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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did Plutarch describe Cleomenes' personality?
(a) Violent and impetuous in personal relationships but focused and thoughtful in combat.
(b) Ambivalent toward justice but fiery in his pursuit of battle.
(c) Temperate and moderate in his pleasures, but impetuous and violent in his eagerness to pursue anything which he thought good and just.
(d) Temperate and moderate in leadership, but outgoing and social with friends.
2. Why does Plutarch claim Philip believed that Alexander was a demi-god?
(a) Because Philip once saw a serpent sleeping with his wife and he was advised by a pagan priest that the serpent was Ammon (Zeus, Jupiter) who had taken that form.
(b) Because there were three omens that prophets interpreted that Alexander's birth was exalted.
(c) Because Alexander showed unnatural skill and intelligence from an early age.
(d) Because Philip had a dream about serpents sleeping with Olympia that were signs of Jupiter's presence.
3. How old does Plutarch claim Alexander to have been when Philip left him in charge of Macedon while he went on an expedition against Byzantine?
4. What does Plutarch claim caused Caesar and Pompey to become rivals for power?
(a) Pompey's alliance with Crassus.
(b) The rivalry between Pompey's father and Caesar's family.
(c) Pompey's defeat to Sertorius in Spain.
(d) Crassus' death.
5. According to Plutarch, how did Cleomenes become King of the Spartans?
(a) He became king from family succssion from Agis.
(b) He became King after the death of Leonidas.
(c) He became King after Lysander used a false prophesy to discredit Leotychides.
(d) He became King after defeating Agesilaus in battle.
6. What victory of Phocion over the Macedonians did Plutarch report as being that which earned the admiration of Philip, King of Macedon?
(a) The battle of Chaeronaea.
(b) The battle of Delphi.
(c) The battle of Persia.
(d) The battle for Euboea.
7. In what sort of activity did Eumenes get the attention of Philip of Macedon, according to Plutarch?
(a) Working as a servant in Philip's palace.
(b) Delivering speeches in his school.
(c) Youth matches in Cardia.
(d) Breaking horses at a stable.
8. How does Plutarch compare the climb to power between Agesilaus and Pompey?
(a) Pompey made his rise to greatness by the fairest and justest means, but Agesilaus rose through the deception of a misinterpreted prophesy.
(b) Pompey made his rise to power by murdering rivals, but Agesilaus rose by negotiating with rivals.
(c) Pompey made his rise to power with great military victories, but Agesilaus rose by negotiating peace.
(d) Pompey made his rise to greatness by confronting tyrants, but Agesilaus rose through allying with tryants.
9. There were 12 Roman Caesar's. Which one is Plutarch chronicling?
(a) The first Caesar, Gaius Julius Caesar.
(b) Caesar Augustus.
(c) Octavious Caesar.
(d) Tiberius Caesar.
10. What was the most notable sign that Plutarch suggests that proves Caesar had begun to win popular support to challenge Sylla?
(a) When he challenged Sylla's hold on power directly in the Senate.
(b) When he praised an enemy of Sylla's, named Marius, during the eulogy of Marius' wife.
(c) When he allied himself with Sylla's enemies in the Senate.
(d) When he took possession of a field owned by Sylla.
11. Who was the Persian King that Plutarch reported Alexander defeated on his expedition to India?
12. After his return from Spain, with whom does Plutarch claim Caesar took power over Rome in the Triumvirate?
(a) Sylla and Nero.
(b) Brutus and Cassius.
(c) Crassus and Pompey.
(d) Antony and Octavius.
13. Who does Plutarch report took in Cato and his siblings after they were orphaned, and for what was this person known?
(a) Livius Drusus, an uncle on Cato's mother's side, raised the orphaned siblings, he was known for his role in the government and as being a very eloquent speaker.
(b) Servilia who eventually became the wife of Brutus.
(c) Pompaedius Silo who became a captain in Caesar's army.
(d) Sylla who was the most violent despot of Rome.
14. How does Plutarch claim the birth order of Agis and Agesilaus affected their lives?
(a) Agis, the older, was given the inheritance of the king, but Agesilaus was given the authority over a province.
(b) Agis, the older, was the favorite of the father, but Agesilaus was the favorite of their mother.
(c) Agis, the older, was trained in military matters, but Agesilaus was trained in agricultural arts.
(d) Agis, the older, was educated to be king, and Agesilaus was given a common education.
15. According to Plutarch, what eventually led to Alexander and his mother, Olympia, separating from Philip to become his rivals?
(a) Philip's squandering the family wealth on horses and soldiers.
(b) Philip's humiliating defeat against the Spartans.
(c) Philip's many marriages.
(d) Philip's drunken display at the wedding of one of his nieces.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who did Plutarch claim Agis had imprisoned and hanged?
2. How did Agesilaus take the throne from his brother, Agis, according to Plutarch?
3. What does Plutarch report to be the joke that Neoptoleumus, captain of Alexander's lifeguard, told of Eumenes?
4. What subject does Plutarch report Sertorius mastered as a youth?
5. With whom does Plutarch report Agis ruled over the Lacedaemonians?
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