|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In a speech, how did Houston justify his right to deliver an address in a Texas town where he had been turned away from the courthouse?
(a) He said he paid his taxes regularly.
(b) He said he was the greatest general Texas ever had.
(c) He said he had authorized the funds to build that courthouse.
(d) He said he had watered Texas soil with his blood.
2. What was so strange about Henry Clay's enlisting Webster in his cause for compromise?
(a) Clay had always opposed Webster in the Senate before.
(b) Webster had given many speeches opposing Henry Clay.
(c) Clay was a republican and Webster was an independent.
(d) Clay was from the South and Webster was from the North.
3. What Webster speech in the Senate became known by the date it was given?
(a) The Christmas Day speech.
(b) The First of January speech.
(c) The Independence Day speech.
(d) The Seventh of March speech.
4. Who suggested that Senators were vulgar demagogues?
(a) A cabinet member.
(b) A reporter.
(c) An ambassador.
(d) A preacher.
5. Why was Webster a leader in the North prior to the Civil War?
(a) He could out talk his opponents.
(b) He was older than any other politician.
(c) He knew all the words in the dictionary.
(d) He had strong views against slavery.
6. What measure did Henry Clay enlist Webster to help with?
(a) The Great Compromise of 1850.
(b) Clay's bid for re-election.
(c) Re-writing the Bill of Rights to include slavery.
(d) Speaches warning about Abraham Lincoln's political ambitions.
7. How does Kennedy assess the failure of both Adams presidencies to produce second terms?
(a) Personalities that clased with everyone not of their religion.
(b) Poor choices for their cabinet members.
(c) An unwillingness to compromise on mundane matters of politics.
(d) Unwillingness to campaign for a second term in office.
8. To what does Kennedy ascribe as half the power of Webster?
(a) His political connections.
(b) His ability to make friends easily.
(c) His outstanding education.
(d) His handsomeand commanding appearance.
9. What is a particular problem on occasion when the electorate presents a desire to the elected official?
(a) What they want is not clear to the elected official.
(b) What they want is not fair to fixed income people.
(c) What they want they are not willing to help pay for.
(d) What they want may not in the long run be good for the constituency.
10. What metaphoric comparison does Kennedy make to John Quincey Adams' Puritanism?
(a) A conflict of interests.
(b) Kennedy's Catholicism.
(c) A mighty ship in a storm.
(d) The east coast, craggy, rocky, somber and strong.
11. What is a constant that an elected official must understand?
(a) That once elected, the official is no longer responsible to the constituency.
(b) He or she will never hear from the constituency until election day.
(c) The media will not report anything the elected official does not want made public.
(d) He or she is under scrutiny by the constituency.
12. What was one argument Webster made for compromising on the question of slavery?
(a) World opinion would eventually settle the question.
(b) Northerns would be able to have slaves legally.
(c) If the Union divided, slavery might even become stronger in the Southern states.
(d) Slavery would eventually dry up because there were fewer traders.
13. Why was it considered a contradiction when Houston supported temperance?
(a) His political supporters opposed temperance.
(b) He was a heavy drinker.
(c) He made his money in rum running.
(d) He owned a brewery.
14. How does Kennedy characterize the difficult position of the elected official?
(a) Walking on the moon.
(b) Walking in the difficult landscape of being elected by constituents.
(c) Being alone in the desert.
(d) Not being able to care about doing a good job.
15. What is another difficult situation for an elected official besides the interests of the nation and those of the constituency?
(a) Political differences within the official's own family.
(b) National opinion polls.
(c) Party pressure to vote the party line.
(d) Presidential arm twisting.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the dichotomy concerning John Quincey Adams' father?
2. What is Kennedy's third pressure that he feels is the most damaging?
3. What advantage do minority special interest groups have to influence elected officials?
4. John Quincey Adams' mother was fond of saying John had been groomed to do what?
5. In spite of John Quincey Adams' clarity and political courage, what life-long need did he have?
This section contains 878 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)