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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How old was Alexander when Plutarch claims he took the Macedonian throne after Philip's death?
2. What battle against Macedon, according to Plutarch, that Phocion warned against taking that the Athenians lost under a different general?
(a) The battle at Chaeronea.
(b) The battle for Euboea.
(c) The battle of Delphi.
(d) The battle of Persia.
3. In what sort of activity did Eumenes get the attention of Philip of Macedon, according to Plutarch?
(a) Breaking horses at a stable.
(b) Delivering speeches in his school.
(c) Youth matches in Cardia.
(d) Working as a servant in Philip's palace.
4. Who invaded Spartan provinces while Cleomenes was making reforms in Spartan government, according to Plutarch?
(a) Persian King Darius.
(b) Roman General Pompey.
(c) Greek General Aratas.
(d) Macedonian King Philip.
5. What does Plutarch declare to be the condition of men in public life?
(a) "You see what power is--holding someone else's fear in your hand and showing it to them."
(b) "Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power."
(c) "...(They) are content to make themselves the slaves and followers of all the people's humors and caprices."
(d) "There is danger from all men. The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with power to endangerment of the public liberty.
6. Who joined Agis to turn back the laws that placed inherited land under control of a few wealthy families, according to Plutarch?
(a) Leonidas, son of Cleonymus.
(b) Lysander, the son of Libys and Madroclidas, the son of Ecphanes.
(c) Cleomenes, husband to Agiatis.
(d) Agesilaus, his half brother.
7. There were 12 Roman Caesar's. Which one is Plutarch chronicling?
(a) Tiberius Caesar.
(b) The first Caesar, Gaius Julius Caesar.
(c) Octavious Caesar.
(d) Caesar Augustus.
8. From whom did Phocion learn of the military during his youth, according to Plutarch?
(a) Eumenes, the Spartan.
(b) Philip, the Macedonian.
(c) Chabrias, the General.
(d) Sertorius, the Roman.
9. After his return from Spain, with whom does Plutarch claim Caesar took power over Rome in the Triumvirate?
(a) Antony and Octavius.
(b) Crassus and Pompey.
(c) Sylla and Nero.
(d) Brutus and Cassius.
10. Who does Plutarch report took in Cato and his siblings after they were orphaned, and for what was this person known?
(a) Servilia who eventually became the wife of Brutus.
(b) Pompaedius Silo who became a captain in Caesar's army.
(c) Livius Drusus, an uncle on Cato's mother's side, raised the orphaned siblings, he was known for his role in the government and as being a very eloquent speaker.
(d) Sylla who was the most violent despot of Rome.
11. According to Plutarch, when did Phocion rise to power in Athens?
(a) As Greece was recovering from war with the Macedonians.
(b) After Alexander had decided to invade Persia.
(c) After the death of Eumenes.
(d) As the ship of state in Athens was sinking.
12. Why did Plutarch consider Agesilaus a better general than Pompey?
(a) Agesilaus knew how to win battles on land or at sea, but Pompey only knew how to fight on the land.
(b) Agesilaus proved his virtue by confronting his enemies at their most powerful, but Pompey tried to challenge less worthy opponents.
(c) Because Agesilaus built a record of forcing his enemies into battle when they were at their weakest, but Pompey allowed his army to be beaten by Caesar's forces while they were weakened by hunger.
(d) Agesilaus had soldiers who fought for his glory, but Pompey's soldiers fought for wealth.
13. With whom did Pompey ally himself to overcome the reputation of his father, and who did Plutarch report they oppose in a civil conflict for power over Rome?
(a) Pompey allied himself with a very popular general named Sylla and they united their armies to oppose the tyrant, Carbo.
(b) Pompey allied himself with Caesar in an attempt to overthrow Sylla.
(c) Pompey allied himself with Metellus to overthrow Sertorius' rebellions in Spain.
(d) Pompey allied himself with Crassus to overthrow Caesar.
14. In what sort of family does Plutarch claim Eumenes was raised?
(a) A ruling class family.
(b) A poor laboring family.
(c) A military family
(d) A noble family.
15. What is a major difference between Sertorius and Eumenes that Plutarch recognized?
(a) Sertorius' soldiers yielded to him freely, whereas Eumenes won a contested office by proving his superiority.
(b) That Sertorious had the support of the government, but Eumenes was in rebellion against the government.
(c) That Sertorius was a learned captain, but Eumenes gained all of his knowledge from battle.
(d) Sertorius was well read, but Eumenes was illiterate.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who is the famous Roman General that Plutarch claims Sertorius outwitted during his exile in Spain?
2. Who did Plutarch report to be the father of Agis and Agesilaus?
3. What Roman political leader does Plutarch claim was a friend to Cato's family?
4. According to Plutarch's report, how did Phocion become general more than 45 times?
5. How does Plutarch compare the climb to power between Agesilaus and Pompey?
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