Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. After Dion drove Donysius II from Syracuse, what does Plutarch claim came of his attempt to form a government?
(a) He proved to be unable to implement his plans.
(b) He could not get leaders of factions to agree.
(c) He was chased from the city by supporters of Dionysius II.
(d) A popular faction opposed his plans.

2. According to Plutarch, what was Artaxerxes' name before he became king?
(a) Ariaspes.
(b) Arsicas.
(c) Darius.
(d) Ochus.

3. According to Plutarch, what lead to the death of Aratus' father?
(a) He died in battle for Sicyon.
(b) He was chosen to as a magistrate over Sicyon as it tried to relieve itself from several tyrannies.
(c) He was killed by a jealous magistrate wanting to take his power.
(d) He was killed after being exposed as leader of a conspiracy to overthrow a tyranny.

4. How does Plutarch explain the differences in the public acceptance with Demetrius' collection of wives and mistresses and Antony's affair with Cleopatra?
(a) Demetrius pursued both wealthy and common women, but Antony only pursued wealthy women.
(b) Demetrius married many women to leave many sons, Antony only pursued women to enhance his political status.
(c) Demetrius only married Spartan women, but Antony pursued women of many nationalities.
(d) The Spartans commonly practiced polygamy whereas monogamy was the standard in Rome.

5. What does Plutarch consider to be the difference in the military achievements between Dion and Brutus?
(a) Don was a better tactician, but Brutus was more courageous.
(b) Dion was the better general, but Brutus faced a more worthy opponent.
(c) Dion favored closed confrontations, but Brutus preferred fighting in open fields.
(d) Brutus was a better general, but Dion faced more worthy opponents.

6. With whom does Plutarch report that Cicero joined in a conspiracy with against the son of Caesar?
(a) Brutus and Cassius.
(b) Cataline and Darius.
(c) Antony and Lepidus.
(d) Pompey and Crassus.

7. Why does Plutarch suggest Nicocles was wary of Aratus?
(a) Because he had a reputation of being vengeful and rebellious.
(b) His character was highly regarded by exiles from Nicocles tyranny.
(c) Because he had a score to settle with the tyrants of Sicyon.
(d) Because he was known to be a scheming politician.

8. What Macedonian King did Plutarch claim regarded Aratus as a trusted adviser?
(a) Antigonus.
(b) Antipater.
(c) Philip.
(d) Alexander.

9. How does Plutarch compare the motivations of rebelling between Dion and Brutus?
(a) Dion rebelled for the benefit of Syracusans, but Brutus wanted power.
(b) Many thought Dion sought power for himself, but Brutus wanted only to serve Rome.
(c) Many supported Dion's revolution, but Brutus was opposed by the general public.
(d) Dion rebelled against tyranny, but Brutus sought to restore the Roman Republic.

10. What quote from Plato does Plutarch use to begin a criticism in his profiles of Demetrius and Antony?
(a) "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times."
(b) It is not great wonder if in long process of time, while fortune takes her course hither and thither, numerous coincidences should spontaneously occur."
(c) "Great natures produce great vices as well as virtues."
(d) "Whence it was that, men say, Simonides called Sparta "the tamer of men," because by early strictness of education, they became wise."

11. What did Plutarch claim came of Caius after his death?
(a) His head was cut off and presented to Opimius as a gift.
(b) His body was found by his family and burned.
(c) Romans felt regret for what had happened and erected a statue in his honor.
(d) His body was displayed by his enemies as a warning to his supporters.

12. How did Ochus come to succeed Artaxerxes, according to Plutarch?
(a) He bribed his father.
(b) He was the favorite of his mother.
(c) He avoided war, but his brothers died in war.
(d) He murdered his brother Arsames and drove his other brother Ariaspes to suicide.

13. Who did Plutarch identify as the Senator that Brutus opposed, but joined in a civil war against Caesar?
(a) Crassus.
(b) Pompey.
(c) Cassius.
(d) Sertorius.

14. How did Plutarch characterize the differences in the changes in government "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans" sought to achieve?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" aimed at settling cities, mending highways, and recovering public lands whereas "The Spartans" sought to restore their city to its ancient state.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" worked to restore the principles of the Republic, whereas "The Spartans" attempted to rid Sparta of its Greek democratic influence.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" sought to place all power in a king, but "The Spartans" sought democracy.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" sought to restore Rome to its ancient Republic, whereas "The Spartans" sought internal improvements.

15. What did Plutarch claim to be the main issue facing Tiberius after he was elected tribune of the people?
(a) Reforming the laws to even justice between the wealthy and the poor.
(b) Raising revenues through taxes to support Rome's many wars and Empire.
(c) Internal improvements to help Rome transport goods in and out of the cities of the empire.
(d) Land reform to restore property taken by the wealthy class while common landowners were fighting wars.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Plutarch record that Antony did in response to Brutus' and Cassius' assassination of Caesar?

2. Plutarch's tone in the profile of Aratus changes from his other reports. Why is this?

3. Where does Plutarch claim that Demosthenes was when he committed suicide to avoid capture by the Macedonians?

4. In the comparison of Tiberius and Caius Gracchus (henceforth identified here as "The Roman Brothers") with Agis and Cleomenes ("The Spartans"), how does Plutarch refer to Tiberius and Caius as a unit?

5. What tyrannical Syracusan King does Plutarch report Dion served as he became wealthy?

(see the answer keys)

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