Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The plot, as Aristotle explains, should be unified in such a way that each part should be what?
(a) Necessary to the whole.
(b) Necessary to other parts, but not to the whole.
(c) Equivalent.
(d) Trivial.

2. What type of story does Aristotle define as "episodic"?
(a) A particularly poor story.
(b) A dramatic story.
(c) A great story.
(d) A sad story.

3. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional response from its readers or audience, Aristotle says that the poet must do what?
(a) Write a tragedy with a sad ending.
(b) Infuse irony throughout the story.
(c) Pick characters that the audience can easily pity.
(d) Pick characters whose relationships to one another make the actions of the plot more interesting.

4. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?
(a) Man is naturally attracted to imitation.
(b) There is a natural attraction to rhythm and harmony.
(c) Man enjoys learning.
(d) Man is naturally attracted to beauty.

5. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs with "Recognition" and/or "Reversal of Situation"?
(a) Happy.
(b) Bad.
(c) Congruent.
(d) Complex.

6. What does Aristotle identify as the foundation of good poetry writing?
(a) Probability and necessity.
(b) An interesting twist or turn.
(c) Irony.
(d) Using well-researched historical events.

7. According to Aristotle, why do good poets sometimes write stories using episodic plots?
(a) Because episodic plots are considered more interesting.
(b) They never write stories using episodic plots.
(c) To showcase their skills in contests.
(d) For the challenge.

8. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?
(a) Dependent stories.
(b) Isolated stories.
(c) Interesting.
(d) Funny.

9. What reason does Aristotle give for Homer excluding many things that Odysseus does on his voyage home in the "Odyssey"?
(a) Aristotle says that Odysseus does some embarrassing things that are better left unsaid.
(b) Aristotle explains that Homer prefers to keep the reader guessing.
(c) Aristotle says that Homer excludes things because they do not relate well to the overall plot that is being constructed.
(d) Nothing is excluded.

10. In what three ways does Aristotle differentiate various art forms from one another?
(a) Era, objects, and manner of imitation.
(b) Manner of imitation, artist, and era.
(c) According to the artist, era, and artistic effort.
(d) By the medium, objects, and manner of imitation.

11. Aristotle says what type of poetry imitates the "lower" types of men?
(a) Greek poetry.
(b) Tragedy.
(c) Roman poetry.
(d) Comedy.

12. Aristotle teaches that the beginning of a well-written tragedy starts at what point?
(a) With the end and uses the method of flashback to tell the rest.
(b) Where the narrative has dependence upon events that happen prior to it.
(c) In the middle and uses the method of flashback to tell what preceded.
(d) Where the narrative has no dependence upon events that happened prior to it.

13. A character attempting to save his friend but accidentally killing him instead is an example Aristotle gives for what?
(a) Recognition.
(b) Reversal of Situation.
(c) Second degree manslaughter.
(d) Bad luck.

14. According to Aristotle, how should the plot of a well-written tragedy be structured?
(a) With the end that makes readers want more.
(b) A structured plot makes bad poetry.
(c) With a logical beginning and end.
(d) It should leave the reader guessing until the end.

15. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?
(a) Recognition.
(b) Opportunity.
(c) Growth.
(d) Bad judgment.

Short Answer Questions

1. Into what two types does Aristotle divide actions?

2. Per Aristotle, the unity of plot is what to the unity of a character's actions?

3. What is one of the requirements Aristotle mentions for a good tragic plot?

4. Aristotle says that storytelling with episodic plots is to be favored by whom?

5. What is history according to Aristotle?

(see the answer keys)

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