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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What two bills did Houston support that made him unpopular in the South?
(a) The Kansas-Nebraska bill and the articles of confederation.
(b) Calhoun's bills and resolutions on the Oregon question.
(c) The Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the Compromise of 1850.
(d) The repeal of the Missouri Compromise and the bill of rights.
2. How does Kennedy assess the failure of both Adams presidencies to produce second terms?
(a) An unwillingness to compromise on mundane matters of politics.
(b) Personalities that clased with everyone not of their religion.
(c) Unwillingness to campaign for a second term in office.
(d) Poor choices for their cabinet members.
3. What did the historian Wharton say about Houston's courage as he fought against Texas' secession from the Union?
(a) He relapsed into alcoholism and went back to the Cherokee.
(b) No one paid any attention as Houston entered the Secessionist Convention.
(c) It took a thousand times more courage than charging up the hill at San Jacinto.
(d) Houston finally lost his courage and gave in to popular opinion.
4. Who served as the Governor of Tennessee and later as Senator from the State of Texas?
(a) Henry Calhoun.
(b) Stephen A. Austin.
(c) Sam Houston.
(d) Thomas Hart Benton.
5. What Webster speech in the Senate became known by the date it was given?
(a) The Independence Day speech.
(b) The Seventh of March speech.
(c) The Christmas Day speech.
(d) The First of January speech.
6. Kennedy sees as a weakness in John Quincey Adams an emotional attachment to whom?
(a) His parents and God.
(b) His religious congregational members.
(c) His wife and his mistress.
(d) His college friends and professors.
7. What was Webster's justification for accepting political gifts and money?
(a) He shared the gifts with other Senators and Congressmen.
(b) He considered them gifts from God and from voters or constituents who Webster believed were created in God's image.
(c) He published his gifts in the newspaper.
(d) He used everything he collected for his favorite charities.
8. How did Webster view the Compromise of 1850 in terms of his anti-slavery convictions?
(a) He believed that compromise would eventually lead to abolition.
(b) He viewed it as a short-term compromise.
(c) He wanted to bring the prospect of Civil War to a head.
(d) He thought it would give him power to run for President.
9. Who said that courage is grace under pressure?
(a) Jesus Christ.
(b) Ernest Hemingway.
(c) Bret Hart.
(d) John Quincy Adams.
10. What made Sam Houston a household word in the United States?
(a) He ran for president in 1856 but did not win the Democratic nomination.
(b) He became known for the Houston knife he invented.
(c) He was a greater orator than Daniel Webster.
(d) He was leader of the Texas forces that defeated Mexico at the battle of San Jacinto.
11. What does Kennedy identify as the second pressure that prevents courageous deeds by elected officials.
(a) The need to get more education.
(b) The need to publish a book.
(c) The need to travel the world.
(d) The need to get re-elected.
12. What leader who was at odds with Adams' father did John Quincey find himself agreeing with quite often?
(a) Thomas Jefferson.
(b) Alexander Hamilton.
(c) Benjamin Franklin.
(d) George Washington.
13. What is the first pressure of Americans that keeps them from acting courageously according to Kennedy?
(a) The need to raise campaign money.
(b) The need to be well liked.
(c) The need to be different from other politicians.
(d) The need to be right all the time.
14. Who suggested that Senators were vulgar demagogues?
(a) A preacher.
(b) A reporter.
(c) An ambassador.
(d) A cabinet member.
15. What was one argument Webster made for compromising on the question of slavery?
(a) World opinion would eventually settle the question.
(b) Slavery would eventually dry up because there were fewer traders.
(c) If the Union divided, slavery might even become stronger in the Southern states.
(d) Northerns would be able to have slaves legally.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the example of some advice Kennedy received when he first became a Congressman?
2. What action by Texas brought about the end of Houston's career?
3. What was Benton's characteristic that early on made his constituents love him?
4. What was so strange about Henry Clay's enlisting Webster in his cause for compromise?
5. What metaphoric comparison does Kennedy make to John Quincey Adams' Puritanism?
This section contains 821 words
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