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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. There were 12 Roman Caesar's. Which one is Plutarch chronicling?
(a) Caesar Augustus.
(b) Tiberius Caesar.
(c) The first Caesar, Gaius Julius Caesar.
(d) Octavious Caesar.
2. How old does Plutarch claim Alexander to have been when Philip left him in charge of Macedon while he went on an expedition against Byzantine?
3. Who does Plutarch report took in Cato and his siblings after they were orphaned, and for what was this person known?
(a) Servilia who eventually became the wife of Brutus.
(b) Livius Drusus, an uncle on Cato's mother's side, raised the orphaned siblings, he was known for his role in the government and as being a very eloquent speaker.
(c) Pompaedius Silo who became a captain in Caesar's army.
(d) Sylla who was the most violent despot of Rome.
4. According to Plutarch, when did Phocion rise to power in Athens?
(a) As the ship of state in Athens was sinking.
(b) After Alexander had decided to invade Persia.
(c) As Greece was recovering from war with the Macedonians.
(d) After the death of Eumenes.
5. How did Plutarch compare Agesilaus and Pompey in their treatment of the men who supported their rise to power?
(a) Both Agesilaus and Pompey remained loyal to those who helped their careers.
(b) Agesilaus placed Lysander in an important province to honor his help whereas Pompey began making political connections so he could escape the influence of Sylla.
(c) Pompey remained loyal to Sylla even through the years Sylla had withdrawn his favor, but Agesilaus cast off Lysander with reproach after he rose to power on Lysander's misinterpretation of prophesy.
(d) Both Agesilaus and Pompey betrayed those who helped them through their careers.
6. What five qualities does Plutarch claim that Sertorius possessed in greater qualities than the other generals to whom Plutarch compared him?
(a) Nobility, mercy honesty, faithfulness, and humility.
(b) Ferocity, integrity, honesty, nobility, and courage.
(c) Bravery, wisdom, frugality, humility, and foresightedness.
(d) Contentment, faithfulness, mercy, prudence and judgment.
7. What does Plutarch claim caused Caesar and Pompey to become rivals for power?
(a) Crassus' death.
(b) Pompey's defeat to Sertorius in Spain.
(c) Pompey's alliance with Crassus.
(d) The rivalry between Pompey's father and Caesar's family.
8. Who were they, and what were the nationalities of Alexander's parents, according to Plutarch?
(a) Eumens of Sparta, and Cleopatra of Persia.
(b) Philip of Greece, and Potidaea of Rome.
(c) Philip of Macedon, and Olympia of Greece.
(d) Attalus of Macedon and Olympia of Greece.
9. What does Plutarch report to be the condition of Lacedaemonia when Agis and his partner began their reign?
(a) It was taken by avarice, a base spirit, luxury, effeminacy and had fallen from her former virtue and repute.
(b) Lacedaemonia had risen to become the most powerful of Spartan cities.
(c) Lacedaemonia had become little more than a crossroad for commerce to more industrious cities.
(d) It was beaten down by wars with citizens who had lost hope of recovery.
10. What did Plutarch claim was the final indication that Pompey had fallen out of Sylla's favor?
(a) Sylla defeated Pompey in battle as he was returning from conquests in Europe.
(b) Sylla did not include Pompey in his will.
(c) Sylla dispatched Pompey to Spain to quell rebellions.
(d) Sylla attempted to have Pompey imprisoned.
11. In what sort of activity did Eumenes get the attention of Philip of Macedon, according to Plutarch?
(a) Youth matches in Cardia.
(b) Breaking horses at a stable.
(c) Delivering speeches in his school.
(d) Working as a servant in Philip's palace.
12. What does Plutarch claim Caesar said when he heard of Cato's suicide?
(a) "I come not to bury Cato, but to praise him."
(b) "Cato, I grudge your death, as you have grudged me the preservation of your life."
(c) "You're a greater man than I, Cato."
(d) "My greatest enemy has been vanquished and now I can rule supreme."
13. Why does Plutarch claim Philip believed that Alexander was a demi-god?
(a) Because Philip had a dream about serpents sleeping with Olympia that were signs of Jupiter's presence.
(b) Because Alexander showed unnatural skill and intelligence from an early age.
(c) Because there were three omens that prophets interpreted that Alexander's birth was exalted.
(d) Because Philip once saw a serpent sleeping with his wife and he was advised by a pagan priest that the serpent was Ammon (Zeus, Jupiter) who had taken that form.
14. What does Plutarch declare to be the condition of men in public life?
(a) "You see what power is--holding someone else's fear in your hand and showing it to them."
(b) "There is danger from all men. The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with power to endangerment of the public liberty.
(c) "Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power."
(d) "...(They) are content to make themselves the slaves and followers of all the people's humors and caprices."
15. What preceded Caesar's election by the Senate to Dictator, according to Plutarch?
(a) A crowd stirring speech by Antony.
(b) His defeat over Pompey in a civil war.
(c) Brutus' pledge of support to Caesar.
(d) Cassius choosing to join Caesar's army.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who is the famous Roman General that Plutarch claims Sertorius outwitted during his exile in Spain?
2. How was Pompey acquitted of embezzlement that Plutarch reported was accused against his father after he died?
3. How did the master of Rome prior to Caesar's reign make himself an enemy to Caesar, according to Plutarch?
4. With whom did Pompey ally himself to overcome the reputation of his father, and who did Plutarch report they oppose in a civil conflict for power over Rome?
5. How far to the East did Plutarch claim Alexander spread his empire?
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