|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was the motivation for Machiavelli to write THE PRINCE?
(a) He wanted to become a prince.
(b) He wanted to become a famous author.
(c) He wanted to start a revolution.
(d) He wanted Prince Lorenzo de Medici to employ him.
2. What is the advantage of the prince selected by the people?
(a) He will have their support because all they want is not to be oppresed.
(b) The nobles will always see this as a good sign and cooperate with the prince.
(c) The people will see the prince change them in many ways.
(d) He will be unable to ignore the wishes of the nobles.
3. What does Machiavelli suggest is the surest way to govern a conquered territory?
(a) Destroy its civil and political systems first.
(b) Declare many holidays.
(c) Keep the old system in place.
(d) Start paying higher salaries to bureaucrats.
4. Why does Machiavelli insist that hereditary princedoms are more easily maintained?
(a) The prince has more power than a republic.
(b) All people everywhere actually prefer a prince.
(c) The people are already familiar with that form of government.
(d) The prince changes things often at his own whim.
5. What was Machiavelli's method for learning political government?
(a) He tried all methods of government himself.
(b) He studied the outstanding rulers of the past.
(c) He formed a college to study the various ideas.
(d) He relied on his own intuitions.
6. What one thing does Machiavelli insist that every prince needs?
(a) The good will of the people.
(b) To read his book.
(c) Deep pockets.
(d) A strong military.
7. What does Machiavelli suggest is the best solution for governing a new territory?
(a) The new Prince should go away and let the people have self-rule.
(b) The new Prince should live there.
(c) The new Prince should raise taxes.
(d) The new Prince should kill his own military commanders.
8. What form of government comes from a long line of ancestors?
(a) Princedoms formed by warring factions.
(b) New princedoms.
(c) An elected dynasty.
(d) A hereditary princedom.
9. What were the results of Sparta setting up oligarchies in Athens and Thebes after they conquered them?
(a) They lost the new territories.
(b) They changed their own forms of government.
(c) They held them for a thousand years.
(d) They learned how to retain a possession.
10. Aside from granting favors to his subjects during a siege, what does Machiavelli suggest a wise prince might do?
(a) Bribe his nobles to help him.
(b) Have parties within the walls as though nothing is wrong outside.
(c) Make promises he knows he could never keep.
(d) Get his subjects to do favors for him.
11. What does Machiavelli say was the reason for successes by Cyrus, Romulus, and Theseus?
(a) They did not understand the thinking of the people.
(b) They were standing in the right place at the right time.
(c) Like Moses, they could talk with God.
(d) It had nothing to do with fortune, but was because of their own talents.
12. What example does Machiavelli cite as a wholly new princedom?
(a) Milan under Francesco Sforza.
(b) Venice under the Doge.
(c) The new Kingdom of Naples.
(d) The Kingdom of Spain.
13. Why is Niccolo Machiavelli suddenly out of a job?
(a) He has been working for the government overthrown by the Medici.
(b) He insulted Prince Lorenzo de Medici.
(c) He has taken too much time off.
(d) He has had a long illness.
14. What is it that Machiavelli refrains from doing in his book?
(a) Using language of respect that is usually spoken before a prince.
(b) Making everything brief in his writing so that main points are missed.
(c) Giving only the facts of great leaders and how they governed.
(d) Using high sounding literary devices to make the work seem more important.
15. One Princedom, according to Machiavelli, is ruled by a sole prince; the other is by a prince and his barons. What does Machiavelli see as a weakness of the latter?
(a) The prince becomes lazy and leaves everything up to the barons.
(b) If the prince dies the barons all lose their hereditary titles.
(c) The prince does always knows what the barons are doing in their territories.
(d) The barons hold their titles by heredity and not by the favor of the prince, so there is less loyalty.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Machiavelli suggest is the weakness of a mercenary military?
2. The next best way to rule a new territory, according to Machiavelli, is to establish a colony. Why?
3. What does Machiavelli say his desire is for Prince Lorenzo?
4. Before Pope Alexander VI, what prevented the Church from gaining even more power?
5. Why does Machiavelli say that new territories are harder to govern than hereditary ones?
This section contains 932 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)