A realist.
(d) An idealist.
5. Restrictions on media coverage of the British campaign in the Falklands was notable for which of the following reasons?
(a) They allowed only government-sponsored journalists.
(b) They were stricter than any censorship since the Crimean War.
(c) They opened the event to full-scale television coverage.
(d) They prohibited foreign journalists from covering the story.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which of the following images was often thought to represent a mother, looking tellingly into the sky during an air raid of the Spanish Civil War?
2. Sontag discusses the subtitle of "Here is New York" in some detail. What was this subtitle?
3. Which was the first war to be "covered" by professional war journalists at the front lines?
4. Which of the following is true about representations of the dead or dying in American media?
5. The footage from a 1898 charge of Colonel Roosevelt's volunteer cavalry, the Rough Riders, was replaced with film of a staged charge later for which of the following reasons?
Short Essay Questions
1. Explain the connection Sontag made between religious narratives and iconography and the Western understanding of images of suffering. Discuss at least one example from the text.
2. Sontag distinguished between "image makers" and "image takers". What is the difference between these two groups of artists? How are they perceived differently?
3. Sontag asserted that "cameras have always kept company with death." What did she mean by this assertion?
4. How do captions sway interpretations of images? Discuss one of the examples Sontag provides in Chapter 1.
5. Explain Sontag's objection to the idea that a news broadcasting program can "give you the world." Why did she argue that compressing world news into broadcasted programming is bad?
6. Sontag stated that the photographer's intentions do not determine the message of the photograph. Discuss the contributing factors which influence the reception of photographs in the media.
7. According to Sontag, how are standards for journalism determined in an era of tele-controlled warfare?
8. Using the example of genocides and AIDS in Africa, Sontag argued that images of suffering in far-off places carry a double meaning. What is this double meaning?
9. Discuss the controversy surrounding the kidnapping of Daniel Pearl in Karachi in 2002. What was the main conflict?
10. According to Sontag, how does a photograph in the news media differ from a written account? How does the audience change?
This section contains 1,136 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)