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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does Plutarch suggest that Dion was banished from Syracuse by the supporters of Dionysisus' son, Dionysisus II?
(a) They feared he would have them killed.
(b) They feared the influence he was having against the Dionysius II use of tyrrany.
(c) They feared that he would rise above them in power.
(d) They feared that he was plotting to take Dionysius II's throne.
2. Who was the Macedonian King from which Plutarch reported Demetrius and his father, Antigonus, freed Athens?
3. How does Plutarch explain the differences in the public acceptance with Demetrius' collection of wives and mistresses and Antony's affair with Cleopatra?
(a) The Spartans commonly practiced polygamy whereas monogamy was the standard in Rome.
(b) Demetrius married many women to leave many sons, Antony only pursued women to enhance his political status.
(c) Demetrius pursued both wealthy and common women, but Antony only pursued wealthy women.
(d) Demetrius only married Spartan women, but Antony pursued women of many nationalities.
4. What is the difference Plutarch cites between the leaders that Dion and Brutus overthrew?
(a) Dion overthrew a king in his own castle, but Brutus overthrew a leader on the floor of the senate.
(b) Dion overthrew a king over a city, but Brutus overthrew the leader of a vast empire.
(c) Dion overthrew an obvious tyrant, but there is no evidence that Caesar was a tyrant.
(d) Dion overthrew a popular king, but Brutus overthrew a despised tyrant.
5. How was the Artaxerxes from Plutarch's "Lives" related to the first Artaxerxes to rule over Persia?
(a) They were the same person.
(b) He was the grandson to Artaxerxes through his mother, Parysatis.
(c) He was a distant nephew whose family conspired to come into the line of the throne.
(d) He was a general who just happened to have the same name.
6. How did Ochus come to succeed Artaxerxes, according to Plutarch?
(a) He murdered his brother Arsames and drove his other brother Ariaspes to suicide.
(b) He bribed his father.
(c) He avoided war, but his brothers died in war.
(d) He was the favorite of his mother.
7. What honor does Plutarch report this earned for Demetrius and Antigonus from the Athenians?
(a) They were named among the Athenian dieties.
(b) They were awarded with vineyards and gold.
(c) They were given powerful positions in the Athenian Assembly.
(d) They were given a palace.
8. After the death of Tiberius, what did Plutarch report to be the first office to which his brother, Caius was elected?
9. With whom does Plutarch report that Cicero joined in a conspiracy with against the son of Caesar?
(a) Pompey and Crassus.
(b) Cataline and Darius.
(c) Antony and Lepidus.
(d) Brutus and Cassius.
10. According to Plutarch, what was the purpose of the Greek alliances that Aratus helped to form?
(a) Mutual defense of the allied cities.
(b) To provide an empire for his ancestor's wealth.
(c) To establish a political base for his plans for power.
(d) Creating a great empire to challenge the Romans.
11. According to Plutarch, why was the issue still alive for Tiberius in spite of previous efforts to address the issue?
(a) Scipio could not overcome the political influence of senators who had sold their votes to wealthy landowners.
(b) Cicero's sarcastic rhetorical style alienated more senators than it won over.
(c) Caius Laelius folded under political pressure from men of authority.
(d) Crassus' well known animosity for Caesar put his causes on the losing side in the senate.
12. What did Plutarch claim to be the differences in motivation between Demosthenes and Cicero?
(a) Demosthenes was humble and generous, but Cicero was impulsive and greedy.
(b) Demosthenes was motivated by inspiring Greeks to their past glory, but Cicero was driven by the desire for glory.
(c) Demosthenes sought glory and honor, but Cicero was motivated by personal gain.
(d) Demosthenes was motivated by personal gain, but Cicero refused to take any gifts.
13. What did Plutarch claim that Caius had to overcome before he was elected to tribune?
(a) False charges that he had been defiant to his authorities as a quaestor, that he had excited insurrections among allies, and had been involved in conspiracies.
(b) The hold that landowners had over the senate.
(c) The unwillingness of the senate to release lands that were under its authority.
(d) His fear that the animosity for his brother still existed.
14. What did Plutarch identify as the primary difference between "The Roman Brothers" and "The Spartans"?
(a) "The Roman Brothers" were wealthy landowners, but "The Spartans" gained their wealth through military exploits.
(b) "The Roman Brothers" were great warriors, but "The Spartans" were thinkers and politicians.
(c) "The Roman Brothers" improved their virtue through generous education but "The Spartans" kept their virtue in a social environment that had corrupted others.
(d) "The Roman Brothers" tried to revert the Roman culture to its old ways, but "The Spartans" only tried moderate changes in the legal system.
15. In the comparison of Tiberius and Caius Gracchus (henceforth identified here as "The Roman Brothers") with Agis and Cleomenes ("The Spartans"), how does Plutarch refer to Tiberius and Caius as a unit?
(a) The Gracchi.
(b) Tiberius and Caius.
(c) The Romans.
(d) Sons of Gracchus.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did Plutarch compare the deaths of "The Roman Brothers" to "The Spartans"?
2. Where did Demosthenes encourage Greeks to resist the rule of Philip and Alexander, according to Plutarch?
3. After Dion drove Donysius II from Syracuse, what does Plutarch claim came of his attempt to form a government?
4. According to Plutarch, who prevented Cyrus from assassinating Artaxerxes at his inaugural ceremonies as king?
5. How does Plutarch explain that Aratus finally end Nicocles' reign over Sicyon?
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