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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Aristotle, what type of poets attempt to create tragedies that result in everyone ultimately being happy?
(a) Innovative poets.
(b) Poets more concerned with pleasing their audience.
(c) Poets more interested in winning an award.
(d) Optimistic poets.
2. Aristotle says that an action that is failed to be performed in a tragedy by the person who is aware of the circumstances is what?
(a) The least effective poetically.
(c) Good judgment.
(d) Reversal of Situation.
3. According to Aristotle, what happens in a legitimate tragedy?
(a) The antagonist dies.
(b) Everyone wins at the end.
(c) Not everyone winds up happy.
(d) The main character dies.
4. According to Aristotle, why do the greatest tragedy poets always choose characters that belong to such groups?
(a) An educated character is more believable.
(b) A fall from such a great height will impress the spectator.
(c) A character with few friends is more interesting.
(d) A moral character is more believable.
5. Based on Aristotle's teachings, if the main character of a tragedy is totally without fault, his fall would not be due to his own fault, but rather what?
(a) His mother.
(b) A bad attitude.
(c) Poor fortune.
(d) His own creation.
6. Aristotle asserts that the main character of a tragedy must have what?
(a) Complete confidence.
(c) A tragic past.
(d) A lot of money.
7. Aristotle explains that the complication accomplishes what?
(a) It ties the beginning to the end.
(b) It draws the reader in with the suspense of how the problem will be resolved, if it ever is.
(c) It evokes pity.
(d) It gives the reader a sense of resolution.
8. Based on Aristotle's "Poetics", great tragedy poets always choose characters that belong to what?
(a) Small social groups.
(b) Various churches.
(d) Wealthy and prominent families.
9. In a good tragedy, Aristotle explains that the misfortune the main character experiences is usually caused by what?
(a) Misguided love.
(c) The character's arrogance.
(d) The character's weakness.
10. Why does Aristotle say that Homer's "Iliad" is not a tragedy?
(a) The reader feels no pity.
(b) It is a happy story.
(c) It has too many episodes and sub-stories to fit the format.
(d) It lacks irony.
11. Aristotle says that simply doing what well leaves a mediocre piece of art?
(a) Developing a main character that does not have a close friend.
(b) Writing a complication and unraveling.
(c) Giving the reader a sense of suspense.
(d) Infusing irony just at the beginning.
12. What does Aristotle say occurs at the beginning of a tragic story?
(a) The foreshadowing of tragic actions.
(b) The unraveling.
(d) The complication.
13. What does Aristotle believe to be the goal of tragedy?
(a) To inspire fear and pity.
(b) To inspire fear.
(c) To inspire pity.
(d) To inspire anger.
14. If the story is performed, why, according to Aristotle, should actors act with appropriate gestures to demonstrate their emotions and thoughts as the story progresses?
(a) Aristotle says that gestures compensate for a bad story.
(b) Aristotle says that spectators will not be able to infer these simply from the dialog alone.
(c) Gestures are more important than dialogue.
(d) None of the answers is correct.
15. To Aristotle, what type of recognition is considered superior to any other kind?
(a) Recognition through a holy experience.
(b) Recognition through reasoning.
(c) Recognition through the use of a sign.
(d) Recognition based on rumors.
Short Answer Questions
1. Aristotle says that it's important for any poet to master what in a tragedy?
2. When an evil character of a tragic story is suddenly thrust into misfortune, it has been said that this satisfies the moral sense of the audience, but Aristotle asserts that the misfortune does not inspire what?
3. What does Aristotle say about Homer's "Iliad"?
4. What type of stories does Aristotle identify as more fit for epic poems than tragedies?
5. As Aristotle explains, when an evil main character of a tragic story experiences misfortune, why doesn't this inspire certain key emotions in the audience?
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