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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What themes does Machiavelli introduce in Chapter One?
(a) The importance of a republic.
(b) Good fortune and merit.
(c) Arms and strategy.
(d) Colonization and residency.
2. What is Machiavelli offering the Prince Lorenzo de Medici?
(a) Personal introductions to great men Machiavelli knows.
(b) The chance to become king of all Italy.
(c) A large book of rules for new princes to use in governing the people.
(d) Means of mastering in a short time all Machiavelli has learned about governing.
3. Who was responsible for weakening the power of Colonna and Orsini, the barons of Rome?
(a) Remiro d'Orco.
(b) King Louis VII.
(c) Charles VIII of France.
(d) Cesare Borgia.
4. What does Machiavelli suggest is the surest way to govern a conquered territory?
(a) Destroy its civil and political systems first.
(b) Keep the old system in place.
(c) Declare many holidays.
(d) Start paying higher salaries to bureaucrats.
5. What combination of circumstances does Machiavelli identify in men like Cyrus, Romulus, and Theseus?
(a) Strength and fortitude.
(b) Time and location.
(c) Pride and ability.
(d) Opportunity and merit.
6. How can a common citizen rise to political power?
(a) Through the help of friends.
(b) By popular election.
(c) As a compromise between two parties.
(d) With a lot of money behind him.
7. What factor does Machiavelli suggest makes it easier to rule a new territory?
(a) If the people speak the same language.
(b) If the people like the new food introduced into the dominion.
(c) If the people have never been ruled before.
(d) If the new Prince leaves the old rulers in place.
8. What does Machiavelli say was the real cause of Cesare Borgia's ultimate failure?
(a) His lack of knowledge of what to do after his father's death.
(b) His bad choices of political allies.
(c) His ill health after the death of his father.
(d) His opposition from the new Pope after the death of Alexander IV.
9. After Alexander VI, how did the Pope continue to strengthen the Church's position?
(a) By putting monasteries in new dominions.
(b) By military invasions of other dominions.
(c) By gaining more popularity among the Italians.
(d) By selling ecclesiastical offices and annexing land.
10. What type of principality does Machiavelli claim may be kept without talent or fortune?
(c) Absolute monarchy.
11. What ancient example does Machiavelli use to illustrate the rise to power through criminal actions?
(a) Agathocles of Sicily.
(c) Alexander the Great.
(d) Pope Alexander IV.
12. What does Machiavelli suggest is the weakness of a mercenary military?
(a) It is too expensive to keep up during peace times.
(b) It works only for pay and may defect to the opposition or simply run away.
(c) It is difficult to replace members who decide to return to their homes.
(d) It is only useful during times of war.
13. Who does Machiavelli put forward as an example of a King who made all the mistakes in ruling a new territory?
(a) Archduke Ferdinand of Austria.
(b) Charles I of Spain.
(c) Louis XII of France.
(d) Duke Lodovico.
14. One Princedom, according to Machiavelli, is ruled by a sole prince; the other is by a prince and his barons. What does Machiavelli see as a weakness of the latter?
(a) The barons hold their titles by heredity and not by the favor of the prince, so there is less loyalty.
(b) The prince becomes lazy and leaves everything up to the barons.
(c) The prince does always knows what the barons are doing in their territories.
(d) If the prince dies the barons all lose their hereditary titles.
15. What does Machiavelli say are the two foundations necessary for a princedom?
(a) Sound laws that do not rely on a military.
(b) Total military rule and a contented public.
(c) Sound laws and a sound military.
(d) A popular prince and a mercenary military.
Short Answer Questions
1. What can deprive a prince of his princedom?
2. Machiavelli says some new princes may gain their new states either in exchange for money or as a favor. What other means does he point out for gaining a state?
3. How does Machiavelli think New Dominions were formed?
4. What does Machiavelli suggest may make a hereditary ruler unpopular with his people?
5. The cities of what country are given as good examples of fortification?
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