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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What preceded Caesar's election by the Senate to Dictator, according to Plutarch?
(a) A crowd stirring speech by Antony.
(b) Cassius choosing to join Caesar's army.
(c) His defeat over Pompey in a civil war.
(d) Brutus' pledge of support to Caesar.
2. According to Plutarch, how did Cleomenes become King of the Spartans?
(a) He became King after the death of Leonidas.
(b) He became King after Lysander used a false prophesy to discredit Leotychides.
(c) He became king from family succssion from Agis.
(d) He became King after defeating Agesilaus in battle.
3. How does Plutarch claim the birth order of Agis and Agesilaus affected their lives?
(a) Agis, the older, was given the inheritance of the king, but Agesilaus was given the authority over a province.
(b) Agis, the older, was trained in military matters, but Agesilaus was trained in agricultural arts.
(c) Agis, the older, was educated to be king, and Agesilaus was given a common education.
(d) Agis, the older, was the favorite of the father, but Agesilaus was the favorite of their mother.
4. What does Plutarch report to be Phocion's retort when Athens began to celebrate the death of Philip of Macedon?
(a) He was ambivalent to the celebration but realized his soldiers needed the celebration after fighting a long war.
(b) He opposed the celebration and pointed out that the army that had defeated Athens was only diminished by a single man.
(c) He had no knowledge of the celebration as he had secluded himself after the victory.
(d) He supported the celebration and recognized the tactical genius of Philip.
5. How far to the East did Plutarch claim Alexander spread his empire?
6. How did Agesilaus take the throne from his brother, Agis, according to Plutarch?
(a) Agesilaus hired conspirators to murder Agis.
(b) Agesilaus poisoned Agis.
(c) Lysander, a popular general, applied a misinterpretation of a prophesy against the rumored illegitimate son of Agis.
(d) Agesilaus defeated Agis in a duel.
7. What did Plutarch report to be Phocion's view of war whenever he was brought into debates with other Greek leaders?
(a) He thrilled in the adventure of defeating an enemy.
(b) He believe a man could have no greater virtue than the desire to face bloody combat.
(c) His advice was always for peace and quietness.
(d) He always advocated drawing the enemy out into the open.
8. Who invaded Spartan provinces while Cleomenes was making reforms in Spartan government, according to Plutarch?
(a) Macedonian King Philip.
(b) Greek General Aratas.
(c) Roman General Pompey.
(d) Persian King Darius.
9. After his return from Spain, with whom does Plutarch claim Caesar took power over Rome in the Triumvirate?
(a) Antony and Octavius.
(b) Crassus and Pompey.
(c) Sylla and Nero.
(d) Brutus and Cassius.
10. With whom did Pompey ally himself to overcome the reputation of his father, and who did Plutarch report they oppose in a civil conflict for power over Rome?
(a) Pompey allied himself with Crassus to overthrow Caesar.
(b) Pompey allied himself with Caesar in an attempt to overthrow Sylla.
(c) Pompey allied himself with a very popular general named Sylla and they united their armies to oppose the tyrant, Carbo.
(d) Pompey allied himself with Metellus to overthrow Sertorius' rebellions in Spain.
11. How did Plutarch report Caesar lost his position as Dictator?
(a) He was assassinated by a conspiracy led by Cassius and Marcus Brutus.
(b) An insurrection by soldiers stationed in Germany.
(c) He was challenged to war by Ptolemy, which Caesar lost.
(d) The Roman Senate voted to exile Caesar for his many wars.
12. To whose death did Plutarch compare the death of Phocion?
(b) To Cato's.
(c) To Sertorius'.
(d) To Caesar's.
13. What is a major difference between Sertorius and Eumenes that Plutarch recognized?
(a) That Sertorious had the support of the government, but Eumenes was in rebellion against the government.
(b) Sertorius was well read, but Eumenes was illiterate.
(c) That Sertorius was a learned captain, but Eumenes gained all of his knowledge from battle.
(d) Sertorius' soldiers yielded to him freely, whereas Eumenes won a contested office by proving his superiority.
14. How did Plutarch report that Cato prevented the Roman Senate from naming Caesar the Consul of Rome?
(a) He spent the entire day speaking and prevented the Senate from acting on the motion.
(b) He used his authority to adjust the calendar of the senate.
(c) He used his authority to prevent senators from entering the senate.
(d) He kept the motion to make Caesar consul in the committee.
15. In what hearing before the Senate did Cato first confront Caesar, according to Plutarch?
(a) The hearing for distributing land to homeless soldiers.
(b) The hearing to determine the fate of Lentulus and Cethegus who were discovered by Cicero to be conspiring to overthrow the Empire.
(c) The hearing during which Crassus and Pompey were announced in the Triumvirate with Caesar.
(d) The hearing of the conspirators with Cataline.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who does Plutarch report took in Cato and his siblings after they were orphaned, and for what was this person known?
2. How did Alexander show favor to Eumenes, according to Plutarch?
3. According to Plutarch, when did Phocion rise to power in Athens?
4. According to Plutarch, what eventually led to Alexander and his mother, Olympia, separating from Philip to become his rivals?
5. What five qualities does Plutarch claim that Sertorius possessed in greater qualities than the other generals to whom Plutarch compared him?
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