Poetics Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Based on Aristotle's "Poetics", great tragedy poets always choose characters that belong to what?
(a) Universities.
(b) Wealthy and prominent families.
(c) Various churches.
(d) Small social groups.

2. In a tragedy, Aristotle warns that the poet must NOT choose a character who is altogether what?
(a) Evil.
(b) Bitter.
(c) Generous.
(d) Good.

3. What does Aristotle say that a well-crafted tragedy has?
(a) Powerful characters with morals.
(b) A masterfully written complication and unraveling.
(c) Consistent foreshadowing.
(d) Excellent irony.

4. What are/is the name(s) of the part(s) that Aristotle gives to the plot of a tragedy?
(a) The beginning, middle, end, and whole.
(b) The complication and unraveling.
(c) Whole.
(d) Good, bad and worse.

5. In a good tragedy as defined by Aristotle, why wouldn't you see two evil men fighting and killing one another?
(a) This action would not inspire pity.
(b) A tragedy only has one evil character.
(c) Evil men team up, not fight each other.
(d) It would be boring.

Short Answer Questions

1. Into how many parts does Aristotle say a language can be divided?

2. What does Aristotle believe to be the goal of tragedy?

3. As Aristotle explains, when an evil main character of a tragic story experiences misfortune, why doesn't this inspire certain key emotions in the audience?

4. Based on Aristotle's teachings, if the main character of a tragedy is totally without fault, his fall would not be due to his own fault, but rather what?

5. In a tragic story, a mother who is about to kill her son--and she is aware that it is her son--does not carry out the action. Aristotle uses this as an example of what?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Aristotle identify as the most successful kind of action in a tragedy and why?

2. In regard to the plot device of recognition, give an example that Aristotle provides in "Poetics" of how recognition can occur through some recognition of sign.

3. Give an example that Aristotle provides in "Poetics" of the most successful kind of action in a tragedy.

4. Define the ways in which Aristotle divides the plot of a tragedy.

5. What type of recognition is considered by Aristotle to be superior to the others and why?

6. What does Aristotle identify as the goal of tragedy?

7. While some tragedies may use impressive visual effects when performed on stage to impress their spectators, what type of tragedy according to Aristotle does not require such spectacles and why?

8. Give an example that Aristotle provides in "Poetics" of a failed action where the character of a tragic story was aware of the circumstances then failed to follow through.

9. If the tragedy is to be performed, what does Aristotle say the poet should ensure and why?

10. What types of situations does Aristotle say occur frequently in tragedy and why?

(see the answer keys)

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