Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Per Aristotle, in which of the following ways does poetry NOT differ from history?
(a) Poetry is a higher pursuit than history.
(b) Poetry depicts what happens according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
(c) Poetry tells the future, and history tells the past.
(d) History is concerned simply with facts.

2. The object poetry portrays is what, according to Aristotle?
(a) Other poets.
(b) Tragic events.
(c) Various places around the world.
(d) Men in action.

3. Aristotle states that poetry depicts what?
(a) Things that happen based on fact and fiction.
(b) The future.
(c) History.
(d) Things that happen according to the "laws of probability and necessity."

4. Aristotle defines poetic work as what?
(a) A spiritual journey.
(b) A bad imitation.
(c) A love affair.
(d) A philosophical undertaking.

5. How does Aristotle compare the medium of poetry and prose?
(a) Both use the same medium.
(b) Both use the same medium and meter.
(c) Both use the same medium and rhythm.
(d) It is nothing like prose.

6. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional response from its readers or audience, Aristotle says that the poet must do what?
(a) Pick characters whose relationships to one another make the actions of the plot more interesting.
(b) Write a tragedy with a sad ending.
(c) Infuse irony throughout the story.
(d) Pick characters that the audience can easily pity.

7. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?
(a) Man is naturally attracted to beauty.
(b) Man is naturally attracted to imitation.
(c) There is a natural attraction to rhythm and harmony.
(d) Man enjoys learning.

8. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs without "Recognition" or "Reversal of Situation"?
(a) Incongruent.
(b) Good.
(c) Sad.
(d) Simple.

9. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs with "Recognition" and/or "Reversal of Situation"?
(a) Congruent.
(b) Bad.
(c) Complex.
(d) Happy.

10. In how many ways does Aristotle say the method of imitation can differ?
(a) Four.
(b) Ten.
(c) Countless.
(d) Two.

11. What does Aristotle consider to be secondary to the most essential element of tragedy?
(a) Development of character.
(b) Development of irony.
(c) Development of imitation.
(d) Development of rhyme.

12. Aristotle asserts that men who find poetry very attractive find great pleasure in what?
(a) Cleaning.
(b) Eating.
(c) Sleeping.
(d) Learning.

13. How does Aristotle say the different types of poetry emerged?
(a) The most talented poets decided on the different types.
(b) Peers voted on their preference.
(c) From non-fiction.
(d) From the personalities of different types of men.

14. Aristotle explains that tragedy is not only concerned with the depiction of just any action, but of actions that inspire what?
(a) Anger.
(b) Resentment.
(c) Happiness.
(d) Pity.

15. What reason does Aristotle give for Homer excluding many things that Odysseus does on his voyage home in the "Odyssey"?
(a) Aristotle says that Odysseus does some embarrassing things that are better left unsaid.
(b) Nothing is excluded.
(c) Aristotle explains that Homer prefers to keep the reader guessing.
(d) Aristotle says that Homer excludes things because they do not relate well to the overall plot that is being constructed.

Short Answer Questions

1. Into what two types does Aristotle divide actions?

2. In the context of poetry and according to Aristotle's teachings, why is man naturally attracted to imitation?

3. In the context of poetry, Aristotle explains that rhythm is used in the form of a what?

4. According to Aristotle, how should the plot of a well-written tragedy be structured?

5. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?

(see the answer keys)

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