Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. With whom does Plutarch report Agis ruled over the Lacedaemonians?
(a) Leonidas, son of Cleonymus.
(b) Cleomenes, husband to Agiatis.
(c) Lysander, a Spartan General.
(d) Agesilaus, his half brother.

2. Why does Plutarch use the name, "Cato the Younger"?
(a) Because he was the youngest leader in Rome.
(b) Because he was one of two Catos serving in the Roman Senate.
(c) Because he also wrote of the grandfather, who's name was also Cato.
(d) Because he had a half brother also named Cato.

3. Who did Plutarch claim Agis had imprisoned and hanged?
(a) Lysander.
(b) Leonidas.
(c) Agesilaus.
(d) Leotychides.

4. What does Plutarch claim caused Caesar and Pompey to become rivals for power?
(a) Pompey's alliance with Crassus.
(b) Crassus' death.
(c) Pompey's defeat to Sertorius in Spain.
(d) The rivalry between Pompey's father and Caesar's family.

5. In what sort of family does Plutarch claim Sertorius was raised?
(a) A military family.
(b) A poor laboring family.
(c) A ruling class family.
(d) A noble family.

6. What question, according to Plutarch, did Cato ask his guardian, Sarpedon, as he watched executions that were ordered by the Roman political leader?
(a) "Is this the only justice for these criminals?"
(b) "What law brings this type of justice?"
(c) "What leader would cause this horror?"
(d) "Why does nobody kill this man?"

7. According to Plutarch, when did Phocion rise to power in Athens?
(a) After Alexander had decided to invade Persia.
(b) After the death of Eumenes.
(c) As the ship of state in Athens was sinking.
(d) As Greece was recovering from war with the Macedonians.

8. Who was the Persian King that Plutarch reported Alexander defeated on his expedition to India?
(a) Hercules.
(b) Antipater.
(c) Darius.
(d) Philip.

9. According to Plutarch's report, how did Phocion become general more than 45 times?
(a) He sold his services to many land owners who needed protection.
(b) He subverted the commands of many generals.
(c) He was willing to fight for any kingdom that desired his services.
(d) He was elected to lead the armies by free election.

10. How did Plutarch compare Agesilaus and Pompey in their treatment of the men who supported their rise to power?
(a) Both Agesilaus and Pompey remained loyal to those who helped their careers.
(b) Agesilaus placed Lysander in an important province to honor his help whereas Pompey began making political connections so he could escape the influence of Sylla.
(c) Both Agesilaus and Pompey betrayed those who helped them through their careers.
(d) Pompey remained loyal to Sylla even through the years Sylla had withdrawn his favor, but Agesilaus cast off Lysander with reproach after he rose to power on Lysander's misinterpretation of prophesy.

11. How was Pompey acquitted of embezzlement that Plutarch reported was accused against his father after he died?
(a) Pompey traced the thefts to a freed slave of his father's, named Alexander.
(b) Pompey pledged his loyalty to Sylla.
(c) Pompey set us his own slave as having stolen the funds.
(d) Pompey proved his father was in Spain governing the Roman province when the money had disappeared.

12. What disaster does Plutarch report occurred on the day that Alexander was born that later added to the legend that he was a demi-god?
(a) The Temple of Diana burned down and a story was spread that it did so because Diana was attending the birth of Alexander.
(b) An earthquake shook the royal palace while Alexander was being born.
(c) Lightning hit the area of the palace where Alexander's mother was giving birth.
(d) A Macedonian fleet survived a horrible storm at sea on the day Alexander was born.

13. What came of Rome after Crassus died, according to Plutarch?
(a) Pompey fled Rome out of fear of Caesar's desire to take total control.
(b) It collapsed into a civil war between supporters of Caesar and Pompey.
(c) Caesar conspired to have Pompey assassinated.
(d) The Senate was split in its support for Caesar or Pompey.

14. How did the separation of Alexander from Philip affect his reign over Philip's empire, according to Plutarch?
(a) Alexander moved the capital of Macedon to Athens.
(b) Alexander rejected all of Philip's military tactics and found new generals.
(c) Alexander chose to spread Greek culture through his captured lands rather than Macedonian culture.
(d) Alexander purged his government of all officials that were named by his father.

15. What subject does Plutarch report Sertorius mastered as a youth?
(a) Grammar.
(b) History.
(c) Mathematics.
(d) Oratory.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Plutarch claim Caesar chose to do while Sylla's power reached its peak?

2. Who does Plutarch report commissioned Caesar to travel to Spain?

3. With whom did Pompey make war that Plutarch reported eventually led to his death in Egypt?

4. What did Plutarch report of Phocion's temperament?

5. Who does Plutarch report protected Cleomenes while he was in exile?

(see the answer keys)

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