Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why did Plutarch consider Agesilaus a better general than Pompey?
(a) Agesilaus knew how to win battles on land or at sea, but Pompey only knew how to fight on the land.
(b) Agesilaus proved his virtue by confronting his enemies at their most powerful, but Pompey tried to challenge less worthy opponents.
(c) Because Agesilaus built a record of forcing his enemies into battle when they were at their weakest, but Pompey allowed his army to be beaten by Caesar's forces while they were weakened by hunger.
(d) Agesilaus had soldiers who fought for his glory, but Pompey's soldiers fought for wealth.

2. Why does Plutarch use the name, "Cato the Younger"?
(a) Because he had a half brother also named Cato.
(b) Because he was one of two Catos serving in the Roman Senate.
(c) Because he also wrote of the grandfather, who's name was also Cato.
(d) Because he was the youngest leader in Rome.

3. How did Plutarch report that Cato prevented the Roman Senate from naming Caesar the Consul of Rome?
(a) He spent the entire day speaking and prevented the Senate from acting on the motion.
(b) He kept the motion to make Caesar consul in the committee.
(c) He used his authority to adjust the calendar of the senate.
(d) He used his authority to prevent senators from entering the senate.

4. How does Plutarch claim the birth order of Agis and Agesilaus affected their lives?
(a) Agis, the older, was the favorite of the father, but Agesilaus was the favorite of their mother.
(b) Agis, the older, was educated to be king, and Agesilaus was given a common education.
(c) Agis, the older, was given the inheritance of the king, but Agesilaus was given the authority over a province.
(d) Agis, the older, was trained in military matters, but Agesilaus was trained in agricultural arts.

5. Who does Plutarch report commissioned Caesar to travel to Spain?
(a) Cato, who saw the value of expanding the empire.
(b) Pompey, who knew he needed Caesar's help.
(c) Cassius, who desired to remove Caesar's influence from the Senate.
(d) Crassus, who was the richest man in Rome.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Plutarch report to be the result of Cato's management of the exchequer?

2. According to Plutarch, what eventually led to Alexander and his mother, Olympia, separating from Philip to become his rivals?

3. How does Plutarch compare the climb to power between Agesilaus and Pompey?

4. In what hearing before the Senate did Cato first confront Caesar, according to Plutarch?

5. To whose death did Plutarch compare the death of Phocion?

Short Essay Questions

1. What did Plutarch determine to be the difference in how Agesilaus and Pompey came to power?

2. What does Plutarch report came of the Athens military when the Athenian Assembly went against Phocion's recommendations not to enter a war with Philip of Macedon?

3. What did Plutarch identify as the difference between Eumenes and Sertorius in their approach to war?

4. Why did Ptolemy's son, according to Plutarch, place Cleomenes under house arrest while he was in exile in Egypt?

5. How does Plutarch claim Athenians responded when they falsely accused Phocion of treason and killed him after a mock trial?

6. What did Plutarch identify as the myth regarding Alexander's lineage that Plutarch suggested his mother, Olympus, might have spread?

7. What skill did Plutarch claim Caesar used to start building political influence in the Senate?

8. What are the similarities that Plutarch found between Sertorius and Eumenes?

9. How does Plutarch report that Caesar was assassinated?

10. How does Plutarch explain Agis' objectives affected the politics of Sparta?

(see the answer keys)

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