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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. With whom did Pompey make war that Plutarch reported eventually led to his death in Egypt?
(a) Pompey led a civil war against Crassus to consolidate the power of the Triumvirate.
(b) Pompey led a civil war against Antony after the assassination of Caesar.
(c) Pompey led a civil war against Caesar in an attempt to take Caesar's power.
(d) Pompey led a civil war against Sertorius to exert Roman control over Western Europe.
2. Who invaded Spartan provinces while Cleomenes was making reforms in Spartan government, according to Plutarch?
(a) Macedonian King Philip.
(b) Greek General Aratas.
(c) Persian King Darius.
(d) Roman General Pompey.
3. What does Plutarch report to be the joke that Neoptoleumus, captain of Alexander's lifeguard, told of Eumenes?
(a) That other armies train with swords, but Ememes' army trains with parchment.
(b) That Eumemes' battles were always fiercer on paper than they were in the field.
(c) That he had followed Alexander with shield and spear, but Eumenes only with pen and paper.
(d) That Alexander fought with soldiers, but Eumenes fought with words.
4. How did Plutarch describe Cleomenes' personality?
(a) Temperate and moderate in leadership, but outgoing and social with friends.
(b) Violent and impetuous in personal relationships but focused and thoughtful in combat.
(c) Ambivalent toward justice but fiery in his pursuit of battle.
(d) Temperate and moderate in his pleasures, but impetuous and violent in his eagerness to pursue anything which he thought good and just.
5. Why did Plutarch consider Agesilaus a better general than Pompey?
(a) Because Agesilaus built a record of forcing his enemies into battle when they were at their weakest, but Pompey allowed his army to be beaten by Caesar's forces while they were weakened by hunger.
(b) Agesilaus proved his virtue by confronting his enemies at their most powerful, but Pompey tried to challenge less worthy opponents.
(c) Agesilaus had soldiers who fought for his glory, but Pompey's soldiers fought for wealth.
(d) Agesilaus knew how to win battles on land or at sea, but Pompey only knew how to fight on the land.
6. What event led Philip to commission Aristotle to teach Alexander, according to Plutarch?
(a) Alexander showed greater intelligence when confronting foes in wrestling matches.
(b) Alexander began surpassing the courses taught him in the royal palace.
(c) Alexander began offering innovative strategies for battle to Philip's captains.
(d) Alexander broke a horse, Bucephalus, in front of his father and his attendants.
7. What is a major difference between Sertorius and Eumenes that Plutarch recognized?
(a) That Sertorius was a learned captain, but Eumenes gained all of his knowledge from battle.
(b) That Sertorious had the support of the government, but Eumenes was in rebellion against the government.
(c) Sertorius was well read, but Eumenes was illiterate.
(d) Sertorius' soldiers yielded to him freely, whereas Eumenes won a contested office by proving his superiority.
8. Who does Plutarch report commissioned Caesar to travel to Spain?
(a) Cassius, who desired to remove Caesar's influence from the Senate.
(b) Cato, who saw the value of expanding the empire.
(c) Pompey, who knew he needed Caesar's help.
(d) Crassus, who was the richest man in Rome.
9. How did Plutarch characterize Phocion's speech?
(a) "Never had anyone said so much to so many with so few words."
(b) "...full of instruction, abounding in happy maxims and wise thoughts, but admitted no embellishment to its austere and commanding brevity."
(c) "...That even from his infancy, in his speech, his countenance, and all his childish pastimes, he discovered and inflexible temper,..."
(d) "Few had ever said as much with a paucity of verbage."
10. Where does Plutarch report Alexander died?
11. What came of Rome after Crassus died, according to Plutarch?
(a) Caesar conspired to have Pompey assassinated.
(b) Pompey fled Rome out of fear of Caesar's desire to take total control.
(c) The Senate was split in its support for Caesar or Pompey.
(d) It collapsed into a civil war between supporters of Caesar and Pompey.
12. With whom did Pompey ally himself to overcome the reputation of his father, and who did Plutarch report they oppose in a civil conflict for power over Rome?
(a) Pompey allied himself with Caesar in an attempt to overthrow Sylla.
(b) Pompey allied himself with Crassus to overthrow Caesar.
(c) Pompey allied himself with Metellus to overthrow Sertorius' rebellions in Spain.
(d) Pompey allied himself with a very popular general named Sylla and they united their armies to oppose the tyrant, Carbo.
13. What does Plutarch claim Caesar chose to do while Sylla's power reached its peak?
(a) He left Rome in exile.
(b) He joined a conspiracy with Brutus and Cassius to assassinate Sylla.
(c) He gathered forces to challenge Sylla with a civil war.
(d) He contended with Caesar's power in the Senate.
14. How far to the East did Plutarch claim Alexander spread his empire?
15. Why does Plutarch use the name, "Cato the Younger"?
(a) Because he had a half brother also named Cato.
(b) Because he was one of two Catos serving in the Roman Senate.
(c) Because he was the youngest leader in Rome.
(d) Because he also wrote of the grandfather, who's name was also Cato.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Plutarch claim Aristotle provided that he considered, "...a perfect portable treasure of all military virtue and knowledge...."?
2. What subject does Plutarch report Sertorius mastered as a youth?
3. What does Plutarch claim caused Caesar and Pompey to become rivals for power?
4. What does Plutarch declare to be the condition of men in public life?
5. With whom does Plutarch report Agis ruled over the Lacedaemonians?
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