|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Kennedy see as Webster's moral flaw?
(a) Webster was an alcoholic and often lost track of time.
(b) Webster had no compunction against taking money for political favors.
(c) Webster was a compulsive gambler.
(d) Webster had many affairs his wife did not know about.
2. How did Webster view the Compromise of 1850 in terms of his anti-slavery convictions?
(a) He thought it would give him power to run for President.
(b) He wanted to bring the prospect of Civil War to a head.
(c) He viewed it as a short-term compromise.
(d) He believed that compromise would eventually lead to abolition.
3. What was one argument Webster made for compromising on the question of slavery?
(a) Slavery would eventually dry up because there were fewer traders.
(b) Northerns would be able to have slaves legally.
(c) World opinion would eventually settle the question.
(d) If the Union divided, slavery might even become stronger in the Southern states.
4. How does Kennedy characterize the difficult position of the elected official?
(a) Walking in the difficult landscape of being elected by constituents.
(b) Walking on the moon.
(c) Not being able to care about doing a good job.
(d) Being alone in the desert.
5. What is the irony of Houston's defending the Northerner's rights to abolition?
(a) Houston opposed slavery except in the South.
(b) Houston disliked all Yankees.
(c) Houston owned slaves himself.
(d) Houston was a slave to the Cherokee.
6. After Houston's removal from the Senate, what office did he run for and win as an independent?
(a) House of Representatives.
(b) Senator from Tennessee.
(c) Attorney General of Texas.
(d) Governor of Texas.
7. What effect did Webster's three-hour-long speech in the Senate have in 1850?
(a) It gave the South the idea of secession.
(b) It rallied the North to declare war on the South.
(c) It made many political allies for Webster.
(d) It helped hold off the Civil War for a good ten years.
8. Why was Webster a leader in the North prior to the Civil War?
(a) He had strong views against slavery.
(b) He knew all the words in the dictionary.
(c) He could out talk his opponents.
(d) He was older than any other politician.
9. How did Benton's reputation for being crazy become problematic to his opponents?
(a) They feared he would blow up the capitol building.
(b) They never knew what he might do next.
(c) They feared he would challenge them to a duel.
(d) They thought people would think they were picking on Benton.
10. How was Benton's behavior different when he was with his family from when he was involved in politics?
(a) He held his family by fear.
(b) He hid his wife's mental illness from the public.
(c) He was easy on political opponents and harsh on his family.
(d) He was always warm and gentle around his family.
11. When Houston ran away from home in his childhood, where did he go?
(a) To his grandfather.
(b) To Texas.
(c) To live with the Cherokee.
(d) To sea.
12. Who said that courage is grace under pressure?
(a) Bret Hart.
(b) John Quincy Adams.
(c) Jesus Christ.
(d) Ernest Hemingway.
13. What issue caused Benton finally to begin losing popularity in Missouri?
(a) Benton refused to own slaves.
(b) The Missouri voters became ashamed of Benton's rough behavior.
(c) The Missouri voters felt allied to the South but Benton supported the Union.
(d) Benton had too many duels.
14. What is a constant that an elected official must understand?
(a) The media will not report anything the elected official does not want made public.
(b) He or she is under scrutiny by the constituency.
(c) He or she will never hear from the constituency until election day.
(d) That once elected, the official is no longer responsible to the constituency.
15. What traits indicate that Adams suffered common human emotions?
(a) His hate and retribution against his enemies.
(b) Times of disappointment and hurt at loss of popularity.
(c) Adams secret life of debauchery.
(d) Lapses in his Puritanical beliefs.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did Daniel Webster describe and define himself?
2. What was the result of Webster's courageous stand in giving the Seventh of March speech?
3. Why did Benton oppose the treaty of annexation of Texas?
4. What action by Texas brought about the end of Houston's career?
5. What was Benton's characteristic that early on made his constituents love him?
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