Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The plot, as Aristotle explains, should be unified in such a way that each part should be what?
(a) Necessary to the whole.
(b) Necessary to other parts, but not to the whole.
(c) Equivalent.
(d) Trivial.

2. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs without "Recognition" or "Reversal of Situation"?
(a) Incongruent.
(b) Sad.
(c) Good.
(d) Simple.

3. How does Aristotle say the different types of poetry emerged?
(a) Peers voted on their preference.
(b) The most talented poets decided on the different types.
(c) From non-fiction.
(d) From the personalities of different types of men.

4. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?
(a) Contradiction.
(b) Deceit.
(c) Using the element of surprise.
(d) Irony.

5. What is history according to Aristotle?
(a) Concerned simply with facts.
(b) Lies.
(c) Rumors promoted as truth.
(d) Accounts that may or may not have happened.

6. A character attempting to save his friend but accidentally killing him instead is an example Aristotle gives for what?
(a) Reversal of Situation.
(b) Recognition.
(c) Bad luck.
(d) Second degree manslaughter.

7. In art, what does Aristotle believe to be the object?
(a) Usually an animal.
(b) Usually a person.
(c) What the art imitates.
(d) Something solid.

8. Aristotle explains that tragedy is not only concerned with the depiction of just any action, but of actions that inspire what?
(a) Pity.
(b) Resentment.
(c) Anger.
(d) Happiness.

9. In the context of poetry, Aristotle explains that rhythm is used in the form of a what?
(a) Specific beat.
(b) Meter.
(c) Harmony.
(d) Mysterious undertone.

10. What reason does Aristotle give for Homer excluding many things that Odysseus does on his voyage home in the "Odyssey"?
(a) Aristotle says that Odysseus does some embarrassing things that are better left unsaid.
(b) Aristotle says that Homer excludes things because they do not relate well to the overall plot that is being constructed.
(c) Aristotle explains that Homer prefers to keep the reader guessing.
(d) Nothing is excluded.

11. Aristotle teaches that the beginning of a well-written tragedy starts at what point?
(a) With the end and uses the method of flashback to tell the rest.
(b) In the middle and uses the method of flashback to tell what preceded.
(c) Where the narrative has dependence upon events that happen prior to it.
(d) Where the narrative has no dependence upon events that happened prior to it.

12. What does Aristotle consider to be secondary to the most essential element of tragedy?
(a) Development of imitation.
(b) Development of character.
(c) Development of rhyme.
(d) Development of irony.

13. When a poet presents the poem in the voice of one of the characters, what method does Aristotle say that the poet is using?
(a) The method of recognition.
(b) The method of third person.
(c) The method of imitation.
(d) The method of first person.

14. What does Aristotle say about the element of surprise in a tragedy?
(a) It helps inspire sadness.
(b) It keeps the reader guessing and interested.
(c) It helps inspire joy.
(d) It helps inspire pity.

15. The object poetry portrays is what, according to Aristotle?
(a) Men in action.
(b) Various places around the world.
(c) Other poets.
(d) Tragic events.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is one of the requirements Aristotle mentions for a good tragic plot?

2. What are the ways Aristotle explains in regard to how poets differ in their representation of the object?

3. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs with "Recognition" and/or "Reversal of Situation"?

4. Aristotle states that poetry depicts what?

5. In an episodic plot, Aristotle explains that the individual episodes of the story bear what to one another?

(see the answer keys)

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