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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who led a conspiracy to overthrow the Roman Government that Plutarch reports Cicero exposed in the Senate?
2. According to Plutarch, what was the difference in political support between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" had strong support from leaders in the senate, but "The Spartans" got their support from military men.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" kept opposition in check with strong support from the plebes, but "The Spartans" won political challenges through forceful personalities.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" were opposed by influential men of their day, but "The Spartans" were supported by history and the authority of one of the most important political leaders of Sparta.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" had their support from military men, but "The Spartans" were supported by the general public.
3. After Dion drove Donysius II from Syracuse, what does Plutarch claim came of his attempt to form a government?
(a) He was chased from the city by supporters of Dionysius II.
(b) He proved to be unable to implement his plans.
(c) A popular faction opposed his plans.
(d) He could not get leaders of factions to agree.
4. What did Plutarch identify as the primary difference between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" tried to revert the Roman culture to its old ways, but "The Spartans" only tried moderate changes in the legal system.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" were wealthy landowners, but "The Spartans" gained their wealth through military exploits.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" improved their virtue through generous education but "The Spartans" kept their virtue in a social environment that had corrupted others.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" were great warriors, but "The Spartans" were thinkers and politicians.
5. How was Cyrus' effort to overthrow Artaxerxes ended, according to Plutarch?
(a) Their mother demanded they stop.
(b) He saw his challenge was harmful to Persia and committed suicide.
(c) Cyrus was killed in a conspiracy led by Artaxerxes' son Darius.
(d) He died in battle, supposedly by a spear thrown by Artaxerxes.
6. After the death of Tiberius, what did Plutarch report to be the first office to which his brother, Caius was elected?
7. How did Plutarch characterize the differences in the changes in government "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans" sought to achieve?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" sought to restore Rome to its ancient Republic, whereas "The Spartans" sought internal improvements.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" sought to place all power in a king, but "The Spartans" sought democracy.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" worked to restore the principles of the Republic, whereas "The Spartans" attempted to rid Sparta of its Greek democratic influence.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" aimed at settling cities, mending highways, and recovering public lands whereas "The Spartans" sought to restore their city to its ancient state.
8. What did Plutarch claim that Caius had to overcome before he was elected to tribune?
(a) The hold that landowners had over the senate.
(b) His fear that the animosity for his brother still existed.
(c) The unwillingness of the senate to release lands that were under its authority.
(d) False charges that he had been defiant to his authorities as a quaestor, that he had excited insurrections among allies, and had been involved in conspiracies.
9. What tyrannical Syracusan King does Plutarch report Dion served as he became wealthy?
(b) Dionysius I.
(c) Dionysius II.
10. What affect does Plutarch claim Aratus' education and his father's death have on Aratus?
(a) He became suspicious and scheming.
(b) He became vengeful and rebellious.
(c) He chose to throw himself into his studies and ignore the problems of Sicyon.
(d) He cultivated a burning hatred of tyranny.
11. Who does Plutarch report was to be successor to Artaxerxes throne?
(a) His scheming son, Ochus.
(b) His oldest son Darius.
(c) His favorite son, Ariaspes.
(d) His second son, Arsames.
12. According to Plutarch, who prevented Cyrus from assassinating Artaxerxes at his inaugural ceremonies as king?
(a) Cyrus and Artaxerxes mother.
13. How did Plutarch claim Artaxerxes avoided a war with the Spartans?
(a) He navigated his troops around the Spartans until they became exhausted and depleted.
(b) He bribed the Greeks to declare war with the Spartans.
(c) He joined with Alexander who then routed the Spartans.
(d) He offered the Spartans half his kingdom.
14. How did Plutarch explain the tyrrant, Nicocles, rose to power?
(a) He assassinated Paseas.
(b) He took power from the other two members of a triumvirate.
(c) He inherited the position from his father.
(d) He invaded Sicyon and destroyed the leaders there.
15. What does Plutarch consider to be the difference between the reasons that Demosthenes and Cicero fled from the authorities?
(a) The call to war that brought Athenians to despise Demosthenes was more admirable than Cicero's flight because he made enemies of powerful leaders.
(b) The bribery accusation from which Demosthenes fled was less honorable than Cicero's flight for opposing Caesar's son's rule.
(c) Demosthenes fled because his rhetoric made him the enemies of the powerful, but Cicero left for the humiliation of insulting his superiors.
(d) Demosthenes flight for speaking truth to power was more noble that Cicero's flight out of fear because he had insulted a powerful general.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who did Plutarch report to be the first Roman official to try to take up the issue that confronted Tiberius after his election as tribune?
2. Why does Plutarch suggest that Dion was banished from Syracuse by the supporters of Dionysisus' son, Dionysisus II?
3. How did Tiberius finally push his land reform law through the Senate, according to Plutarch?
4. What is the reason Plutarch gives for Aratus deciding to make alliance with Philip of Macedon?
5. How does Plutarch claim that Demosthenes became the best orator of his time?
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