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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Plutarch, what lead to the death of Aratus' father?
(a) He was chosen to as a magistrate over Sicyon as it tried to relieve itself from several tyrannies.
(b) He died in battle for Sicyon.
(c) He was killed by a jealous magistrate wanting to take his power.
(d) He was killed after being exposed as leader of a conspiracy to overthrow a tyranny.
2. After the death of Tiberius, what did Plutarch report to be the first office to which his brother, Caius was elected?
3. What is the first difference that Plutarch found between Demetrius and Antony?
(a) Demetrius was born into a humble family, but Antony was born into wealth.
(b) Demetrius' father proved his power as a great battle general, but Antony's father was not a warrior.
(c) Demetrius was a willing mercenary, but Antony fought only for the glory of Rome.
(d) Demetrius lived a restrained life, but Antony was a victim of his vices.
4. How did Plutarch explain the difference between Tiberius and Caius when they delivered speeches?
(a) Tiberius was verbose and theatrical; Caius was slow and methodical.
(b) Tiberius was gentle and composed, and Caius was earnest and vehement.
(c) Tiberius was confrontational; Caius was diplomatic.
(d) Tiberius was rehearsed and serious; Caius was sarcastic and whimisical.
5. What does Plutarch report led to Antony's suicide at the threat of being defeated by Octavian?
(a) He was cornered with the co-conspirators of Caesar.
(b) He sided with Lepidus in a civil war against Octavian.
(c) He began a civil war with Ocavian and Lepidus in an effort to take total power of Rome.
(d) His love affair with Queen Cleopatra of Egypt and his defense of Egypt against Octavian.
6. According to Plutarch, what was the purpose of the Greek alliances that Aratus helped to form?
(a) To establish a political base for his plans for power.
(b) Creating a great empire to challenge the Romans.
(c) Mutual defense of the allied cities.
(d) To provide an empire for his ancestor's wealth.
7. Who does Plutarch report to be the father of Tiberius and Caius Gracchus?
(a) Julius Caesar.
(b) Tiberius Gracchus I.
(c) Caius Gracchus I.
8. According to Plutarch, what was the difference in political support between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" kept opposition in check with strong support from the plebes, but "The Spartans" won political challenges through forceful personalities.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" had strong support from leaders in the senate, but "The Spartans" got their support from military men.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" were opposed by influential men of their day, but "The Spartans" were supported by history and the authority of one of the most important political leaders of Sparta.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" had their support from military men, but "The Spartans" were supported by the general public.
9. What tyrannical Syracusan King does Plutarch report Dion served as he became wealthy?
(a) Dionysius I.
(c) Dionysius II.
10. What did Plutarch claim that Caius had to overcome before he was elected to tribune?
(a) False charges that he had been defiant to his authorities as a quaestor, that he had excited insurrections among allies, and had been involved in conspiracies.
(b) His fear that the animosity for his brother still existed.
(c) The unwillingness of the senate to release lands that were under its authority.
(d) The hold that landowners had over the senate.
11. Why does Plutarch suggest Nicocles was wary of Aratus?
(a) Because he had a reputation of being vengeful and rebellious.
(b) Because he was known to be a scheming politician.
(c) His character was highly regarded by exiles from Nicocles tyranny.
(d) Because he had a score to settle with the tyrants of Sicyon.
12. What did Plutarch report as the difference in the affects on the homelands of "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" stabilized the government prior to its greatest empirical march, but "The Spartans" left the government stagnated and ineffectual.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" were responsible for the split of the Roman Empire, but "The Spartans" extended Sparta into India.
(c) The work of "The Roman Brothers" helped to expand the Roman Empire, but "The Spartans" led to an extended captivity to Macedon.
(d) The work of "The Roman Brothers" gave no addition to Rome's former greatness, but "The Spartans" helped Sparta exert power over all of Peloponnesus and restored the orderly rule of the sons of Hercules.
13. For what did Plutarch claim that Artaxerxes I of Persia was known?
(a) For a gentle and noble spirit and his right hand being longer than his left hand.
(b) For overcoming Babylon at the height of its empire.
(c) For being a brutal tyrant.
(d) For being generous and patient.
14. Who led a conspiracy to overthrow the Roman Government that Plutarch reports Cicero exposed in the Senate?
15. Plutarch's tone in the profile of Aratus changes from his other reports. Why is this?
(a) Plutarch declares Aratus to be his most favored figure.
(b) It was written directly to a descendant of Aratus named Polycrates.
(c) Plutarch is a decendant of Aratus.
(d) Plutarch was commissioned by Aratus' decendants to write the history.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Plutarch, for what was Cicero's rhetoric noted?
2. Who was the Macedonian King from which Plutarch reported Demetrius and his father, Antigonus, freed Athens?
3. For what does Plutarch claim Marcus Brutus is known?
4. What does Plutarch claim that Brutus' decision to betray Caesar prove?
5. Why does Plutarch claim that Cicero's leading the execution of conspirators to overthrow Rome was controversial?
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