Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Aristotle define "Recognition"?
(a) A sudden realization that one is familiar with something.
(b) A deep knowing.
(c) A change from ignorance to knowledge.
(d) An understanding of something.

2. Per Aristotle, in which of the following ways does poetry NOT differ from history?
(a) History is concerned simply with facts.
(b) Poetry tells the future, and history tells the past.
(c) Poetry depicts what happens according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
(d) Poetry is a higher pursuit than history.

3. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?
(a) Funny.
(b) Interesting.
(c) Isolated stories.
(d) Dependent stories.

4. Aristotle says that storytelling with episodic plots is to be favored by whom?
(a) Aristotle.
(b) No one.
(c) Homer.
(d) Poor poets.

5. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?
(a) Irony.
(b) Deceit.
(c) Contradiction.
(d) Using the element of surprise.

6. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional response from its readers or audience, Aristotle says that the poet must do what?
(a) Write a tragedy with a sad ending.
(b) Infuse irony throughout the story.
(c) Pick characters whose relationships to one another make the actions of the plot more interesting.
(d) Pick characters that the audience can easily pity.

7. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?
(a) Disconnected foreshadowing.
(b) Strange irony.
(c) Sad middle and happy ending.
(d) The same characters.

8. How does Aristotle differentiate poetry from prose?
(a) They are the same.
(b) Poetry uses language alone.
(c) Poetry uses rhythm in the form of meter.
(d) Prose uses pictures and music.

9. What does Aristotle identify as the foundation of good poetry writing?
(a) An interesting twist or turn.
(b) Using well-researched historical events.
(c) Irony.
(d) Probability and necessity.

10. Aristotle teaches that the beginning of a well-written tragedy starts at what point?
(a) With the end and uses the method of flashback to tell the rest.
(b) In the middle and uses the method of flashback to tell what preceded.
(c) Where the narrative has dependence upon events that happen prior to it.
(d) Where the narrative has no dependence upon events that happened prior to it.

11. In a tragedy, how does Aristotle say the element of surprise should come about?
(a) Gradually.
(b) Consistent with the principles of probability and necessity.
(c) Once the main character has demonstrated his worth and morals.
(d) Only after recognition has occurred.

12. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs without "Recognition" or "Reversal of Situation"?
(a) Simple.
(b) Incongruent.
(c) Good.
(d) Sad.

13. Concerning the "laws of probability and necessity," what statement below is NOT correct according to Aristotle's teachings in "Poetics"?
(a) The poet implies his notion of justice.
(b) The poet implies his vision of how the world should be.
(c) The poet portrays what events could possibly happen in the world.
(d) The poet implies his understanding of how the world works.

14. In poetry, what is the term that Aristotle gives for an action that aims to accomplish a certain goal, but actually accomplishes the opposite?
(a) Irony.
(b) Failure.
(c) Reversal of Situation.
(d) Tragedy.

15. What does Aristotle say about the element of surprise in a tragedy?
(a) It keeps the reader guessing and interested.
(b) It helps inspire sadness.
(c) It helps inspire joy.
(d) It helps inspire pity.

Short Answer Questions

1. Aristotle explains that the medium specific to poetry is one that uses what?

2. What is one of the requirements Aristotle mentions for a good tragic plot?

3. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?

4. Into what two types does Aristotle divide actions?

5. In what three ways does Aristotle differentiate various art forms from one another?

(see the answer keys)

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