|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Sontag suggests that a catastrophic event that is experienced in real life. . .
(a) "causes greater pain than one that is experienced on television."
(b) "induces more stress when it is televised."
(c) "will often seem eerily like its representation."
(d) "does not often seem to be happening."
2. Although the camera captures the scene in front of it, Sontag suggests that the ______ may manipulate the image.
3. After World War I, the general public thought of the War as:
(a) An atrocity committed on the world stage.
(b) A clean, necessary and effectively fought war.
(c) The war to end all wars.
(d) A hopeless waste of human energy and life.
4. Sontag discusses the use of images of the dead to bolster hatred of the enemy. Which of the following recent events, aired on the Al Jazeera network, does she use as an example?
(a) The hanging of Sadam Hussein.
(b) The destruction of the Jenin refugee camp in 2002.
(c) The destruction of the Word Trade Center in 2001.
(d) The invasion of Iraq in 2003.
5. Which of the following pairs of images appeared side-by-side in a 1937 issue of "Life"?
(a) A dying Republican soldier and Vitalis men's hair cream.
(b) The bombing of Guernica and Vitalis men's hair cream.
(c) A mother holding her child while looking at the sky and Vitalis men's hair cream.
(d) A dying Republican soldier and a mother holding her child while looking at the sky.
Short Answer Questions
1. Photographic representations of the Vietnam War was essential to promoting:
2. Sontag argues that Goya's "The Disasters of War" was a turning point in the depiction of suffering. What does she cite as her reason?
3. Photography on the war front was first banned in an organized fashion during which of the following wars?
4. To whom did the "Here Is New York" exhibit donate the proceeds?
5. Sontag argues that we are most disappointed to discover that which type of photographs have been staged?
Short Essay Questions
1. Explain the connection Sontag made between religious narratives and iconography and the Western understanding of images of suffering. Discuss at least one example from the text.
2. Discuss the reaction of the British public to the image of trenches of unburied bodies taken 10 days after a British defeat during the Boer War. What does this reaction say about the sensibility of the public?
3. According to Sontag, how do mass Hollywood productions influence the public's perception of catastrophic or horrific events?
4. Discuss one way in which the development of technology during and after the Vietnam War has affected the veracity of photographs.
5. Explain Sontag's objection to the idea that a news broadcasting program can "give you the world." Why did she argue that compressing world news into broadcasted programming is bad?
6. Explain the significance of Jacques Callot's 1633 series of etchings titled "Les Miseres et les Malheurs de la Guerra" (The Miseries and Misfortunes of War). Why did Sontag discuss this work?
7. According to Sontag, how are photographs of victims a form of rhetoric? What is their purpose or message? How do they function to convey this message?
8. Sontag asserted that "cameras have always kept company with death." What did she mean by this assertion?
9. Explain how being a "spectator of calamities" occurring in far-off places is a "quintessentially modern experience."
10. Discuss the controversy surrounding the kidnapping of Daniel Pearl in Karachi in 2002. What was the main conflict?
This section contains 1,095 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)