|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Aristotle differentiate poetry from prose?
(a) Poetry uses language alone.
(b) Poetry uses rhythm in the form of meter.
(c) Prose uses pictures and music.
(d) They are the same.
2. Like any art, poetry is defined by Aristotle as what?
(a) A theatrical play.
(b) A rhyme with more than four sentences.
(c) A kind of imitation.
(d) A funny story.
3. A character attempting to save his friend but accidentally killing him instead is an example Aristotle gives for what?
(a) Bad luck.
(b) Second degree manslaughter.
(d) Reversal of Situation.
4. According to Aristotle, how should the plot of a well-written tragedy be structured?
(a) With a logical beginning and end.
(b) It should leave the reader guessing until the end.
(c) With the end that makes readers want more.
(d) A structured plot makes bad poetry.
5. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?
(a) Man is naturally attracted to imitation.
(b) Man is naturally attracted to beauty.
(c) Man enjoys learning.
(d) There is a natural attraction to rhythm and harmony.
6. Per Aristotle, in which of the following ways does poetry NOT differ from history?
(a) Poetry tells the future, and history tells the past.
(b) Poetry is a higher pursuit than history.
(c) History is concerned simply with facts.
(d) Poetry depicts what happens according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
7. When a poet presents the poem in the voice of one of the characters, what method does Aristotle say that the poet is using?
(a) The method of first person.
(b) The method of imitation.
(c) The method of recognition.
(d) The method of third person.
8. Aristotle says that storytelling with episodic plots is to be favored by whom?
(a) Poor poets.
(c) No one.
9. What does Aristotle say about the element of surprise in a tragedy?
(a) It helps inspire sadness.
(b) It helps inspire pity.
(c) It keeps the reader guessing and interested.
(d) It helps inspire joy.
10. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs without "Recognition" or "Reversal of Situation"?
11. In poetry, what is the term that Aristotle gives for an action that aims to accomplish a certain goal, but actually accomplishes the opposite?
(d) Reversal of Situation.
12. What, as Aristotle states, are good poets forced to do when they write stories with episodic plots?
(a) To write poorly.
(b) To shorten their stories.
(c) To lengthen their stories.
(d) To write better.
13. Aristotle teaches that the beginning of a well-written tragedy starts at what point?
(a) Where the narrative has dependence upon events that happen prior to it.
(b) Where the narrative has no dependence upon events that happened prior to it.
(c) In the middle and uses the method of flashback to tell what preceded.
(d) With the end and uses the method of flashback to tell the rest.
14. Aristotle says what type of poetry imitates the "lower" types of men?
(b) Greek poetry.
(d) Roman poetry.
15. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?
(a) Strange irony.
(b) Disconnected foreshadowing.
(c) The same characters.
(d) Sad middle and happy ending.
Short Answer Questions
1. Aristotle explains that the medium specific to poetry is one that uses what?
2. When a poet simply straightforwardly describes the events as they happen, what method does Aristotle say the poet is using?
3. In poetry, Aristotle explains that the "Recognition" is almost always what?
4. How does Aristotle say the different types of poetry emerged?
5. What type of story does Aristotle define as "episodic"?
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