Poetics Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Aristotle explains that tragedy is not only concerned with the depiction of just any action, but of actions that inspire what?
(a) Resentment.
(b) Anger.
(c) Happiness.
(d) Pity.

2. In the context of poetry, Aristotle explains that rhythm is used in the form of a what?
(a) Specific beat.
(b) Mysterious undertone.
(c) Harmony.
(d) Meter.

3. The plot, as Aristotle explains, should be unified in such a way that each part should be what?
(a) Necessary to other parts, but not to the whole.
(b) Necessary to the whole.
(c) Trivial.
(d) Equivalent.

4. When a poet simply straightforwardly describes the events as they happen, what method does Aristotle say the poet is using?
(a) The method of first person.
(b) The method of recognition.
(c) The method of imitation.
(d) The method of third person.

5. How does Aristotle say the different types of poetry emerged?
(a) From non-fiction.
(b) Peers voted on their preference.
(c) From the personalities of different types of men.
(d) The most talented poets decided on the different types.

6. Aristotle says what type of poetry imitates the "lower" types of men?
(a) Roman poetry.
(b) Comedy.
(c) Greek poetry.
(d) Tragedy.

7. Aristotle believes that a poet can turn a complex plot into a simple one by doing what?
(a) Adding more character flaws.
(b) Hard work and dedication.
(c) Eliminating recognition and/or reversal of situation.
(d) Focus.

8. According to Aristotle, why do good poets sometimes write stories using episodic plots?
(a) To showcase their skills in contests.
(b) Because episodic plots are considered more interesting.
(c) For the challenge.
(d) They never write stories using episodic plots.

9. In the context of poetry and according to Aristotle's teachings, why is man naturally attracted to imitation?
(a) Imitation is a form of acting.
(b) It is through imitation that man most easily learns.
(c) Imitation is less expensive.
(d) It is a lot of fun.

10. Aristotle asserts that men who find poetry very attractive find great pleasure in what?
(a) Learning.
(b) Sleeping.
(c) Eating.
(d) Cleaning.

11. In art, Aristotle defines the medium as what?
(a) A middle state or condition.
(b) The manner in which the art is produced.
(c) The artist's spiritual inspiration.
(d) The average.

12. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs with "Recognition" and/or "Reversal of Situation"?
(a) Bad.
(b) Complex.
(c) Happy.
(d) Congruent.

13. What type of situation does Aristotle explain occurs more frequently in tragedy?
(a) A member of a family killing another member.
(b) The main character dying from illness.
(c) A child being abandoned.
(d) The protagonist losing one of his or her five senses.

14. What is one of the requirements Aristotle mentions for a good tragic plot?
(a) A good plot must be mysterious.
(b) A good plot must be unified.
(c) A good plot must be tragic in the beginning, middle, and end.
(d) A good plot must have disconnected episodes that tie together at the end.

15. What reason does Aristotle give for Homer excluding many things that Odysseus does on his voyage home in the "Odyssey"?
(a) Nothing is excluded.
(b) Aristotle explains that Homer prefers to keep the reader guessing.
(c) Aristotle says that Odysseus does some embarrassing things that are better left unsaid.
(d) Aristotle says that Homer excludes things because they do not relate well to the overall plot that is being constructed.

Short Answer Questions

1. Aristotle explains that the medium specific to poetry is one that uses what?

2. Aristotle defines poetic work as what?

3. What does Aristotle call the individual episodes of a story with an episodic plot?

4. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?

5. In poetry, what is the term that Aristotle gives for an action that aims to accomplish a certain goal, but actually accomplishes the opposite?

(see the answer keys)

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