Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Aristotle teaches that the beginning of a well-written tragedy starts at what point?
(a) Where the narrative has no dependence upon events that happened prior to it.
(b) With the end and uses the method of flashback to tell the rest.
(c) Where the narrative has dependence upon events that happen prior to it.
(d) In the middle and uses the method of flashback to tell what preceded.

2. Per Aristotle, in which of the following ways does poetry NOT differ from history?
(a) Poetry depicts what happens according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
(b) Poetry is a higher pursuit than history.
(c) History is concerned simply with facts.
(d) Poetry tells the future, and history tells the past.

3. How does Aristotle compare the medium of poetry and prose?
(a) Both use the same medium and rhythm.
(b) Both use the same medium and meter.
(c) It is nothing like prose.
(d) Both use the same medium.

4. According to Aristotle, how should the plot of a well-written tragedy be structured?
(a) A structured plot makes bad poetry.
(b) With the end that makes readers want more.
(c) It should leave the reader guessing until the end.
(d) With a logical beginning and end.

5. What two things does Aristotle require to be present in a well-written story?
(a) Irony and foreshadowing.
(b) Birth and death.
(c) Rhythm and harmony.
(d) Conflict and pain.

6. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?
(a) Bad judgment.
(b) Opportunity.
(c) Growth.
(d) Recognition.

7. How does Aristotle say the different types of poetry emerged?
(a) Peers voted on their preference.
(b) From the personalities of different types of men.
(c) From non-fiction.
(d) The most talented poets decided on the different types.

8. In poetry, what is the term that Aristotle gives for an action that aims to accomplish a certain goal, but actually accomplishes the opposite?
(a) Tragedy.
(b) Reversal of Situation.
(c) Failure.
(d) Irony.

9. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?
(a) Sad middle and happy ending.
(b) Disconnected foreshadowing.
(c) Strange irony.
(d) The same characters.

10. Aristotle explains that actions described in a tragic plot should have certain characteristics. Which one of the following is NOT one of the characteristics that Aristotle identifies?
(a) Actions should be minute and trivial.
(b) Actions should help the reader grasp the significance of the whole.
(c) Actions should be interesting.
(d) Actions should be not too small or too large.

11. What does Aristotle consider to be secondary to the most essential element of tragedy?
(a) Development of character.
(b) Development of imitation.
(c) Development of rhyme.
(d) Development of irony.

12. What does Aristotle say about the element of surprise in a tragedy?
(a) It keeps the reader guessing and interested.
(b) It helps inspire joy.
(c) It helps inspire sadness.
(d) It helps inspire pity.

13. Concerning the "laws of probability and necessity," what statement below is NOT correct according to Aristotle's teachings in "Poetics"?
(a) The poet portrays what events could possibly happen in the world.
(b) The poet implies his vision of how the world should be.
(c) The poet implies his understanding of how the world works.
(d) The poet implies his notion of justice.

14. According to Aristotle, why do good poets sometimes write stories using episodic plots?
(a) They never write stories using episodic plots.
(b) For the challenge.
(c) Because episodic plots are considered more interesting.
(d) To showcase their skills in contests.

15. What, as Aristotle states, are good poets forced to do when they write stories with episodic plots?
(a) To write better.
(b) To write poorly.
(c) To shorten their stories.
(d) To lengthen their stories.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?

2. A character attempting to save his friend but accidentally killing him instead is an example Aristotle gives for what?

3. According to Aristotle, how does tragedy achieve the emotion it inspires?

4. What does Aristotle identify as the most essential element of tragedy?

5. What reason does Aristotle give for Homer excluding many things that Odysseus does on his voyage home in the "Odyssey"?

(see the answer keys)

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