Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the first similarity that Plutarch recognized between Sertorius and Eumenes?
(a) That they were both embraced by the political leaders of their countries.
(b) That they were both ferocious in battle.
(c) They were both banished to foreign lands, but came to be commanders of powerful forces.
(d) That they both came from laboring families but worked up to the Noble class.

2. What does Plutarch claim caused Caesar and Pompey to become rivals for power?
(a) Pompey's defeat to Sertorius in Spain.
(b) Pompey's alliance with Crassus.
(c) The rivalry between Pompey's father and Caesar's family.
(d) Crassus' death.

3. Why did Plutarch consider Agesilaus a better general than Pompey?
(a) Agesilaus knew how to win battles on land or at sea, but Pompey only knew how to fight on the land.
(b) Because Agesilaus built a record of forcing his enemies into battle when they were at their weakest, but Pompey allowed his army to be beaten by Caesar's forces while they were weakened by hunger.
(c) Agesilaus proved his virtue by confronting his enemies at their most powerful, but Pompey tried to challenge less worthy opponents.
(d) Agesilaus had soldiers who fought for his glory, but Pompey's soldiers fought for wealth.

4. Who did Phocion advise Alexander to make war against rather than the Athenians, according to Plutarch?
(a) The Indians.
(b) The Romans.
(c) The Persians.
(d) The Spartans.

5. Who does Plutarch report protected Cleomenes while he was in exile?
(a) Phocion of Greece.
(b) Aratus of Sycion.
(c) King Ptolemy of Egypt.
(d) Artaxerxes of Persia.

6. What came of Rome after Crassus died, according to Plutarch?
(a) It collapsed into a civil war between supporters of Caesar and Pompey.
(b) The Senate was split in its support for Caesar or Pompey.
(c) Pompey fled Rome out of fear of Caesar's desire to take total control.
(d) Caesar conspired to have Pompey assassinated.

7. Plutarch compares Sertorius to Philip, Antigonus, and Hannibal for his aggression, strategy, and what one other commonality?
(a) They each lost a hand in battle.
(b) They each came from common families.
(c) They each had a short leg.
(d) They each had one eye.

8. What battle against Macedon, according to Plutarch, that Phocion warned against taking that the Athenians lost under a different general?
(a) The battle of Persia.
(b) The battle for Euboea.
(c) The battle of Delphi.
(d) The battle at Chaeronea.

9. Who did Plutarch report to be the father of Agis and Agesilaus?
(a) Zeuxidamus, King of the Lacedaemonians.
(b) Duris the historian.
(c) Alcibiades.
(d) Archidamus, king of the Lacedaemonians.

10. According to Plutarch, who authored laws in Lacedaemonia that caused land that was once subject to inheritance within families to be taken into a few wealthy hands?
(a) Lysander.
(b) Leonidas.
(c) Leotychides.
(d) Epitadeus.

11. After his return from Spain, with whom does Plutarch claim Caesar took power over Rome in the Triumvirate?
(a) Brutus and Cassius.
(b) Sylla and Nero.
(c) Antony and Octavius.
(d) Crassus and Pompey.

12. What did Plutarch report to be Agesilaus' physical deformity?
(a) He had only one eye.
(b) He had one leg shorter than the other.
(c) He had a lame hand.
(d) He was blind.

13. With whom does Plutarch report Agis ruled over the Lacedaemonians?
(a) Lysander, a Spartan General.
(b) Leonidas, son of Cleonymus.
(c) Cleomenes, husband to Agiatis.
(d) Agesilaus, his half brother.

14. What did Plutarch report to be the result of Cato's management of the exchequer?
(a) Cato served only briefly because of the corrupt expectations of the political system.
(b) Cato filled it with treasure and made it appear the state might be rich without oppressing the people.
(c) Cato was inundated with dealing with corruption and faced down opposition.
(d) Cato reduced taxes, but the senate was preoccupied with using the treasury for political favors.

15. How does Plutarch claim the birth order of Agis and Agesilaus affected their lives?
(a) Agis, the older, was the favorite of the father, but Agesilaus was the favorite of their mother.
(b) Agis, the older, was educated to be king, and Agesilaus was given a common education.
(c) Agis, the older, was trained in military matters, but Agesilaus was trained in agricultural arts.
(d) Agis, the older, was given the inheritance of the king, but Agesilaus was given the authority over a province.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Plutarch, when did Phocion rise to power in Athens?

2. What was the most notable sign that Plutarch suggests that proves Caesar had begun to win popular support to challenge Sylla?

3. What preceded Caesar's election by the Senate to Dictator, according to Plutarch?

4. According to Plutarch's report, how did Phocion become general more than 45 times?

5. How did Plutarch compare Agesilaus and Pompey in their treatment of the men who supported their rise to power?

(see the answer keys)

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