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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is history according to Aristotle?
(a) Accounts that may or may not have happened.
(b) Rumors promoted as truth.
(d) Concerned simply with facts.
2. Aristotle believes that a poet can turn a complex plot into a simple one by doing what?
(a) Adding more character flaws.
(b) Hard work and dedication.
(c) Eliminating recognition and/or reversal of situation.
3. According to Aristotle, why do good poets sometimes write stories using episodic plots?
(a) They never write stories using episodic plots.
(b) To showcase their skills in contests.
(c) For the challenge.
(d) Because episodic plots are considered more interesting.
4. What men does Aristotle consider to be "lower" types?
(a) Unemployed men.
(b) Single men.
(c) Men who are poor and unhealthy.
(d) Men who are defective in some way, but not altogether evil or malicious towards others.
5. Aristotle says what type of poetry imitates the "lower" types of men?
(a) Roman poetry.
(b) Greek poetry.
6. In art, what does Aristotle believe to be the object?
(a) Something solid.
(b) What the art imitates.
(c) Usually a person.
(d) Usually an animal.
7. Concerning the "laws of probability and necessity," what statement below is NOT correct according to Aristotle's teachings in "Poetics"?
(a) The poet portrays what events could possibly happen in the world.
(b) The poet implies his notion of justice.
(c) The poet implies his understanding of how the world works.
(d) The poet implies his vision of how the world should be.
8. When one character realizes that another character has fewer morals than he once thought, what does Aristotle say is happening?
(c) Bad judgment.
9. In poetry, Aristotle says that in the "Odyssey" recognition comes about how??
(a) Penelope recognizes his walk.
(b) None of the answers is correct..
(c) The suitors recognize him by his face.
(d) Odyssues's nurse recognizes him from his scar.
10. How does Aristotle compare the medium of poetry and prose?
(a) Both use the same medium.
(b) It is nothing like prose.
(c) Both use the same medium and rhythm.
(d) Both use the same medium and meter.
11. When a poet simply straightforwardly describes the events as they happen, what method does Aristotle say the poet is using?
(a) The method of first person.
(b) The method of imitation.
(c) The method of recognition.
(d) The method of third person.
12. When the poet takes the appropriate steps in developing plot, Aristotle explains that the poet is much more likely to do what?
(a) Have more consistencies in the plot.
(b) Choose great characters.
(c) Have a strong beginning.
(d) Have a strong ending.
13. Into what two types does Aristotle divide actions?
(a) Simple and complex.
(b) Happy and sad.
(c) Good and bad.
(d) Congruent and incongruent.
14. In order for a plot to be truly effective in achieving the desired emotional response from its readers or audience, Aristotle says that the poet must do what?
(a) Pick characters whose relationships to one another make the actions of the plot more interesting.
(b) Infuse irony throughout the story.
(c) Pick characters that the audience can easily pity.
(d) Write a tragedy with a sad ending.
15. Aristotle states that poetry depicts what?
(a) Things that happen according to the "laws of probability and necessity."
(b) Things that happen based on fact and fiction.
(c) The future.
Short Answer Questions
1. What type of action does Aristotle say occurs without "Recognition" or "Reversal of Situation"?
2. In the context of poetry and according to Aristotle's teachings, why is man naturally attracted to imitation?
3. Aristotle asserts that men who find poetry very attractive find great pleasure in what?
4. What does Aristotle say about the element of surprise in a tragedy?
5. Aristotle says that at most, episodic plots involve what?
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