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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does Plutarch suggest that Cleomenes eliminated the office of ephors from Spartan Government?
(a) Because the ephors were a barrier to his desire to battle the Greeks.
(b) Because the ephors were inciting the public to overthrow him.
(c) Because he discovered the ephors were stealing from the public coffers.
(d) Because he discovered he was king in name only and that the ephors had all the power.
2. What does Plutarch declare to be the condition of men in public life?
(a) "You see what power is--holding someone else's fear in your hand and showing it to them."
(b) "...(They) are content to make themselves the slaves and followers of all the people's humors and caprices."
(c) "There is danger from all men. The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with power to endangerment of the public liberty.
(d) "Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power."
3. Where does Plutarch report Alexander died?
4. To whose death did Plutarch compare the death of Phocion?
(a) To Caesar's.
(c) To Cato's.
(d) To Sertorius'.
5. After his return from Spain, with whom does Plutarch claim Caesar took power over Rome in the Triumvirate?
(a) Sylla and Nero.
(b) Brutus and Cassius.
(c) Crassus and Pompey.
(d) Antony and Octavius.
6. What event led Philip to commission Aristotle to teach Alexander, according to Plutarch?
(a) Alexander began surpassing the courses taught him in the royal palace.
(b) Alexander showed greater intelligence when confronting foes in wrestling matches.
(c) Alexander broke a horse, Bucephalus, in front of his father and his attendants.
(d) Alexander began offering innovative strategies for battle to Philip's captains.
7. What was the most notable sign that Plutarch suggests that proves Caesar had begun to win popular support to challenge Sylla?
(a) When he allied himself with Sylla's enemies in the Senate.
(b) When he praised an enemy of Sylla's, named Marius, during the eulogy of Marius' wife.
(c) When he took possession of a field owned by Sylla.
(d) When he challenged Sylla's hold on power directly in the Senate.
8. What question, according to Plutarch, did Cato ask his guardian, Sarpedon, as he watched executions that were ordered by the Roman political leader?
(a) "Is this the only justice for these criminals?"
(b) "Why does nobody kill this man?"
(c) "What leader would cause this horror?"
(d) "What law brings this type of justice?"
9. What Roman political leader does Plutarch claim was a friend to Cato's family?
10. What does Plutarch report to be the joke that Neoptoleumus, captain of Alexander's lifeguard, told of Eumenes?
(a) That Alexander fought with soldiers, but Eumenes fought with words.
(b) That other armies train with swords, but Ememes' army trains with parchment.
(c) That he had followed Alexander with shield and spear, but Eumenes only with pen and paper.
(d) That Eumemes' battles were always fiercer on paper than they were in the field.
11. How was Pompey acquitted of embezzlement that Plutarch reported was accused against his father after he died?
(a) Pompey proved his father was in Spain governing the Roman province when the money had disappeared.
(b) Pompey pledged his loyalty to Sylla.
(c) Pompey set us his own slave as having stolen the funds.
(d) Pompey traced the thefts to a freed slave of his father's, named Alexander.
12. Who does Plutarch report protected Cleomenes while he was in exile?
(a) King Ptolemy of Egypt.
(b) Phocion of Greece.
(c) Artaxerxes of Persia.
(d) Aratus of Sycion.
13. In what hearing before the Senate did Cato first confront Caesar, according to Plutarch?
(a) The hearing of the conspirators with Cataline.
(b) The hearing during which Crassus and Pompey were announced in the Triumvirate with Caesar.
(c) The hearing for distributing land to homeless soldiers.
(d) The hearing to determine the fate of Lentulus and Cethegus who were discovered by Cicero to be conspiring to overthrow the Empire.
14. What is a major difference between Sertorius and Eumenes that Plutarch recognized?
(a) That Sertorius was a learned captain, but Eumenes gained all of his knowledge from battle.
(b) Sertorius' soldiers yielded to him freely, whereas Eumenes won a contested office by proving his superiority.
(c) Sertorius was well read, but Eumenes was illiterate.
(d) That Sertorious had the support of the government, but Eumenes was in rebellion against the government.
15. What was a political hurdle that Plutarch claimed Pompey had to overcome?
(a) He was a rival to Crassus.
(b) He was a rival to Caesar.
(c) Pompey was not respected after he lost battles in Spain.
(d) His father, Strabo, was so reviled by the Romans that they desecrated his body after his death.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Plutarch report of Phocion's temperament?
2. What did Plutarch report to be the result of Cato's management of the exchequer?
3. What subject does Plutarch report Sertorius mastered as a youth?
4. What battle against Macedon, according to Plutarch, that Phocion warned against taking that the Athenians lost under a different general?
5. What does Plutarch report of Cato during this civil war?
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