Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Plutarch's report, how did Phocion become general more than 45 times?
(a) He sold his services to many land owners who needed protection.
(b) He subverted the commands of many generals.
(c) He was elected to lead the armies by free election.
(d) He was willing to fight for any kingdom that desired his services.

2. How did Plutarch report Caesar lost his position as Dictator?
(a) He was challenged to war by Ptolemy, which Caesar lost.
(b) The Roman Senate voted to exile Caesar for his many wars.
(c) An insurrection by soldiers stationed in Germany.
(d) He was assassinated by a conspiracy led by Cassius and Marcus Brutus.

3. What did Plutarch report to be the result of Cato's management of the exchequer?
(a) Cato was inundated with dealing with corruption and faced down opposition.
(b) Cato filled it with treasure and made it appear the state might be rich without oppressing the people.
(c) Cato served only briefly because of the corrupt expectations of the political system.
(d) Cato reduced taxes, but the senate was preoccupied with using the treasury for political favors.

4. How old does Plutarch claim Alexander to have been when Philip left him in charge of Macedon while he went on an expedition against Byzantine?
(a) 14.
(b) 20.
(c) 16.
(d) 18.

5. Who does Plutarch report to be the master of Rome before Caesar came to power?
(a) Cato.
(b) Sylla.
(c) Crassus.
(d) Cassius.

6. What was Caesar's first step, according to Plutarch, when he was informed of Sylla's power being in decline?
(a) He returned to his home realizing that Sylla no longer had the support to eliminate his enemies.
(b) He attended the school of a famous rhetorician named Apollonius.
(c) He began rallying support in the senate to have Sylla removed from power.
(d) He joined with Crassus and Pompey to form a triumvirate to overpower Sylla.

7. What event led Philip to commission Aristotle to teach Alexander, according to Plutarch?
(a) Alexander began offering innovative strategies for battle to Philip's captains.
(b) Alexander broke a horse, Bucephalus, in front of his father and his attendants.
(c) Alexander showed greater intelligence when confronting foes in wrestling matches.
(d) Alexander began surpassing the courses taught him in the royal palace.

8. What did Plutarch report to be Agesilaus' physical deformity?
(a) He had a lame hand.
(b) He had only one eye.
(c) He had one leg shorter than the other.
(d) He was blind.

9. Why does Plutarch suggest that Cleomenes eliminated the office of ephors from Spartan Government?
(a) Because he discovered the ephors were stealing from the public coffers.
(b) Because he discovered he was king in name only and that the ephors had all the power.
(c) Because the ephors were inciting the public to overthrow him.
(d) Because the ephors were a barrier to his desire to battle the Greeks.

10. Plutarch compares Sertorius to Philip, Antigonus, and Hannibal for his aggression, strategy, and what one other commonality?
(a) They each had one eye.
(b) They each came from common families.
(c) They each lost a hand in battle.
(d) They each had a short leg.

11. Where does Plutarch report Alexander died?
(a) Athens.
(b) Babylon.
(c) India.
(d) Persia.

12. What preceded Caesar's election by the Senate to Dictator, according to Plutarch?
(a) A crowd stirring speech by Antony.
(b) Cassius choosing to join Caesar's army.
(c) Brutus' pledge of support to Caesar.
(d) His defeat over Pompey in a civil war.

13. Who is the famous Roman General that Plutarch claims Sertorius outwitted during his exile in Spain?
(a) Caesar.
(b) Phocion.
(c) Pompey.
(d) Cicero.

14. What five qualities does Plutarch claim that Sertorius possessed in greater qualities than the other generals to whom Plutarch compared him?
(a) Ferocity, integrity, honesty, nobility, and courage.
(b) Bravery, wisdom, frugality, humility, and foresightedness.
(c) Contentment, faithfulness, mercy, prudence and judgment.
(d) Nobility, mercy honesty, faithfulness, and humility.

15. What disaster does Plutarch report occurred on the day that Alexander was born that later added to the legend that he was a demi-god?
(a) A Macedonian fleet survived a horrible storm at sea on the day Alexander was born.
(b) The Temple of Diana burned down and a story was spread that it did so because Diana was attending the birth of Alexander.
(c) An earthquake shook the royal palace while Alexander was being born.
(d) Lightning hit the area of the palace where Alexander's mother was giving birth.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did Plutarch compare Agesilaus and Pompey in their treatment of the men who supported their rise to power?

2. What battle against Macedon, according to Plutarch, that Phocion warned against taking that the Athenians lost under a different general?

3. Who does Plutarch report commissioned Caesar to travel to Spain?

4. What is the first similarity that Plutarch recognized between Sertorius and Eumenes?

5. How did Plutarch describe Cleomenes' personality?

(see the answer keys)

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