|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Aristotle says that simply doing what well leaves a mediocre piece of art?
(a) Giving the reader a sense of suspense.
(b) Developing a main character that does not have a close friend.
(c) Writing a complication and unraveling.
(d) Infusing irony just at the beginning.
2. Aristotle says that it's important for any poet to master what in a tragedy?
(a) The complication and unraveling.
(b) The beginning of the story.
(c) The main character's life and death.
(d) The middle of the story.
3. In a tragedy, which of the following would Aristotle consider to be false?
(a) The action is more tragic when a person who is aware of the circumstances does not perform the action.
(b) The action may be done unknowingly.
(c) The action may be done knowingly.
(d) An action can either be done or not done.
4. What is the third type of recognition as identified by Aristotle?
(a) One that occurs from a good dream.
(b) One that occurs through divine intervention.
(c) One that occurs through the awakening of some memory or latent emotion.
(d) One that occurs from a bad dream.
5. Why does Aristotle believe that a failed action by a person who is aware of the circumstances is considered to be of a certain quality?
(a) The person was already aware and no disaster occurs.
(b) An audience does not like happy endings.
(c) A person who is aware is boring.
(d) A failed action interrupts the flow.
6. According to Aristotle, why do the greatest tragedy poets always choose characters that belong to such groups?
(a) A character with few friends is more interesting.
(b) A moral character is more believable.
(c) An educated character is more believable.
(d) A fall from such a great height will impress the spectator.
7. When an evil character of a tragic story is suddenly thrust into misfortune, it has been said that this satisfies the moral sense of the audience, but Aristotle asserts that the misfortune does not inspire what?
8. Aristotle says that an action that is failed to be performed in a tragedy by the person who is aware of the circumstances is what?
(a) The least effective poetically.
(b) Good judgment.
(d) Reversal of Situation.
9. Why does Aristotle say that Homer's "Iliad" is not a tragedy?
(a) The reader feels no pity.
(b) It is a happy story.
(c) It lacks irony.
(d) It has too many episodes and sub-stories to fit the format.
10. Into how many parts does Aristotle divide the plot of a tragedy?
(c) Aristotle does not divide the plot of a tragedy, but rather sees it as a whole.
11. As Aristotle states, what ways are epic poems different from other poems, specifically tragedies?
(a) They tend to rhyme.
(b) The meter of epic poems is unimportant.
(c) They are much shorter.
(d) They are of considerably greater length and scope.
12. What does Aristotle say about Homer's "Iliad"?
(a) It should be more tragic.
(b) It would not work in the format of a tragedy.
(c) It lacks pity.
(d) It reminds him of a bad story.
13. Based on Aristotle's teachings about tragedy, how can the poet unify the plot?
(a) Use more verbs.
(b) Develop characters who behave in a believable manner.
(c) Use complete sentences.
(d) Establishing clear relationships between actions the rest of the plot.
14. Aristotle explains that a sign is one of four types of recognition. What is an example of recognition occurring through the use of a sign?
(a) A character's action is interrupted by what seems to be divine intervention.
(b) A character receives a psychic reading.
(c) A character recognizes another by a certain scar or birthmark.
(d) A character has a vivid dream.
15. What type of stories does Aristotle identify as more fit for epic poems than tragedies?
(a) Stories with happy endings.
(b) Stories of considerably greater length and scope.
(c) Stories that give true historical accounts.
(d) Stories that are shorter and to the point.
Short Answer Questions
1. In addition to a sign, what is the second kind of recognition as identified by Aristotle?
2. Artistically, what type of recognition does Aristotle consider to be a serious flaw?
3. What type of tragedy does Aristotle say does NOT require impressive visual effects when performed on stage to impress their spectators?
4. If the characters conquer the problem, how does Aristotle say the tragedy ends?
5. If the problem conquers the characters, how does Aristotle say the tragedy ends?
This section contains 770 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)