Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In what sort of family does Plutarch claim Sertorius was raised?
(a) A military family.
(b) A poor laboring family.
(c) A noble family.
(d) A ruling class family.

2. What does Plutarch report to be the condition of Lacedaemonia when Agis and his partner began their reign?
(a) Lacedaemonia had risen to become the most powerful of Spartan cities.
(b) It was taken by avarice, a base spirit, luxury, effeminacy and had fallen from her former virtue and repute.
(c) Lacedaemonia had become little more than a crossroad for commerce to more industrious cities.
(d) It was beaten down by wars with citizens who had lost hope of recovery.

3. With whom did Pompey ally himself to overcome the reputation of his father, and who did Plutarch report they oppose in a civil conflict for power over Rome?
(a) Pompey allied himself with Metellus to overthrow Sertorius' rebellions in Spain.
(b) Pompey allied himself with a very popular general named Sylla and they united their armies to oppose the tyrant, Carbo.
(c) Pompey allied himself with Crassus to overthrow Caesar.
(d) Pompey allied himself with Caesar in an attempt to overthrow Sylla.

4. Who joined Agis to turn back the laws that placed inherited land under control of a few wealthy families, according to Plutarch?
(a) Lysander, the son of Libys and Madroclidas, the son of Ecphanes.
(b) Cleomenes, husband to Agiatis.
(c) Agesilaus, his half brother.
(d) Leonidas, son of Cleonymus.

5. Why does Plutarch claim Philip believed that Alexander was a demi-god?
(a) Because Alexander showed unnatural skill and intelligence from an early age.
(b) Because there were three omens that prophets interpreted that Alexander's birth was exalted.
(c) Because Philip once saw a serpent sleeping with his wife and he was advised by a pagan priest that the serpent was Ammon (Zeus, Jupiter) who had taken that form.
(d) Because Philip had a dream about serpents sleeping with Olympia that were signs of Jupiter's presence.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did Plutarch report Caesar lost his position as Dictator?

2. What subject does Plutarch report Sertorius mastered as a youth?

3. Why does Plutarch suggest that Cleomenes eliminated the office of ephors from Spartan Government?

4. How did Plutarch compare Agesilaus and Pompey in their treatment of the men who supported their rise to power?

5. Who does Plutarch report to be the master of Rome before Caesar came to power?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why did Ptolemy's son, according to Plutarch, place Cleomenes under house arrest while he was in exile in Egypt?

2. What kind of commander did Plutarch consider Sertorius to be, and where did he fight and defeat Pompey?

3. How does Plutarch describe Alexander impressing his father by taming a horse?

4. How did Plutarch claim Eumenes caught the attention of Philip?

5. How does Plutarch claim Athenians responded when they falsely accused Phocion of treason and killed him after a mock trial?

6. Why did Plutarch consider Agesilaus a better general than Pompey?

7. What are the similarities that Plutarch found between Sertorius and Eumenes?

8. How does Plutarch report that Caesar was assassinated?

9. Why does Plutarch claim Caesar left Rome while he was a young man?

10. What does Plutarch note about the difference between Phocion's public disagreements in the Athenian assembly and how he spoke in general conversation?

(see the answer keys)

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