Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Like any art, poetry is defined by Aristotle as what?
(a) A funny story.
(b) A kind of imitation.
(c) A rhyme with more than four sentences.
(d) A theatrical play.

2. Aristotle states that poetry depicts what?
(a) Things that happen based on fact and fiction.
(b) The future.
(c) Things that happen according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
(d) History.

3. How does Aristotle differentiate poetry from prose?
(a) They are the same.
(b) Prose uses pictures and music.
(c) Poetry uses language alone.
(d) Poetry uses rhythm in the form of meter.

4. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs with "Recognition" and/or "Reversal of Situation"?
(a) Bad.
(b) Congruent.
(c) Happy.
(d) Complex.

5. The plot, as Aristotle explains, should be unified in such a way that each part should be what?
(a) Necessary to other parts, but not to the whole.
(b) Equivalent.
(c) Necessary to the whole.
(d) Trivial.

6. What reason does Aristotle give for Homer excluding many things that Odysseus does on his voyage home in the "Odyssey"?
(a) Nothing is excluded.
(b) Aristotle explains that Homer prefers to keep the reader guessing.
(c) Aristotle says that Odysseus does some embarrassing things that are better left unsaid.
(d) Aristotle says that Homer excludes things because they do not relate well to the overall plot that is being constructed.

7. In the context of poetry, Aristotle explains that rhythm is used in the form of a what?
(a) Harmony.
(b) Specific beat.
(c) Meter.
(d) Mysterious undertone.

8. Aristotle teaches that the beginning of a well-written tragedy starts at what point?
(a) In the middle and uses the method of flashback to tell what preceded.
(b) With the end and uses the method of flashback to tell the rest.
(c) Where the narrative has no dependence upon events that happened prior to it.
(d) Where the narrative has dependence upon events that happen prior to it.

9. Into what two types does Aristotle divide actions?
(a) Simple and complex.
(b) Congruent and incongruent.
(c) Happy and sad.
(d) Good and bad.

10. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?
(a) Opportunity.
(b) Bad judgment.
(c) Growth.
(d) Recognition.

11. Aristotle believes that a poet can turn a complex plot into a simple one by doing what?
(a) Hard work and dedication.
(b) Focus.
(c) Adding more character flaws.
(d) Eliminating recognition and/or reversal of situation.

12. Per Aristotle, the unity of plot is what to the unity of a character's actions?
(a) Not equivalent, but often closely related.
(b) Irrelevant.
(c) Equivalent.
(d) Influential, but not important.

13. In poetry, Aristotle says that in the "Odyssey" recognition comes about how??
(a) None of the answers is correct..
(b) The suitors recognize him by his face.
(c) Odyssues's nurse recognizes him from his scar.
(d) Penelope recognizes his walk.

14. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?
(a) Contradiction.
(b) Irony.
(c) Deceit.
(d) Using the element of surprise.

15. A character attempting to save his friend but accidentally killing him instead is an example Aristotle gives for what?
(a) Reversal of Situation.
(b) Bad luck.
(c) Second degree manslaughter.
(d) Recognition.

Short Answer Questions

1. When the poet takes the appropriate steps in developing plot, Aristotle explains that the poet is much more likely to do what?

2. What type of poetry does Aristotle say focuses on serious and important actions?

3. Aristotle defines poetic work as what?

4. What are the ways Aristotle explains in regard to how poets differ in their representation of the object?

5. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?

(see the answer keys)

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