Poetics Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. If the story is performed, why, according to Aristotle, should actors act with appropriate gestures to demonstrate their emotions and thoughts as the story progresses?
(a) Aristotle says that spectators will not be able to infer these simply from the dialog alone.
(b) None of the answers is correct.
(c) Gestures are more important than dialogue.
(d) Aristotle says that gestures compensate for a bad story.

2. Based on Aristotle's teachings about tragedy, how can the poet unify the plot?
(a) Develop characters who behave in a believable manner.
(b) Establishing clear relationships between actions the rest of the plot.
(c) Use complete sentences.
(d) Use more verbs.

3. Into how many parts does Aristotle divide the plot of a tragedy?
(a) Three.
(b) Four.
(c) Two.
(d) Aristotle does not divide the plot of a tragedy, but rather sees it as a whole.

4. Why does Aristotle say that Homer's "Iliad" is not a tragedy?
(a) It has too many episodes and sub-stories to fit the format.
(b) It is a happy story.
(c) The reader feels no pity.
(d) It lacks irony.

5. In a good tragedy as defined by Aristotle, why wouldn't you see two evil men fighting and killing one another?
(a) Evil men team up, not fight each other.
(b) It would be boring.
(c) This action would not inspire pity.
(d) A tragedy only has one evil character.

Short Answer Questions

1. When an evil character of a tragic story is suddenly thrust into misfortune, it has been said that this satisfies the moral sense of the audience, but Aristotle asserts that the misfortune does not inspire what?

2. Aristotle says that an action that is failed to be performed in a tragedy by the person who is aware of the circumstances is what?

3. Aristotle says that simply doing what well leaves a mediocre piece of art?

4. What does Aristotle identify as a poet's medium?

5. If the problem conquers the characters, how does Aristotle say the tragedy ends?

Short Essay Questions

1. List at least two things that Aristotle says a poet of a tragedy should always accomplish when depicting his characters.

2. Give an example that Aristotle provides in "Poetics" of a failed action where the character of a tragic story was aware of the circumstances then failed to follow through.

3. Why does Aristotle consider a failed action in a tragedy where the character was aware of the circumstances then failed to follow through to be a poor development in the plot?

4. In regard to the plot device of recognition, give an example that Aristotle provides in "Poetics" of how recognition can occur through some recognition of sign.

5. When does Aristotle say the use of recognition through sign is used poorly?

6. Does Aristotle believe that Homer's "Iliad" should be written in the format of a tragedy? Why or why not?

7. What does Aristotle identify as the most successful kind of action in a tragedy and why?

8. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional responses, Aristotle explains that the actions portrayed in it must be of a certain character. Explain.

9. Based on "Poetics" by Aristotle, explain how the effect of a sad plot will be magnified?

10. Give an example that Aristotle provides in "Poetics" of the most successful kind of action in a tragedy.

(see the answer keys)

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