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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What German forces were engaged in the Ardennes Offensive?
2. What did Guderian claim about the Government Cabinet?
3. What factor demoralized Rommel on the Western front?
4. What recommendation did Hitler make to Guderian, during their discussions, during the events of Chapter 12?
5. What happened to the German General Staff after WWI?
Short Essay Questions
1. What special authority did Guderian seek from general Schmundt?
2. How were the opinions about entering into war different for Hitler and for the General Staff?
3. What personal danger did Guderian face in Chapter 12?
4. What defensive mistakes did Hitler constantly make during the allied advances in Europe?
5. What defensive mistake did Rommel make in dealing with the allied landings at Normandy?
6. What problem limited production in Germany in 1943?
7. How well did Himmler fare as the leader of Army Group Vistula?
8. According to Guderian, how did Hitler come to power?
9. What is the role of the "Court of Honor"?
10. What major attack did Hitler order for Army Group Vistula during the events of Chapter 12?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
As the war turned against Germany, Hitler began to make increasingly serious defensive blunders, often refusing to allow troops to withdraw to defensible positions or to retreat when overwhelmed by enemy forces. These decisions cost many Germans their lives and turned the course of the war irrevocably against Germany.
1) Identify and explain the events that caused Germany to go on the defensive.
2) Describe, based on the German army's doctrine and mentality, how ready the German forces were to fight a defensive war.
3) Use examples from the book to explain some situations were German military leaders recommended prudent defensive strategies, such as tactical withdrawals.
4) Explain or speculate as to why Hitler refused these recommendations, and explain the consequences of these decisions.
Essay Topic 2
The German high command considered the invasion of France carefully, discussing several possible plans of attack. The final plan proved to be phenomenally effective and resulted in the quick routing of French and allied forces and the eventual annexation of most of France.
1) Discuss the major plans considered by the German high command for the invasion of France.
2) Explain Guderian's suggestions for the planning of this invasion, and discuss why these suggestions were unorthodox but effective.
3) Summarize the course of the German invasion of France, including a discussion of Guderian's personal involvement.
Essay Topic 3
Guderian's publication, "Tank Attack by Movement" was intended for military theorists and described the ways he believed armor should be used in warfare. His ideas were developed in an atmosphere that increasingly stressed the importance of armor, but Guderian codified the principles of armored tactics for the first time, and identified the major advantages of the tank as a war-fighting machine.
1) Explain what "Tank Attack by Movement" was, why Guderian wrote it, and who his intended audience was.
2) Discuss how Guderian believed tanks should be employed in warfare.
3) Summarize what Guderian believed to be the major advantages of tanks over other available forces.
4) Describe some of the differences between Guderian's approach to armored warfare and the classic approach used in WWI and endorsed by other military leaders of the time.
This section contains 894 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)