|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why is setting up a system of government using conquered citizens effective?
(a) They see they cannot survive without the protection and support of the conquering prince.
(b) They see that everything will be exactly like their old government.
(c) They do not have to pay tribute to the new prince.
(d) They do not have to make friends of the new prince.
2. If a city is well fortified against attack, what will cause the enemy to retreat?
(a) They will retreat because they are cold outside the walls of the city.
(b) They will retreat because they cannot afford a long seige.
(c) They will retreat because they do not have enough supplies to feed themselves.
(d) They will retreat because the fortified city makes them believe there are other armies in the field.
3. Before Pope Alexander VI, what prevented the Church from gaining even more power?
(a) The separation of Church and State.
(b) The commercial power of the Venetians.
(c) Wars fought between the Colonna, the Orsini and the Pope.
(d) The threat of invasion by France.
4. What was Cesare Borgia's greatest mistake according to Machiavelli?
(a) Helping the Spanish cardinals elect a Spanish Pope.
(b) Failure to get medical attention soon enough.
(c) Distancing himself from the French court.
(d) Allowing the election of Pope Julius II.
5. In acquiring a new dominion, if the prince does not use the force of his own arms, what alternative does Machiavelli suggest?
(a) The arms of others.
(b) Appeals to the Pope of Rome.
(c) Free elections.
(d) Political intrigue.
6. What is the Renaissance Italian's view of political misfortune?
(a) Punishment of God for misdeeds.
(b) Lack of ability to govern.
(c) Something that just happens.
(d) Perceived weakness on the part of opponents.
7. Machiavelli says that tensions between the nobles and commoners may result in a principality, a republic, or what other condition?
(b) Heavy taxation.
8. What is it that Machiavelli prizes most of his possessions?
(a) Horses and armor.
(b) Gold and precious gems.
(c) His knowledge of the actions of great men.
(d) Fine fabrics.
9. What factor does Machiavelli suggest makes it easier to rule a new territory?
(a) If the people have never been ruled before.
(b) If the new Prince leaves the old rulers in place.
(c) If the people speak the same language.
(d) If the people like the new food introduced into the dominion.
10. The next best way to rule a new territory, according to Machiavelli, is to establish a colony. Why?
(a) The only people really annoyed will be those who have lost their land.
(b) The conquered people get lots of land and plenty to eat.
(c) The people can now take justice into their own hands.
(d) The people who have been harmed can take revenge easily.
11. Aside from humble beginnings, what does Machiavelli say that Agathocles and Oliverotto have in common?
(a) They refused to resort to political assassination.
(b) They got their positions from other princes.
(c) They knew what they wanted and made a plan to get it.
(d) They were both Italians.
12. What does Machiavelli cite as the measure of strength of a principality?
(a) Enough money to pay bribes.
(b) The popularity of the prince.
(c) The total land area of the principality.
(d) The ability to field a strong army.
13. How does Machiavelli define a new princedom or dominion?
(a) One that comes from political intrigue.
(b) One that is an entirely new settlement.
(c) One that kills all the citizens of the old regime.
(d) One that does not come from a long line of ruling ancestors.
14. Who does Machiavelli put forward as an example of a King who made all the mistakes in ruling a new territory?
(a) Duke Lodovico.
(b) Louis XII of France.
(c) Charles I of Spain.
(d) Archduke Ferdinand of Austria.
15. Citing Moses, Cyrus, Romulus, and Theseus, what distinction does Machiavelli make about Moses?
(a) Moses never actually established himself as a leader.
(b) There is no histroy of Moses outside of the Jewish holy writings.
(c) Instead of ruling the Egyptians after defeating them, he left.
(d) There was something in Moses, some ability that made him worthy to speak with God.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the event that the prince cannot afford a large army, what should he do?
2. How does Machiavelli say that the successors of Alexander the Great were able to retain power after his untimely death?
3. One Princedom, according to Machiavelli, is ruled by a sole prince; the other is by a prince and his barons. What does Machiavelli see as a weakness of the latter?
4. Aside from granting favors to his subjects during a siege, what does Machiavelli suggest a wise prince might do?
5. Does Machiavelli suggest that rising to power through cruelty is always wrong?
This section contains 943 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)