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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Concerning the "laws of probability and necessity," what statement below is NOT correct according to Aristotle's teachings in "Poetics"?
(a) The poet implies his understanding of how the world works.
(b) The poet implies his vision of how the world should be.
(c) The poet implies his notion of justice.
(d) The poet portrays what events could possibly happen in the world.
2. Per Aristotle, the unity of plot is what to the unity of a character's actions?
(a) Influential, but not important.
(c) Not equivalent, but often closely related.
3. How does Aristotle compare the medium of poetry and prose?
(a) Both use the same medium and meter.
(b) Both use the same medium and rhythm.
(c) It is nothing like prose.
(d) Both use the same medium.
4. What are the ways Aristotle explains in regard to how poets differ in their representation of the object?
(a) Poets can portray the objects as worse or the same as they are.
(b) Poets can portray the objects as worse, better, or the same as they are
(c) Poets can portray the object as better or worse, but never the same as they are.
(d) There is no difference in the way poets portray the objects.
5. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?
(b) Bad judgment.
6. Aristotle says what type of poetry imitates the "lower" types of men?
(b) Greek poetry.
(c) Roman poetry.
7. Aristotle explains that the medium specific to poetry is one that uses what?
(c) Language alone.
(d) Words and pictures.
8. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?
(a) Disconnected foreshadowing.
(b) The same characters.
(c) Sad middle and happy ending.
(d) Strange irony.
9. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?
(b) Using the element of surprise.
10. What does Aristotle say about the element of surprise in a tragedy?
(a) It helps inspire pity.
(b) It helps inspire sadness.
(c) It helps inspire joy.
(d) It keeps the reader guessing and interested.
11. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional response from its readers or audience, Aristotle says that the poet must do what?
(a) Pick characters that the audience can easily pity.
(b) Pick characters whose relationships to one another make the actions of the plot more interesting.
(c) Write a tragedy with a sad ending.
(d) Infuse irony throughout the story.
12. In the context of poetry and according to Aristotle's teachings, why is man naturally attracted to imitation?
(a) Imitation is a form of acting.
(b) Imitation is less expensive.
(c) It is through imitation that man most easily learns.
(d) It is a lot of fun.
13. In art, what does Aristotle believe to be the object?
(a) Usually an animal.
(b) What the art imitates.
(c) Something solid.
(d) Usually a person.
14. When the poet takes the appropriate steps in developing plot, Aristotle explains that the poet is much more likely to do what?
(a) Have a strong beginning.
(b) Have more consistencies in the plot.
(c) Choose great characters.
(d) Have a strong ending.
15. Aristotle states that poetry depicts what?
(a) Things that happen according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
(b) The future.
(c) Things that happen based on fact and fiction.
Short Answer Questions
1. In how many ways does Aristotle say the method of imitation can differ?
2. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?
3. Aristotle says that storytelling with episodic plots is to be favored by whom?
4. When a poet simply straightforwardly describes the events as they happen, what method does Aristotle say the poet is using?
5. What is history according to Aristotle?
This section contains 636 words
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