Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Per Aristotle, the unity of plot is what to the unity of a character's actions?
(a) Equivalent.
(b) Not equivalent, but often closely related.
(c) Irrelevant.
(d) Influential, but not important.

2. In the context of poetry, Aristotle explains that rhythm is used in the form of a what?
(a) Mysterious undertone.
(b) Harmony.
(c) Meter.
(d) Specific beat.

3. What is history according to Aristotle?
(a) Accounts that may or may not have happened.
(b) Lies.
(c) Rumors promoted as truth.
(d) Concerned simply with facts.

4. How does Aristotle compare the medium of poetry and prose?
(a) It is nothing like prose.
(b) Both use the same medium and meter.
(c) Both use the same medium.
(d) Both use the same medium and rhythm.

5. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?
(a) Man is naturally attracted to imitation.
(b) Man enjoys learning.
(c) Man is naturally attracted to beauty.
(d) There is a natural attraction to rhythm and harmony.

6. The plot, as Aristotle explains, should be unified in such a way that each part should be what?
(a) Necessary to other parts, but not to the whole.
(b) Equivalent.
(c) Necessary to the whole.
(d) Trivial.

7. According to Aristotle, why do good poets sometimes write stories using episodic plots?
(a) To showcase their skills in contests.
(b) They never write stories using episodic plots.
(c) For the challenge.
(d) Because episodic plots are considered more interesting.

8. Aristotle believes that a poet can turn a complex plot into a simple one by doing what?
(a) Focus.
(b) Eliminating recognition and/or reversal of situation.
(c) Hard work and dedication.
(d) Adding more character flaws.

9. Aristotle says what type of poetry imitates the "lower" types of men?
(a) Greek poetry.
(b) Roman poetry.
(c) Tragedy.
(d) Comedy.

10. A character attempting to save his friend but accidentally killing him instead is an example Aristotle gives for what?
(a) Bad luck.
(b) Reversal of Situation.
(c) Second degree manslaughter.
(d) Recognition.

11. Aristotle explains that the medium specific to poetry is one that uses what?
(a) Language alone.
(b) Rhyme.
(c) Pictures.
(d) Words and pictures.

12. What are the ways Aristotle explains in regard to how poets differ in their representation of the object?
(a) Poets can portray the object as better or worse, but never the same as they are.
(b) There is no difference in the way poets portray the objects.
(c) Poets can portray the objects as worse or the same as they are.
(d) Poets can portray the objects as worse, better, or the same as they are

13. Aristotle explains that tragedy is not only concerned with the depiction of just any action, but of actions that inspire what?
(a) Anger.
(b) Resentment.
(c) Happiness.
(d) Pity.

14. In art, Aristotle defines the medium as what?
(a) The artist's spiritual inspiration.
(b) The manner in which the art is produced.
(c) A middle state or condition.
(d) The average.

15. In what three ways does Aristotle differentiate various art forms from one another?
(a) Manner of imitation, artist, and era.
(b) According to the artist, era, and artistic effort.
(c) By the medium, objects, and manner of imitation.
(d) Era, objects, and manner of imitation.

Short Answer Questions

1. In a tragedy, how does Aristotle say the element of surprise should come about?

2. What does Aristotle identify as the most essential element of tragedy?

3. What type of situation does Aristotle explain occurs more frequently in tragedy?

4. In poetry, Aristotle explains that the "Recognition" is almost always what?

5. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?

(see the answer keys)

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