Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the reason Plutarch gives for Aratus deciding to make alliance with Philip of Macedon?
(a) To prevent being attacked by Philip.
(b) To benefit from the empire Philip was building.
(c) To defend Greece from the Spartans.
(d) Cleomenes' victories over nearly all Achaean cities.

2. According to Plutarch, for what was Cicero's rhetoric noted?
(a) Sharp wit, constant joking, and sarcastic remarks.
(b) Somber and serious focus.
(c) Planned and methodical logic.
(d) Fiery emotion and revolutionary appeal.

3. Who was the Macedonian King from which Plutarch reported Demetrius and his father, Antigonus, freed Athens?
(a) Cassander.
(b) Alexander.
(c) Antipater.
(d) Philip.

4. What tyrannical Syracusan King does Plutarch report Dion served as he became wealthy?
(a) Dionysius I.
(b) Nicocles.
(c) Dionysius II.
(d) Sylla.

5. What did Plutarch identify as the primary difference between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" were wealthy landowners, but "The Spartans" gained their wealth through military exploits.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" improved their virtue through generous education but "The Spartans" kept their virtue in a social environment that had corrupted others.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" were great warriors, but "The Spartans" were thinkers and politicians.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" tried to revert the Roman culture to its old ways, but "The Spartans" only tried moderate changes in the legal system.

6. How does Plutarch explain that Aratus finally end Nicocles' reign over Sicyon?
(a) He conducted a military confrontation against the army of Sicyon.
(b) He led a revolution in Sicyon to overthrow all the tyrants.
(c) He conducted a covert insurrection and drove Nicocles from his house.
(d) He used his rhetorical skills to inspire the population to establish its own government.

7. According to Plutarch, what was the difference in political support between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" kept opposition in check with strong support from the plebes, but "The Spartans" won political challenges through forceful personalities.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" had their support from military men, but "The Spartans" were supported by the general public.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" were opposed by influential men of their day, but "The Spartans" were supported by history and the authority of one of the most important political leaders of Sparta.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" had strong support from leaders in the senate, but "The Spartans" got their support from military men.

8. With whom does Plutarch report that Cicero joined in a conspiracy with against the son of Caesar?
(a) Antony and Lepidus.
(b) Pompey and Crassus.
(c) Brutus and Cassius.
(d) Cataline and Darius.

9. Who did Plutarch identify as the Senator that Brutus opposed, but joined in a civil war against Caesar?
(a) Cassius.
(b) Pompey.
(c) Sertorius.
(d) Crassus.

10. What did Plutarch claim that Caius had to overcome before he was elected to tribune?
(a) The unwillingness of the senate to release lands that were under its authority.
(b) His fear that the animosity for his brother still existed.
(c) False charges that he had been defiant to his authorities as a quaestor, that he had excited insurrections among allies, and had been involved in conspiracies.
(d) The hold that landowners had over the senate.

11. What role did Antony eventually take in Rome, according to Plutarch, after Caesar's assassination?
(a) He took power with Lepidius and Octavian in a triumvirate similar to the one formed by Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus.
(b) He became the lead diplomat to Egypt.
(c) He became one of Rome's most powerful generals.
(d) He became the consul of the senate.

12. What does Plutarch record that Antony did in response to Brutus' and Cassius' assassination of Caesar?
(a) Used the vacancy created by Caesar's death to attempt to fill a power vacuum.
(b) Started an immediate pursuit to execute them for their crimes.
(c) Recommend them as governors for Roman provinces.
(d) Joined their alliance so he could become part of the Roman power structure.

13. For what did Plutarch claim that Artaxerxes I of Persia was known?
(a) For being a brutal tyrant.
(b) For being generous and patient.
(c) For overcoming Babylon at the height of its empire.
(d) For a gentle and noble spirit and his right hand being longer than his left hand.

14. What quote from Plato does Plutarch use to begin a criticism in his profiles of Demetrius and Antony?
(a) It is not great wonder if in long process of time, while fortune takes her course hither and thither, numerous coincidences should spontaneously occur."
(b) "Great natures produce great vices as well as virtues."
(c) "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times."
(d) "Whence it was that, men say, Simonides called Sparta "the tamer of men," because by early strictness of education, they became wise."

15. According to Plutarch, who prevented Cyrus from assassinating Artaxerxes at his inaugural ceremonies as king?
(a) Arsicas.
(b) Ochus.
(c) Cyrus and Artaxerxes mother.
(d) Ariaspes.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Plutarch compare the motivations of rebelling between Dion and Brutus?

2. According to Plutarch, what was Artaxerxes' name before he became king?

3. According to Plutarch, what lead to the death of Aratus' father?

4. How does Plutarch explain the differences in the public acceptance with Demetrius' collection of wives and mistresses and Antony's affair with Cleopatra?

5. How did Plutarch explain the difference between Tiberius and Caius when they delivered speeches?

(see the answer keys)

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