|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. When the poet takes the appropriate steps in developing plot, Aristotle explains that the poet is much more likely to do what?
(a) Have more consistencies in the plot.
(b) Have a strong beginning.
(c) Choose great characters.
(d) Have a strong ending.
2. What does Aristotle identify as the most essential element of tragedy?
3. The object poetry portrays is what, according to Aristotle?
(a) Other poets.
(b) Various places around the world.
(c) Men in action.
(d) Tragic events.
4. The plot, as Aristotle explains, should be unified in such a way that each part should be what?
(c) Necessary to the whole.
(d) Necessary to other parts, but not to the whole.
5. Concerning the "laws of probability and necessity," what statement below is NOT correct according to Aristotle's teachings in "Poetics"?
(a) The poet implies his vision of how the world should be.
(b) The poet implies his notion of justice.
(c) The poet implies his understanding of how the world works.
(d) The poet portrays what events could possibly happen in the world.
6. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional response from its readers or audience, Aristotle says that the poet must do what?
(a) Write a tragedy with a sad ending.
(b) Pick characters that the audience can easily pity.
(c) Infuse irony throughout the story.
(d) Pick characters whose relationships to one another make the actions of the plot more interesting.
7. What type of poetry does Aristotle say focuses on serious and important actions?
(a) None of the answers is correct.
(b) Greek poetry.
(c) Roman poetry.
8. What two things does Aristotle require to be present in a well-written story?
(a) Rhythm and harmony.
(b) Irony and foreshadowing.
(c) Conflict and pain.
(d) Birth and death.
9. When a poet presents the poem in the voice of one of the characters, what method does Aristotle say that the poet is using?
(a) The method of first person.
(b) The method of third person.
(c) The method of imitation.
(d) The method of recognition.
10. What men does Aristotle consider to be "lower" types?
(a) Single men.
(b) Men who are poor and unhealthy.
(c) Men who are defective in some way, but not altogether evil or malicious towards others.
(d) Unemployed men.
11. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?
(c) Using the element of surprise.
12. How does Aristotle define "Recognition"?
(a) An understanding of something.
(b) A change from ignorance to knowledge.
(c) A sudden realization that one is familiar with something.
(d) A deep knowing.
13. Per Aristotle, in which of the following ways does poetry NOT differ from history?
(a) History is concerned simply with facts.
(b) Poetry depicts what happens according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
(c) Poetry tells the future, and history tells the past.
(d) Poetry is a higher pursuit than history.
14. Aristotle explains that actions described in a tragic plot should have certain characteristics. Which one of the following is NOT one of the characteristics that Aristotle identifies?
(a) Actions should be not too small or too large.
(b) Actions should be interesting.
(c) Actions should be minute and trivial.
(d) Actions should help the reader grasp the significance of the whole.
15. What reason does Aristotle give for Homer excluding many things that Odysseus does on his voyage home in the "Odyssey"?
(a) Aristotle says that Homer excludes things because they do not relate well to the overall plot that is being constructed.
(b) Aristotle explains that Homer prefers to keep the reader guessing.
(c) Nothing is excluded.
(d) Aristotle says that Odysseus does some embarrassing things that are better left unsaid.
Short Answer Questions
1. Aristotle teaches that the beginning of a well-written tragedy starts at what point?
2. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?
3. In poetry, Aristotle says that in the "Odyssey" recognition comes about how??
4. Aristotle believes that a poet can turn a complex plot into a simple one by doing what?
5. According to Aristotle, how should the plot of a well-written tragedy be structured?
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