Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Aristotle says that storytelling with episodic plots is to be favored by whom?
(a) Homer.
(b) Aristotle.
(c) Poor poets.
(d) No one.

2. Aristotle believes that a poet can turn a complex plot into a simple one by doing what?
(a) Focus.
(b) Hard work and dedication.
(c) Adding more character flaws.
(d) Eliminating recognition and/or reversal of situation.

3. What type of situation does Aristotle explain occurs more frequently in tragedy?
(a) A child being abandoned.
(b) The protagonist losing one of his or her five senses.
(c) The main character dying from illness.
(d) A member of a family killing another member.

4. Per Aristotle, in which of the following ways does poetry NOT differ from history?
(a) Poetry is a higher pursuit than history.
(b) Poetry tells the future, and history tells the past.
(c) Poetry depicts what happens according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
(d) History is concerned simply with facts.

5. How does Aristotle compare the medium of poetry and prose?
(a) Both use the same medium and meter.
(b) Both use the same medium and rhythm.
(c) Both use the same medium.
(d) It is nothing like prose.

6. Aristotle states that poetry depicts what?
(a) The future.
(b) Things that happen according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
(c) Things that happen based on fact and fiction.
(d) History.

7. What reason does Aristotle give for Homer excluding many things that Odysseus does on his voyage home in the "Odyssey"?
(a) Nothing is excluded.
(b) Aristotle says that Odysseus does some embarrassing things that are better left unsaid.
(c) Aristotle explains that Homer prefers to keep the reader guessing.
(d) Aristotle says that Homer excludes things because they do not relate well to the overall plot that is being constructed.

8. What does Aristotle identify as the foundation of good poetry writing?
(a) Irony.
(b) An interesting twist or turn.
(c) Using well-researched historical events.
(d) Probability and necessity.

9. What men does Aristotle consider to be "lower" types?
(a) Men who are poor and unhealthy.
(b) Unemployed men.
(c) Men who are defective in some way, but not altogether evil or malicious towards others.
(d) Single men.

10. When the poet takes the appropriate steps in developing plot, Aristotle explains that the poet is much more likely to do what?
(a) Choose great characters.
(b) Have more consistencies in the plot.
(c) Have a strong ending.
(d) Have a strong beginning.

11. In a tragedy, how does Aristotle say the element of surprise should come about?
(a) Only after recognition has occurred.
(b) Consistent with the principles of probability and necessity.
(c) Once the main character has demonstrated his worth and morals.
(d) Gradually.

12. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?
(a) The same characters.
(b) Disconnected foreshadowing.
(c) Strange irony.
(d) Sad middle and happy ending.

13. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?
(a) Funny.
(b) Interesting.
(c) Dependent stories.
(d) Isolated stories.

14. According to Aristotle, how should the plot of a well-written tragedy be structured?
(a) It should leave the reader guessing until the end.
(b) With the end that makes readers want more.
(c) With a logical beginning and end.
(d) A structured plot makes bad poetry.

15. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?
(a) Deceit.
(b) Using the element of surprise.
(c) Contradiction.
(d) Irony.

Short Answer Questions

1. In the context of poetry, Aristotle explains that rhythm is used in the form of a what?

2. Like any art, poetry is defined by Aristotle as what?

3. How does Aristotle define "Recognition"?

4. Aristotle says what type of poetry imitates the "lower" types of men?

5. What does Aristotle identify as the most essential element of tragedy?

(see the answer keys)

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