Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Per Aristotle, the unity of plot is what to the unity of a character's actions?
(a) Irrelevant.
(b) Influential, but not important.
(c) Not equivalent, but often closely related.
(d) Equivalent.

2. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs with "Recognition" and/or "Reversal of Situation"?
(a) Happy.
(b) Congruent.
(c) Complex.
(d) Bad.

3. According to Aristotle, why do good poets sometimes write stories using episodic plots?
(a) They never write stories using episodic plots.
(b) Because episodic plots are considered more interesting.
(c) To showcase their skills in contests.
(d) For the challenge.

4. What men does Aristotle consider to be "lower" types?
(a) Men who are defective in some way, but not altogether evil or malicious towards others.
(b) Men who are poor and unhealthy.
(c) Single men.
(d) Unemployed men.

5. What reason does Aristotle give for Homer excluding many things that Odysseus does on his voyage home in the "Odyssey"?
(a) Aristotle says that Homer excludes things because they do not relate well to the overall plot that is being constructed.
(b) Aristotle says that Odysseus does some embarrassing things that are better left unsaid.
(c) Nothing is excluded.
(d) Aristotle explains that Homer prefers to keep the reader guessing.

6. In a tragedy, how does Aristotle say the element of surprise should come about?
(a) Once the main character has demonstrated his worth and morals.
(b) Consistent with the principles of probability and necessity.
(c) Only after recognition has occurred.
(d) Gradually.

7. When the poet takes the appropriate steps in developing plot, Aristotle explains that the poet is much more likely to do what?
(a) Have more consistencies in the plot.
(b) Have a strong beginning.
(c) Have a strong ending.
(d) Choose great characters.

8. What type of situation does Aristotle explain occurs more frequently in tragedy?
(a) A member of a family killing another member.
(b) The protagonist losing one of his or her five senses.
(c) The main character dying from illness.
(d) A child being abandoned.

9. Aristotle states that poetry depicts what?
(a) Things that happen based on fact and fiction.
(b) Things that happen according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
(c) History.
(d) The future.

10. In how many ways does Aristotle say the method of imitation can differ?
(a) Two.
(b) Countless.
(c) Ten.
(d) Four.

11. Aristotle asserts that men who find poetry very attractive find great pleasure in what?
(a) Learning.
(b) Eating.
(c) Cleaning.
(d) Sleeping.

12. Like any art, poetry is defined by Aristotle as what?
(a) A rhyme with more than four sentences.
(b) A theatrical play.
(c) A funny story.
(d) A kind of imitation.

13. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?
(a) Deceit.
(b) Contradiction.
(c) Irony.
(d) Using the element of surprise.

14. Aristotle explains that the medium specific to poetry is one that uses what?
(a) Rhyme.
(b) Words and pictures.
(c) Language alone.
(d) Pictures.

15. In art, Aristotle defines the medium as what?
(a) The artist's spiritual inspiration.
(b) The average.
(c) The manner in which the art is produced.
(d) A middle state or condition.

Short Answer Questions

1. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?

2. Aristotle teaches that the beginning of a well-written tragedy starts at what point?

3. How does Aristotle define "Recognition"?

4. Aristotle explains that tragedy is not only concerned with the depiction of just any action, but of actions that inspire what?

5. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?

(see the answer keys)

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