|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Plutarch record that Antony did in response to Brutus' and Cassius' assassination of Caesar?
(a) Used the vacancy created by Caesar's death to attempt to fill a power vacuum.
(b) Joined their alliance so he could become part of the Roman power structure.
(c) Started an immediate pursuit to execute them for their crimes.
(d) Recommend them as governors for Roman provinces.
2. Where does Plutarch claim that Demosthenes was when he committed suicide to avoid capture by the Macedonians?
(a) On his way to the public baths.
(b) In the Athenian Assembly.
(c) In his home in Athens.
(d) A temple in Calauria.
3. Why does Plutarch claim that Cicero's leading the execution of conspirators to overthrow Rome was controversial?
(a) Because executions of failed conspirators was rare.
(b) Because they were done without a trial.
(c) Because the conspiracy involved Rome's most important generals.
(d) Because Romans abhorred violence.
4. How did Plutarch explain the difference between Tiberius and Caius when they delivered speeches?
(a) Tiberius was verbose and theatrical; Caius was slow and methodical.
(b) Tiberius was confrontational; Caius was diplomatic.
(c) Tiberius was rehearsed and serious; Caius was sarcastic and whimisical.
(d) Tiberius was gentle and composed, and Caius was earnest and vehement.
5. Plutarch's tone in the profile of Aratus changes from his other reports. Why is this?
(a) Plutarch declares Aratus to be his most favored figure.
(b) Plutarch was commissioned by Aratus' decendants to write the history.
(c) It was written directly to a descendant of Aratus named Polycrates.
(d) Plutarch is a decendant of Aratus.
6. Why did Plutarch report Cyrus attempted to overthrow Artaxerxes?
(a) Because Cyrus knew he would have his mother's support.
(b) Because Artaxerxes' son, Darius, convinced him he would share power with him.
(c) Cyrus listened to factious men that voiced the opinion that the times and size of the Persian Empire required a leader with Cyrus' talents.
(d) Because the people of Persia could not support anymore wars.
7. How does Plutarch explain the differences in the public acceptance with Demetrius' collection of wives and mistresses and Antony's affair with Cleopatra?
(a) Demetrius pursued both wealthy and common women, but Antony only pursued wealthy women.
(b) Demetrius only married Spartan women, but Antony pursued women of many nationalities.
(c) Demetrius married many women to leave many sons, Antony only pursued women to enhance his political status.
(d) The Spartans commonly practiced polygamy whereas monogamy was the standard in Rome.
8. Who led a conspiracy to overthrow the Roman Government that Plutarch reports Cicero exposed in the Senate?
9. Who did Plutarch identify as the Senator that Brutus opposed, but joined in a civil war against Caesar?
10. Why does Plutarch suggest Nicocles was wary of Aratus?
(a) Because he had a score to settle with the tyrants of Sicyon.
(b) Because he had a reputation of being vengeful and rebellious.
(c) His character was highly regarded by exiles from Nicocles tyranny.
(d) Because he was known to be a scheming politician.
11. What did Plutarch claim that Caius had to overcome before he was elected to tribune?
(a) False charges that he had been defiant to his authorities as a quaestor, that he had excited insurrections among allies, and had been involved in conspiracies.
(b) The hold that landowners had over the senate.
(c) His fear that the animosity for his brother still existed.
(d) The unwillingness of the senate to release lands that were under its authority.
12. Who does Plutarch claim led a successful conspiracy to murder Dion?
(b) His friend, Callippus.
(c) His brother Thearides.
(d) His half brother Ochus.
13. According to Plutarch, what was the difference in political support between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" had their support from military men, but "The Spartans" were supported by the general public.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" had strong support from leaders in the senate, but "The Spartans" got their support from military men.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" kept opposition in check with strong support from the plebes, but "The Spartans" won political challenges through forceful personalities.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" were opposed by influential men of their day, but "The Spartans" were supported by history and the authority of one of the most important political leaders of Sparta.
14. How was the Artaxerxes from Plutarch's "Lives" related to the first Artaxerxes to rule over Persia?
(a) He was the grandson to Artaxerxes through his mother, Parysatis.
(b) He was a general who just happened to have the same name.
(c) They were the same person.
(d) He was a distant nephew whose family conspired to come into the line of the throne.
15. According to Plutarch, for what was Cicero's rhetoric noted?
(a) Planned and methodical logic.
(b) Sharp wit, constant joking, and sarcastic remarks.
(c) Somber and serious focus.
(d) Fiery emotion and revolutionary appeal.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the difference Plutarch cites between the leaders that Dion and Brutus overthrew?
2. Based upon the intended audience of the profile on Aratus, what does Plutarch establish as his focus?
3. After Dion drove Donysius II from Syracuse, what does Plutarch claim came of his attempt to form a government?
4. How did Plutarch compare the deaths of "The Roman Brothers" to "The Spartans"?
5. How does Plutarch claim Demetrius fell into disfavor with the Athenians?
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