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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In what three ways does Aristotle differentiate various art forms from one another?
(a) Manner of imitation, artist, and era.
(b) Era, objects, and manner of imitation.
(c) According to the artist, era, and artistic effort.
(d) By the medium, objects, and manner of imitation.
2. What men does Aristotle consider to be "lower" types?
(a) Unemployed men.
(b) Men who are poor and unhealthy.
(c) Men who are defective in some way, but not altogether evil or malicious towards others.
(d) Single men.
3. What type of situation does Aristotle explain occurs more frequently in tragedy?
(a) The protagonist losing one of his or her five senses.
(b) The main character dying from illness.
(c) A child being abandoned.
(d) A member of a family killing another member.
4. According to Aristotle, why do good poets sometimes write stories using episodic plots?
(a) Because episodic plots are considered more interesting.
(b) To showcase their skills in contests.
(c) They never write stories using episodic plots.
(d) For the challenge.
5. When a poet presents the poem in the voice of one of the characters, what method does Aristotle say that the poet is using?
(a) The method of first person.
(b) The method of imitation.
(c) The method of third person.
(d) The method of recognition.
6. What is one of the requirements Aristotle mentions for a good tragic plot?
(a) A good plot must be unified.
(b) A good plot must have disconnected episodes that tie together at the end.
(c) A good plot must be mysterious.
(d) A good plot must be tragic in the beginning, middle, and end.
7. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?
(a) Man is naturally attracted to imitation.
(b) Man is naturally attracted to beauty.
(c) There is a natural attraction to rhythm and harmony.
(d) Man enjoys learning.
8. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?
(d) Using the element of surprise.
9. In a tragedy, how does Aristotle say the element of surprise should come about?
(a) Once the main character has demonstrated his worth and morals.
(b) Consistent with the principles of probability and necessity.
(c) Only after recognition has occurred.
10. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?
(a) Strange irony.
(b) Disconnected foreshadowing.
(c) Sad middle and happy ending.
(d) The same characters.
11. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs with "Recognition" and/or "Reversal of Situation"?
12. In the context of poetry, Aristotle explains that rhythm is used in the form of a what?
(a) Mysterious undertone.
(b) Specific beat.
13. In how many ways does Aristotle say the method of imitation can differ?
14. Aristotle teaches that the beginning of a well-written tragedy starts at what point?
(a) Where the narrative has dependence upon events that happen prior to it.
(b) With the end and uses the method of flashback to tell the rest.
(c) In the middle and uses the method of flashback to tell what preceded.
(d) Where the narrative has no dependence upon events that happened prior to it.
15. Aristotle defines poetic work as what?
(a) A spiritual journey.
(b) A bad imitation.
(c) A love affair.
(d) A philosophical undertaking.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Aristotle say the different types of poetry emerged?
2. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?
3. Aristotle says what type of poetry imitates the "lower" types of men?
4. Into what two types does Aristotle divide actions?
5. A character attempting to save his friend but accidentally killing him instead is an example Aristotle gives for what?
This section contains 632 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)