Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?
(a) Dependent stories.
(b) Interesting.
(c) Isolated stories.
(d) Funny.

2. How does Aristotle say the different types of poetry emerged?
(a) Peers voted on their preference.
(b) From the personalities of different types of men.
(c) The most talented poets decided on the different types.
(d) From non-fiction.

3. A character attempting to save his friend but accidentally killing him instead is an example Aristotle gives for what?
(a) Recognition.
(b) Reversal of Situation.
(c) Bad luck.
(d) Second degree manslaughter.

4. Aristotle teaches that the beginning of a well-written tragedy starts at what point?
(a) With the end and uses the method of flashback to tell the rest.
(b) In the middle and uses the method of flashback to tell what preceded.
(c) Where the narrative has no dependence upon events that happened prior to it.
(d) Where the narrative has dependence upon events that happen prior to it.

5. What does Aristotle consider to be secondary to the most essential element of tragedy?
(a) Development of rhyme.
(b) Development of character.
(c) Development of irony.
(d) Development of imitation.

Short Answer Questions

1. Per Aristotle, the unity of plot is what to the unity of a character's actions?

2. In art, what does Aristotle believe to be the object?

3. According to Aristotle, how should the plot of a well-written tragedy be structured?

4. The plot, as Aristotle explains, should be unified in such a way that each part should be what?

5. What is history according to Aristotle?

Short Essay Questions

1. Whom does Aristotle say favors episodic, as opposed to epic, storytelling and why?

2. How does Aristotle classify or divide actions? Explain.

3. Based on Section I of Aristotle's "Poetics", how is the medium specific to poetry similar to and different from prose?

4. What does Aristotle say the goal of tragedy is and how does he say good poetry accomplish this goal?

5. What does Aristotle say about plot in tragedy?

6. What are two reasons Aristotle says that men are drawn to write poetry?

7. Is the unity of plot the same as the unity of a character's actions? Explain.

8. Why does Aristotle consider poetic work to be a philosophical undertaking, and, therefore, a higher pursuit than history, which is concerned simply with facts?

9. Aristotle points out that good poets may also write episodic stories. What reason does he give?

10. How does Aristotle define tragedy as a type of poetry?

(see the answer keys)

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