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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. After his return from Spain, with whom does Plutarch claim Caesar took power over Rome in the Triumvirate?
(a) Brutus and Cassius.
(b) Antony and Octavius.
(c) Crassus and Pompey.
(d) Sylla and Nero.
2. What does Plutarch report to be Phocion's retort when Athens began to celebrate the death of Philip of Macedon?
(a) He was ambivalent to the celebration but realized his soldiers needed the celebration after fighting a long war.
(b) He supported the celebration and recognized the tactical genius of Philip.
(c) He opposed the celebration and pointed out that the army that had defeated Athens was only diminished by a single man.
(d) He had no knowledge of the celebration as he had secluded himself after the victory.
3. To whose death did Plutarch compare the death of Phocion?
(b) To Cato's.
(c) To Sertorius'.
(d) To Caesar's.
4. How did Alexander show favor to Eumenes, according to Plutarch?
(a) By arranging Eumenes' marriage to the sister of his wife.
(b) By employing Eumenes in the palace.
(c) By making Eumenes his spear carrier.
(d) By allowing Eumenes to train the royal horses.
5. From whom did Phocion learn of the military during his youth, according to Plutarch?
(a) Philip, the Macedonian.
(b) Eumenes, the Spartan.
(c) Chabrias, the General.
(d) Sertorius, the Roman.
6. Who does Plutarch report ruled Rome in a Triumvirate while Cato served in the Senate?
(a) Tiberius, Cicero, and Caius.
(b) Sertorius, Brutus, and Cassius.
(c) Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus.
(d) Brutus, Octavius, and Antony.
7. Why does Plutarch use the name, "Cato the Younger"?
(a) Because he also wrote of the grandfather, who's name was also Cato.
(b) Because he had a half brother also named Cato.
(c) Because he was the youngest leader in Rome.
(d) Because he was one of two Catos serving in the Roman Senate.
8. What did Plutarch report to be the result of Cato's management of the exchequer?
(a) Cato served only briefly because of the corrupt expectations of the political system.
(b) Cato reduced taxes, but the senate was preoccupied with using the treasury for political favors.
(c) Cato was inundated with dealing with corruption and faced down opposition.
(d) Cato filled it with treasure and made it appear the state might be rich without oppressing the people.
9. In what hearing before the Senate did Cato first confront Caesar, according to Plutarch?
(a) The hearing for distributing land to homeless soldiers.
(b) The hearing to determine the fate of Lentulus and Cethegus who were discovered by Cicero to be conspiring to overthrow the Empire.
(c) The hearing during which Crassus and Pompey were announced in the Triumvirate with Caesar.
(d) The hearing of the conspirators with Cataline.
10. How did Plutarch compare Sertorius and Eumenes in their views of war?
(a) Both Eumenes and Sertorius loved war.
(b) Both Eumenes and Sertorius esteemed peace and tranquility.
(c) Eumenes naturally loved war, but Sertorius esteemed peace and tranquility.
(d) Both Eumenes hated the death of war, but loved the thrill of strategy.
11. Who was the Persian King that Plutarch reported Alexander defeated on his expedition to India?
12. What does Plutarch claim Caesar chose to do while Sylla's power reached its peak?
(a) He contended with Caesar's power in the Senate.
(b) He gathered forces to challenge Sylla with a civil war.
(c) He left Rome in exile.
(d) He joined a conspiracy with Brutus and Cassius to assassinate Sylla.
13. What question, according to Plutarch, did Cato ask his guardian, Sarpedon, as he watched executions that were ordered by the Roman political leader?
(a) "What leader would cause this horror?"
(b) "What law brings this type of justice?"
(c) "Why does nobody kill this man?"
(d) "Is this the only justice for these criminals?"
14. With whom did Pompey make war that Plutarch reported eventually led to his death in Egypt?
(a) Pompey led a civil war against Crassus to consolidate the power of the Triumvirate.
(b) Pompey led a civil war against Caesar in an attempt to take Caesar's power.
(c) Pompey led a civil war against Sertorius to exert Roman control over Western Europe.
(d) Pompey led a civil war against Antony after the assassination of Caesar.
15. What does Plutarch claim Caesar said when he heard of Cato's suicide?
(a) "You're a greater man than I, Cato."
(b) "I come not to bury Cato, but to praise him."
(c) "My greatest enemy has been vanquished and now I can rule supreme."
(d) "Cato, I grudge your death, as you have grudged me the preservation of your life."
Short Answer Questions
1. Who did Plutarch claim Agis had imprisoned and hanged?
2. Who did Plutarch report to be the father of Agis and Agesilaus?
3. What was the most notable sign that Plutarch suggests that proves Caesar had begun to win popular support to challenge Sylla?
4. What five qualities does Plutarch claim that Sertorius possessed in greater qualities than the other generals to whom Plutarch compared him?
5. Who does Plutarch report commissioned Caesar to travel to Spain?
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