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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did Plutarch claim to be the main issue facing Tiberius after he was elected tribune of the people?
(a) Raising revenues through taxes to support Rome's many wars and Empire.
(b) Land reform to restore property taken by the wealthy class while common landowners were fighting wars.
(c) Reforming the laws to even justice between the wealthy and the poor.
(d) Internal improvements to help Rome transport goods in and out of the cities of the empire.
2. For what does Plutarch claim Artaxerxes II was known?
(a) He was known as the Mindful.
(b) He was known for constructing ana alliance of Greeks and Macedonians.
(c) He was known for having one leg shorter than the other.
(d) He was known for his biting sarcastic rhetorical style.
3. What does Plutarch claim Demosthenes did with his suicide?
(a) Laughed to scorn the cruelty of Antipater.
(b) Satisfied his political opponents in the Athenian Assembly.
(c) Cheated Antipater of the opportunity to publicly humiliate him.
(d) Caused great sorrow to the Greeks who marveled in his wisdom.
4. Why does Plutarch consider Demetrius' death more dishonorable than Antony's?
(a) Because Demetrius died after rebelling against his country.
(b) Because Demetrius died fleeing from his own army.
(c) Because Demetrius died in captivity after a failed military adventure.
(d) Because Demetrius died from alcoholism.
5. What Macedonian King did Plutarch claim regarded Aratus as a trusted adviser?
6. How does Plutarch explain public anger both Dion and Brutus received for their stands against Dionysius II and Caesar respectively?
(a) The public was angry at Dion for trying to take Dionysius II's throne, but it was angry at Brutus for turning away from the vacant throne.
(b) The public was angry at Dion for leaving Syracuse after he overthrew Dionysius II, but it was angry at Brutus for not staying in Rome.
(c) The public was angry at Dion for having allowed Dionysius II to escape, but the public was angry with Brutus for killing a popular leader.
(d) The public was angry at Dion for opposing an effective leader, but it was angry at Brutus for not having a trial on Caesar's crimes.
7. What role did Antony eventually take in Rome, according to Plutarch, after Caesar's assassination?
(a) He became the consul of the senate.
(b) He became one of Rome's most powerful generals.
(c) He took power with Lepidius and Octavian in a triumvirate similar to the one formed by Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus.
(d) He became the lead diplomat to Egypt.
8. How does Plutarch report that Demosthenes and Cicero showed the differences in their personalities through their speeches?
(a) Demosthenes was trivial and lighthearted, but Cicero was somber and deliberate.
(b) Demosthenes loved to just and make fun of his opponents, but Cicero was serious and eloquent.
(c) Demosthenes was serious and eloquent, but Cicero loved to jest and make fun of his opponents.
(d) Demosthenes was somber and deliberte, but Cicero was trivial and lighthearted.
9. How does Plutarch explain the differences in the public acceptance with Demetrius' collection of wives and mistresses and Antony's affair with Cleopatra?
(a) Demetrius married many women to leave many sons, Antony only pursued women to enhance his political status.
(b) Demetrius pursued both wealthy and common women, but Antony only pursued wealthy women.
(c) Demetrius only married Spartan women, but Antony pursued women of many nationalities.
(d) The Spartans commonly practiced polygamy whereas monogamy was the standard in Rome.
10. According to Plutarch, why was the issue still alive for Tiberius in spite of previous efforts to address the issue?
(a) Cicero's sarcastic rhetorical style alienated more senators than it won over.
(b) Crassus' well known animosity for Caesar put his causes on the losing side in the senate.
(c) Scipio could not overcome the political influence of senators who had sold their votes to wealthy landowners.
(d) Caius Laelius folded under political pressure from men of authority.
11. According to Plutarch, who prevented Cyrus from assassinating Artaxerxes at his inaugural ceremonies as king?
(a) Cyrus and Artaxerxes mother.
12. What did Plutarch report as the difference in the affects on the homelands of "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" stabilized the government prior to its greatest empirical march, but "The Spartans" left the government stagnated and ineffectual.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" were responsible for the split of the Roman Empire, but "The Spartans" extended Sparta into India.
(c) The work of "The Roman Brothers" gave no addition to Rome's former greatness, but "The Spartans" helped Sparta exert power over all of Peloponnesus and restored the orderly rule of the sons of Hercules.
(d) The work of "The Roman Brothers" helped to expand the Roman Empire, but "The Spartans" led to an extended captivity to Macedon.
13. How does Plutarch compare the motivations of rebelling between Dion and Brutus?
(a) Many thought Dion sought power for himself, but Brutus wanted only to serve Rome.
(b) Dion rebelled for the benefit of Syracusans, but Brutus wanted power.
(c) Many supported Dion's revolution, but Brutus was opposed by the general public.
(d) Dion rebelled against tyranny, but Brutus sought to restore the Roman Republic.
14. Plutarch's tone in the profile of Aratus changes from his other reports. Why is this?
(a) It was written directly to a descendant of Aratus named Polycrates.
(b) Plutarch was commissioned by Aratus' decendants to write the history.
(c) Plutarch is a decendant of Aratus.
(d) Plutarch declares Aratus to be his most favored figure.
15. According to Plutarch, for what was Cicero's rhetoric noted?
(a) Fiery emotion and revolutionary appeal.
(b) Planned and methodical logic.
(c) Sharp wit, constant joking, and sarcastic remarks.
(d) Somber and serious focus.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did Plutarch claim that Tiberius was beaten to death on the Senate Floor?
2. Who does Plutarch identify as the father of Aratus?
3. Who did Demetrius kill to take the throne of Macedon, according to Plutarch?
4. What did Plutarch identify as the primary difference between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
5. Who did Brutus join in the successful assassination attempt against Caesar, according to Plutarch?
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