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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In art, what does Aristotle believe to be the object?
(a) Something solid.
(b) Usually an animal.
(c) What the art imitates.
(d) Usually a person.
2. What two things does Aristotle require to be present in a well-written story?
(a) Rhythm and harmony.
(b) Irony and foreshadowing.
(c) Conflict and pain.
(d) Birth and death.
3. Aristotle defines poetic work as what?
(a) A love affair.
(b) A bad imitation.
(c) A philosophical undertaking.
(d) A spiritual journey.
4. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs with "Recognition" and/or "Reversal of Situation"?
5. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?
(c) Isolated stories.
(d) Dependent stories.
6. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?
(a) Strange irony.
(b) Sad middle and happy ending.
(c) The same characters.
(d) Disconnected foreshadowing.
7. How does Aristotle say the different types of poetry emerged?
(a) The most talented poets decided on the different types.
(b) Peers voted on their preference.
(c) From non-fiction.
(d) From the personalities of different types of men.
8. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?
(a) Man enjoys learning.
(b) There is a natural attraction to rhythm and harmony.
(c) Man is naturally attracted to imitation.
(d) Man is naturally attracted to beauty.
9. The object poetry portrays is what, according to Aristotle?
(a) Men in action.
(b) Other poets.
(c) Various places around the world.
(d) Tragic events.
10. What does Aristotle identify as the most essential element of tragedy?
11. What type of poetry does Aristotle say focuses on serious and important actions?
(a) Roman poetry.
(c) Greek poetry.
(d) None of the answers is correct.
12. When a poet presents the poem in the voice of one of the characters, what method does Aristotle say that the poet is using?
(a) The method of first person.
(b) The method of third person.
(c) The method of imitation.
(d) The method of recognition.
13. What are the ways Aristotle explains in regard to how poets differ in their representation of the object?
(a) There is no difference in the way poets portray the objects.
(b) Poets can portray the objects as worse, better, or the same as they are
(c) Poets can portray the object as better or worse, but never the same as they are.
(d) Poets can portray the objects as worse or the same as they are.
14. Aristotle asserts that men who find poetry very attractive find great pleasure in what?
15. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?
(d) Using the element of surprise.
Short Answer Questions
1. Like any art, poetry is defined by Aristotle as what?
2. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?
3. Aristotle explains that the medium specific to poetry is one that uses what?
4. When a poet simply straightforwardly describes the events as they happen, what method does Aristotle say the poet is using?
5. What type of story does Aristotle define as "episodic"?
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