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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. With whom did Pompey make war that Plutarch reported eventually led to his death in Egypt?
(a) Pompey led a civil war against Sertorius to exert Roman control over Western Europe.
(b) Pompey led a civil war against Antony after the assassination of Caesar.
(c) Pompey led a civil war against Caesar in an attempt to take Caesar's power.
(d) Pompey led a civil war against Crassus to consolidate the power of the Triumvirate.
2. What does Plutarch claim Caesar chose to do while Sylla's power reached its peak?
(a) He gathered forces to challenge Sylla with a civil war.
(b) He left Rome in exile.
(c) He contended with Caesar's power in the Senate.
(d) He joined a conspiracy with Brutus and Cassius to assassinate Sylla.
3. Who does Plutarch report to be the master of Rome before Caesar came to power?
4. How did Agesilaus take the throne from his brother, Agis, according to Plutarch?
(a) Agesilaus hired conspirators to murder Agis.
(b) Agesilaus defeated Agis in a duel.
(c) Lysander, a popular general, applied a misinterpretation of a prophesy against the rumored illegitimate son of Agis.
(d) Agesilaus poisoned Agis.
5. How does Plutarch claim the birth order of Agis and Agesilaus affected their lives?
(a) Agis, the older, was educated to be king, and Agesilaus was given a common education.
(b) Agis, the older, was the favorite of the father, but Agesilaus was the favorite of their mother.
(c) Agis, the older, was given the inheritance of the king, but Agesilaus was given the authority over a province.
(d) Agis, the older, was trained in military matters, but Agesilaus was trained in agricultural arts.
6. What came of Rome after Crassus died, according to Plutarch?
(a) Caesar conspired to have Pompey assassinated.
(b) Pompey fled Rome out of fear of Caesar's desire to take total control.
(c) It collapsed into a civil war between supporters of Caesar and Pompey.
(d) The Senate was split in its support for Caesar or Pompey.
7. What is a major difference between Sertorius and Eumenes that Plutarch recognized?
(a) That Sertorious had the support of the government, but Eumenes was in rebellion against the government.
(b) Sertorius' soldiers yielded to him freely, whereas Eumenes won a contested office by proving his superiority.
(c) That Sertorius was a learned captain, but Eumenes gained all of his knowledge from battle.
(d) Sertorius was well read, but Eumenes was illiterate.
8. What did Plutarch report to be the difference between how the island allies of Athens treated other arriving Athenian admirals compared to their reception of Phocion?
(a) Other admirals were treated with ambivalence, but they regarded Phocion with tremendous fear.
(b) Other admirals were greeted with private boats and barges with streamers and garlands, but Phocion was treated as an enemy suspect.
(c) Other admirals were treated as an enemy suspect, but Phocion was greeted with private boats and barges with streamers and garlands.
(d) Islands were opened very freely to other admirals, but they feared Phocion's plundering ways.
9. How did Alexander show favor to Eumenes, according to Plutarch?
(a) By arranging Eumenes' marriage to the sister of his wife.
(b) By allowing Eumenes to train the royal horses.
(c) By employing Eumenes in the palace.
(d) By making Eumenes his spear carrier.
10. How did Plutarch claim Agis and Cleomenes incurred the hatred of the rich and powerful?
(a) By taxing them to support homeless soldiers.
(b) By taking their laborers from them to fight in wars.
(c) By being desirous to restore the noble and just form of government.
(d) By inciting the working class to take their property.
11. How did Plutarch compare Sertorius and Eumenes in their views of war?
(a) Both Eumenes and Sertorius loved war.
(b) Eumenes naturally loved war, but Sertorius esteemed peace and tranquility.
(c) Both Eumenes hated the death of war, but loved the thrill of strategy.
(d) Both Eumenes and Sertorius esteemed peace and tranquility.
12. How was Pompey acquitted of embezzlement that Plutarch reported was accused against his father after he died?
(a) Pompey proved his father was in Spain governing the Roman province when the money had disappeared.
(b) Pompey set us his own slave as having stolen the funds.
(c) Pompey traced the thefts to a freed slave of his father's, named Alexander.
(d) Pompey pledged his loyalty to Sylla.
13. What did Plutarch report of Phocion's temperament?
(a) "...that scarcely was he ever seen by any Athenian either laughing, or in tears."
(b) "He that remonstrates with them (public bodies) on their errors is presumed to be insulting over their misfortunes...."
(c) "...That public bodies are most insulting and contumelious to a good man,...."
(d) "For assuredly there is difference enough among virtues of the same denomination as between the bravery of Alcibiades and that of Eapmindondas,..."
14. In what hearing before the Senate did Cato first confront Caesar, according to Plutarch?
(a) The hearing of the conspirators with Cataline.
(b) The hearing for distributing land to homeless soldiers.
(c) The hearing to determine the fate of Lentulus and Cethegus who were discovered by Cicero to be conspiring to overthrow the Empire.
(d) The hearing during which Crassus and Pompey were announced in the Triumvirate with Caesar.
15. What question, according to Plutarch, did Cato ask his guardian, Sarpedon, as he watched executions that were ordered by the Roman political leader?
(a) "What law brings this type of justice?"
(b) "Why does nobody kill this man?"
(c) "What leader would cause this horror?"
(d) "Is this the only justice for these criminals?"
Short Answer Questions
1. In what sort of activity did Eumenes get the attention of Philip of Macedon, according to Plutarch?
2. How old was Alexander when Plutarch claims he took the Macedonian throne after Philip's death?
3. Who does Plutarch report protected Cleomenes while he was in exile?
4. According to Plutarch's report, how did Phocion become general more than 45 times?
5. Who does Plutarch report ruled Rome in a Triumvirate while Cato served in the Senate?
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