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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did Plutarch characterize the differences in the changes in government "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans" sought to achieve?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" aimed at settling cities, mending highways, and recovering public lands whereas "The Spartans" sought to restore their city to its ancient state.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" worked to restore the principles of the Republic, whereas "The Spartans" attempted to rid Sparta of its Greek democratic influence.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" sought to place all power in a king, but "The Spartans" sought democracy.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" sought to restore Rome to its ancient Republic, whereas "The Spartans" sought internal improvements.
2. Who does Plutarch identify as predecessor to Galba as emperor of Rome?
3. How does Plutarch compare the motivations of rebelling between Dion and Brutus?
(a) Dion rebelled for the benefit of Syracusans, but Brutus wanted power.
(b) Dion rebelled against tyranny, but Brutus sought to restore the Roman Republic.
(c) Many thought Dion sought power for himself, but Brutus wanted only to serve Rome.
(d) Many supported Dion's revolution, but Brutus was opposed by the general public.
4. Who does Plutarch report to be the father of Tiberius and Caius Gracchus?
(a) Tiberius Gracchus I.
(c) Caius Gracchus I.
(d) Julius Caesar.
5. For what does Plutarch claim Artaxerxes II was known?
(a) He was known for having one leg shorter than the other.
(b) He was known for constructing ana alliance of Greeks and Macedonians.
(c) He was known for his biting sarcastic rhetorical style.
(d) He was known as the Mindful.
6. Why does Plutarch suggest Nicocles was wary of Aratus?
(a) His character was highly regarded by exiles from Nicocles tyranny.
(b) Because he was known to be a scheming politician.
(c) Because he had a reputation of being vengeful and rebellious.
(d) Because he had a score to settle with the tyrants of Sicyon.
7. How does Plutarch report that Demosthenes and Cicero showed the differences in their personalities through their speeches?
(a) Demosthenes was somber and deliberte, but Cicero was trivial and lighthearted.
(b) Demosthenes was serious and eloquent, but Cicero loved to jest and make fun of his opponents.
(c) Demosthenes loved to just and make fun of his opponents, but Cicero was serious and eloquent.
(d) Demosthenes was trivial and lighthearted, but Cicero was somber and deliberate.
8. What honor does Plutarch report this earned for Demetrius and Antigonus from the Athenians?
(a) They were given powerful positions in the Athenian Assembly.
(b) They were awarded with vineyards and gold.
(c) They were given a palace.
(d) They were named among the Athenian dieties.
9. What does Plutarch record that Antony did in response to Brutus' and Cassius' assassination of Caesar?
(a) Used the vacancy created by Caesar's death to attempt to fill a power vacuum.
(b) Joined their alliance so he could become part of the Roman power structure.
(c) Recommend them as governors for Roman provinces.
(d) Started an immediate pursuit to execute them for their crimes.
10. What does Plutarch consider to be the difference between the reasons that Demosthenes and Cicero fled from the authorities?
(a) Demosthenes fled because his rhetoric made him the enemies of the powerful, but Cicero left for the humiliation of insulting his superiors.
(b) The bribery accusation from which Demosthenes fled was less honorable than Cicero's flight for opposing Caesar's son's rule.
(c) Demosthenes flight for speaking truth to power was more noble that Cicero's flight out of fear because he had insulted a powerful general.
(d) The call to war that brought Athenians to despise Demosthenes was more admirable than Cicero's flight because he made enemies of powerful leaders.
11. Why did Antigonus' son, Philip, kill Aratus, according to Plutarch?
(a) He saw Aratus as a threat to his power.
(b) He had an affair with Aratus' wife while Aratus was fighting for him in battle.
(c) He wanted to rule over Aratus' Greek alliance.
(d) He became resentful of Aratus.
12. Who did Plutarch identify as the Senator that Brutus opposed, but joined in a civil war against Caesar?
13. What did Plutarch report to be the differences between Rome and Sparta at the time "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans" had their influence?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" lived as Rome was transitioning from a Republic to an Empire, but "The Spartans" lived as Sparta was coming to the end of extended captivity to Macedon.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" became part of a movement to unite the provinces of Rome, but "The Spartans" were fighting to free Sparta from Macedonian domination.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" lived in a time of rebellion against Rome by its extended provinces, but "The Spartans" were part of a time of peace and industry.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" lived at the time that Rome had risen to its greatest repute, but "The Spartans" lived when Sparta was sinking and debauched.
14. What did Plutarch identify as the primary difference between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" were wealthy landowners, but "The Spartans" gained their wealth through military exploits.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" improved their virtue through generous education but "The Spartans" kept their virtue in a social environment that had corrupted others.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" were great warriors, but "The Spartans" were thinkers and politicians.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" tried to revert the Roman culture to its old ways, but "The Spartans" only tried moderate changes in the legal system.
15. Which one of the four being compared does Plutarch report had no great action worthy of a commander?
Short Answer Questions
1. Who does Plutarch claim led a successful conspiracy to murder Dion?
2. According to Plutarch, what lead to the death of Aratus' father?
3. How was the Artaxerxes from Plutarch's "Lives" related to the first Artaxerxes to rule over Persia?
4. Where did Demosthenes encourage Greeks to resist the rule of Philip and Alexander, according to Plutarch?
5. After the death of Tiberius, what did Plutarch report to be the first office to which his brother, Caius was elected?
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