|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What advantage does Machiavelli point out for Princes who rule hereditary dominions?
(a) People are accustomed to rule by that family.
(b) It is impossible for him to lose his dominion.
(c) The Prince who inherited his donimion can disband his army.
(d) He can get away with having more vices.
2. What does Machiavelli suggest is the best solution for governing a new territory?
(a) The new Prince should go away and let the people have self-rule.
(b) The new Prince should kill his own military commanders.
(c) The new Prince should raise taxes.
(d) The new Prince should live there.
3. Citing Moses, Cyrus, Romulus, and Theseus, what distinction does Machiavelli make about Moses?
(a) There is no histroy of Moses outside of the Jewish holy writings.
(b) Instead of ruling the Egyptians after defeating them, he left.
(c) Moses never actually established himself as a leader.
(d) There was something in Moses, some ability that made him worthy to speak with God.
4. Why does Machiavelli not discuss democracies?
(a) He considered them inferior.
(b) He called democracy by another name.
(c) He rejected the idea outright as a madness of the Greeks.
(d) None existed at that time.
5. If a city is well fortified against attack, what will cause the enemy to retreat?
(a) They will retreat because the fortified city makes them believe there are other armies in the field.
(b) They will retreat because they cannot afford a long seige.
(c) They will retreat because they are cold outside the walls of the city.
(d) They will retreat because they do not have enough supplies to feed themselves.
6. Why does Machiavelli not use Agathocles as an example of meritorious rise to power?
(a) Because his cruelty continued after he came to power.
(b) Because he came from humble beginnings.
(c) Because he was not successful in gaining control of Sicily.
(d) Beause he did not plan what to do after he became prince.
7. Aside from humble beginnings, what does Machiavelli say that Agathocles and Oliverotto have in common?
(a) They knew what they wanted and made a plan to get it.
(b) They refused to resort to political assassination.
(c) They were both Italians.
(d) They got their positions from other princes.
8. The next best way to rule a new territory, according to Machiavelli, is to establish a colony. Why?
(a) The only people really annoyed will be those who have lost their land.
(b) The people who have been harmed can take revenge easily.
(c) The conquered people get lots of land and plenty to eat.
(d) The people can now take justice into their own hands.
9. What example does Machiavelli give of a dominion that is a limb of a larger one?
(a) The Medici as part of the Borgia dominions.
(b) The Prince of Venice as part of the dominions of France.
(c) The King of Naples as part of the dominions of Spain.
(d) The Holy Roman Empire.
10. What does Machiavelli say his desire is for Prince Lorenzo?
(a) That he not become a tyrant.
(b) That he recognizes Machiavelli's genius.
(c) That he sets up a completely new form of government.
(d) That he attain all the merits he deserves.
11. What are the two types of government identified by Machiavelli?
(a) City State and Territory.
(b) State and Dominion.
(c) Kingdom and City State.
(d) State and Republic.
12. After Alexander VI, how did the Pope continue to strengthen the Church's position?
(a) By selling ecclesiastical offices and annexing land.
(b) By putting monasteries in new dominions.
(c) By gaining more popularity among the Italians.
(d) By military invasions of other dominions.
13. What was Cesare Borgia's greatest mistake according to Machiavelli?
(a) Failure to get medical attention soon enough.
(b) Distancing himself from the French court.
(c) Allowing the election of Pope Julius II.
(d) Helping the Spanish cardinals elect a Spanish Pope.
14. What example does Machiavelli give of a prince who had the support of his people and was able to withstand invasion?
(a) Nabis, Prince of Sparta.
(b) Gracci of Rome.
(c) Giorgio Scalli of Florence.
(d) Cesar Borgia of Romagna.
15. What does Machiavelli cite as the measure of strength of a principality?
(a) The ability to field a strong army.
(b) The total land area of the principality.
(c) The popularity of the prince.
(d) Enough money to pay bribes.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Machiavelli insist about a Prince who lost his dominion by force?
2. How can a common citizen rise to political power?
3. How do the Medici come to power?
4. What is the advantage of the sole prince as ruler?
5. What is Machiavelli's example of rule by a sole prince?
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