Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did Plutarch claim to be the differences in motivation between Demosthenes and Cicero?
(a) Demosthenes was humble and generous, but Cicero was impulsive and greedy.
(b) Demosthenes was motivated by personal gain, but Cicero refused to take any gifts.
(c) Demosthenes sought glory and honor, but Cicero was motivated by personal gain.
(d) Demosthenes was motivated by inspiring Greeks to their past glory, but Cicero was driven by the desire for glory.

2. Why did Antigonus' son, Philip, kill Aratus, according to Plutarch?
(a) He wanted to rule over Aratus' Greek alliance.
(b) He saw Aratus as a threat to his power.
(c) He had an affair with Aratus' wife while Aratus was fighting for him in battle.
(d) He became resentful of Aratus.

3. What did Plutarch claim that Caius had to overcome before he was elected to tribune?
(a) The hold that landowners had over the senate.
(b) The unwillingness of the senate to release lands that were under its authority.
(c) His fear that the animosity for his brother still existed.
(d) False charges that he had been defiant to his authorities as a quaestor, that he had excited insurrections among allies, and had been involved in conspiracies.

4. What does Plutarch consider to be the difference between the reasons that Demosthenes and Cicero fled from the authorities?
(a) Demosthenes flight for speaking truth to power was more noble that Cicero's flight out of fear because he had insulted a powerful general.
(b) The bribery accusation from which Demosthenes fled was less honorable than Cicero's flight for opposing Caesar's son's rule.
(c) Demosthenes fled because his rhetoric made him the enemies of the powerful, but Cicero left for the humiliation of insulting his superiors.
(d) The call to war that brought Athenians to despise Demosthenes was more admirable than Cicero's flight because he made enemies of powerful leaders.

5. How does Plutarch compare the motivations of rebelling between Dion and Brutus?
(a) Dion rebelled against tyranny, but Brutus sought to restore the Roman Republic.
(b) Many thought Dion sought power for himself, but Brutus wanted only to serve Rome.
(c) Many supported Dion's revolution, but Brutus was opposed by the general public.
(d) Dion rebelled for the benefit of Syracusans, but Brutus wanted power.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who did Plutarch identify as the Senator that Brutus opposed, but joined in a civil war against Caesar?

2. Which of the four being compared does Plutarch accuse of committing the crime of deposing a fellow elected official?

3. Why does Plutarch consider Demetrius' death more dishonorable than Antony's?

4. Who does Plutarch identify as the father of Aratus?

5. What did Plutarch identify as the primary difference between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?

(see the answer keys)

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