|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was Cesare Borgia's greatest mistake according to Machiavelli?
(a) Allowing the election of Pope Julius II.
(b) Helping the Spanish cardinals elect a Spanish Pope.
(c) Failure to get medical attention soon enough.
(d) Distancing himself from the French court.
2. Why is setting up a system of government using conquered citizens effective?
(a) They see they cannot survive without the protection and support of the conquering prince.
(b) They do not have to pay tribute to the new prince.
(c) They see that everything will be exactly like their old government.
(d) They do not have to make friends of the new prince.
3. What does Machiavelli see as the problem with barons?
(a) The people tend to give more aligeance to the barrons than to the prince.
(b) The people do not understand the difference between a prince and a baron.
(c) Barons are known for being cruel and causing trouble.
(d) Barons can do only what the prince orders.
4. How can a common citizen rise to political power?
(a) As a compromise between two parties.
(b) Through the help of friends.
(c) By popular election.
(d) With a lot of money behind him.
5. How did the Romans maintain control in Capua, Carthage, and Numantia?
(a) They made them all Roman citizens with new priviliges.
(b) They allowed them to select government officials from their own citizens.
(c) They moved the Roman capital to Carthage.
(d) They destroyed them and set up their own system of government.
6. How does Machiavelli say that those who help a prince obtain a new princedom may turn against him?
(a) By not receiving what was promised to them.
(b) By deciding that they do not need the prince.
(c) By going elsewhere to fight new battles.
(d) By becoming jealous of his new power.
7. Machiavelli gives the example of how Cesare Borgia used Minister Remiro d'Orco in his plan to rule Romagna. After d'Orco brought the territory under control, what does Machiavelli say Cesare Borgia did to get the loyalty of the people?
(a) He gave d'Orco the power to kill anyone who opposed him.
(b) He executed d'Orco to make the people love and trust him.
(c) He told the people that d'Orco was acting on his orders.
(d) He retired d'Orco and gave him a lifetime pension.
8. Machiavelli says some new princes may gain their new states either in exchange for money or as a favor. What other means does he point out for gaining a state?
(a) Holding many public meetings.
(b) Promising to lower taxes.
(c) Bribing the military.
(d) Making themselves popular with the people.
9. After Alexander VI, how did the Pope continue to strengthen the Church's position?
(a) By putting monasteries in new dominions.
(b) By selling ecclesiastical offices and annexing land.
(c) By military invasions of other dominions.
(d) By gaining more popularity among the Italians.
10. Does Machiavelli suggest that rising to power through cruelty is always wrong?
(a) He suggests that there is a proper use of cruelty.
(b) He believes that cruelty must continue to be successful.
(c) He says any use of cruelty cannot be justified.
(d) He states that political assassination is not cruelty.
11. Why does Machiavelli say that Prince Lorenzo should not be surprised at what he is saying about new princedoms?
(a) He is the only man who knows the facts he is about to reveal.
(b) He is citing his own experience as a new prince.
(c) He is giving the highest examples from history.
(d) He will talk only about princes he has known personally.
12. What example does Machiavelli cite as a wholly new princedom?
(a) Milan under Francesco Sforza.
(b) The new Kingdom of Naples.
(c) Venice under the Doge.
(d) The Kingdom of Spain.
13. Why does Machiavelli insist that hereditary princedoms are more easily maintained?
(a) The prince has more power than a republic.
(b) The prince changes things often at his own whim.
(c) All people everywhere actually prefer a prince.
(d) The people are already familiar with that form of government.
14. What does Machiavelli say are the two foundations necessary for a princedom?
(a) A popular prince and a mercenary military.
(b) Sound laws and a sound military.
(c) Sound laws that do not rely on a military.
(d) Total military rule and a contented public.
15. Why does Machiavelli say that new territories are harder to govern than hereditary ones?
(a) It is rarely the case that new rulers improve the lives of the conquered.
(b) Men always think a new government will be worse than before.
(c) Old leaders must be kept alive and included in the new government.
(d) People think the new government will be more of the same.
Short Answer Questions
1. What example does Machiavelli give of a conquered territory rebelling against 100 years of servitude?
2. What is it that Machiavelli refrains from doing in his book?
3. The cities of what country are given as good examples of fortification?
4. What is Machiavelli's example of rule by a sole prince?
5. What is the advantage of the sole prince as ruler?
This section contains 915 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)