|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Aristotle consider to be secondary to the most essential element of tragedy?
(a) Development of imitation.
(b) Development of irony.
(c) Development of rhyme.
(d) Development of character.
2. In art, what does Aristotle believe to be the object?
(a) Something solid.
(b) Usually an animal.
(c) Usually a person.
(d) What the art imitates.
3. According to Aristotle, why do good poets sometimes write stories using episodic plots?
(a) For the challenge.
(b) They never write stories using episodic plots.
(c) To showcase their skills in contests.
(d) Because episodic plots are considered more interesting.
4. Concerning the "laws of probability and necessity," what statement below is NOT correct according to Aristotle's teachings in "Poetics"?
(a) The poet implies his understanding of how the world works.
(b) The poet portrays what events could possibly happen in the world.
(c) The poet implies his notion of justice.
(d) The poet implies his vision of how the world should be.
5. Like any art, poetry is defined by Aristotle as what?
(a) A rhyme with more than four sentences.
(b) A kind of imitation.
(c) A theatrical play.
(d) A funny story.
6. What men does Aristotle consider to be "lower" types?
(a) Men who are defective in some way, but not altogether evil or malicious towards others.
(b) Unemployed men.
(c) Single men.
(d) Men who are poor and unhealthy.
7. Per Aristotle, in which of the following ways does poetry NOT differ from history?
(a) Poetry is a higher pursuit than history.
(b) Poetry tells the future, and history tells the past.
(c) History is concerned simply with facts.
(d) Poetry depicts what happens according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
8. In the context of poetry, Aristotle explains that rhythm is used in the form of a what?
(a) Specific beat.
(b) Mysterious undertone.
9. What type of story does Aristotle define as "episodic"?
(a) A sad story.
(b) A dramatic story.
(c) A particularly poor story.
(d) A great story.
10. What does Aristotle identify as the most essential element of tragedy?
11. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?
(a) Isolated stories.
(c) Dependent stories.
12. How does Aristotle define "Recognition"?
(a) A sudden realization that one is familiar with something.
(b) A change from ignorance to knowledge.
(c) An understanding of something.
(d) A deep knowing.
13. Aristotle explains that the medium specific to poetry is one that uses what?
(c) Words and pictures.
(d) Language alone.
14. What is one of the requirements Aristotle mentions for a good tragic plot?
(a) A good plot must be unified.
(b) A good plot must be tragic in the beginning, middle, and end.
(c) A good plot must be mysterious.
(d) A good plot must have disconnected episodes that tie together at the end.
15. In poetry, Aristotle explains that the "Recognition" is almost always what?
(a) Between two characters.
(b) The end of the poem.
(c) A surprise.
(d) A tragedy.
Short Answer Questions
1. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?
2. When a poet presents the poem in the voice of one of the characters, what method does Aristotle say that the poet is using?
3. Aristotle states that poetry depicts what?
4. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs without "Recognition" or "Reversal of Situation"?
5. How does Aristotle differentiate poetry from prose?
This section contains 588 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)