|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Aristotle say the different types of poetry emerged?
(a) The most talented poets decided on the different types.
(b) Peers voted on their preference.
(c) From non-fiction.
(d) From the personalities of different types of men.
2. What reason does Aristotle give for Homer excluding many things that Odysseus does on his voyage home in the "Odyssey"?
(a) Nothing is excluded.
(b) Aristotle says that Odysseus does some embarrassing things that are better left unsaid.
(c) Aristotle explains that Homer prefers to keep the reader guessing.
(d) Aristotle says that Homer excludes things because they do not relate well to the overall plot that is being constructed.
3. In an episodic plot, Aristotle explains that the individual episodes of the story bear what to one another?
(b) A lot of similarity.
(c) Little or no relation to one another.
4. In the context of poetry, Aristotle explains that rhythm is used in the form of a what?
(a) Mysterious undertone.
(b) Specific beat.
5. What does Aristotle identify as the foundation of good poetry writing?
(b) Probability and necessity.
(c) Using well-researched historical events.
(d) An interesting twist or turn.
6. When a poet simply straightforwardly describes the events as they happen, what method does Aristotle say the poet is using?
(a) The method of imitation.
(b) The method of first person.
(c) The method of recognition.
(d) The method of third person.
7. In the context of poetry and according to Aristotle's teachings, why is man naturally attracted to imitation?
(a) Imitation is less expensive.
(b) Imitation is a form of acting.
(c) It is through imitation that man most easily learns.
(d) It is a lot of fun.
8. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?
(d) Bad judgment.
9. In art, Aristotle defines the medium as what?
(a) The manner in which the art is produced.
(b) The average.
(c) A middle state or condition.
(d) The artist's spiritual inspiration.
10. Men are drawn to write poetry for several reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Aristotle provides?
(a) Man enjoys learning.
(b) There is a natural attraction to rhythm and harmony.
(c) Man is naturally attracted to imitation.
(d) Man is naturally attracted to beauty.
11. Aristotle believes that a poet can turn a complex plot into a simple one by doing what?
(a) Adding more character flaws.
(c) Eliminating recognition and/or reversal of situation.
(d) Hard work and dedication.
12. What two things does Aristotle require to be present in a well-written story?
(a) Rhythm and harmony.
(b) Conflict and pain.
(c) Irony and foreshadowing.
(d) Birth and death.
13. In a tragedy, how does Aristotle say the element of surprise should come about?
(b) Only after recognition has occurred.
(c) Consistent with the principles of probability and necessity.
(d) Once the main character has demonstrated his worth and morals.
14. What does Aristotle consider to be secondary to the most essential element of tragedy?
(a) Development of rhyme.
(b) Development of irony.
(c) Development of imitation.
(d) Development of character.
15. What type of situation does Aristotle explain occurs more frequently in tragedy?
(a) The protagonist losing one of his or her five senses.
(b) A child being abandoned.
(c) The main character dying from illness.
(d) A member of a family killing another member.
Short Answer Questions
1. In art, what does Aristotle believe to be the object?
2. In poetry, Aristotle explains that the "Recognition" is almost always what?
3. Aristotle explains that the medium specific to poetry is one that uses what?
4. Concerning the "laws of probability and necessity," what statement below is NOT correct according to Aristotle's teachings in "Poetics"?
5. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs without "Recognition" or "Reversal of Situation"?
This section contains 658 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)