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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. For what does Plutarch claim Artaxerxes II was known?
(a) He was known for having one leg shorter than the other.
(b) He was known as the Mindful.
(c) He was known for his biting sarcastic rhetorical style.
(d) He was known for constructing ana alliance of Greeks and Macedonians.
2. Who does Plutarch claim to be the three Macedonian Kings under whom Demosthenes lived?
(a) Philip, Alexander, and Antipater.
(b) Antipater, Philip III, Cassander.
(c) Alexander, Antipater, Philip III.
(d) Amyntas IV, Philip, Alexander.
3. How does Plutarch compare the motivations of rebelling between Dion and Brutus?
(a) Dion rebelled against tyranny, but Brutus sought to restore the Roman Republic.
(b) Dion rebelled for the benefit of Syracusans, but Brutus wanted power.
(c) Many supported Dion's revolution, but Brutus was opposed by the general public.
(d) Many thought Dion sought power for himself, but Brutus wanted only to serve Rome.
4. What does Plutarch report that Antony did after his first reaction the Assassination of Caesar?
(a) Organized a tribunal to judge the members of the conspiracy.
(b) Began a civil war to punish Brutus and Cassius.
(c) Joined Octavius and Lepidus in a triumvirate.
(d) He delivered a speech that turned the Roman population against Brutus and Cassius.
5. After Dion drove Donysius II from Syracuse, what does Plutarch claim came of his attempt to form a government?
(a) He could not get leaders of factions to agree.
(b) A popular faction opposed his plans.
(c) He proved to be unable to implement his plans.
(d) He was chased from the city by supporters of Dionysius II.
6. What does Plutarch claim Demosthenes did with his suicide?
(a) Caused great sorrow to the Greeks who marveled in his wisdom.
(b) Satisfied his political opponents in the Athenian Assembly.
(c) Laughed to scorn the cruelty of Antipater.
(d) Cheated Antipater of the opportunity to publicly humiliate him.
7. According to Plutarch, what was the difference in political support between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" kept opposition in check with strong support from the plebes, but "The Spartans" won political challenges through forceful personalities.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" had their support from military men, but "The Spartans" were supported by the general public.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" were opposed by influential men of their day, but "The Spartans" were supported by history and the authority of one of the most important political leaders of Sparta.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" had strong support from leaders in the senate, but "The Spartans" got their support from military men.
8. In the comparison of Tiberius and Caius Gracchus (henceforth identified here as "The Roman Brothers") with Agis and Cleomenes ("The Spartans"), how does Plutarch refer to Tiberius and Caius as a unit?
(a) Tiberius and Caius.
(b) Sons of Gracchus.
(c) The Gracchi.
(d) The Romans.
9. According to Plutarch, for what was Cicero's rhetoric noted?
(a) Sharp wit, constant joking, and sarcastic remarks.
(b) Planned and methodical logic.
(c) Fiery emotion and revolutionary appeal.
(d) Somber and serious focus.
10. Why does Plutarch claim that Cicero's leading the execution of conspirators to overthrow Rome was controversial?
(a) Because the conspiracy involved Rome's most important generals.
(b) Because executions of failed conspirators was rare.
(c) Because Romans abhorred violence.
(d) Because they were done without a trial.
11. Who does Plutarch report was to be successor to Artaxerxes throne?
(a) His oldest son Darius.
(b) His scheming son, Ochus.
(c) His second son, Arsames.
(d) His favorite son, Ariaspes.
12. What does Plutarch record that Antony did in response to Brutus' and Cassius' assassination of Caesar?
(a) Joined their alliance so he could become part of the Roman power structure.
(b) Started an immediate pursuit to execute them for their crimes.
(c) Recommend them as governors for Roman provinces.
(d) Used the vacancy created by Caesar's death to attempt to fill a power vacuum.
13. Who does Plutarch report to be the father of Tiberius and Caius Gracchus?
(a) Tiberius Gracchus I.
(b) Caius Gracchus I.
(d) Julius Caesar.
14. Why does Plutarch suggest Nicocles was wary of Aratus?
(a) His character was highly regarded by exiles from Nicocles tyranny.
(b) Because he was known to be a scheming politician.
(c) Because he had a reputation of being vengeful and rebellious.
(d) Because he had a score to settle with the tyrants of Sicyon.
15. What does Plutarch claim that Brutus' decision to betray Caesar prove?
(a) That he was ungrateful for the grace that Caesar extended to him after the civil war with Pompey.
(b) That he harbored resentment for his abandoning his mother after their affair.
(c) That he was driven by principle and not emotion.
(d) That he wanted the opportunity to rule Rome.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Plutarch claim to be the main issue facing Tiberius after he was elected tribune of the people?
2. What political difference does Plutarch recognize between "The Spartans"?
3. Where did Demosthenes encourage Greeks to resist the rule of Philip and Alexander, according to Plutarch?
4. What did Plutarch report as the difference in the affects on the homelands of "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
5. After the death of Tiberius, what did Plutarch report to be the first office to which his brother, Caius was elected?
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