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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is the difference Plutarch cites between the leaders that Dion and Brutus overthrew?
(a) Dion overthrew a king over a city, but Brutus overthrew the leader of a vast empire.
(b) Dion overthrew a king in his own castle, but Brutus overthrew a leader on the floor of the senate.
(c) Dion overthrew a popular king, but Brutus overthrew a despised tyrant.
(d) Dion overthrew an obvious tyrant, but there is no evidence that Caesar was a tyrant.
2. According to Plutarch, for what was Cicero's rhetoric noted?
(a) Sharp wit, constant joking, and sarcastic remarks.
(b) Planned and methodical logic.
(c) Somber and serious focus.
(d) Fiery emotion and revolutionary appeal.
3. How did Tiberius finally push his land reform law through the Senate, according to Plutarch?
(a) He used his rhetorical skills to influence the senate to support his land reform law.
(b) He imposed an edict preventing all magistrates from performing their functions until the law was passed.
(c) He incited the homeless soldiers to storm the senate and forse it to support the law.
(d) He influenced the praetorian guard to enforce the law in spite of it not passing the senate.
4. According to Plutarch, what was the purpose of the Greek alliances that Aratus helped to form?
(a) Mutual defense of the allied cities.
(b) To provide an empire for his ancestor's wealth.
(c) To establish a political base for his plans for power.
(d) Creating a great empire to challenge the Romans.
5. Where does Plutarch claim that Demosthenes was when he committed suicide to avoid capture by the Macedonians?
(a) On his way to the public baths.
(b) In his home in Athens.
(c) In the Athenian Assembly.
(d) A temple in Calauria.
6. How does Plutarch explain that Aratus finally end Nicocles' reign over Sicyon?
(a) He used his rhetorical skills to inspire the population to establish its own government.
(b) He conducted a military confrontation against the army of Sicyon.
(c) He led a revolution in Sicyon to overthrow all the tyrants.
(d) He conducted a covert insurrection and drove Nicocles from his house.
7. Who does Plutarch report was to be successor to Artaxerxes throne?
(a) His oldest son Darius.
(b) His second son, Arsames.
(c) His favorite son, Ariaspes.
(d) His scheming son, Ochus.
8. What did Plutarch claim that Caius had to overcome before he was elected to tribune?
(a) The hold that landowners had over the senate.
(b) His fear that the animosity for his brother still existed.
(c) False charges that he had been defiant to his authorities as a quaestor, that he had excited insurrections among allies, and had been involved in conspiracies.
(d) The unwillingness of the senate to release lands that were under its authority.
9. How does Plutarch claim that Demosthenes became the best orator of his time?
(a) By practicing long hours to develop a dramatic, persuasive style.
(b) He was trained in rhetorical arts by Aristotle.
(c) He had a natural flare that came naturally.
(d) He was an avid reader and often quoted from the ancient masters.
10. What did Plutarch identify as the primary difference between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" improved their virtue through generous education but "The Spartans" kept their virtue in a social environment that had corrupted others.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" tried to revert the Roman culture to its old ways, but "The Spartans" only tried moderate changes in the legal system.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" were wealthy landowners, but "The Spartans" gained their wealth through military exploits.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" were great warriors, but "The Spartans" were thinkers and politicians.
11. Who does Plutarch identify as the father of Aratus?
12. Who does Plutarch identify as predecessor to Galba as emperor of Rome?
13. Who does Plutarch claim led a successful conspiracy to murder Dion?
(b) His brother Thearides.
(c) His half brother Ochus.
(d) His friend, Callippus.
14. How does Plutarch explain the differences in the public acceptance with Demetrius' collection of wives and mistresses and Antony's affair with Cleopatra?
(a) The Spartans commonly practiced polygamy whereas monogamy was the standard in Rome.
(b) Demetrius married many women to leave many sons, Antony only pursued women to enhance his political status.
(c) Demetrius only married Spartan women, but Antony pursued women of many nationalities.
(d) Demetrius pursued both wealthy and common women, but Antony only pursued wealthy women.
15. What did Plutarch claim came of Caius after his death?
(a) His body was displayed by his enemies as a warning to his supporters.
(b) His body was found by his family and burned.
(c) His head was cut off and presented to Opimius as a gift.
(d) Romans felt regret for what had happened and erected a statue in his honor.
Short Answer Questions
1. What tyrannical Syracusan King does Plutarch report Dion served as he became wealthy?
2. Based upon the intended audience of the profile on Aratus, what does Plutarch establish as his focus?
3. What did Plutarch claim to be the main issue facing Tiberius after he was elected tribune of the people?
4. Which of the four being compared does Plutarch accuse of committing the crime of deposing a fellow elected official?
5. What does Plutarch claim Demosthenes did with his suicide?
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