Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How did Plutarch compare Agesilaus and Pompey in their treatment of the men who supported their rise to power?
(a) Agesilaus placed Lysander in an important province to honor his help whereas Pompey began making political connections so he could escape the influence of Sylla.
(b) Both Agesilaus and Pompey betrayed those who helped them through their careers.
(c) Pompey remained loyal to Sylla even through the years Sylla had withdrawn his favor, but Agesilaus cast off Lysander with reproach after he rose to power on Lysander's misinterpretation of prophesy.
(d) Both Agesilaus and Pompey remained loyal to those who helped their careers.

2. How did Plutarch report that Cato prevented the Roman Senate from naming Caesar the Consul of Rome?
(a) He used his authority to prevent senators from entering the senate.
(b) He kept the motion to make Caesar consul in the committee.
(c) He spent the entire day speaking and prevented the Senate from acting on the motion.
(d) He used his authority to adjust the calendar of the senate.

3. How far to the East did Plutarch claim Alexander spread his empire?
(a) Babylon.
(b) Persia.
(c) Turkey.
(d) India.

4. What does Plutarch claim caused Caesar and Pompey to become rivals for power?
(a) The rivalry between Pompey's father and Caesar's family.
(b) Pompey's defeat to Sertorius in Spain.
(c) Pompey's alliance with Crassus.
(d) Crassus' death.

5. Where does Plutarch report Alexander died?
(a) Babylon.
(b) Athens.
(c) Persia.
(d) India.

6. How did the master of Rome prior to Caesar's reign make himself an enemy to Caesar, according to Plutarch?
(a) Cato warned the Senate of the ambitions of Caesar.
(b) Sylla wanted Caesar to put his wife away because her father, Cinna, was the ruler of Rome priort to Sylla.
(c) Crassus allied himself with Pompey in the Roman Senate to force Caesar into a triumvirate.
(d) Cassius conspired with Brutus to remove Caesar from contention for power.

7. Who did Plutarch claim Agis had imprisoned and hanged?
(a) Agesilaus.
(b) Leotychides.
(c) Lysander.
(d) Leonidas.

8. How did Plutarch claim Agis and Cleomenes incurred the hatred of the rich and powerful?
(a) By taking their laborers from them to fight in wars.
(b) By taxing them to support homeless soldiers.
(c) By inciting the working class to take their property.
(d) By being desirous to restore the noble and just form of government.

9. How old does Plutarch claim Alexander to have been when Philip left him in charge of Macedon while he went on an expedition against Byzantine?
(a) 20.
(b) 18.
(c) 16.
(d) 14.

10. How did Plutarch compare Sertorius and Eumenes in their views of war?
(a) Both Eumenes hated the death of war, but loved the thrill of strategy.
(b) Eumenes naturally loved war, but Sertorius esteemed peace and tranquility.
(c) Both Eumenes and Sertorius loved war.
(d) Both Eumenes and Sertorius esteemed peace and tranquility.

11. How did Agesilaus take the throne from his brother, Agis, according to Plutarch?
(a) Agesilaus defeated Agis in a duel.
(b) Lysander, a popular general, applied a misinterpretation of a prophesy against the rumored illegitimate son of Agis.
(c) Agesilaus hired conspirators to murder Agis.
(d) Agesilaus poisoned Agis.

12. According to Plutarch, how did Cleomenes become King of the Spartans?
(a) He became king from family succssion from Agis.
(b) He became King after the death of Leonidas.
(c) He became King after defeating Agesilaus in battle.
(d) He became King after Lysander used a false prophesy to discredit Leotychides.

13. In what sort of family does Plutarch claim Sertorius was raised?
(a) A ruling class family.
(b) A poor laboring family.
(c) A noble family.
(d) A military family.

14. Who was the Persian King that Plutarch reported Alexander defeated on his expedition to India?
(a) Philip.
(b) Hercules.
(c) Antipater.
(d) Darius.

15. What does Plutarch declare to be the condition of men in public life?
(a) "You see what power is--holding someone else's fear in your hand and showing it to them."
(b) "Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power."
(c) "There is danger from all men. The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with power to endangerment of the public liberty.
(d) "...(They) are content to make themselves the slaves and followers of all the people's humors and caprices."

Short Answer Questions

1. How did the separation of Alexander from Philip affect his reign over Philip's empire, according to Plutarch?

2. With whom did Pompey ally himself to overcome the reputation of his father, and who did Plutarch report they oppose in a civil conflict for power over Rome?

3. Why does Plutarch claim Philip believed that Alexander was a demi-god?

4. Why does Plutarch use the name, "Cato the Younger"?

5. What does Plutarch report to be the condition of Lacedaemonia when Agis and his partner began their reign?

(see the answer keys)

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