Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Aristotle explains that tragedy is not only concerned with the depiction of just any action, but of actions that inspire what?
(a) Pity.
(b) Resentment.
(c) Anger.
(d) Happiness.

2. In the context of poetry and according to Aristotle's teachings, why is man naturally attracted to imitation?
(a) Imitation is a form of acting.
(b) It is a lot of fun.
(c) Imitation is less expensive.
(d) It is through imitation that man most easily learns.

3. What type of story does Aristotle define as "episodic"?
(a) A great story.
(b) A dramatic story.
(c) A sad story.
(d) A particularly poor story.

4. What is one of the requirements Aristotle mentions for a good tragic plot?
(a) A good plot must be tragic in the beginning, middle, and end.
(b) A good plot must be mysterious.
(c) A good plot must have disconnected episodes that tie together at the end.
(d) A good plot must be unified.

5. Concerning the "laws of probability and necessity," what statement below is NOT correct according to Aristotle's teachings in "Poetics"?
(a) The poet implies his notion of justice.
(b) The poet implies his understanding of how the world works.
(c) The poet portrays what events could possibly happen in the world.
(d) The poet implies his vision of how the world should be.

6. What does Aristotle identify as the most essential element of tragedy?
(a) Rhyme.
(b) Character.
(c) Irony.
(d) Plot.

7. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?
(a) Contradiction.
(b) Using the element of surprise.
(c) Irony.
(d) Deceit.

8. Aristotle asserts that men who find poetry very attractive find great pleasure in what?
(a) Learning.
(b) Cleaning.
(c) Sleeping.
(d) Eating.

9. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?
(a) Dependent stories.
(b) Isolated stories.
(c) Interesting.
(d) Funny.

10. When a poet presents the poem in the voice of one of the characters, what method does Aristotle say that the poet is using?
(a) The method of first person.
(b) The method of third person.
(c) The method of recognition.
(d) The method of imitation.

11. Aristotle says that storytelling with episodic plots is to be favored by whom?
(a) No one.
(b) Homer.
(c) Aristotle.
(d) Poor poets.

12. Aristotle believes that a poet can turn a complex plot into a simple one by doing what?
(a) Focus.
(b) Eliminating recognition and/or reversal of situation.
(c) Hard work and dedication.
(d) Adding more character flaws.

13. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs with "Recognition" and/or "Reversal of Situation"?
(a) Congruent.
(b) Complex.
(c) Bad.
(d) Happy.

14. In what three ways does Aristotle differentiate various art forms from one another?
(a) According to the artist, era, and artistic effort.
(b) Era, objects, and manner of imitation.
(c) Manner of imitation, artist, and era.
(d) By the medium, objects, and manner of imitation.

15. According to Aristotle, how should the plot of a well-written tragedy be structured?
(a) A structured plot makes bad poetry.
(b) With the end that makes readers want more.
(c) It should leave the reader guessing until the end.
(d) With a logical beginning and end.

Short Answer Questions

1. In an episodic plot, Aristotle explains that the individual episodes of the story bear what to one another?

2. Aristotle says what type of poetry imitates the "lower" types of men?

3. What reason does Aristotle give for Homer excluding many things that Odysseus does on his voyage home in the "Odyssey"?

4. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?

5. In poetry, Aristotle says that in the "Odyssey" recognition comes about how??

(see the answer keys)

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