Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?
(a) Irony.
(b) Contradiction.
(c) Deceit.
(d) Using the element of surprise.

2. How does Aristotle define "Recognition"?
(a) An understanding of something.
(b) A sudden realization that one is familiar with something.
(c) A deep knowing.
(d) A change from ignorance to knowledge.

3. How does Aristotle compare the medium of poetry and prose?
(a) Both use the same medium and meter.
(b) Both use the same medium.
(c) Both use the same medium and rhythm.
(d) It is nothing like prose.

4. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?
(a) Man is naturally attracted to beauty.
(b) There is a natural attraction to rhythm and harmony.
(c) Man enjoys learning.
(d) Man is naturally attracted to imitation.

5. When the poet takes the appropriate steps in developing plot, Aristotle explains that the poet is much more likely to do what?
(a) Have a strong beginning.
(b) Have a strong ending.
(c) Have more consistencies in the plot.
(d) Choose great characters.

6. Aristotle asserts that men who find poetry very attractive find great pleasure in what?
(a) Eating.
(b) Learning.
(c) Sleeping.
(d) Cleaning.

7. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?
(a) Bad judgment.
(b) Opportunity.
(c) Recognition.
(d) Growth.

8. According to Aristotle, how should the plot of a well-written tragedy be structured?
(a) A structured plot makes bad poetry.
(b) With a logical beginning and end.
(c) It should leave the reader guessing until the end.
(d) With the end that makes readers want more.

9. What is one of the requirements Aristotle mentions for a good tragic plot?
(a) A good plot must be unified.
(b) A good plot must be tragic in the beginning, middle, and end.
(c) A good plot must have disconnected episodes that tie together at the end.
(d) A good plot must be mysterious.

10. Aristotle teaches that the beginning of a well-written tragedy starts at what point?
(a) With the end and uses the method of flashback to tell the rest.
(b) Where the narrative has no dependence upon events that happened prior to it.
(c) In the middle and uses the method of flashback to tell what preceded.
(d) Where the narrative has dependence upon events that happen prior to it.

11. In poetry, Aristotle explains that the "Recognition" is almost always what?
(a) A tragedy.
(b) Between two characters.
(c) A surprise.
(d) The end of the poem.

12. Per Aristotle, the unity of plot is what to the unity of a character's actions?
(a) Irrelevant.
(b) Equivalent.
(c) Influential, but not important.
(d) Not equivalent, but often closely related.

13. What does Aristotle identify as the foundation of good poetry writing?
(a) An interesting twist or turn.
(b) Using well-researched historical events.
(c) Irony.
(d) Probability and necessity.

14. In an episodic plot, Aristotle explains that the individual episodes of the story bear what to one another?
(a) Little or no relation to one another.
(b) A lot of similarity.
(c) Irony.
(d) Opposition.

15. What is history according to Aristotle?
(a) Accounts that may or may not have happened.
(b) Rumors promoted as truth.
(c) Lies.
(d) Concerned simply with facts.

Short Answer Questions

1. Aristotle states that poetry depicts what?

2. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs with "Recognition" and/or "Reversal of Situation"?

3. Aristotle believes that a poet can turn a complex plot into a simple one by doing what?

4. Into what two types does Aristotle divide actions?

5. What type of situation does Aristotle explain occurs more frequently in tragedy?

(see the answer keys)

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