Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What two things does Aristotle require to be present in a well-written story?
(a) Rhythm and harmony.
(b) Birth and death.
(c) Conflict and pain.
(d) Irony and foreshadowing.

2. Aristotle believes that a poet can turn a complex plot into a simple one by doing what?
(a) Hard work and dedication.
(b) Eliminating recognition and/or reversal of situation.
(c) Adding more character flaws.
(d) Focus.

3. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?
(a) The same characters.
(b) Disconnected foreshadowing.
(c) Strange irony.
(d) Sad middle and happy ending.

4. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?
(a) Dependent stories.
(b) Isolated stories.
(c) Interesting.
(d) Funny.

5. What, as Aristotle states, are good poets forced to do when they write stories with episodic plots?
(a) To lengthen their stories.
(b) To write better.
(c) To shorten their stories.
(d) To write poorly.

6. A character attempting to save his friend but accidentally killing him instead is an example Aristotle gives for what?
(a) Recognition.
(b) Bad luck.
(c) Reversal of Situation.
(d) Second degree manslaughter.

7. What does Aristotle consider to be secondary to the most essential element of tragedy?
(a) Development of imitation.
(b) Development of character.
(c) Development of irony.
(d) Development of rhyme.

8. In art, what does Aristotle believe to be the object?
(a) Something solid.
(b) Usually an animal.
(c) What the art imitates.
(d) Usually a person.

9. How does Aristotle say the different types of poetry emerged?
(a) From the personalities of different types of men.
(b) Peers voted on their preference.
(c) The most talented poets decided on the different types.
(d) From non-fiction.

10. Aristotle explains that actions described in a tragic plot should have certain characteristics. Which one of the following is NOT one of the characteristics that Aristotle identifies?
(a) Actions should be minute and trivial.
(b) Actions should be interesting.
(c) Actions should help the reader grasp the significance of the whole.
(d) Actions should be not too small or too large.

11. What type of poetry does Aristotle say focuses on serious and important actions?
(a) Greek poetry.
(b) Roman poetry.
(c) Tragedy.
(d) None of the answers is correct.

12. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs with "Recognition" and/or "Reversal of Situation"?
(a) Complex.
(b) Bad.
(c) Happy.
(d) Congruent.

13. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?
(a) Man is naturally attracted to imitation.
(b) Man enjoys learning.
(c) Man is naturally attracted to beauty.
(d) There is a natural attraction to rhythm and harmony.

14. Aristotle explains that tragedy is not only concerned with the depiction of just any action, but of actions that inspire what?
(a) Anger.
(b) Pity.
(c) Resentment.
(d) Happiness.

15. Aristotle says that storytelling with episodic plots is to be favored by whom?
(a) Aristotle.
(b) Homer.
(c) No one.
(d) Poor poets.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Aristotle identify as the foundation of good poetry writing?

2. When a poet presents the poem in the voice of one of the characters, what method does Aristotle say that the poet is using?

3. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional response from its readers or audience, Aristotle says that the poet must do what?

4. In what three ways does Aristotle differentiate various art forms from one another?

5. How does Aristotle compare the medium of poetry and prose?

(see the answer keys)

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