|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Sontag, photographs of atrocities are best received if they are:
(a) Well-lit and high-contrast.
(b) So artistically simple as to seem uncomposed.
(c) Close-ups of compelling scenes.
(d) Images of familiar places or people.
2. Sontag claims that "good taste" is always _________ when invoked by institutions.
(a) A measure to protect the public.
(b) A repressive standard.
(c) A way to maintain appearances.
(d) A decision made in the interest of freedom.
3. According to Sontag, why do images of atrocities fail to convey a singular, universal message?
(a) They require context and explanation.
(b) They inspire only disgust.
(c) They are inappropriate for mass publication.
(d) They are too graphic.
4. After World War I, the general public thought of the War as:
(a) A clean, necessary and effectively fought war.
(b) The war to end all wars.
(c) An atrocity committed on the world stage.
(d) A hopeless waste of human energy and life.
5. Which of the following pairs of images appeared side-by-side in a 1937 issue of "Life"?
(a) A dying Republican soldier and Vitalis men's hair cream.
(b) A mother holding her child while looking at the sky and Vitalis men's hair cream.
(c) The bombing of Guernica and Vitalis men's hair cream.
(d) A dying Republican soldier and a mother holding her child while looking at the sky.
Short Answer Questions
1. Sontag discusses the subtitle of "Here is New York" in some detail. What was this subtitle?
2. The footage from a 1898 charge of Colonel Roosevelt's volunteer cavalry, the Rough Riders, was replaced with film of a staged charge later for which of the following reasons?
3. Sontag discusses a famous series of photographs taken by Tyler Hicks, titled "A Nation Challenged." What does this series depict?
4. Sontag claims that American journalists have always followed one tacit prohibition. What have American journalists always avoided?
5. Sontag compares the desire for images of people in pain to which other recurrent type of image?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Sontag, how does a photograph in the news media differ from a written account? How does the audience change?
2. Why do images of pain challenge us to look without flinching? According to Sontag, what purpose does this serve?
3. Sontag stated that the photographer's intentions do not determine the message of the photograph. Discuss the contributing factors which influence the reception of photographs in the media.
4. Discuss the significance of the photograph's intended purpose. If a photograph is intended to convey a message, but because of the context in which it is displayed does not, is the photograph still successful?
5. Discuss the significance of "Here is New York," the exhibit of photographs taken on September 11th during the collapse of the World Trade Center.
6. According to Sontag, how are photographs of victims a form of rhetoric? What is their purpose or message? How do they function to convey this message?
7. Sontag agrees with Woolf's assertion that the educated class has failed to understand war. How is this a failure of empathy or imagination?
8. What did Sontag mean when she claimed that the memory of war is mostly local? What does this mean for international news firms?
9. Sontag discusses two widespread ideas about the influence of photography. Sontag notes that the second idea might seem to be the converse of the first. What is the second idea? Discuss the second idea using support from the book.
10. Sontag distinguished between "image makers" and "image takers". What is the difference between these two groups of artists? How are they perceived differently?
This section contains 1,245 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)