Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why did Plutarch claim Artaxerxes' mother favored Cyrus as king when Darius died?
(a) Because Cyrus was peaceful and Artaxerxes was a warrior.
(b) Because she had given birth to Cyrus after Darius had become king.
(c) Because Artaxerxes travelled on campaigns with his father, while Cyrus stayed and managed the home for his mother.
(d) Because Artaxerxes' mother became pregnant with him while Cyrus was married to another woman.

2. Who did Demetrius kill to take the throne of Macedon, according to Plutarch?
(a) .Cassander.
(b) Alexander, son of Cassander.
(c) Antipater.
(d) Alexander, son of Philip.

3. What is the reason Plutarch gives for Aratus deciding to make alliance with Philip of Macedon?
(a) Cleomenes' victories over nearly all Achaean cities.
(b) To benefit from the empire Philip was building.
(c) To defend Greece from the Spartans.
(d) To prevent being attacked by Philip.

4. Who did Plutarch identify as being responsible for opposing and turning back the legal and land reforms that were won by Caius as tribune?
(a) Antony.
(b) Opimius.
(c) Octavius.
(d) Caius Laelius.

5. What does Plutarch claim that Brutus' decision to betray Caesar prove?
(a) That he harbored resentment for his abandoning his mother after their affair.
(b) That he was ungrateful for the grace that Caesar extended to him after the civil war with Pompey.
(c) That he wanted the opportunity to rule Rome.
(d) That he was driven by principle and not emotion.

6. What tyrannical Syracusan King does Plutarch report Dion served as he became wealthy?
(a) Sylla.
(b) Dionysius I.
(c) Dionysius II.
(d) Nicocles.

7. How did Plutarch explain the difference between Tiberius and Caius when they delivered speeches?
(a) Tiberius was gentle and composed, and Caius was earnest and vehement.
(b) Tiberius was confrontational; Caius was diplomatic.
(c) Tiberius was rehearsed and serious; Caius was sarcastic and whimisical.
(d) Tiberius was verbose and theatrical; Caius was slow and methodical.

8. According to Plutarch, what was Artaxerxes' name before he became king?
(a) Darius.
(b) Ochus.
(c) Ariaspes.
(d) Arsicas.

9. Plutarch's tone in the profile of Aratus changes from his other reports. Why is this?
(a) Plutarch declares Aratus to be his most favored figure.
(b) Plutarch is a decendant of Aratus.
(c) Plutarch was commissioned by Aratus' decendants to write the history.
(d) It was written directly to a descendant of Aratus named Polycrates.

10. How does Plutarch explain public anger both Dion and Brutus received for their stands against Dionysius II and Caesar respectively?
(a) The public was angry at Dion for trying to take Dionysius II's throne, but it was angry at Brutus for turning away from the vacant throne.
(b) The public was angry at Dion for leaving Syracuse after he overthrew Dionysius II, but it was angry at Brutus for not staying in Rome.
(c) The public was angry at Dion for having allowed Dionysius II to escape, but the public was angry with Brutus for killing a popular leader.
(d) The public was angry at Dion for opposing an effective leader, but it was angry at Brutus for not having a trial on Caesar's crimes.

11. Which of the four being compared does Plutarch accuse of committing the crime of deposing a fellow elected official?
(a) Cleomenes.
(b) Agis.
(c) Tiberius.
(d) Caius.

12. What does Plutarch consider to be the difference in the military achievements between Dion and Brutus?
(a) Dion favored closed confrontations, but Brutus preferred fighting in open fields.
(b) Don was a better tactician, but Brutus was more courageous.
(c) Dion was the better general, but Brutus faced a more worthy opponent.
(d) Brutus was a better general, but Dion faced more worthy opponents.

13. What role did Antony eventually take in Rome, according to Plutarch, after Caesar's assassination?
(a) He became the lead diplomat to Egypt.
(b) He became one of Rome's most powerful generals.
(c) He became the consul of the senate.
(d) He took power with Lepidius and Octavian in a triumvirate similar to the one formed by Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus.

14. What did Plutarch claim that Caius had to overcome before he was elected to tribune?
(a) The hold that landowners had over the senate.
(b) The unwillingness of the senate to release lands that were under its authority.
(c) His fear that the animosity for his brother still existed.
(d) False charges that he had been defiant to his authorities as a quaestor, that he had excited insurrections among allies, and had been involved in conspiracies.

15. Why does Plutarch claim that Cicero's leading the execution of conspirators to overthrow Rome was controversial?
(a) Because Romans abhorred violence.
(b) Because they were done without a trial.
(c) Because the conspiracy involved Rome's most important generals.
(d) Because executions of failed conspirators was rare.

Short Answer Questions

1. With whom does Plutarch report that Cicero joined in a conspiracy with against the son of Caesar?

2. Where does Plutarch claim that Demosthenes was when he committed suicide to avoid capture by the Macedonians?

3. How did Plutarch characterize the differences in the changes in government "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans" sought to achieve?

4. What did Plutarch claim came of Caius after his death?

5. According to Plutarch, why was the issue still alive for Tiberius in spite of previous efforts to address the issue?

(see the answer keys)

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