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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What example does Aristotle use to demonstrate his point of epic vs. tragedy formats?
(a) Homer's "Iliad".
(b) The success of many poets who attempted to make an epic poem a tragedy.
(c) The failures of many poets who attempted to make an epic poem a tragedy.
(d) His own personal work.
2. How does Aristotle characterize tragedies with happy endings?
(a) He says they are Greek poetry.
(b) He says they are Roman poetry.
(c) He calls them comedies.
(d) He calls them great tragedies.
3. Into how many parts does Aristotle divide the plot of a tragedy?
(a) Aristotle does not divide the plot of a tragedy, but rather sees it as a whole.
4. What is the purpose of the conclusion according to Aristotle?
(a) It leads to the middle of the story.
(b) It gives the reader a sense of suspense.
(c) It ties the beginning and the end together.
(d) It shows how the problem is eventually solved or not solved.
5. According to Aristotle, what type of poets attempt to create tragedies that result in everyone ultimately being happy?
(a) Innovative poets.
(b) Optimistic poets.
(c) Poets more interested in winning an award.
(d) Poets more concerned with pleasing their audience.
6. What type of tragedy does Aristotle say does NOT require impressive visual effects when performed on stage to impress their spectators?
(a) An unusual tragedy.
(b) An episodic tragedy.
(c) A superior tragedy with a strong plot.
(d) A complex tragedy.
7. As Aristotle explains, when an evil main character of a tragic story experiences misfortune, why doesn't this inspire certain key emotions in the audience?
(a) The man will be perceived as receiving what he deserved.
(b) People fear similar misfortune.
(c) Often, people get angry when another gets hurt.
(d) People do not enjoy watching another suffer.
8. If the characters conquer the problem, how does Aristotle say the tragedy ends?
(b) It ends too soon.
(c) Without pity.
9. What are/is the name(s) of the part(s) that Aristotle gives to the plot of a tragedy?
(a) Good, bad and worse.
(b) The beginning, middle, end, and whole.
(c) The complication and unraveling.
10. In a tragedy, Aristotle says that the main character cannot be what?
(c) Speaking in the third person.
11. Why does Aristotle believe that a failed action by a person who is aware of the circumstances is considered to be of a certain quality?
(a) An audience does not like happy endings.
(b) The person was already aware and no disaster occurs.
(c) A failed action interrupts the flow.
(d) A person who is aware is boring.
12. What example does Aristotle provide of recognition occurring through the will of the poet?
(a) One character may reveal himself to another for no reason.
(b) There is no such thing as recognition through the will of the poet.
(c) A character is revealed when the poet announces it.
(d) The main character reveals himself to the antagonist when the reader least expects.
13. As Aristotle explains, why must a poet be sensitive to the nature of language?
(a) There are infinite words from which to choose.
(b) The nature of language in unpredictable.
(c) Language is very complicated.
(d) Language is to a poet as paint is to a painter.
14. According to Aristotle, why do the greatest tragedy poets always choose characters that belong to such groups?
(a) A moral character is more believable.
(b) A character with few friends is more interesting.
(c) A fall from such a great height will impress the spectator.
(d) An educated character is more believable.
15. Based on "Poetics", how will the effect of a sad plot of a tragic story be magnified?
(a) If the antagonist turns over a new leaf.
(b) If the misfortune is greater.
(c) If the main character realizes his weaknesses.
(d) If the main character dies.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Aristotle say occurs at the beginning of a tragic story?
2. In addition to a sign, what is the second kind of recognition as identified by Aristotle?
3. Aristotle says that it's important for any poet to master what in a tragedy?
4. As Aristotle states, what ways are epic poems different from other poems, specifically tragedies?
5. Aristotle warns that a tragedy poet should be careful with what?
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