Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In poetry, what is the term that Aristotle gives for an action that aims to accomplish a certain goal, but actually accomplishes the opposite?
(a) Failure.
(b) Tragedy.
(c) Reversal of Situation.
(d) Irony.

2. A character attempting to save his friend but accidentally killing him instead is an example Aristotle gives for what?
(a) Bad luck.
(b) Second degree manslaughter.
(c) Reversal of Situation.
(d) Recognition.

3. In a tragedy, how does Aristotle say the element of surprise should come about?
(a) Only after recognition has occurred.
(b) Consistent with the principles of probability and necessity.
(c) Once the main character has demonstrated his worth and morals.
(d) Gradually.

4. In poetry, Aristotle says that in the "Odyssey" recognition comes about how??
(a) Penelope recognizes his walk.
(b) None of the answers is correct..
(c) The suitors recognize him by his face.
(d) Odyssues's nurse recognizes him from his scar.

5. Concerning the "laws of probability and necessity," what statement below is NOT correct according to Aristotle's teachings in "Poetics"?
(a) The poet implies his notion of justice.
(b) The poet implies his vision of how the world should be.
(c) The poet portrays what events could possibly happen in the world.
(d) The poet implies his understanding of how the world works.

6. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?
(a) Funny.
(b) Isolated stories.
(c) Interesting.
(d) Dependent stories.

7. Aristotle explains that the medium specific to poetry is one that uses what?
(a) Language alone.
(b) Pictures.
(c) Words and pictures.
(d) Rhyme.

8. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?
(a) Man enjoys learning.
(b) Man is naturally attracted to imitation.
(c) There is a natural attraction to rhythm and harmony.
(d) Man is naturally attracted to beauty.

9. When a poet presents the poem in the voice of one of the characters, what method does Aristotle say that the poet is using?
(a) The method of first person.
(b) The method of third person.
(c) The method of imitation.
(d) The method of recognition.

10. Aristotle asserts that men who find poetry very attractive find great pleasure in what?
(a) Learning.
(b) Sleeping.
(c) Cleaning.
(d) Eating.

11. What reason does Aristotle give for Homer excluding many things that Odysseus does on his voyage home in the "Odyssey"?
(a) Aristotle explains that Homer prefers to keep the reader guessing.
(b) Aristotle says that Odysseus does some embarrassing things that are better left unsaid.
(c) Aristotle says that Homer excludes things because they do not relate well to the overall plot that is being constructed.
(d) Nothing is excluded.

12. In an episodic plot, Aristotle explains that the individual episodes of the story bear what to one another?
(a) A lot of similarity.
(b) Irony.
(c) Opposition.
(d) Little or no relation to one another.

13. In the context of poetry, Aristotle explains that rhythm is used in the form of a what?
(a) Specific beat.
(b) Meter.
(c) Mysterious undertone.
(d) Harmony.

14. Into what two types does Aristotle divide actions?
(a) Congruent and incongruent.
(b) Simple and complex.
(c) Happy and sad.
(d) Good and bad.

15. What two things does Aristotle require to be present in a well-written story?
(a) Conflict and pain.
(b) Irony and foreshadowing.
(c) Rhythm and harmony.
(d) Birth and death.

Short Answer Questions

1. In poetry, Aristotle explains that the "Recognition" is almost always what?

2. What does Aristotle identify as the most essential element of tragedy?

3. The object poetry portrays is what, according to Aristotle?

4. In how many ways does Aristotle say the method of imitation can differ?

5. Aristotle explains that actions described in a tragic plot should have certain characteristics. Which one of the following is NOT one of the characteristics that Aristotle identifies?

(see the answer keys)

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