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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did Plutarch compare Sertorius and Eumenes in their views of war?
(a) Both Eumenes and Sertorius loved war.
(b) Both Eumenes hated the death of war, but loved the thrill of strategy.
(c) Eumenes naturally loved war, but Sertorius esteemed peace and tranquility.
(d) Both Eumenes and Sertorius esteemed peace and tranquility.
2. In what hearing before the Senate did Cato first confront Caesar, according to Plutarch?
(a) The hearing during which Crassus and Pompey were announced in the Triumvirate with Caesar.
(b) The hearing to determine the fate of Lentulus and Cethegus who were discovered by Cicero to be conspiring to overthrow the Empire.
(c) The hearing of the conspirators with Cataline.
(d) The hearing for distributing land to homeless soldiers.
3. Who joined Agis to turn back the laws that placed inherited land under control of a few wealthy families, according to Plutarch?
(a) Leonidas, son of Cleonymus.
(b) Cleomenes, husband to Agiatis.
(c) Lysander, the son of Libys and Madroclidas, the son of Ecphanes.
(d) Agesilaus, his half brother.
4. How does Plutarch compare the climb to power between Agesilaus and Pompey?
(a) Pompey made his rise to greatness by the fairest and justest means, but Agesilaus rose through the deception of a misinterpreted prophesy.
(b) Pompey made his rise to greatness by confronting tyrants, but Agesilaus rose through allying with tryants.
(c) Pompey made his rise to power with great military victories, but Agesilaus rose by negotiating peace.
(d) Pompey made his rise to power by murdering rivals, but Agesilaus rose by negotiating with rivals.
5. How old does Plutarch claim Alexander to have been when Philip left him in charge of Macedon while he went on an expedition against Byzantine?
6. Who does Plutarch report protected Cleomenes while he was in exile?
(a) Phocion of Greece.
(b) King Ptolemy of Egypt.
(c) Aratus of Sycion.
(d) Artaxerxes of Persia.
7. Plutarch compares Sertorius to Philip, Antigonus, and Hannibal for his aggression, strategy, and what one other commonality?
(a) They each lost a hand in battle.
(b) They each had a short leg.
(c) They each came from common families.
(d) They each had one eye.
8. Who was the Persian King that Plutarch reported Alexander defeated on his expedition to India?
9. What does Plutarch report of Cato during this civil war?
(a) He joined Caesar to benefit his career in the senate.
(b) He fled with Pompey and stopped in Utica while Pompey proceeded to Greece.
(c) He remained neutral only to be taken prison by Caesar after the war ended.
(d) He remained in the Senate to help keep peace in Rome.
10. After his return from Spain, with whom does Plutarch claim Caesar took power over Rome in the Triumvirate?
(a) Antony and Octavius.
(b) Sylla and Nero.
(c) Brutus and Cassius.
(d) Crassus and Pompey.
11. What event led Philip to commission Aristotle to teach Alexander, according to Plutarch?
(a) Alexander broke a horse, Bucephalus, in front of his father and his attendants.
(b) Alexander began surpassing the courses taught him in the royal palace.
(c) Alexander showed greater intelligence when confronting foes in wrestling matches.
(d) Alexander began offering innovative strategies for battle to Philip's captains.
12. Who does Plutarch report commissioned Caesar to travel to Spain?
(a) Crassus, who was the richest man in Rome.
(b) Cato, who saw the value of expanding the empire.
(c) Pompey, who knew he needed Caesar's help.
(d) Cassius, who desired to remove Caesar's influence from the Senate.
13. What disaster does Plutarch report occurred on the day that Alexander was born that later added to the legend that he was a demi-god?
(a) A Macedonian fleet survived a horrible storm at sea on the day Alexander was born.
(b) The Temple of Diana burned down and a story was spread that it did so because Diana was attending the birth of Alexander.
(c) An earthquake shook the royal palace while Alexander was being born.
(d) Lightning hit the area of the palace where Alexander's mother was giving birth.
14. How did Agesilaus take the throne from his brother, Agis, according to Plutarch?
(a) Lysander, a popular general, applied a misinterpretation of a prophesy against the rumored illegitimate son of Agis.
(b) Agesilaus defeated Agis in a duel.
(c) Agesilaus poisoned Agis.
(d) Agesilaus hired conspirators to murder Agis.
15. According to Plutarch, who authored laws in Lacedaemonia that caused land that was once subject to inheritance within families to be taken into a few wealthy hands?
Short Answer Questions
1. In what sort of family does Plutarch claim Eumenes was raised?
2. What battle against Macedon, according to Plutarch, that Phocion warned against taking that the Athenians lost under a different general?
3. How did Plutarch compare Agesilaus and Pompey in their treatment of the men who supported their rise to power?
4. What does Plutarch declare to be the condition of men in public life?
5. What came of Rome after Crassus died, according to Plutarch?
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