|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why did Plutarch consider Agesilaus a better general than Pompey?
(a) Agesilaus had soldiers who fought for his glory, but Pompey's soldiers fought for wealth.
(b) Because Agesilaus built a record of forcing his enemies into battle when they were at their weakest, but Pompey allowed his army to be beaten by Caesar's forces while they were weakened by hunger.
(c) Agesilaus knew how to win battles on land or at sea, but Pompey only knew how to fight on the land.
(d) Agesilaus proved his virtue by confronting his enemies at their most powerful, but Pompey tried to challenge less worthy opponents.
2. What did Plutarch claim was the final indication that Pompey had fallen out of Sylla's favor?
(a) Sylla dispatched Pompey to Spain to quell rebellions.
(b) Sylla did not include Pompey in his will.
(c) Sylla attempted to have Pompey imprisoned.
(d) Sylla defeated Pompey in battle as he was returning from conquests in Europe.
3. What battle against Macedon, according to Plutarch, that Phocion warned against taking that the Athenians lost under a different general?
(a) The battle at Chaeronea.
(b) The battle of Delphi.
(c) The battle of Persia.
(d) The battle for Euboea.
4. What victory of Phocion over the Macedonians did Plutarch report as being that which earned the admiration of Philip, King of Macedon?
(a) The battle of Persia.
(b) The battle of Chaeronaea.
(c) The battle for Euboea.
(d) The battle of Delphi.
5. What did Plutarch report of Phocion's temperament?
(a) "He that remonstrates with them (public bodies) on their errors is presumed to be insulting over their misfortunes...."
(b) "...That public bodies are most insulting and contumelious to a good man,...."
(c) "...that scarcely was he ever seen by any Athenian either laughing, or in tears."
(d) "For assuredly there is difference enough among virtues of the same denomination as between the bravery of Alcibiades and that of Eapmindondas,..."
6. How does Plutarch claim the birth order of Agis and Agesilaus affected their lives?
(a) Agis, the older, was the favorite of the father, but Agesilaus was the favorite of their mother.
(b) Agis, the older, was trained in military matters, but Agesilaus was trained in agricultural arts.
(c) Agis, the older, was given the inheritance of the king, but Agesilaus was given the authority over a province.
(d) Agis, the older, was educated to be king, and Agesilaus was given a common education.
7. What preceded Caesar's election by the Senate to Dictator, according to Plutarch?
(a) Brutus' pledge of support to Caesar.
(b) Cassius choosing to join Caesar's army.
(c) His defeat over Pompey in a civil war.
(d) A crowd stirring speech by Antony.
8. What came of Rome after Crassus died, according to Plutarch?
(a) Caesar conspired to have Pompey assassinated.
(b) The Senate was split in its support for Caesar or Pompey.
(c) It collapsed into a civil war between supporters of Caesar and Pompey.
(d) Pompey fled Rome out of fear of Caesar's desire to take total control.
9. According to Plutarch, what eventually led to Alexander and his mother, Olympia, separating from Philip to become his rivals?
(a) Philip's many marriages.
(b) Philip's squandering the family wealth on horses and soldiers.
(c) Philip's humiliating defeat against the Spartans.
(d) Philip's drunken display at the wedding of one of his nieces.
10. Who is the famous Roman General that Plutarch claims Sertorius outwitted during his exile in Spain?
11. In what sort of family does Plutarch claim Sertorius was raised?
(a) A poor laboring family.
(b) A ruling class family.
(c) A military family.
(d) A noble family.
12. How did Agesilaus take the throne from his brother, Agis, according to Plutarch?
(a) Agesilaus poisoned Agis.
(b) Agesilaus hired conspirators to murder Agis.
(c) Agesilaus defeated Agis in a duel.
(d) Lysander, a popular general, applied a misinterpretation of a prophesy against the rumored illegitimate son of Agis.
13. Why does Plutarch claim Philip believed that Alexander was a demi-god?
(a) Because Philip had a dream about serpents sleeping with Olympia that were signs of Jupiter's presence.
(b) Because Philip once saw a serpent sleeping with his wife and he was advised by a pagan priest that the serpent was Ammon (Zeus, Jupiter) who had taken that form.
(c) Because Alexander showed unnatural skill and intelligence from an early age.
(d) Because there were three omens that prophets interpreted that Alexander's birth was exalted.
14. How old was Alexander when Plutarch claims he took the Macedonian throne after Philip's death?
15. How did Plutarch describe Cleomenes' personality?
(a) Temperate and moderate in leadership, but outgoing and social with friends.
(b) Temperate and moderate in his pleasures, but impetuous and violent in his eagerness to pursue anything which he thought good and just.
(c) Violent and impetuous in personal relationships but focused and thoughtful in combat.
(d) Ambivalent toward justice but fiery in his pursuit of battle.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Plutarch report to be Agesilaus' physical deformity?
2. How did Plutarch report Caesar lost his position as Dictator?
3. Who does Plutarch report to be the master of Rome before Caesar came to power?
4. Who did Phocion advise Alexander to make war against rather than the Athenians, according to Plutarch?
5. What was the most notable sign that Plutarch suggests that proves Caesar had begun to win popular support to challenge Sylla?
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