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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did Plutarch claim to be the main issue facing Tiberius after he was elected tribune of the people?
(a) Internal improvements to help Rome transport goods in and out of the cities of the empire.
(b) Land reform to restore property taken by the wealthy class while common landowners were fighting wars.
(c) Reforming the laws to even justice between the wealthy and the poor.
(d) Raising revenues through taxes to support Rome's many wars and Empire.
2. How does Plutarch explain public anger both Dion and Brutus received for their stands against Dionysius II and Caesar respectively?
(a) The public was angry at Dion for trying to take Dionysius II's throne, but it was angry at Brutus for turning away from the vacant throne.
(b) The public was angry at Dion for opposing an effective leader, but it was angry at Brutus for not having a trial on Caesar's crimes.
(c) The public was angry at Dion for leaving Syracuse after he overthrew Dionysius II, but it was angry at Brutus for not staying in Rome.
(d) The public was angry at Dion for having allowed Dionysius II to escape, but the public was angry with Brutus for killing a popular leader.
3. According to Plutarch, for what was Cicero's rhetoric noted?
(a) Planned and methodical logic.
(b) Somber and serious focus.
(c) Sharp wit, constant joking, and sarcastic remarks.
(d) Fiery emotion and revolutionary appeal.
4. Who did wealthy land owners influence from the Senate to oppose Tiberius' efforts at land reform, according to Plutarch?
(a) Octavius Caesar, who was son of Caesar.
(b) Caius Mancinus, who was a consul of bad reputation.
(c) Marcus Brutus, who opposed Caesars attempts to spread the wealth from captured cities.
(d) Marcus Octavius, who was considered to be a friend of Tiberius.
5. What did Plutarch claim to be the differences in motivation between Demosthenes and Cicero?
(a) Demosthenes was humble and generous, but Cicero was impulsive and greedy.
(b) Demosthenes sought glory and honor, but Cicero was motivated by personal gain.
(c) Demosthenes was motivated by inspiring Greeks to their past glory, but Cicero was driven by the desire for glory.
(d) Demosthenes was motivated by personal gain, but Cicero refused to take any gifts.
6. Who led a conspiracy to overthrow the Roman Government that Plutarch reports Cicero exposed in the Senate?
7. What does Plutarch report that Antony did after his first reaction the Assassination of Caesar?
(a) He delivered a speech that turned the Roman population against Brutus and Cassius.
(b) Joined Octavius and Lepidus in a triumvirate.
(c) Organized a tribunal to judge the members of the conspiracy.
(d) Began a civil war to punish Brutus and Cassius.
8. What did Plutarch claim that Caius had to overcome before he was elected to tribune?
(a) False charges that he had been defiant to his authorities as a quaestor, that he had excited insurrections among allies, and had been involved in conspiracies.
(b) His fear that the animosity for his brother still existed.
(c) The hold that landowners had over the senate.
(d) The unwillingness of the senate to release lands that were under its authority.
9. What does Plutarch claim Demosthenes did with his suicide?
(a) Satisfied his political opponents in the Athenian Assembly.
(b) Cheated Antipater of the opportunity to publicly humiliate him.
(c) Laughed to scorn the cruelty of Antipater.
(d) Caused great sorrow to the Greeks who marveled in his wisdom.
10. Why did Plutarch claim that Tiberius was beaten to death on the Senate Floor?
(a) Because the senate was convinced that he was involved in the conspiracy against Caesar by Antony.
(b) Because homeless soldiers got tired of waiting for his success and stormed the senate floor and cornered Tiberius.
(c) Because landowners became frustrated by his persistence and decided to end it in the senate.
(d) Because Octavius made a speech that associated Tiberius' actions with those who had ambitions to become king.
11. What quote from Plato does Plutarch use to begin a criticism in his profiles of Demetrius and Antony?
(a) "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times."
(b) It is not great wonder if in long process of time, while fortune takes her course hither and thither, numerous coincidences should spontaneously occur."
(c) "Whence it was that, men say, Simonides called Sparta "the tamer of men," because by early strictness of education, they became wise."
(d) "Great natures produce great vices as well as virtues."
12. What is the reason Plutarch gives for Aratus deciding to make alliance with Philip of Macedon?
(a) To defend Greece from the Spartans.
(b) To prevent being attacked by Philip.
(c) Cleomenes' victories over nearly all Achaean cities.
(d) To benefit from the empire Philip was building.
13. How did Ochus come to succeed Artaxerxes, according to Plutarch?
(a) He murdered his brother Arsames and drove his other brother Ariaspes to suicide.
(b) He was the favorite of his mother.
(c) He avoided war, but his brothers died in war.
(d) He bribed his father.
14. Why does Plutarch suggest that Dion was banished from Syracuse by the supporters of Dionysisus' son, Dionysisus II?
(a) They feared that he was plotting to take Dionysius II's throne.
(b) They feared he would have them killed.
(c) They feared that he would rise above them in power.
(d) They feared the influence he was having against the Dionysius II use of tyrrany.
15. Who does Plutarch claim led a successful conspiracy to murder Dion?
(a) His friend, Callippus.
(c) His brother Thearides.
(d) His half brother Ochus.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Plutarch claim came of Caius after his death?
2. After Dion drove Donysius II from Syracuse, what does Plutarch claim came of his attempt to form a government?
3. Who did Plutarch identify as the Senator that Brutus opposed, but joined in a civil war against Caesar?
4. What does Plutarch consider to be the difference between the reasons that Demosthenes and Cicero fled from the authorities?
5. Who does Plutarch identify as the father of Aratus?
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