Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did Plutarch report Darius did to prevent his ascension to Artaxerxes' throne?
(a) He was discovered in a conspiracy to kill Artaxerxes and was executed.
(b) He married a Spartan woman.
(c) He fled for Rome.
(d) He made himself a eunuch.

2. Why does Plutarch suggest that Dion was banished from Syracuse by the supporters of Dionysisus' son, Dionysisus II?
(a) They feared that he was plotting to take Dionysius II's throne.
(b) They feared he would have them killed.
(c) They feared the influence he was having against the Dionysius II use of tyrrany.
(d) They feared that he would rise above them in power.

3. According to Plutarch, what was the purpose of the Greek alliances that Aratus helped to form?
(a) To provide an empire for his ancestor's wealth.
(b) Mutual defense of the allied cities.
(c) Creating a great empire to challenge the Romans.
(d) To establish a political base for his plans for power.

4. According to Plutarch, what was Artaxerxes' name before he became king?
(a) Darius.
(b) Ariaspes.
(c) Ochus.
(d) Arsicas.

5. Why did Plutarch report Cyrus attempted to overthrow Artaxerxes?
(a) Because Cyrus knew he would have his mother's support.
(b) Because Artaxerxes' son, Darius, convinced him he would share power with him.
(c) Cyrus listened to factious men that voiced the opinion that the times and size of the Persian Empire required a leader with Cyrus' talents.
(d) Because the people of Persia could not support anymore wars.

6. For what does Plutarch claim Marcus Brutus is known?
(a) For being the illegitimate son of Caesar.
(b) Acting as one of the assassins of Caesar.
(c) For his role in the civil war with Pompey.
(d) For being the, "Noblest Roman of them all."

7. How did Tiberius finally push his land reform law through the Senate, according to Plutarch?
(a) He imposed an edict preventing all magistrates from performing their functions until the law was passed.
(b) He influenced the praetorian guard to enforce the law in spite of it not passing the senate.
(c) He incited the homeless soldiers to storm the senate and forse it to support the law.
(d) He used his rhetorical skills to influence the senate to support his land reform law.

8. Who did Plutarch identify as being responsible for opposing and turning back the legal and land reforms that were won by Caius as tribune?
(a) Opimius.
(b) Antony.
(c) Caius Laelius.
(d) Octavius.

9. Which of the four being compared does Plutarch accuse of committing the crime of deposing a fellow elected official?
(a) Agis.
(b) Caius.
(c) Tiberius.
(d) Cleomenes.

10. Who did Plutarch identify as the Senator that Brutus opposed, but joined in a civil war against Caesar?
(a) Crassus.
(b) Pompey.
(c) Sertorius.
(d) Cassius.

11. How did Plutarch compare the deaths of "The Roman Brothers" to "The Spartans"?
(a) Plutarch's record of "The Spartans" death is the only one that is not violent, but he was impressed with how "The Roman Brothers" died in battle.
(b) Plutarch believes that "The Spartans" died more courageously than did "The Roman Brothers"?
(c) Plutarch believes that "The Roman" brothers died nobly defending their principles, but "The Spartans" died from an unwise pursuit of war.
(d) Plutarch believes both died nobly pursuing what they felt was the best for their people.

12. Based upon the intended audience of the profile on Aratus, what does Plutarch establish as his focus?
(a) The gratitude of the decendants of Aratus.
(b) The influence that ancestral examples can have on developing the character of children.
(c) The desire of other public figures to conduct themselves like Aratus.
(d) His personal similarity to the nobility of Aratus.

13. How does Plutarch explain public anger both Dion and Brutus received for their stands against Dionysius II and Caesar respectively?
(a) The public was angry at Dion for opposing an effective leader, but it was angry at Brutus for not having a trial on Caesar's crimes.
(b) The public was angry at Dion for trying to take Dionysius II's throne, but it was angry at Brutus for turning away from the vacant throne.
(c) The public was angry at Dion for leaving Syracuse after he overthrew Dionysius II, but it was angry at Brutus for not staying in Rome.
(d) The public was angry at Dion for having allowed Dionysius II to escape, but the public was angry with Brutus for killing a popular leader.

14. Why did Plutarch claim that Tiberius was beaten to death on the Senate Floor?
(a) Because Octavius made a speech that associated Tiberius' actions with those who had ambitions to become king.
(b) Because homeless soldiers got tired of waiting for his success and stormed the senate floor and cornered Tiberius.
(c) Because landowners became frustrated by his persistence and decided to end it in the senate.
(d) Because the senate was convinced that he was involved in the conspiracy against Caesar by Antony.

15. What role did Antony eventually take in Rome, according to Plutarch, after Caesar's assassination?
(a) He became the lead diplomat to Egypt.
(b) He became one of Rome's most powerful generals.
(c) He became the consul of the senate.
(d) He took power with Lepidius and Octavian in a triumvirate similar to the one formed by Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Plutarch compare the motivations of rebelling between Dion and Brutus?

2. After the death of Tiberius, what did Plutarch report to be the first office to which his brother, Caius was elected?

3. What did Plutarch report as the difference in the affects on the homelands of "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?

4. What honor does Plutarch report this earned for Demetrius and Antigonus from the Athenians?

5. What political difference does Plutarch recognize between "The Spartans"?

(see the answer keys)

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