Poetics Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In a tragedy, Aristotle warns that the poet must NOT choose a character who is altogether what?
(a) Generous.
(b) Good.
(c) Bitter.
(d) Evil.

2. Based on Aristotle's teachings, if the main character of a tragedy is totally without fault, his fall would not be due to his own fault, but rather what?
(a) A bad attitude.
(b) Poor fortune.
(c) His own creation.
(d) His mother.

3. Based on Aristotle's "Poetics", great tragedy poets always choose characters that belong to what?
(a) Various churches.
(b) Universities.
(c) Wealthy and prominent families.
(d) Small social groups.

4. Aristotle says that an action that is failed to be performed in a tragedy by the person who is aware of the circumstances is what?
(a) Reversal of Situation.
(b) Good judgment.
(c) Reconsideration.
(d) The least effective poetically.

5. Based on "Poetics", how will the effect of a sad plot of a tragic story be magnified?
(a) If the main character dies.
(b) If the antagonist turns over a new leaf.
(c) If the misfortune is greater.
(d) If the main character realizes his weaknesses.

Short Answer Questions

1. In addition to a sign, what is the second kind of recognition as identified by Aristotle?

2. What does Aristotle say about Homer's "Iliad"?

3. In a tragedy, which of the following would Aristotle consider to be false?

4. When an evil character of a tragic story is suddenly thrust into misfortune, it has been said that this satisfies the moral sense of the audience, but Aristotle asserts that the misfortune does not inspire what?

5. In a tragic story, a mother who is about to kill her son--and she is aware that it is her son--does not carry out the action. Aristotle uses this as an example of what?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Aristotle say that a poet should do first when constructing the plot of a tragedy?

2. When does Aristotle say the use of recognition through sign is used poorly?

3. What does Aristotle say in regard to how actions in a plot should be chosen?

4. Define the ways in which Aristotle divides the plot of a tragedy.

5. If the tragedy is to be performed, what does Aristotle say the poet should ensure and why?

6. List at least two things that Aristotle says a poet of a tragedy should always accomplish when depicting his characters.

7. Does Aristotle believe that Homer's "Iliad" should be written in the format of a tragedy? Why or why not?

8. What does Aristotle identify as the goal of tragedy?

9. In regard to the plot device of recognition, give an example that Aristotle provides in "Poetics" of how recognition can occur through some recognition of sign.

10. Give an example that Aristotle provides in "Poetics" of the most successful kind of action in a tragedy.

(see the answer keys)

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