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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was the motivation for Machiavelli to write THE PRINCE?
(a) He wanted to start a revolution.
(b) He wanted to become a famous author.
(c) He wanted Prince Lorenzo de Medici to employ him.
(d) He wanted to become a prince.
2. After gaining dominions by merit, how does Machiavelli say a prince can hold his new territories?
(b) With great difficulty.
(d) It is impossible.
3. What does Machiavelli suggest is the best solution for governing a new territory?
(a) The new Prince should go away and let the people have self-rule.
(b) The new Prince should kill his own military commanders.
(c) The new Prince should raise taxes.
(d) The new Prince should live there.
4. What was Machiavelli's method for learning political government?
(a) He tried all methods of government himself.
(b) He formed a college to study the various ideas.
(c) He relied on his own intuitions.
(d) He studied the outstanding rulers of the past.
5. What powerful force does Machiavelli say can efface innovations in government?
(c) Disdain for the past.
(d) More and more innovation.
6. What advantage does Machiavelli point out for Princes who rule hereditary dominions?
(a) He can get away with having more vices.
(b) It is impossible for him to lose his dominion.
(c) The Prince who inherited his donimion can disband his army.
(d) People are accustomed to rule by that family.
7. Does Machiavelli suggest that rising to power through cruelty is always wrong?
(a) He suggests that there is a proper use of cruelty.
(b) He believes that cruelty must continue to be successful.
(c) He says any use of cruelty cannot be justified.
(d) He states that political assassination is not cruelty.
8. One Princedom, according to Machiavelli, is ruled by a sole prince; the other is by a prince and his barons. What does Machiavelli see as a weakness of the latter?
(a) The prince does always knows what the barons are doing in their territories.
(b) The barons hold their titles by heredity and not by the favor of the prince, so there is less loyalty.
(c) If the prince dies the barons all lose their hereditary titles.
(d) The prince becomes lazy and leaves everything up to the barons.
9. What reasons does Machiavelli put forward to get Prince Lorenzo to read his book?
(a) Experience and his low-born status.
(b) Experience and the absence of flattery.
(c) Experience and his ability as a writer.
(d) Experience and his personal need.
10. Why does Machiavelli say that new territories are harder to govern than hereditary ones?
(a) Old leaders must be kept alive and included in the new government.
(b) People think the new government will be more of the same.
(c) Men always think a new government will be worse than before.
(d) It is rarely the case that new rulers improve the lives of the conquered.
11. Why is Niccolo Machiavelli suddenly out of a job?
(a) He has been working for the government overthrown by the Medici.
(b) He has taken too much time off.
(c) He has had a long illness.
(d) He insulted Prince Lorenzo de Medici.
12. In acquiring a new dominion, if the prince does not use the force of his own arms, what alternative does Machiavelli suggest?
(a) Free elections.
(b) Political intrigue.
(c) The arms of others.
(d) Appeals to the Pope of Rome.
13. What example does Machiavelli give of a prince who regained power after the opposition of the Venetians and Pope Julius?
(a) The Duke of Genoa.
(b) The Duke of Ferrara.
(c) The Duke of Earle.
(d) The Duke of Milan.
14. What does Machiavelli say was the reason for successes by Cyrus, Romulus, and Theseus?
(a) Like Moses, they could talk with God.
(b) It had nothing to do with fortune, but was because of their own talents.
(c) They were standing in the right place at the right time.
(d) They did not understand the thinking of the people.
15. Aside from granting favors to his subjects during a siege, what does Machiavelli suggest a wise prince might do?
(a) Bribe his nobles to help him.
(b) Get his subjects to do favors for him.
(c) Have parties within the walls as though nothing is wrong outside.
(d) Make promises he knows he could never keep.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did Machiavelli say that Italy has been overrun by Charles, plundered by Louis, ravished by Ferdinand, and dishonored by the Swiss?
2. What factor does Machiavelli suggest makes it easier to rule a new territory?
3. How can a common citizen rise to political power?
4. Cesare Borgia was helped in his drive for power by his father. Who was he?
5. What are the two types of government identified by Machiavelli?
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