Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The plot, as Aristotle explains, should be unified in such a way that each part should be what?
(a) Necessary to other parts, but not to the whole.
(b) Equivalent.
(c) Necessary to the whole.
(d) Trivial.

2. What does Aristotle consider to be secondary to the most essential element of tragedy?
(a) Development of character.
(b) Development of imitation.
(c) Development of rhyme.
(d) Development of irony.

3. What does Aristotle say about the element of surprise in a tragedy?
(a) It keeps the reader guessing and interested.
(b) It helps inspire sadness.
(c) It helps inspire joy.
(d) It helps inspire pity.

4. Aristotle explains that actions described in a tragic plot should have certain characteristics. Which one of the following is NOT one of the characteristics that Aristotle identifies?
(a) Actions should help the reader grasp the significance of the whole.
(b) Actions should be not too small or too large.
(c) Actions should be interesting.
(d) Actions should be minute and trivial.

5. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?
(a) Strange irony.
(b) Sad middle and happy ending.
(c) Disconnected foreshadowing.
(d) The same characters.

6. Aristotle says that storytelling with episodic plots is to be favored by whom?
(a) No one.
(b) Homer.
(c) Aristotle.
(d) Poor poets.

7. Aristotle explains that tragedy is not only concerned with the depiction of just any action, but of actions that inspire what?
(a) Happiness.
(b) Resentment.
(c) Pity.
(d) Anger.

8. Per Aristotle, the unity of plot is what to the unity of a character's actions?
(a) Influential, but not important.
(b) Irrelevant.
(c) Not equivalent, but often closely related.
(d) Equivalent.

9. According to Aristotle, why do good poets sometimes write stories using episodic plots?
(a) They never write stories using episodic plots.
(b) For the challenge.
(c) To showcase their skills in contests.
(d) Because episodic plots are considered more interesting.

10. In poetry, Aristotle explains that the "Recognition" is almost always what?
(a) A surprise.
(b) The end of the poem.
(c) A tragedy.
(d) Between two characters.

11. A character attempting to save his friend but accidentally killing him instead is an example Aristotle gives for what?
(a) Recognition.
(b) Second degree manslaughter.
(c) Reversal of Situation.
(d) Bad luck.

12. In art, what does Aristotle believe to be the object?
(a) What the art imitates.
(b) Usually an animal.
(c) Usually a person.
(d) Something solid.

13. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional response from its readers or audience, Aristotle says that the poet must do what?
(a) Write a tragedy with a sad ending.
(b) Infuse irony throughout the story.
(c) Pick characters that the audience can easily pity.
(d) Pick characters whose relationships to one another make the actions of the plot more interesting.

14. Per Aristotle, in which of the following ways does poetry NOT differ from history?
(a) Poetry depicts what happens according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
(b) History is concerned simply with facts.
(c) Poetry is a higher pursuit than history.
(d) Poetry tells the future, and history tells the past.

15. In the context of poetry, Aristotle explains that rhythm is used in the form of a what?
(a) Mysterious undertone.
(b) Specific beat.
(c) Meter.
(d) Harmony.

Short Answer Questions

1. What men does Aristotle consider to be "lower" types?

2. Like any art, poetry is defined by Aristotle as what?

3. What, as Aristotle states, are good poets forced to do when they write stories with episodic plots?

4. In a tragedy, how does Aristotle say the element of surprise should come about?

5. What does Aristotle identify as the foundation of good poetry writing?

(see the answer keys)

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