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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was the motivation for Machiavelli to write THE PRINCE?
(a) He wanted to become a famous author.
(b) He wanted to start a revolution.
(c) He wanted to become a prince.
(d) He wanted Prince Lorenzo de Medici to employ him.
2. What advantage does Machiavelli point out for Princes who rule hereditary dominions?
(a) He can get away with having more vices.
(b) The Prince who inherited his donimion can disband his army.
(c) People are accustomed to rule by that family.
(d) It is impossible for him to lose his dominion.
3. What does Machiavelli see as an inevitable result of changes in government?
(a) Better conditions for the subjects of a dominion.
(b) A dovetailing of more and more change.
(c) Pleasure of the subjects who like to see a lot of changes.
(d) Growth of the dominion by annexation.
4. What does Machiavelli say are the two foundations necessary for a princedom?
(a) A popular prince and a mercenary military.
(b) Total military rule and a contented public.
(c) Sound laws and a sound military.
(d) Sound laws that do not rely on a military.
5. What is the Renaissance Italian's view of political misfortune?
(a) Lack of ability to govern.
(b) Punishment of God for misdeeds.
(c) Something that just happens.
(d) Perceived weakness on the part of opponents.
6. What problem faces a prince appointed by the nobles?
(a) The nobles see themselves as his equal and are not inclined to obey him.
(b) The nobles never have the good will of the people which makes for tensions.
(c) The people know they have rights under a price appointed by the nobles.
(d) The people will only support a prince appointed by the nobles.
7. One Princedom, according to Machiavelli, is ruled by a sole prince; the other is by a prince and his barons. What does Machiavelli see as a weakness of the latter?
(a) The prince becomes lazy and leaves everything up to the barons.
(b) The prince does always knows what the barons are doing in their territories.
(c) If the prince dies the barons all lose their hereditary titles.
(d) The barons hold their titles by heredity and not by the favor of the prince, so there is less loyalty.
8. What is Machiavelli's example of rule by a sole prince?
(a) The Kingdom of France.
(b) The Turk empire.
(c) The Kingdom of Spain.
(d) The Holy Roman Empire.
9. Machiavelli says that tensions between the nobles and commoners may result in a principality, a republic, or what other condition?
(a) Heavy taxation.
10. If a city is well fortified against attack, what will cause the enemy to retreat?
(a) They will retreat because they are cold outside the walls of the city.
(b) They will retreat because they do not have enough supplies to feed themselves.
(c) They will retreat because the fortified city makes them believe there are other armies in the field.
(d) They will retreat because they cannot afford a long seige.
11. What does Machiavelli say was the real cause of Cesare Borgia's ultimate failure?
(a) His lack of knowledge of what to do after his father's death.
(b) His bad choices of political allies.
(c) His ill health after the death of his father.
(d) His opposition from the new Pope after the death of Alexander IV.
12. What does Machiavelli suggest makes for peace in a dominion?
(a) A Prince who knows how to keep the people in line by force.
(b) A brilliant and vocal Prince.
(c) Each day being the same as the day before.
(d) A Prince who knows how to hide his bad habits.
13. What role does morality play in keeping a dominion safe according to Machiavelli?
(a) Everything. The Prince must be ruled by God.
(b) None whatsoever.
(c) It is only necessary for hereditary Princedoms.
(d) Only a little. People barely notice such things.
14. How does Machiavelli think New Dominions were formed?
(a) Through Fortune or Ability.
(b) Through Ability or Accident.
(c) Through democratic elections.
(d) Through War and Pestilence.
15. What ancient example does Machiavelli use to illustrate the rise to power through criminal actions?
(a) Pope Alexander IV.
(b) Alexander the Great.
(c) Agathocles of Sicily.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the advantage of the sole prince as ruler?
2. Aside from humble beginnings, what does Machiavelli say that Agathocles and Oliverotto have in common?
3. Why does Machiavelli say a hereditary prince is usually more loved by his subjects?
4. What powerful force does Machiavelli say can efface innovations in government?
5. What is it that Machiavelli refrains from doing in his book?
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