Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Concerning the "laws of probability and necessity," what statement below is NOT correct according to Aristotle's teachings in "Poetics"?
(a) The poet implies his understanding of how the world works.
(b) The poet implies his notion of justice.
(c) The poet portrays what events could possibly happen in the world.
(d) The poet implies his vision of how the world should be.

2. In the context of poetry and according to Aristotle's teachings, why is man naturally attracted to imitation?
(a) It is a lot of fun.
(b) Imitation is a form of acting.
(c) Imitation is less expensive.
(d) It is through imitation that man most easily learns.

3. Aristotle says what type of poetry imitates the "lower" types of men?
(a) Greek poetry.
(b) Roman poetry.
(c) Comedy.
(d) Tragedy.

4. In what three ways does Aristotle differentiate various art forms from one another?
(a) According to the artist, era, and artistic effort.
(b) By the medium, objects, and manner of imitation.
(c) Era, objects, and manner of imitation.
(d) Manner of imitation, artist, and era.

5. What does Aristotle say about the element of surprise in a tragedy?
(a) It helps inspire pity.
(b) It helps inspire sadness.
(c) It keeps the reader guessing and interested.
(d) It helps inspire joy.

Short Answer Questions

1. Aristotle says that storytelling with episodic plots is to be favored by whom?

2. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?

3. According to Aristotle, why do good poets sometimes write stories using episodic plots?

4. Per Aristotle, the unity of plot is what to the unity of a character's actions?

5. What two things does Aristotle require to be present in a well-written story?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does Aristotle define tragedy as a type of poetry?

2. Aristotle points out that good poets may also write episodic stories. What reason does he give?

3. Based on Section I of Aristotle's "Poetics", how is the medium specific to poetry similar to and different from prose?

4. What are two reasons Aristotle says that men are drawn to write poetry?

5. What does Aristotle say about the the beginning and end of a tragic plot?

6. Whom does Aristotle say favors episodic, as opposed to epic, storytelling and why?

7. What does Aristotle say the goal of tragedy is and how does he say good poetry accomplish this goal?

8. What does Aristotle say about plot in tragedy?

9. What does Aristotle say about the actions described in a tragic plot?

10. According to Aristotle, different types of poetry emerge from the personalities of different types of men. What are two examples Aristotle gives in relationship to personality of men and types of poetry?

(see the answer keys)

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