|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Aristotle asserts that men who find poetry very attractive find great pleasure in what?
2. In poetry, Aristotle says that in the "Odyssey" recognition comes about how??
3. In a tragedy, how does Aristotle say the element of surprise should come about?
4. In art, what does Aristotle believe to be the object?
5. Aristotle says that storytelling with episodic plots is to be favored by whom?
Short Essay Questions
1. Is the unity of plot the same as the unity of a character's actions? Explain.
2. What are two reasons Aristotle says that men are drawn to write poetry?
3. Aristotle points out that good poets may also write episodic stories. What reason does he give?
4. How does Aristotle define comedy as a type of poetry?
5. Why does Aristotle consider poetic work to be a philosophical undertaking, and, therefore, a higher pursuit than history, which is concerned simply with facts?
6. How does Aristotle say that poetry differs from history?
7. Aristotle explains that the object which poetry portrays is men in action. How may poets differ in how they represent these men?
8. What does Aristotle say the goal of tragedy is and how does he say good poetry accomplish this goal?
9. What does Aristotle say about the the beginning and end of a tragic plot?
10. Based on Section I of Aristotle's "Poetics", how is the medium specific to poetry similar to and different from prose?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The goal of tragedy, as explained by Aristotle, is to construct a plot that successfully inspires what in the spectator or reader? How should the actions depicted in the plot be chosen? How can the poet effectively inspire certain emotions to a great scale?
Essay Topic 2
What reasons does Aristotle give regarding why the poet must be sensitive to the nature of language? Into what parts can language be subdivided? What are some ways suggested by Aristotle that a poet could effectively create a rhythmic and pleasant-sounding poem that has a meter that is appropriate to the type of poem he is creating as well as to the subject matter?
Essay Topic 3
Aristotle teaches through "Poetics" that poets may use words metaphorically, and he explains that this is done in many ways.
1) Explain various ways in which a character uses words metaphorically.
2) Differentiate between various forms of metaphors.
3) Provide examples of how Aristotle says Homer's "Iliad" uses metaphors.
This section contains 995 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)