Poetics Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Aristotle says that it's important for any poet to master what in a tragedy?
(a) The main character's life and death.
(b) The complication and unraveling.
(c) The beginning of the story.
(d) The middle of the story.

2. In a good tragedy, Aristotle explains that the misfortune the main character experiences is usually caused by what?
(a) Stupidity.
(b) The character's arrogance.
(c) Misguided love.
(d) The character's weakness.

3. To Aristotle, what type of recognition is considered superior to any other kind?
(a) Recognition based on rumors.
(b) Recognition through reasoning.
(c) Recognition through the use of a sign.
(d) Recognition through a holy experience.

4. Based on Aristotle's teachings, if the main character of a tragedy is totally without fault, his fall would not be due to his own fault, but rather what?
(a) His mother.
(b) A bad attitude.
(c) Poor fortune.
(d) His own creation.

5. According to Aristotle, why do the greatest tragedy poets always choose characters that belong to such groups?
(a) An educated character is more believable.
(b) A moral character is more believable.
(c) A character with few friends is more interesting.
(d) A fall from such a great height will impress the spectator.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Aristotle identify as a poet's medium?

2. What type of stories does Aristotle identify as more fit for epic poems than tragedies?

3. How does Aristotle characterize tragedies with happy endings?

4. What does Aristotle say about Homer's "Iliad"?

5. Aristotle explains that the complication in plot leads to what?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Aristotle say in regard to how actions in a plot should be chosen?

2. Why does Aristotle consider a failed action in a tragedy where the character was aware of the circumstances then failed to follow through to be a poor development in the plot?

3. In addition to recognition through sign, what are some other ways that Aristotle identifies as ways in which recognition can occur?

4. When does Aristotle say the use of recognition through sign is used poorly?

5. Does Aristotle believe that Homer's "Iliad" should be written in the format of a tragedy? Why or why not?

6. If the tragedy is to be performed, what does Aristotle say the poet should ensure and why?

7. While some tragedies may use impressive visual effects when performed on stage to impress their spectators, what type of tragedy according to Aristotle does not require such spectacles and why?

8. Based on Aristotle's reasoning, what type of main character should a poet choose and why?

9. What type of recognition is considered by Aristotle to be superior to the others and why?

10. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional responses, Aristotle explains that the actions portrayed in it must be of a certain character. Explain.

(see the answer keys)

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