Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did Plutarch report to be Agesilaus' physical deformity?
(a) He had a lame hand.
(b) He had only one eye.
(c) He was blind.
(d) He had one leg shorter than the other.

2. How far to the East did Plutarch claim Alexander spread his empire?
(a) Turkey.
(b) Persia.
(c) Babylon.
(d) India.

3. From whom did Phocion learn of the military during his youth, according to Plutarch?
(a) Chabrias, the General.
(b) Philip, the Macedonian.
(c) Eumenes, the Spartan.
(d) Sertorius, the Roman.

4. Who did Plutarch claim Agis had imprisoned and hanged?
(a) Lysander.
(b) Leonidas.
(c) Agesilaus.
(d) Leotychides.

5. What did Plutarch report of Phocion's temperament?
(a) "He that remonstrates with them (public bodies) on their errors is presumed to be insulting over their misfortunes...."
(b) "...That public bodies are most insulting and contumelious to a good man,...."
(c) "For assuredly there is difference enough among virtues of the same denomination as between the bravery of Alcibiades and that of Eapmindondas,..."
(d) "...that scarcely was he ever seen by any Athenian either laughing, or in tears."

6. What question, according to Plutarch, did Cato ask his guardian, Sarpedon, as he watched executions that were ordered by the Roman political leader?
(a) "What law brings this type of justice?"
(b) "Is this the only justice for these criminals?"
(c) "Why does nobody kill this man?"
(d) "What leader would cause this horror?"

7. How did Plutarch report Caesar lost his position as Dictator?
(a) He was assassinated by a conspiracy led by Cassius and Marcus Brutus.
(b) An insurrection by soldiers stationed in Germany.
(c) The Roman Senate voted to exile Caesar for his many wars.
(d) He was challenged to war by Ptolemy, which Caesar lost.

8. What did Plutarch report to be Phocion's view of war whenever he was brought into debates with other Greek leaders?
(a) He thrilled in the adventure of defeating an enemy.
(b) He believe a man could have no greater virtue than the desire to face bloody combat.
(c) He always advocated drawing the enemy out into the open.
(d) His advice was always for peace and quietness.

9. What Roman political leader does Plutarch claim was a friend to Cato's family?
(a) Caesar.
(b) Pompey.
(c) Sertorius.
(d) Sylla.

10. Why does Plutarch use the name, "Cato the Younger"?
(a) Because he was the youngest leader in Rome.
(b) Because he also wrote of the grandfather, who's name was also Cato.
(c) Because he was one of two Catos serving in the Roman Senate.
(d) Because he had a half brother also named Cato.

11. What preceded Caesar's election by the Senate to Dictator, according to Plutarch?
(a) Brutus' pledge of support to Caesar.
(b) Cassius choosing to join Caesar's army.
(c) His defeat over Pompey in a civil war.
(d) A crowd stirring speech by Antony.

12. How does Plutarch compare the climb to power between Agesilaus and Pompey?
(a) Pompey made his rise to greatness by confronting tyrants, but Agesilaus rose through allying with tryants.
(b) Pompey made his rise to power by murdering rivals, but Agesilaus rose by negotiating with rivals.
(c) Pompey made his rise to greatness by the fairest and justest means, but Agesilaus rose through the deception of a misinterpreted prophesy.
(d) Pompey made his rise to power with great military victories, but Agesilaus rose by negotiating peace.

13. What was a political hurdle that Plutarch claimed Pompey had to overcome?
(a) Pompey was not respected after he lost battles in Spain.
(b) His father, Strabo, was so reviled by the Romans that they desecrated his body after his death.
(c) He was a rival to Caesar.
(d) He was a rival to Crassus.

14. With whom did Pompey make war that Plutarch reported eventually led to his death in Egypt?
(a) Pompey led a civil war against Sertorius to exert Roman control over Western Europe.
(b) Pompey led a civil war against Crassus to consolidate the power of the Triumvirate.
(c) Pompey led a civil war against Caesar in an attempt to take Caesar's power.
(d) Pompey led a civil war against Antony after the assassination of Caesar.

15. According to Plutarch, how did Caesar begin his rise to power over Rome?
(a) By forming political alliances in the Senate.
(b) By using his military victories to gain political support from the population.
(c) By using his new learned rhetorical skills to bring charges of corruption against high-ranking officials in Sylla's administration.
(d) By bringing wealth back to Rome after military victories and sharing it among the plebes.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did Plutarch claim Agis and Cleomenes incurred the hatred of the rich and powerful?

2. According to Plutarch, what eventually led to Alexander and his mother, Olympia, separating from Philip to become his rivals?

3. What event led Philip to commission Aristotle to teach Alexander, according to Plutarch?

4. What battle against Macedon, according to Plutarch, that Phocion warned against taking that the Athenians lost under a different general?

5. After his return from Spain, with whom does Plutarch claim Caesar took power over Rome in the Triumvirate?

(see the answer keys)

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