|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Sontag discusses a famous series of photographs taken by Tyler Hicks, titled "A Nation Challenged." What does this series depict?
(a) The destruction of the Twin Towers.
(b) Hugo Chavez.
(c) A wounded Taliban soldier.
(d) Osama Bin Laden.
2. How many images did the "Here Is New York" exhibit originally receive?
(a) More than one million.
(b) Less than one hundred.
(c) Less five hundred.
(d) More than one thousand.
3. Sontag compares the desire for images of people in pain to which other recurrent type of image?
(a) Images of love.
(b) Images of natural disasters.
(c) Images of nude bodies.
(d) Images of happiness.
4. Which Virginia Woolf book does Sontag discuss in detail?
(a) The Hours.
(b) Mrs. Dalloway.
(c) Three Guineas.
5. According to Sontag, _________ also influences the public's perception of war.
(a) Anti-war sentiment.
(b) Government policies.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which antiwar book which shows images from German military archives does Sontag reference?
2. Sontag notes that images of war most significantly influenced which of the following groups?
3. Which of the following images was often thought to represent a mother, looking tellingly into the sky during an air raid of the Spanish Civil War?
4. Sontag discusses the subtitle of "Here is New York" in some detail. What was this subtitle?
5. Sontag argues that the photograph, unlike the written word, is:
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Sontag, how are standards for journalism determined in an era of tele-controlled warfare?
2. Using the example of genocides and AIDS in Africa, Sontag argued that images of suffering in far-off places carry a double meaning. What is this double meaning?
3. Sontag compared the photograph to a maxim or a proverb. Explain this comparison. What does it tell us about the nature or impact of photographs?
4. Explain the connection Sontag made between religious narratives and iconography and the Western understanding of images of suffering. Discuss at least one example from the text.
5. Discuss the purpose of Virginia Woolf's "Three Guineas" as explained by Sontag, and explain why Sontag opens her book with this reference.
6. According to Sontag, how does a photograph in the news media differ from a written account? How does the audience change?
7. Sontag suggests that the same photograph might elicit "opposing responses." Discussing a specific example, explain how this might be possible.
8. Sontag discussed the captions to Goya's "Los Desastres de la Guerra" (The Disasters of War). Explain the significance of these messages to the viewer. How do these captions affect the impact of the image?
9. Explain the purpose of photography collections such as Ernst Friedrich's "Krieg dem Kriege!" (War Against War!), and discuss how these works attempt to achieve this end.
10. According to Sontag, how are photographs of victims a form of rhetoric? What is their purpose or message? How do they function to convey this message?
This section contains 977 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)