Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Plutarch report to be the condition of Lacedaemonia when Agis and his partner began their reign?
(a) Lacedaemonia had risen to become the most powerful of Spartan cities.
(b) Lacedaemonia had become little more than a crossroad for commerce to more industrious cities.
(c) It was taken by avarice, a base spirit, luxury, effeminacy and had fallen from her former virtue and repute.
(d) It was beaten down by wars with citizens who had lost hope of recovery.

2. Who does Plutarch report to be the master of Rome before Caesar came to power?
(a) Sylla.
(b) Cassius.
(c) Cato.
(d) Crassus.

3. How does Plutarch claim the birth order of Agis and Agesilaus affected their lives?
(a) Agis, the older, was given the inheritance of the king, but Agesilaus was given the authority over a province.
(b) Agis, the older, was educated to be king, and Agesilaus was given a common education.
(c) Agis, the older, was trained in military matters, but Agesilaus was trained in agricultural arts.
(d) Agis, the older, was the favorite of the father, but Agesilaus was the favorite of their mother.

4. With whom did Pompey ally himself to overcome the reputation of his father, and who did Plutarch report they oppose in a civil conflict for power over Rome?
(a) Pompey allied himself with a very popular general named Sylla and they united their armies to oppose the tyrant, Carbo.
(b) Pompey allied himself with Crassus to overthrow Caesar.
(c) Pompey allied himself with Caesar in an attempt to overthrow Sylla.
(d) Pompey allied himself with Metellus to overthrow Sertorius' rebellions in Spain.

5. What did Plutarch report to be Phocion's view of war whenever he was brought into debates with other Greek leaders?
(a) He believe a man could have no greater virtue than the desire to face bloody combat.
(b) He thrilled in the adventure of defeating an enemy.
(c) His advice was always for peace and quietness.
(d) He always advocated drawing the enemy out into the open.

6. There were 12 Roman Caesar's. Which one is Plutarch chronicling?
(a) Tiberius Caesar.
(b) Caesar Augustus.
(c) The first Caesar, Gaius Julius Caesar.
(d) Octavious Caesar.

7. Who did Plutarch report to be the father of Agis and Agesilaus?
(a) Duris the historian.
(b) Zeuxidamus, King of the Lacedaemonians.
(c) Alcibiades.
(d) Archidamus, king of the Lacedaemonians.

8. In what sort of family does Plutarch claim Eumenes was raised?
(a) A ruling class family.
(b) A military family
(c) A noble family.
(d) A poor laboring family.

9. Why does Plutarch use the name, "Cato the Younger"?
(a) Because he had a half brother also named Cato.
(b) Because he also wrote of the grandfather, who's name was also Cato.
(c) Because he was one of two Catos serving in the Roman Senate.
(d) Because he was the youngest leader in Rome.

10. To whose death did Plutarch compare the death of Phocion?
(a) Aristotle's.
(b) To Cato's.
(c) To Sertorius'.
(d) To Caesar's.

11. How did Plutarch compare Sertorius and Eumenes in their views of war?
(a) Both Eumenes hated the death of war, but loved the thrill of strategy.
(b) Both Eumenes and Sertorius loved war.
(c) Eumenes naturally loved war, but Sertorius esteemed peace and tranquility.
(d) Both Eumenes and Sertorius esteemed peace and tranquility.

12. What was a political hurdle that Plutarch claimed Pompey had to overcome?
(a) His father, Strabo, was so reviled by the Romans that they desecrated his body after his death.
(b) Pompey was not respected after he lost battles in Spain.
(c) He was a rival to Crassus.
(d) He was a rival to Caesar.

13. What does Plutarch claim Caesar chose to do while Sylla's power reached its peak?
(a) He gathered forces to challenge Sylla with a civil war.
(b) He contended with Caesar's power in the Senate.
(c) He left Rome in exile.
(d) He joined a conspiracy with Brutus and Cassius to assassinate Sylla.

14. Who is the famous Roman General that Plutarch claims Sertorius outwitted during his exile in Spain?
(a) Caesar.
(b) Pompey.
(c) Cicero.
(d) Phocion.

15. What was Caesar's first step, according to Plutarch, when he was informed of Sylla's power being in decline?
(a) He returned to his home realizing that Sylla no longer had the support to eliminate his enemies.
(b) He began rallying support in the senate to have Sylla removed from power.
(c) He attended the school of a famous rhetorician named Apollonius.
(d) He joined with Crassus and Pompey to form a triumvirate to overpower Sylla.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Plutarch suggest that Cleomenes eliminated the office of ephors from Spartan Government?

2. What is a major difference between Sertorius and Eumenes that Plutarch recognized?

3. How was Pompey acquitted of embezzlement that Plutarch reported was accused against his father after he died?

4. What does Plutarch claim caused Caesar and Pompey to become rivals for power?

5. Who were they, and what were the nationalities of Alexander's parents, according to Plutarch?

(see the answer keys)

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