Poetics Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Aristotle explains that a sign is one of four types of recognition. What is an example of recognition occurring through the use of a sign?
(a) A character's action is interrupted by what seems to be divine intervention.
(b) A character recognizes another by a certain scar or birthmark.
(c) A character has a vivid dream.
(d) A character receives a psychic reading.

2. As Aristotle states, what ways are epic poems different from other poems, specifically tragedies?
(a) They are of considerably greater length and scope.
(b) They are much shorter.
(c) The meter of epic poems is unimportant.
(d) They tend to rhyme.

3. What example does Aristotle use to demonstrate his point of epic vs. tragedy formats?
(a) His own personal work.
(b) The success of many poets who attempted to make an epic poem a tragedy.
(c) The failures of many poets who attempted to make an epic poem a tragedy.
(d) Homer's "Iliad".

4. As Aristotle explains, why must a poet be sensitive to the nature of language?
(a) The nature of language in unpredictable.
(b) Language is to a poet as paint is to a painter.
(c) Language is very complicated.
(d) There are infinite words from which to choose.

5. Based on Aristotle's teachings, why do some tragedies use certain effects when performed on stage?
(a) To justify higher ticket prices.
(b) To impress their spectators.
(c) To express language visually.
(d) Because they are "silent" tragedies.

6. Into how many parts does Aristotle divide the plot of a tragedy?
(a) Four.
(b) Three.
(c) Aristotle does not divide the plot of a tragedy, but rather sees it as a whole.
(d) Two.

7. What does Aristotle say that a well-crafted tragedy has?
(a) Consistent foreshadowing.
(b) Excellent irony.
(c) A masterfully written complication and unraveling.
(d) Powerful characters with morals.

8. Why does Aristotle say that Homer's "Iliad" is not a tragedy?
(a) The reader feels no pity.
(b) It is a happy story.
(c) It lacks irony.
(d) It has too many episodes and sub-stories to fit the format.

9. According to Aristotle, a great plot consists of an action that almost occurs, but doesn't because of what?
(a) A discovery by the character.
(b) Irony.
(c) The main character thwarts evil actions.
(d) Reversal of Situation.

10. Artistically, what type of recognition does Aristotle consider to be a serious flaw?
(a) Recognition that is not connected with the flow of the plot.
(b) Recognition that occurs suddenly.
(c) Recognition through divine intervention.
(d) A recurring recognition.

11. Aristotle explains that the complication in plot leads to what?
(a) A tragic action.
(b) The unraveling.
(c) The sequel to the story.
(d) The death of the main character.

12. When an evil character of a tragic story is suddenly thrust into misfortune, it has been said that this satisfies the moral sense of the audience, but Aristotle asserts that the misfortune does not inspire what?
(a) Joy.
(b) Anger.
(c) Pity.
(d) Fear.

13. What is the third type of recognition as identified by Aristotle?
(a) One that occurs through the awakening of some memory or latent emotion.
(b) One that occurs from a bad dream.
(c) One that occurs from a good dream.
(d) One that occurs through divine intervention.

14. What does Aristotle say about Homer's "Iliad"?
(a) It should be more tragic.
(b) It reminds him of a bad story.
(c) It lacks pity.
(d) It would not work in the format of a tragedy.

15. In a tragedy, Aristotle warns that the poet must NOT choose a character who is altogether what?
(a) Bitter.
(b) Generous.
(c) Evil.
(d) Good.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Aristotle believe that a failed action by a person who is aware of the circumstances is considered to be of a certain quality?

2. What would Aristotle say about the following action: a man is about to kill his brother, thinking him to be his enemy, but discovers his identity and therefore spares his life?

3. According to Aristotle, why do the greatest tragedy poets always choose characters that belong to such groups?

4. What type of tragedy does Aristotle say does NOT require impressive visual effects when performed on stage to impress their spectators?

5. What type of stories does Aristotle identify as more fit for epic poems than tragedies?

(see the answer keys)

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