Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What subject does Plutarch report Sertorius mastered as a youth?
(a) Oratory.
(b) Grammar.
(c) Mathematics.
(d) History.

2. Who does Plutarch report protected Cleomenes while he was in exile?
(a) Phocion of Greece.
(b) King Ptolemy of Egypt.
(c) Artaxerxes of Persia.
(d) Aratus of Sycion.

3. Who does Plutarch report to be the master of Rome before Caesar came to power?
(a) Cato.
(b) Crassus.
(c) Sylla.
(d) Cassius.

4. What does Plutarch claim Aristotle provided that he considered, "...a perfect portable treasure of all military virtue and knowledge...."?
(a) Aristotle's personally corrected copy of Homer's Illiads.
(b) Aristotle's collection of military histories.
(c) Aristotle's writings regarding the proper training and preparation of soldiers.
(d) Aristotle's maps of important sites in Persia.

5. How did Alexander show favor to Eumenes, according to Plutarch?
(a) By arranging Eumenes' marriage to the sister of his wife.
(b) By employing Eumenes in the palace.
(c) By allowing Eumenes to train the royal horses.
(d) By making Eumenes his spear carrier.

6. According to Plutarch, how did Cleomenes become King of the Spartans?
(a) He became King after defeating Agesilaus in battle.
(b) He became king from family succssion from Agis.
(c) He became King after Lysander used a false prophesy to discredit Leotychides.
(d) He became King after the death of Leonidas.

7. What was a political hurdle that Plutarch claimed Pompey had to overcome?
(a) He was a rival to Caesar.
(b) Pompey was not respected after he lost battles in Spain.
(c) He was a rival to Crassus.
(d) His father, Strabo, was so reviled by the Romans that they desecrated his body after his death.

8. What did Plutarch report to be the difference between how the island allies of Athens treated other arriving Athenian admirals compared to their reception of Phocion?
(a) Other admirals were greeted with private boats and barges with streamers and garlands, but Phocion was treated as an enemy suspect.
(b) Islands were opened very freely to other admirals, but they feared Phocion's plundering ways.
(c) Other admirals were treated as an enemy suspect, but Phocion was greeted with private boats and barges with streamers and garlands.
(d) Other admirals were treated with ambivalence, but they regarded Phocion with tremendous fear.

9. What event led Philip to commission Aristotle to teach Alexander, according to Plutarch?
(a) Alexander broke a horse, Bucephalus, in front of his father and his attendants.
(b) Alexander began offering innovative strategies for battle to Philip's captains.
(c) Alexander began surpassing the courses taught him in the royal palace.
(d) Alexander showed greater intelligence when confronting foes in wrestling matches.

10. Who was the Persian King that Plutarch reported Alexander defeated on his expedition to India?
(a) Darius.
(b) Hercules.
(c) Antipater.
(d) Philip.

11. What was Caesar's first step, according to Plutarch, when he was informed of Sylla's power being in decline?
(a) He attended the school of a famous rhetorician named Apollonius.
(b) He joined with Crassus and Pompey to form a triumvirate to overpower Sylla.
(c) He returned to his home realizing that Sylla no longer had the support to eliminate his enemies.
(d) He began rallying support in the senate to have Sylla removed from power.

12. What is a major difference between Sertorius and Eumenes that Plutarch recognized?
(a) That Sertorius was a learned captain, but Eumenes gained all of his knowledge from battle.
(b) That Sertorious had the support of the government, but Eumenes was in rebellion against the government.
(c) Sertorius' soldiers yielded to him freely, whereas Eumenes won a contested office by proving his superiority.
(d) Sertorius was well read, but Eumenes was illiterate.

13. What did Plutarch report to be the result of Cato's management of the exchequer?
(a) Cato filled it with treasure and made it appear the state might be rich without oppressing the people.
(b) Cato reduced taxes, but the senate was preoccupied with using the treasury for political favors.
(c) Cato served only briefly because of the corrupt expectations of the political system.
(d) Cato was inundated with dealing with corruption and faced down opposition.

14. How did Plutarch characterize Phocion's speech?
(a) "Never had anyone said so much to so many with so few words."
(b) "Few had ever said as much with a paucity of verbage."
(c) "...That even from his infancy, in his speech, his countenance, and all his childish pastimes, he discovered and inflexible temper,..."
(d) "...full of instruction, abounding in happy maxims and wise thoughts, but admitted no embellishment to its austere and commanding brevity."

15. What five qualities does Plutarch claim that Sertorius possessed in greater qualities than the other generals to whom Plutarch compared him?
(a) Nobility, mercy honesty, faithfulness, and humility.
(b) Ferocity, integrity, honesty, nobility, and courage.
(c) Bravery, wisdom, frugality, humility, and foresightedness.
(d) Contentment, faithfulness, mercy, prudence and judgment.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Plutarch compare the climb to power between Agesilaus and Pompey?

2. What does Plutarch claim caused Caesar and Pompey to become rivals for power?

3. How old was Alexander when Plutarch claims he took the Macedonian throne after Philip's death?

4. How did Agesilaus take the throne from his brother, Agis, according to Plutarch?

5. Who does Plutarch report commissioned Caesar to travel to Spain?

(see the answer keys)

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