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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is a major difference between Sertorius and Eumenes that Plutarch recognized?
(a) Sertorius' soldiers yielded to him freely, whereas Eumenes won a contested office by proving his superiority.
(b) That Sertorius was a learned captain, but Eumenes gained all of his knowledge from battle.
(c) Sertorius was well read, but Eumenes was illiterate.
(d) That Sertorious had the support of the government, but Eumenes was in rebellion against the government.
2. To whose death did Plutarch compare the death of Phocion?
(a) To Cato's.
(b) To Sertorius'.
(d) To Caesar's.
3. Who did Plutarch report to be the father of Agis and Agesilaus?
(a) Zeuxidamus, King of the Lacedaemonians.
(b) Archidamus, king of the Lacedaemonians.
(d) Duris the historian.
4. In what sort of activity did Eumenes get the attention of Philip of Macedon, according to Plutarch?
(a) Working as a servant in Philip's palace.
(b) Youth matches in Cardia.
(c) Delivering speeches in his school.
(d) Breaking horses at a stable.
5. Who does Plutarch report commissioned Caesar to travel to Spain?
(a) Cassius, who desired to remove Caesar's influence from the Senate.
(b) Pompey, who knew he needed Caesar's help.
(c) Crassus, who was the richest man in Rome.
(d) Cato, who saw the value of expanding the empire.
6. Who does Plutarch report protected Cleomenes while he was in exile?
(a) Artaxerxes of Persia.
(b) Phocion of Greece.
(c) Aratus of Sycion.
(d) King Ptolemy of Egypt.
7. What is the first similarity that Plutarch recognized between Sertorius and Eumenes?
(a) They were both banished to foreign lands, but came to be commanders of powerful forces.
(b) That they both came from laboring families but worked up to the Noble class.
(c) That they were both embraced by the political leaders of their countries.
(d) That they were both ferocious in battle.
8. According to Plutarch, what eventually led to Alexander and his mother, Olympia, separating from Philip to become his rivals?
(a) Philip's many marriages.
(b) Philip's drunken display at the wedding of one of his nieces.
(c) Philip's humiliating defeat against the Spartans.
(d) Philip's squandering the family wealth on horses and soldiers.
9. Why does Plutarch claim Philip believed that Alexander was a demi-god?
(a) Because Philip once saw a serpent sleeping with his wife and he was advised by a pagan priest that the serpent was Ammon (Zeus, Jupiter) who had taken that form.
(b) Because there were three omens that prophets interpreted that Alexander's birth was exalted.
(c) Because Philip had a dream about serpents sleeping with Olympia that were signs of Jupiter's presence.
(d) Because Alexander showed unnatural skill and intelligence from an early age.
10. Who were they, and what were the nationalities of Alexander's parents, according to Plutarch?
(a) Philip of Greece, and Potidaea of Rome.
(b) Philip of Macedon, and Olympia of Greece.
(c) Attalus of Macedon and Olympia of Greece.
(d) Eumens of Sparta, and Cleopatra of Persia.
11. What subject does Plutarch report Sertorius mastered as a youth?
12. How did Plutarch characterize Phocion's speech?
(a) "Few had ever said as much with a paucity of verbage."
(b) "...That even from his infancy, in his speech, his countenance, and all his childish pastimes, he discovered and inflexible temper,..."
(c) "Never had anyone said so much to so many with so few words."
(d) "...full of instruction, abounding in happy maxims and wise thoughts, but admitted no embellishment to its austere and commanding brevity."
13. How does Plutarch compare the climb to power between Agesilaus and Pompey?
(a) Pompey made his rise to power with great military victories, but Agesilaus rose by negotiating peace.
(b) Pompey made his rise to greatness by confronting tyrants, but Agesilaus rose through allying with tryants.
(c) Pompey made his rise to greatness by the fairest and justest means, but Agesilaus rose through the deception of a misinterpreted prophesy.
(d) Pompey made his rise to power by murdering rivals, but Agesilaus rose by negotiating with rivals.
14. What does Plutarch report to be Phocion's retort when Athens began to celebrate the death of Philip of Macedon?
(a) He had no knowledge of the celebration as he had secluded himself after the victory.
(b) He opposed the celebration and pointed out that the army that had defeated Athens was only diminished by a single man.
(c) He was ambivalent to the celebration but realized his soldiers needed the celebration after fighting a long war.
(d) He supported the celebration and recognized the tactical genius of Philip.
15. Who joined Agis to turn back the laws that placed inherited land under control of a few wealthy families, according to Plutarch?
(a) Lysander, the son of Libys and Madroclidas, the son of Ecphanes.
(b) Leonidas, son of Cleonymus.
(c) Agesilaus, his half brother.
(d) Cleomenes, husband to Agiatis.
Short Answer Questions
1. What victory of Phocion over the Macedonians did Plutarch report as being that which earned the admiration of Philip, King of Macedon?
2. What does Plutarch report to be the condition of Lacedaemonia when Agis and his partner began their reign?
3. What event led Philip to commission Aristotle to teach Alexander, according to Plutarch?
4. What does Plutarch claim caused Caesar and Pompey to become rivals for power?
5. Who invaded Spartan provinces while Cleomenes was making reforms in Spartan government, according to Plutarch?
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