Profiles in Courage Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is another difficult situation for an elected official besides the interests of the nation and those of the constituency?
(a) National opinion polls.
(b) Presidential arm twisting.
(c) Political differences within the official's own family.
(d) Party pressure to vote the party line.

2. Why was Webster not bothered by what many would consider as bribes?
(a) He accepted money and gifts but always did only what he thought was right.
(b) He felt he was entitled to extra benefits for his service to the Union.
(c) The moral question of accepting money and gifts for Webster was not an issue for him.
(d) He never let that happen to him.

3. In a speech, how did Houston justify his right to deliver an address in a Texas town where he had been turned away from the courthouse?
(a) He said he had watered Texas soil with his blood.
(b) He said he had authorized the funds to build that courthouse.
(c) He said he paid his taxes regularly.
(d) He said he was the greatest general Texas ever had.

4. How did Daniel Webster describe and define himself?
(a) As a debator who loved to take any opposing view.
(b) As a citizen of the world.
(c) Not as a Massachusetts man but as an American.
(d) As a free thinker opposed to the Union.

5. What was one of Benton's favorite sayings about himself?
(a) Benton will never compromise.
(b) Benton is a bull in a china shop.
(c) Benton and Democracy are one and the same.
(d) Benton always knows what is right.

6. What metaphoric comparison does Kennedy make to John Quincey Adams' Puritanism?
(a) A conflict of interests.
(b) A mighty ship in a storm.
(c) Kennedy's Catholicism.
(d) The east coast, craggy, rocky, somber and strong.

7. John Quincey Adams' mother was fond of saying John had been groomed to do what?
(a) Write great books.
(b) Become a Puritan minister.
(c) Uphold the American legal system.
(d) Become Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

8. What did the historian Wharton say about Houston's courage as he fought against Texas' secession from the Union?
(a) Houston finally lost his courage and gave in to popular opinion.
(b) No one paid any attention as Houston entered the Secessionist Convention.
(c) He relapsed into alcoholism and went back to the Cherokee.
(d) It took a thousand times more courage than charging up the hill at San Jacinto.

9. What was so strange about Henry Clay's enlisting Webster in his cause for compromise?
(a) Clay had always opposed Webster in the Senate before.
(b) Clay was a republican and Webster was an independent.
(c) Webster had given many speeches opposing Henry Clay.
(d) Clay was from the South and Webster was from the North.

10. What measure did Henry Clay enlist Webster to help with?
(a) Re-writing the Bill of Rights to include slavery.
(b) Clay's bid for re-election.
(c) Speaches warning about Abraham Lincoln's political ambitions.
(d) The Great Compromise of 1850.

11. In spite of John Quincey Adams' clarity and political courage, what life-long need did he have?
(a) Unwavering popularity among the people.
(b) A personal fortune so he was not dependent on the voters.
(c) The visible justification of God.
(d) The approval of his father and mother.

12. What does Kennedy say was a liability about Webster's immense popularity with both sides of the political spectrum?
(a) He was a politician of popular opinion rather than high principles.
(b) Being popular made it difficult for him to compromise.
(c) People rarely took him seriously because of his ability to argue both sides.
(d) He had the ability to disappoint twice as many people than most elected officials.

13. What view did Webster take that made him unpopular with abolitionists?
(a) He did not feel that being a part of a Union that allowed slavery in some territories a viable alternative.
(b) He was a strong supporter of the Union and believed compromise on slavery was more important than breaking up the nation.
(c) He would not address the subject of slavery because he though it would just go away.
(d) He refused to argue against salvery when he went to the Southern states.

14. What was it about Benton that inspired the approval of his Missouri constituency?
(a) He did not care about political pressures and did what he thought was right.
(b) He arranged a lot of pork barrel spending in Missouri.
(c) He was also very popular among his party members.
(d) He took young Congressmen under his wing.

15. Who said that courage is grace under pressure?
(a) Bret Hart.
(b) Ernest Hemingway.
(c) John Quincy Adams.
(d) Jesus Christ.

Short Answer Questions

1. What issue caused Benton finally to begin losing popularity in Missouri?

2. In PROFILES IN COURAGE, what does John F. Kennedy fear the American public has forgotten?

3. According to Kennedy, what makes it difficult to recognize courageous acts when they do occur?

4. How does Kennedy characterize the difficult position of the elected official?

5. What is the first pressure of Americans that keeps them from acting courageously according to Kennedy?

(see the answer keys)

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