|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, Intro. cont. & Chapter 1 - Rabelais in the History of Laughter.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does the "form" of any kind of art express?
(a) The materials from which the art is constructed.
(b) A system of values.
(c) Whatever the audience chooses.
(d) Only one possible message.
2. After Rabelais' time, the use of laughter in literature and culture moved in which direction?
(a) From spiritual to earthly.
(b) From accepted to encouraged.
(c) From universal to restricted.
(d) From singular to universal.
3. What is "man's second nature," according to Renaissance Christian doctrine?
(a) The celebratory but degrading impulse toward gluttony, scatology, and sex.
(b) The thoughtfulness of the individual mind.
(c) Man's higher spiritual calling.
(d) The way people act differently around those of another social class.
4. Mikhail Bakhtin is:
(a) A vocal Eastern Orthodox cleric.
(b) A somewhat mysterious but increasingly interesting literary figure.
(c) A fictional figure created to be the mouthpiece of an anonymous author.
(d) The most famous Russian writer ever.
5. How, according to Bakhtin, does the current Russian literary criticism approach Rabelais' works?
(a) By sharing them with an eager public.
(b) By trying to correctly interpret the source of the cultural laughter within them.
(c) By reviving their content in new, twentieth-century forms.
(d) By denouncing them as counterproductive to the ongoing Russian Revolution.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which answer best describes "grotesque realism"?
2. When the grotesque was revived in the Romantic era, what did it react against?
3. Medieval parodies were:
4. What was the reception of Rabelais' work in the eighteenth century?
5. According to Bakhtin's semiotic understanding, what irony is inherent within the creative power of language?
This section contains 391 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)