Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Plutarch, what lead to the death of Aratus' father?
(a) He was killed by a jealous magistrate wanting to take his power.
(b) He was chosen to as a magistrate over Sicyon as it tried to relieve itself from several tyrannies.
(c) He was killed after being exposed as leader of a conspiracy to overthrow a tyranny.
(d) He died in battle for Sicyon.

2. Why does Plutarch consider Demetrius' death more dishonorable than Antony's?
(a) Because Demetrius died fleeing from his own army.
(b) Because Demetrius died in captivity after a failed military adventure.
(c) Because Demetrius died after rebelling against his country.
(d) Because Demetrius died from alcoholism.

3. How did Ochus come to succeed Artaxerxes, according to Plutarch?
(a) He avoided war, but his brothers died in war.
(b) He murdered his brother Arsames and drove his other brother Ariaspes to suicide.
(c) He was the favorite of his mother.
(d) He bribed his father.

4. How does Plutarch compare the motivations of rebelling between Dion and Brutus?
(a) Many supported Dion's revolution, but Brutus was opposed by the general public.
(b) Dion rebelled for the benefit of Syracusans, but Brutus wanted power.
(c) Dion rebelled against tyranny, but Brutus sought to restore the Roman Republic.
(d) Many thought Dion sought power for himself, but Brutus wanted only to serve Rome.

5. What is the first difference that Plutarch found between Demetrius and Antony?
(a) Demetrius lived a restrained life, but Antony was a victim of his vices.
(b) Demetrius was born into a humble family, but Antony was born into wealth.
(c) Demetrius was a willing mercenary, but Antony fought only for the glory of Rome.
(d) Demetrius' father proved his power as a great battle general, but Antony's father was not a warrior.

6. How was the Artaxerxes from Plutarch's "Lives" related to the first Artaxerxes to rule over Persia?
(a) He was a distant nephew whose family conspired to come into the line of the throne.
(b) They were the same person.
(c) He was the grandson to Artaxerxes through his mother, Parysatis.
(d) He was a general who just happened to have the same name.

7. What is the difference Plutarch cites between the leaders that Dion and Brutus overthrew?
(a) Dion overthrew a popular king, but Brutus overthrew a despised tyrant.
(b) Dion overthrew a king in his own castle, but Brutus overthrew a leader on the floor of the senate.
(c) Dion overthrew an obvious tyrant, but there is no evidence that Caesar was a tyrant.
(d) Dion overthrew a king over a city, but Brutus overthrew the leader of a vast empire.

8. Where does Plutarch claim that Demosthenes was when he committed suicide to avoid capture by the Macedonians?
(a) In his home in Athens.
(b) On his way to the public baths.
(c) A temple in Calauria.
(d) In the Athenian Assembly.

9. Who did Brutus join in the successful assassination attempt against Caesar, according to Plutarch?
(a) Pompey.
(b) Crassus.
(c) Cassius.
(d) Antony.

10. How does Plutarch claim that Demosthenes became the best orator of his time?
(a) He had a natural flare that came naturally.
(b) He was trained in rhetorical arts by Aristotle.
(c) By practicing long hours to develop a dramatic, persuasive style.
(d) He was an avid reader and often quoted from the ancient masters.

11. What honor does Plutarch report this earned for Demetrius and Antigonus from the Athenians?
(a) They were given powerful positions in the Athenian Assembly.
(b) They were given a palace.
(c) They were named among the Athenian dieties.
(d) They were awarded with vineyards and gold.

12. What did Plutarch identify as the primary difference between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" were wealthy landowners, but "The Spartans" gained their wealth through military exploits.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" improved their virtue through generous education but "The Spartans" kept their virtue in a social environment that had corrupted others.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" were great warriors, but "The Spartans" were thinkers and politicians.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" tried to revert the Roman culture to its old ways, but "The Spartans" only tried moderate changes in the legal system.

13. What did Plutarch claim to be the differences in motivation between Demosthenes and Cicero?
(a) Demosthenes was motivated by inspiring Greeks to their past glory, but Cicero was driven by the desire for glory.
(b) Demosthenes was motivated by personal gain, but Cicero refused to take any gifts.
(c) Demosthenes was humble and generous, but Cicero was impulsive and greedy.
(d) Demosthenes sought glory and honor, but Cicero was motivated by personal gain.

14. For what does Plutarch claim Artaxerxes II was known?
(a) He was known as the Mindful.
(b) He was known for constructing ana alliance of Greeks and Macedonians.
(c) He was known for having one leg shorter than the other.
(d) He was known for his biting sarcastic rhetorical style.

15. Who does Plutarch identify as the father of Aratus?
(a) Abantidas.
(b) Timoclides.
(c) Cleon.
(d) Clinias.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who led a conspiracy to overthrow the Roman Government that Plutarch reports Cicero exposed in the Senate?

2. For what did Plutarch claim that Artaxerxes I of Persia was known?

3. How does Plutarch explain the differences in the public acceptance with Demetrius' collection of wives and mistresses and Antony's affair with Cleopatra?

4. With whom does Plutarch report that Cicero joined in a conspiracy with against the son of Caesar?

5. Who does Plutarch report was to be successor to Artaxerxes throne?

(see the answer keys)

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