|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In a good tragedy, Aristotle explains that the misfortune the main character experiences is usually caused by what?
2. If the problem conquers the characters, how does Aristotle say the tragedy ends?
3. What example does Aristotle provide of recognition occurring through the will of the poet?
4. How does Aristotle characterize tragedies with happy endings?
5. What does Aristotle consider to be the most tragic event?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does Aristotle consider a failed action in a tragedy where the character was aware of the circumstances then failed to follow through to be a poor development in the plot?
2. Does Aristotle believe that Homer's "Iliad" should be written in the format of a tragedy? Why or why not?
3. Give an example that Aristotle provides in "Poetics" of the most successful kind of action in a tragedy.
4. What does Aristotle identify as the goal of tragedy?
5. While some tragedies may use impressive visual effects when performed on stage to impress their spectators, what type of tragedy according to Aristotle does not require such spectacles and why?
6. What does Aristotle say in regard to how actions in a plot should be chosen?
7. In regard to the plot device of recognition, give an example that Aristotle provides in "Poetics" of how recognition can occur through some recognition of sign.
8. What does Aristotle identify as the most successful kind of action in a tragedy and why?
9. Give an example that Aristotle provides in "Poetics" of a failed action where the character of a tragic story was aware of the circumstances then failed to follow through.
10. What types of situations does Aristotle say occur frequently in tragedy and why?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Based on Aristotle's teachings, with what type of actions does tragedy concern itself? How does tragedy accomplish its goals of inspiring certain emotions in the audience? What is the foundation of good poetry writing according to Aristotle?
Essay Topic 2
Choose one of the following to write about:
1) Based on your interpretation of "Poetics", compare the writing styles and balance of well written poetry versus poorly written poetry.
2) Discuss why a poet, according to Aristotle, must always be sure to keep the plots for his stories simple.
3) Compare history and poetry through the eyes of Aristotle. Explain the mistake many writers make when writing stories from history.
Essay Topic 3
Based on Aristotle's "Poetics", how does poetry differ from history according to Aristotle? Why is poetry considered a higher pursuit than history to Aristotle? How does Aristotle define the "laws of probability and necessity"?
This section contains 926 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)