|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does Aristotle believe that a failed action by a character that is unaware is more effective than a failed action by a character that is aware?
(a) The second situation inspires more fear, but less pity.
(b) They are equally ineffective.
(c) The morals of the character that is unaware remain intact, and the first situation inspires more fear.
(d) They are equally effective.
2. What does Aristotle identify as a poet's medium?
(a) Language and heart.
(b) Spiritual inspiration.
(d) Language and passion.
3. Why does Aristotle say that Homer's "Iliad" is not a tragedy?
(a) It lacks irony.
(b) The reader feels no pity.
(c) It has too many episodes and sub-stories to fit the format.
(d) It is a happy story.
4. Aristotle warns that a tragedy poet should be careful with what?
(a) Choosing ironic events.
(b) Writing the middle, as it is the most important part of a tragedy.
(c) The poet should be careful not to write a happy ending.
(d) Picking the content for the poem.
5. To Aristotle, what type of recognition is considered superior to any other kind?
(a) Recognition based on rumors.
(b) Recognition through a holy experience.
(c) Recognition through the use of a sign.
(d) Recognition through reasoning.
Short Answer Questions
1. In a tragedy, which of the following would Aristotle consider to be false?
2. What is the purpose of the conclusion according to Aristotle?
3. What type of tragedy does Aristotle say does NOT require impressive visual effects when performed on stage to impress their spectators?
4. If the problem conquers the characters, how does Aristotle say the tragedy ends?
5. Aristotle says that an action that is failed to be performed in a tragedy by the person who is aware of the circumstances is what?
Short Essay Questions
1. What types of situations does Aristotle say occur frequently in tragedy and why?
2. Does Aristotle believe that Homer's "Iliad" should be written in the format of a tragedy? Why or why not?
3. Define the ways in which Aristotle divides the plot of a tragedy.
4. In addition to recognition through sign, what are some other ways that Aristotle identifies as ways in which recognition can occur?
5. Based on "Poetics" by Aristotle, explain how the effect of a sad plot will be magnified?
6. Why does Aristotle consider a failed action in a tragedy where the character was aware of the circumstances then failed to follow through to be a poor development in the plot?
7. If the tragedy is to be performed, what does Aristotle say the poet should ensure and why?
8. While some tragedies may use impressive visual effects when performed on stage to impress their spectators, what type of tragedy according to Aristotle does not require such spectacles and why?
9. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional responses, Aristotle explains that the actions portrayed in it must be of a certain character. Explain.
10. When does Aristotle say the use of recognition through sign is used poorly?
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