|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Machiavelli define a new princedom or dominion?
(a) One that kills all the citizens of the old regime.
(b) One that does not come from a long line of ruling ancestors.
(c) One that comes from political intrigue.
(d) One that is an entirely new settlement.
2. Why does Machiavelli say that new territories are harder to govern than hereditary ones?
(a) People think the new government will be more of the same.
(b) It is rarely the case that new rulers improve the lives of the conquered.
(c) Men always think a new government will be worse than before.
(d) Old leaders must be kept alive and included in the new government.
3. Why does Machiavelli insist that hereditary princedoms are more easily maintained?
(a) The prince changes things often at his own whim.
(b) The people are already familiar with that form of government.
(c) All people everywhere actually prefer a prince.
(d) The prince has more power than a republic.
4. Machiavelli says that tensions between the nobles and commoners may result in a principality, a republic, or what other condition?
(b) Heavy taxation.
5. What problem faces a prince appointed by the nobles?
(a) The people know they have rights under a price appointed by the nobles.
(b) The nobles never have the good will of the people which makes for tensions.
(c) The people will only support a prince appointed by the nobles.
(d) The nobles see themselves as his equal and are not inclined to obey him.
6. What ancient example does Machiavelli use to illustrate the rise to power through criminal actions?
(a) Alexander the Great.
(c) Pope Alexander IV.
(d) Agathocles of Sicily.
7. What combination of circumstances does Machiavelli identify in men like Cyrus, Romulus, and Theseus?
(a) Pride and ability.
(b) Strength and fortitude.
(c) Opportunity and merit.
(d) Time and location.
8. What happened when Rome tried to use the same methods the Spartans had used with Greece?
(a) They succeeded by adding Roman universities to the Greek educational system.
(b) They succeeded by expanding on the Spartan idea.
(c) They found it easy to get Greeks to adopt Roman ways.
(d) They failed and had to go back and destroy many cities.
9. What example does Machiavelli cite as a wholly new princedom?
(a) Venice under the Doge.
(b) Milan under Francesco Sforza.
(c) The Kingdom of Spain.
(d) The new Kingdom of Naples.
10. What is Machiavelli's example of rule by a sole prince?
(a) The Kingdom of France.
(b) The Kingdom of Spain.
(c) The Turk empire.
(d) The Holy Roman Empire.
11. What example does Machiavelli give of a prince who had the support of his people and was able to withstand invasion?
(a) Gracci of Rome.
(b) Nabis, Prince of Sparta.
(c) Giorgio Scalli of Florence.
(d) Cesar Borgia of Romagna.
12. Aside from humble beginnings, what does Machiavelli say that Agathocles and Oliverotto have in common?
(a) They knew what they wanted and made a plan to get it.
(b) They got their positions from other princes.
(c) They refused to resort to political assassination.
(d) They were both Italians.
13. After Alexander VI, how did the Pope continue to strengthen the Church's position?
(a) By putting monasteries in new dominions.
(b) By gaining more popularity among the Italians.
(c) By selling ecclesiastical offices and annexing land.
(d) By military invasions of other dominions.
14. How can a prince deal with the people when they see their lands burning outside the city walls?
(a) He can make them believe it is all just an illusion.
(b) He can tell them it is not as bad as it looks from inside the city walls.
(c) He can tell them about the cruelties of the enemy if they are captured.
(d) He can issue food stamps.
15. Why did Machiavelli say that Italy has been overrun by Charles, plundered by Louis, ravished by Ferdinand, and dishonored by the Swiss?
(a) Because too many people are in charge of the military.
(b) Because it has had only a mercenary military.
(c) Because the Italians have forgotten the military methods of the Roman Empire.
(d) Because it has no central government.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Machiavelli say Agathocles became Prince of Syracuse?
2. What, according to Machiavelli, will always make a prince's position insecure?
3. What does Machiavelli suggest is the weakness of a mercenary military?
4. What is the advantage of the sole prince as ruler?
5. What was Machiavelli's method for learning political government?
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