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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did Plutarch explain the tyrrant, Nicocles, rose to power?
(a) He invaded Sicyon and destroyed the leaders there.
(b) He assassinated Paseas.
(c) He took power from the other two members of a triumvirate.
(d) He inherited the position from his father.
2. What does Plutarch report that Antony did after his first reaction the Assassination of Caesar?
(a) Began a civil war to punish Brutus and Cassius.
(b) He delivered a speech that turned the Roman population against Brutus and Cassius.
(c) Organized a tribunal to judge the members of the conspiracy.
(d) Joined Octavius and Lepidus in a triumvirate.
3. Who does Plutarch identify as the father of Aratus?
4. According to Plutarch, what was the difference in political support between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" kept opposition in check with strong support from the plebes, but "The Spartans" won political challenges through forceful personalities.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" had strong support from leaders in the senate, but "The Spartans" got their support from military men.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" had their support from military men, but "The Spartans" were supported by the general public.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" were opposed by influential men of their day, but "The Spartans" were supported by history and the authority of one of the most important political leaders of Sparta.
5. Who did wealthy land owners influence from the Senate to oppose Tiberius' efforts at land reform, according to Plutarch?
(a) Marcus Octavius, who was considered to be a friend of Tiberius.
(b) Caius Mancinus, who was a consul of bad reputation.
(c) Marcus Brutus, who opposed Caesars attempts to spread the wealth from captured cities.
(d) Octavius Caesar, who was son of Caesar.
6. What does Plutarch identify as the difference in the characters between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" aspired to despotic power, but "The Spartans had a desire for glory and honors.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" had a desire to strengthen the systems of the Senate, but "The Spartans" sought to place all power in a single king.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" had a desire for glory and honors, but "The Spartans" loved contests and aspired to despotic power.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" sought to serve the Romans, but "The Spartans" sought to inspire revolution against Sparta's kings.
7. What did Plutarch claim that Caius had to overcome before he was elected to tribune?
(a) The unwillingness of the senate to release lands that were under its authority.
(b) The hold that landowners had over the senate.
(c) False charges that he had been defiant to his authorities as a quaestor, that he had excited insurrections among allies, and had been involved in conspiracies.
(d) His fear that the animosity for his brother still existed.
8. Why did Plutarch claim that Tiberius was beaten to death on the Senate Floor?
(a) Because landowners became frustrated by his persistence and decided to end it in the senate.
(b) Because the senate was convinced that he was involved in the conspiracy against Caesar by Antony.
(c) Because homeless soldiers got tired of waiting for his success and stormed the senate floor and cornered Tiberius.
(d) Because Octavius made a speech that associated Tiberius' actions with those who had ambitions to become king.
9. What Macedonian King did Plutarch claim regarded Aratus as a trusted adviser?
10. How does Plutarch explain that Aratus finally end Nicocles' reign over Sicyon?
(a) He led a revolution in Sicyon to overthrow all the tyrants.
(b) He used his rhetorical skills to inspire the population to establish its own government.
(c) He conducted a military confrontation against the army of Sicyon.
(d) He conducted a covert insurrection and drove Nicocles from his house.
11. In the comparison of Tiberius and Caius Gracchus (henceforth identified here as "The Roman Brothers") with Agis and Cleomenes ("The Spartans"), how does Plutarch refer to Tiberius and Caius as a unit?
(a) The Gracchi.
(b) Sons of Gracchus.
(c) The Romans.
(d) Tiberius and Caius.
12. What is the difference Plutarch cites between the leaders that Dion and Brutus overthrew?
(a) Dion overthrew a king over a city, but Brutus overthrew the leader of a vast empire.
(b) Dion overthrew a popular king, but Brutus overthrew a despised tyrant.
(c) Dion overthrew a king in his own castle, but Brutus overthrew a leader on the floor of the senate.
(d) Dion overthrew an obvious tyrant, but there is no evidence that Caesar was a tyrant.
13. How does Plutarch report that Demosthenes and Cicero showed the differences in their personalities through their speeches?
(a) Demosthenes was somber and deliberte, but Cicero was trivial and lighthearted.
(b) Demosthenes was trivial and lighthearted, but Cicero was somber and deliberate.
(c) Demosthenes loved to just and make fun of his opponents, but Cicero was serious and eloquent.
(d) Demosthenes was serious and eloquent, but Cicero loved to jest and make fun of his opponents.
14. Which one of the four being compared does Plutarch report had no great action worthy of a commander?
15. What tyrannical Syracusan King does Plutarch report Dion served as he became wealthy?
(a) Dionysius II.
(d) Dionysius I.
Short Answer Questions
1. For what did Plutarch claim that Artaxerxes I of Persia was known?
2. What does Plutarch consider to be the difference in the military achievements between Dion and Brutus?
3. What does Plutarch record that Antony did in response to Brutus' and Cassius' assassination of Caesar?
4. Which of the four being compared does Plutarch accuse of committing the crime of deposing a fellow elected official?
5. Who was the Macedonian King from which Plutarch reported Demetrius and his father, Antigonus, freed Athens?
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