Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who did Plutarch claim Agis had imprisoned and hanged?
(a) Leonidas.
(b) Agesilaus.
(c) Leotychides.
(d) Lysander.

2. What does Plutarch claim caused Caesar and Pompey to become rivals for power?
(a) Crassus' death.
(b) Pompey's alliance with Crassus.
(c) The rivalry between Pompey's father and Caesar's family.
(d) Pompey's defeat to Sertorius in Spain.

3. How old was Alexander when Plutarch claims he took the Macedonian throne after Philip's death?
(a) 18.
(b) 16.
(c) 14.
(d) 20.

4. How did Plutarch compare Sertorius and Eumenes in their views of war?
(a) Both Eumenes hated the death of war, but loved the thrill of strategy.
(b) Eumenes naturally loved war, but Sertorius esteemed peace and tranquility.
(c) Both Eumenes and Sertorius loved war.
(d) Both Eumenes and Sertorius esteemed peace and tranquility.

5. Why did Plutarch consider Agesilaus a better general than Pompey?
(a) Agesilaus knew how to win battles on land or at sea, but Pompey only knew how to fight on the land.
(b) Agesilaus had soldiers who fought for his glory, but Pompey's soldiers fought for wealth.
(c) Because Agesilaus built a record of forcing his enemies into battle when they were at their weakest, but Pompey allowed his army to be beaten by Caesar's forces while they were weakened by hunger.
(d) Agesilaus proved his virtue by confronting his enemies at their most powerful, but Pompey tried to challenge less worthy opponents.

6. Why does Plutarch claim Philip believed that Alexander was a demi-god?
(a) Because Philip once saw a serpent sleeping with his wife and he was advised by a pagan priest that the serpent was Ammon (Zeus, Jupiter) who had taken that form.
(b) Because Alexander showed unnatural skill and intelligence from an early age.
(c) Because Philip had a dream about serpents sleeping with Olympia that were signs of Jupiter's presence.
(d) Because there were three omens that prophets interpreted that Alexander's birth was exalted.

7. Who joined Agis to turn back the laws that placed inherited land under control of a few wealthy families, according to Plutarch?
(a) Cleomenes, husband to Agiatis.
(b) Leonidas, son of Cleonymus.
(c) Lysander, the son of Libys and Madroclidas, the son of Ecphanes.
(d) Agesilaus, his half brother.

8. What was Caesar's first step, according to Plutarch, when he was informed of Sylla's power being in decline?
(a) He joined with Crassus and Pompey to form a triumvirate to overpower Sylla.
(b) He began rallying support in the senate to have Sylla removed from power.
(c) He attended the school of a famous rhetorician named Apollonius.
(d) He returned to his home realizing that Sylla no longer had the support to eliminate his enemies.

9. After his return from Spain, with whom does Plutarch claim Caesar took power over Rome in the Triumvirate?
(a) Brutus and Cassius.
(b) Crassus and Pompey.
(c) Antony and Octavius.
(d) Sylla and Nero.

10. What is a major difference between Sertorius and Eumenes that Plutarch recognized?
(a) Sertorius was well read, but Eumenes was illiterate.
(b) That Sertorius was a learned captain, but Eumenes gained all of his knowledge from battle.
(c) That Sertorious had the support of the government, but Eumenes was in rebellion against the government.
(d) Sertorius' soldiers yielded to him freely, whereas Eumenes won a contested office by proving his superiority.

11. What does Plutarch report of Cato during this civil war?
(a) He remained in the Senate to help keep peace in Rome.
(b) He fled with Pompey and stopped in Utica while Pompey proceeded to Greece.
(c) He remained neutral only to be taken prison by Caesar after the war ended.
(d) He joined Caesar to benefit his career in the senate.

12. What question, according to Plutarch, did Cato ask his guardian, Sarpedon, as he watched executions that were ordered by the Roman political leader?
(a) "Is this the only justice for these criminals?"
(b) "Why does nobody kill this man?"
(c) "What law brings this type of justice?"
(d) "What leader would cause this horror?"

13. What subject does Plutarch report Sertorius mastered as a youth?
(a) Mathematics.
(b) Oratory.
(c) Grammar.
(d) History.

14. What does Plutarch report to be Phocion's retort when Athens began to celebrate the death of Philip of Macedon?
(a) He opposed the celebration and pointed out that the army that had defeated Athens was only diminished by a single man.
(b) He supported the celebration and recognized the tactical genius of Philip.
(c) He had no knowledge of the celebration as he had secluded himself after the victory.
(d) He was ambivalent to the celebration but realized his soldiers needed the celebration after fighting a long war.

15. What Roman political leader does Plutarch claim was a friend to Cato's family?
(a) Caesar.
(b) Pompey.
(c) Sertorius.
(d) Sylla.

Short Answer Questions

1. With whom did Pompey ally himself to overcome the reputation of his father, and who did Plutarch report they oppose in a civil conflict for power over Rome?

2. To whose death did Plutarch compare the death of Phocion?

3. According to Plutarch, when did Phocion rise to power in Athens?

4. What does Plutarch report to be the joke that Neoptoleumus, captain of Alexander's lifeguard, told of Eumenes?

5. What does Plutarch claim Caesar chose to do while Sylla's power reached its peak?

(see the answer keys)

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