Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How did Plutarch describe Cleomenes' personality?
(a) Temperate and moderate in leadership, but outgoing and social with friends.
(b) Violent and impetuous in personal relationships but focused and thoughtful in combat.
(c) Temperate and moderate in his pleasures, but impetuous and violent in his eagerness to pursue anything which he thought good and just.
(d) Ambivalent toward justice but fiery in his pursuit of battle.

2. In what sort of family does Plutarch claim Sertorius was raised?
(a) A poor laboring family.
(b) A noble family.
(c) A ruling class family.
(d) A military family.

3. In what sort of family does Plutarch claim Eumenes was raised?
(a) A poor laboring family.
(b) A ruling class family.
(c) A military family
(d) A noble family.

4. Who did Plutarch report to be the father of Agis and Agesilaus?
(a) Alcibiades.
(b) Duris the historian.
(c) Archidamus, king of the Lacedaemonians.
(d) Zeuxidamus, King of the Lacedaemonians.

5. What does Plutarch declare to be the condition of men in public life?
(a) "...(They) are content to make themselves the slaves and followers of all the people's humors and caprices."
(b) "You see what power is--holding someone else's fear in your hand and showing it to them."
(c) "Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power."
(d) "There is danger from all men. The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with power to endangerment of the public liberty.

6. Who did Phocion advise Alexander to make war against rather than the Athenians, according to Plutarch?
(a) The Spartans.
(b) The Persians.
(c) The Romans.
(d) The Indians.

7. What event led Philip to commission Aristotle to teach Alexander, according to Plutarch?
(a) Alexander began surpassing the courses taught him in the royal palace.
(b) Alexander broke a horse, Bucephalus, in front of his father and his attendants.
(c) Alexander showed greater intelligence when confronting foes in wrestling matches.
(d) Alexander began offering innovative strategies for battle to Philip's captains.

8. According to Plutarch, what eventually led to Alexander and his mother, Olympia, separating from Philip to become his rivals?
(a) Philip's many marriages.
(b) Philip's drunken display at the wedding of one of his nieces.
(c) Philip's humiliating defeat against the Spartans.
(d) Philip's squandering the family wealth on horses and soldiers.

9. What does Plutarch claim Caesar said when he heard of Cato's suicide?
(a) "My greatest enemy has been vanquished and now I can rule supreme."
(b) "You're a greater man than I, Cato."
(c) "I come not to bury Cato, but to praise him."
(d) "Cato, I grudge your death, as you have grudged me the preservation of your life."

10. How did Plutarch report Caesar lost his position as Dictator?
(a) He was assassinated by a conspiracy led by Cassius and Marcus Brutus.
(b) An insurrection by soldiers stationed in Germany.
(c) The Roman Senate voted to exile Caesar for his many wars.
(d) He was challenged to war by Ptolemy, which Caesar lost.

11. Why does Plutarch suggest that Cleomenes eliminated the office of ephors from Spartan Government?
(a) Because he discovered he was king in name only and that the ephors had all the power.
(b) Because the ephors were inciting the public to overthrow him.
(c) Because he discovered the ephors were stealing from the public coffers.
(d) Because the ephors were a barrier to his desire to battle the Greeks.

12. How does Plutarch claim the birth order of Agis and Agesilaus affected their lives?
(a) Agis, the older, was the favorite of the father, but Agesilaus was the favorite of their mother.
(b) Agis, the older, was educated to be king, and Agesilaus was given a common education.
(c) Agis, the older, was given the inheritance of the king, but Agesilaus was given the authority over a province.
(d) Agis, the older, was trained in military matters, but Agesilaus was trained in agricultural arts.

13. What was Caesar's first step, according to Plutarch, when he was informed of Sylla's power being in decline?
(a) He attended the school of a famous rhetorician named Apollonius.
(b) He began rallying support in the senate to have Sylla removed from power.
(c) He returned to his home realizing that Sylla no longer had the support to eliminate his enemies.
(d) He joined with Crassus and Pompey to form a triumvirate to overpower Sylla.

14. Who is the famous Roman General that Plutarch claims Sertorius outwitted during his exile in Spain?
(a) Cicero.
(b) Caesar.
(c) Pompey.
(d) Phocion.

15. What was a political hurdle that Plutarch claimed Pompey had to overcome?
(a) He was a rival to Crassus.
(b) Pompey was not respected after he lost battles in Spain.
(c) His father, Strabo, was so reviled by the Romans that they desecrated his body after his death.
(d) He was a rival to Caesar.

Short Answer Questions

1. What battle against Macedon, according to Plutarch, that Phocion warned against taking that the Athenians lost under a different general?

2. How did Alexander show favor to Eumenes, according to Plutarch?

3. What are the character qualities Plutarch attributes to Cato from infancy?

4. What does Plutarch claim Caesar chose to do while Sylla's power reached its peak?

5. What did Plutarch report to be the result of Cato's management of the exchequer?

(see the answer keys)

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