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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Prior to Charles VIII of France coming to Italy, what was the main focus of the Pope, the Venetians, the King of Naples, the Duke of Milan, and the Florentines?
(a) To keep foreigners out of Italy.
(b) To restore the Roman Empire.
(c) To war among themselves.
(d) To form an Italian Republic.
2. Why did Machiavelli say that Italy has been overrun by Charles, plundered by Louis, ravished by Ferdinand, and dishonored by the Swiss?
(a) Because the Italians have forgotten the military methods of the Roman Empire.
(b) Because too many people are in charge of the military.
(c) Because it has had only a mercenary military.
(d) Because it has no central government.
3. What is the advantage of the sole prince as ruler?
(a) The people vest in him more complete authority.
(b) No one is confused about who the ruler is.
(c) In case of revolt, there is only one person to assassinate.
(d) There is only one person of higher rank than the prince.
4. What was Machiavelli's method for learning political government?
(a) He formed a college to study the various ideas.
(b) He relied on his own intuitions.
(c) He tried all methods of government himself.
(d) He studied the outstanding rulers of the past.
5. Machiavelli says some new princes may gain their new states either in exchange for money or as a favor. What other means does he point out for gaining a state?
(a) Bribing the military.
(b) Holding many public meetings.
(c) Making themselves popular with the people.
(d) Promising to lower taxes.
6. What does say the sole prince can do that the prince with barons cannot?
(a) Move the subjects from place to place.
(b) Change his residence whenever he likes.
(c) Travel any time he wants.
(d) Shift the rulers of territories at his discretion.
7. After gaining dominions by merit, how does Machiavelli say a prince can hold his new territories?
(c) It is impossible.
(d) With great difficulty.
8. What does Machiavelli say a new prince must do quickly after gaining a new dominion?
(a) Hand out money.
(b) Build a new palace.
(c) Learn quickly.
(d) Read his book.
9. Cesare Borgia was helped in his drive for power by his father. Who was he?
(a) Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan.
(b) King Luis XII of France.
(c) The military head of the Orsini.
(d) Pope Alexander IV.
10. Aside from humble beginnings, what does Machiavelli say that Agathocles and Oliverotto have in common?
(a) They knew what they wanted and made a plan to get it.
(b) They got their positions from other princes.
(c) They refused to resort to political assassination.
(d) They were both Italians.
11. How does Machiavelli say that the successors of Alexander the Great were able to retain power after his untimely death?
(a) Under his system, governance was easily transferred to his appointed ministers.
(b) The people were so happy to be rid of Darius that they accepted anyone else.
(c) They did not let the people know that Alexander had died.
(d) The people did not care who ruled them.
12. What happened when Rome tried to use the same methods the Spartans had used with Greece?
(a) They succeeded by adding Roman universities to the Greek educational system.
(b) They found it easy to get Greeks to adopt Roman ways.
(c) They failed and had to go back and destroy many cities.
(d) They succeeded by expanding on the Spartan idea.
13. What type of principality does Machiavelli claim may be kept without talent or fortune?
(c) Absolute monarchy.
14. Machiavelli says that tensions between the nobles and commoners may result in a principality, a republic, or what other condition?
(d) Heavy taxation.
15. The next best way to rule a new territory, according to Machiavelli, is to establish a colony. Why?
(a) The only people really annoyed will be those who have lost their land.
(b) The conquered people get lots of land and plenty to eat.
(c) The people can now take justice into their own hands.
(d) The people who have been harmed can take revenge easily.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Machiavelli say his desire is for Prince Lorenzo?
2. Why does Machiavelli say that Prince Lorenzo should not be surprised at what he is saying about new princedoms?
3. What problem faces a prince appointed by the nobles?
4. What does Machiavelli see as an inevitable result of changes in government?
5. Aside from granting favors to his subjects during a siege, what does Machiavelli suggest a wise prince might do?
This section contains 898 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)