Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Based upon the intended audience of the profile on Aratus, what does Plutarch establish as his focus?
(a) The desire of other public figures to conduct themselves like Aratus.
(b) The gratitude of the decendants of Aratus.
(c) His personal similarity to the nobility of Aratus.
(d) The influence that ancestral examples can have on developing the character of children.

2. How did Plutarch characterize the differences in the changes in government "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans" sought to achieve?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" sought to place all power in a king, but "The Spartans" sought democracy.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" aimed at settling cities, mending highways, and recovering public lands whereas "The Spartans" sought to restore their city to its ancient state.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" worked to restore the principles of the Republic, whereas "The Spartans" attempted to rid Sparta of its Greek democratic influence.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" sought to restore Rome to its ancient Republic, whereas "The Spartans" sought internal improvements.

3. Which of the four being compared does Plutarch accuse of committing the crime of deposing a fellow elected official?
(a) Caius.
(b) Cleomenes.
(c) Agis.
(d) Tiberius.

4. What affect does Plutarch claim Aratus' education and his father's death have on Aratus?
(a) He cultivated a burning hatred of tyranny.
(b) He became vengeful and rebellious.
(c) He chose to throw himself into his studies and ignore the problems of Sicyon.
(d) He became suspicious and scheming.

5. Who did Plutarch identify as being responsible for opposing and turning back the legal and land reforms that were won by Caius as tribune?
(a) Caius Laelius.
(b) Opimius.
(c) Antony.
(d) Octavius.

6. Who did Demetrius kill to take the throne of Macedon, according to Plutarch?
(a) .Cassander.
(b) Antipater.
(c) Alexander, son of Cassander.
(d) Alexander, son of Philip.

7. What does Plutarch record that Antony did in response to Brutus' and Cassius' assassination of Caesar?
(a) Used the vacancy created by Caesar's death to attempt to fill a power vacuum.
(b) Joined their alliance so he could become part of the Roman power structure.
(c) Started an immediate pursuit to execute them for their crimes.
(d) Recommend them as governors for Roman provinces.

8. According to Plutarch, what was the difference in political support between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" were opposed by influential men of their day, but "The Spartans" were supported by history and the authority of one of the most important political leaders of Sparta.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" had their support from military men, but "The Spartans" were supported by the general public.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" had strong support from leaders in the senate, but "The Spartans" got their support from military men.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" kept opposition in check with strong support from the plebes, but "The Spartans" won political challenges through forceful personalities.

9. Why does Plutarch suggest Nicocles was wary of Aratus?
(a) Because he had a reputation of being vengeful and rebellious.
(b) Because he was known to be a scheming politician.
(c) His character was highly regarded by exiles from Nicocles tyranny.
(d) Because he had a score to settle with the tyrants of Sicyon.

10. How did Tiberius finally push his land reform law through the Senate, according to Plutarch?
(a) He imposed an edict preventing all magistrates from performing their functions until the law was passed.
(b) He used his rhetorical skills to influence the senate to support his land reform law.
(c) He incited the homeless soldiers to storm the senate and forse it to support the law.
(d) He influenced the praetorian guard to enforce the law in spite of it not passing the senate.

11. What tyrannical Syracusan King does Plutarch report Dion served as he became wealthy?
(a) Sylla.
(b) Dionysius I.
(c) Nicocles.
(d) Dionysius II.

12. What does Plutarch report that Antony did after his first reaction the Assassination of Caesar?
(a) Organized a tribunal to judge the members of the conspiracy.
(b) Began a civil war to punish Brutus and Cassius.
(c) He delivered a speech that turned the Roman population against Brutus and Cassius.
(d) Joined Octavius and Lepidus in a triumvirate.

13. Plutarch's tone in the profile of Aratus changes from his other reports. Why is this?
(a) It was written directly to a descendant of Aratus named Polycrates.
(b) Plutarch was commissioned by Aratus' decendants to write the history.
(c) Plutarch declares Aratus to be his most favored figure.
(d) Plutarch is a decendant of Aratus.

14. How did Plutarch explain the tyrrant, Nicocles, rose to power?
(a) He took power from the other two members of a triumvirate.
(b) He invaded Sicyon and destroyed the leaders there.
(c) He inherited the position from his father.
(d) He assassinated Paseas.

15. Why does Plutarch consider Demetrius' death more dishonorable than Antony's?
(a) Because Demetrius died from alcoholism.
(b) Because Demetrius died in captivity after a failed military adventure.
(c) Because Demetrius died after rebelling against his country.
(d) Because Demetrius died fleeing from his own army.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Plutarch explain the differences in the public acceptance with Demetrius' collection of wives and mistresses and Antony's affair with Cleopatra?

2. What does Plutarch consider to be the difference between the reasons that Demosthenes and Cicero fled from the authorities?

3. For what did Plutarch claim that Artaxerxes I of Persia was known?

4. According to Plutarch, for what was Cicero's rhetoric noted?

5. How does Plutarch claim that Demosthenes became the best orator of his time?

(see the answer keys)

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