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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The object poetry portrays is what, according to Aristotle?
(a) Other poets.
(b) Various places around the world.
(c) Men in action.
(d) Tragic events.
2. According to Aristotle, how should the plot of a well-written tragedy be structured?
(a) A structured plot makes bad poetry.
(b) With the end that makes readers want more.
(c) With a logical beginning and end.
(d) It should leave the reader guessing until the end.
3. How does Aristotle compare the medium of poetry and prose?
(a) Both use the same medium.
(b) Both use the same medium and rhythm.
(c) It is nothing like prose.
(d) Both use the same medium and meter.
4. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional response from its readers or audience, Aristotle says that the poet must do what?
(a) Write a tragedy with a sad ending.
(b) Infuse irony throughout the story.
(c) Pick characters that the audience can easily pity.
(d) Pick characters whose relationships to one another make the actions of the plot more interesting.
5. In a tragedy, how does Aristotle say the element of surprise should come about?
(a) Once the main character has demonstrated his worth and morals.
(b) Only after recognition has occurred.
(c) Consistent with the principles of probability and necessity.
6. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?
(d) Bad judgment.
7. In what three ways does Aristotle differentiate various art forms from one another?
(a) By the medium, objects, and manner of imitation.
(b) Era, objects, and manner of imitation.
(c) Manner of imitation, artist, and era.
(d) According to the artist, era, and artistic effort.
8. What is history according to Aristotle?
(a) Rumors promoted as truth.
(b) Concerned simply with facts.
(d) Accounts that may or may not have happened.
9. How does Aristotle say the different types of poetry emerged?
(a) The most talented poets decided on the different types.
(b) From non-fiction.
(c) Peers voted on their preference.
(d) From the personalities of different types of men.
10. Like any art, poetry is defined by Aristotle as what?
(a) A funny story.
(b) A theatrical play.
(c) A kind of imitation.
(d) A rhyme with more than four sentences.
11. What does Aristotle consider to be secondary to the most essential element of tragedy?
(a) Development of imitation.
(b) Development of irony.
(c) Development of character.
(d) Development of rhyme.
12. When a poet simply straightforwardly describes the events as they happen, what method does Aristotle say the poet is using?
(a) The method of recognition.
(b) The method of imitation.
(c) The method of first person.
(d) The method of third person.
13. What does Aristotle say about the element of surprise in a tragedy?
(a) It keeps the reader guessing and interested.
(b) It helps inspire sadness.
(c) It helps inspire joy.
(d) It helps inspire pity.
14. What, as Aristotle states, are good poets forced to do when they write stories with episodic plots?
(a) To lengthen their stories.
(b) To shorten their stories.
(c) To write better.
(d) To write poorly.
15. Aristotle says what type of poetry imitates the "lower" types of men?
(a) Roman poetry.
(d) Greek poetry.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the context of poetry, Aristotle explains that rhythm is used in the form of a what?
2. Per Aristotle, the unity of plot is what to the unity of a character's actions?
3. What type of situation does Aristotle explain occurs more frequently in tragedy?
4. In the context of poetry and according to Aristotle's teachings, why is man naturally attracted to imitation?
5. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs without "Recognition" or "Reversal of Situation"?
This section contains 642 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)