|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Aristotle asserts that men who find poetry very attractive find great pleasure in what?
2. How does Aristotle define "Recognition"?
(a) An understanding of something.
(b) A deep knowing.
(c) A change from ignorance to knowledge.
(d) A sudden realization that one is familiar with something.
3. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?
(a) Man is naturally attracted to imitation.
(b) Man enjoys learning.
(c) There is a natural attraction to rhythm and harmony.
(d) Man is naturally attracted to beauty.
4. When a poet presents the poem in the voice of one of the characters, what method does Aristotle say that the poet is using?
(a) The method of third person.
(b) The method of recognition.
(c) The method of imitation.
(d) The method of first person.
5. When the poet takes the appropriate steps in developing plot, Aristotle explains that the poet is much more likely to do what?
(a) Have a strong ending.
(b) Have a strong beginning.
(c) Choose great characters.
(d) Have more consistencies in the plot.
6. Concerning the "laws of probability and necessity," what statement below is NOT correct according to Aristotle's teachings in "Poetics"?
(a) The poet implies his notion of justice.
(b) The poet implies his understanding of how the world works.
(c) The poet implies his vision of how the world should be.
(d) The poet portrays what events could possibly happen in the world.
7. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?
(c) Isolated stories.
(d) Dependent stories.
8. The object poetry portrays is what, according to Aristotle?
(a) Men in action.
(b) Other poets.
(c) Tragic events.
(d) Various places around the world.
9. Aristotle states that poetry depicts what?
(a) The future.
(b) Things that happen based on fact and fiction.
(c) Things that happen according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
10. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?
(c) Using the element of surprise.
11. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional response from its readers or audience, Aristotle says that the poet must do what?
(a) Pick characters that the audience can easily pity.
(b) Infuse irony throughout the story.
(c) Write a tragedy with a sad ending.
(d) Pick characters whose relationships to one another make the actions of the plot more interesting.
12. Aristotle explains that the medium specific to poetry is one that uses what?
(a) Language alone.
(d) Words and pictures.
13. In art, what does Aristotle believe to be the object?
(a) What the art imitates.
(b) Something solid.
(c) Usually an animal.
(d) Usually a person.
14. What is one of the requirements Aristotle mentions for a good tragic plot?
(a) A good plot must have disconnected episodes that tie together at the end.
(b) A good plot must be unified.
(c) A good plot must be tragic in the beginning, middle, and end.
(d) A good plot must be mysterious.
15. In the context of poetry and according to Aristotle's teachings, why is man naturally attracted to imitation?
(a) Imitation is a form of acting.
(b) It is through imitation that man most easily learns.
(c) Imitation is less expensive.
(d) It is a lot of fun.
Short Answer Questions
1. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs with "Recognition" and/or "Reversal of Situation"?
2. How does Aristotle differentiate poetry from prose?
3. Aristotle explains that tragedy is not only concerned with the depiction of just any action, but of actions that inspire what?
4. The plot, as Aristotle explains, should be unified in such a way that each part should be what?
5. What does Aristotle identify as the foundation of good poetry writing?
This section contains 643 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)