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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Plutarch explain public anger both Dion and Brutus received for their stands against Dionysius II and Caesar respectively?
(a) The public was angry at Dion for leaving Syracuse after he overthrew Dionysius II, but it was angry at Brutus for not staying in Rome.
(b) The public was angry at Dion for opposing an effective leader, but it was angry at Brutus for not having a trial on Caesar's crimes.
(c) The public was angry at Dion for having allowed Dionysius II to escape, but the public was angry with Brutus for killing a popular leader.
(d) The public was angry at Dion for trying to take Dionysius II's throne, but it was angry at Brutus for turning away from the vacant throne.
2. According to Plutarch, what was the difference in political support between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" kept opposition in check with strong support from the plebes, but "The Spartans" won political challenges through forceful personalities.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" had strong support from leaders in the senate, but "The Spartans" got their support from military men.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" had their support from military men, but "The Spartans" were supported by the general public.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" were opposed by influential men of their day, but "The Spartans" were supported by history and the authority of one of the most important political leaders of Sparta.
3. How does Plutarch compare the motivations of rebelling between Dion and Brutus?
(a) Many thought Dion sought power for himself, but Brutus wanted only to serve Rome.
(b) Many supported Dion's revolution, but Brutus was opposed by the general public.
(c) Dion rebelled for the benefit of Syracusans, but Brutus wanted power.
(d) Dion rebelled against tyranny, but Brutus sought to restore the Roman Republic.
4. What does Plutarch claim Demosthenes did with his suicide?
(a) Cheated Antipater of the opportunity to publicly humiliate him.
(b) Satisfied his political opponents in the Athenian Assembly.
(c) Laughed to scorn the cruelty of Antipater.
(d) Caused great sorrow to the Greeks who marveled in his wisdom.
5. What did Plutarch claim came of Caius after his death?
(a) His body was found by his family and burned.
(b) His head was cut off and presented to Opimius as a gift.
(c) His body was displayed by his enemies as a warning to his supporters.
(d) Romans felt regret for what had happened and erected a statue in his honor.
6. How did Plutarch compare the deaths of "The Roman Brothers" to "The Spartans"?
(a) Plutarch believes both died nobly pursuing what they felt was the best for their people.
(b) Plutarch believes that "The Spartans" died more courageously than did "The Roman Brothers"?
(c) Plutarch believes that "The Roman" brothers died nobly defending their principles, but "The Spartans" died from an unwise pursuit of war.
(d) Plutarch's record of "The Spartans" death is the only one that is not violent, but he was impressed with how "The Roman Brothers" died in battle.
7. What does Plutarch report that Antony did after his first reaction the Assassination of Caesar?
(a) He delivered a speech that turned the Roman population against Brutus and Cassius.
(b) Began a civil war to punish Brutus and Cassius.
(c) Joined Octavius and Lepidus in a triumvirate.
(d) Organized a tribunal to judge the members of the conspiracy.
8. How did Ochus come to succeed Artaxerxes, according to Plutarch?
(a) He murdered his brother Arsames and drove his other brother Ariaspes to suicide.
(b) He bribed his father.
(c) He was the favorite of his mother.
(d) He avoided war, but his brothers died in war.
9. Based upon the intended audience of the profile on Aratus, what does Plutarch establish as his focus?
(a) The influence that ancestral examples can have on developing the character of children.
(b) The desire of other public figures to conduct themselves like Aratus.
(c) His personal similarity to the nobility of Aratus.
(d) The gratitude of the decendants of Aratus.
10. How was the Artaxerxes from Plutarch's "Lives" related to the first Artaxerxes to rule over Persia?
(a) He was a general who just happened to have the same name.
(b) He was a distant nephew whose family conspired to come into the line of the throne.
(c) He was the grandson to Artaxerxes through his mother, Parysatis.
(d) They were the same person.
11. Which of the four being compared does Plutarch accuse of committing the crime of deposing a fellow elected official?
12. What did Plutarch report to be the differences between Rome and Sparta at the time "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans" had their influence?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" lived at the time that Rome had risen to its greatest repute, but "The Spartans" lived when Sparta was sinking and debauched.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" lived as Rome was transitioning from a Republic to an Empire, but "The Spartans" lived as Sparta was coming to the end of extended captivity to Macedon.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" lived in a time of rebellion against Rome by its extended provinces, but "The Spartans" were part of a time of peace and industry.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" became part of a movement to unite the provinces of Rome, but "The Spartans" were fighting to free Sparta from Macedonian domination.
13. What does Plutarch record that Antony did in response to Brutus' and Cassius' assassination of Caesar?
(a) Joined their alliance so he could become part of the Roman power structure.
(b) Recommend them as governors for Roman provinces.
(c) Used the vacancy created by Caesar's death to attempt to fill a power vacuum.
(d) Started an immediate pursuit to execute them for their crimes.
14. What does Plutarch consider to be the difference between the reasons that Demosthenes and Cicero fled from the authorities?
(a) Demosthenes flight for speaking truth to power was more noble that Cicero's flight out of fear because he had insulted a powerful general.
(b) The bribery accusation from which Demosthenes fled was less honorable than Cicero's flight for opposing Caesar's son's rule.
(c) Demosthenes fled because his rhetoric made him the enemies of the powerful, but Cicero left for the humiliation of insulting his superiors.
(d) The call to war that brought Athenians to despise Demosthenes was more admirable than Cicero's flight because he made enemies of powerful leaders.
15. After the death of Tiberius, what did Plutarch report to be the first office to which his brother, Caius was elected?
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Plutarch, what was Artaxerxes' name before he became king?
2. Why does Plutarch consider Demetrius' death more dishonorable than Antony's?
3. Who does Plutarch identify as predecessor to Galba as emperor of Rome?
4. How did Plutarch characterize the differences in the changes in government "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans" sought to achieve?
5. Who did Plutarch identify as being responsible for opposing and turning back the legal and land reforms that were won by Caius as tribune?
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