|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Where did Rommel believe the Allies would make their major amphibious invasion?
2. Which of the following best describes the relationship that existed between the German General Staff and the Weimar Republic?
3. The tradition of the German General Staff dated back to the leadership of what nation?
4. What did von Kluge do after he was replaced by Model?
5. Who did Guderian demand that Hitler replace?
Short Essay Questions
1. What happened when the Russians invaded German-allied Romania?
2. What faults did Guderian credit for Hitler's declining capabilities?
3. Describe the political structure of Germany during the war, according to Guderian.
4. What major attack did Hitler order for Army Group Vistula during the events of Chapter 12?
5. How did Guderian quickly create an effective staff for his new command as Inspector-General of the Armored Troops?
6. Summarize Guderian's opinion of Hitler's overall strategic mistakes.
7. According to Guderian, how did Hitler come to power?
8. What was the July 20th plot?
9. How were the opinions about entering into war different for Hitler and for the General Staff?
10. What problem limited production in Germany in 1943?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The inner circle of Nazi leaders, both political and military, affected the course of the war significantly. A small number of individuals, their capabilities and beliefs, determined in large part the fate of the German people.
1) Describe Goering's position in the Third Reich, his personality, and his connection with Hitler. Explain at least one major way in which he affected the course of the war.
2) Explain Himmler's background and dual political and military position. Explain his use of the SS and his command over Army Group Vistulla, as well as the results of both of these commands.
3) Describe Goebbels as a person and explain his importance in the German political infrastructure. Discuss his influence on the war and personal connections with Hitler.
Essay Topic 2
Guderian's publication, "Tank Attack by Movement" was intended for military theorists and described the ways he believed armor should be used in warfare. His ideas were developed in an atmosphere that increasingly stressed the importance of armor, but Guderian codified the principles of armored tactics for the first time, and identified the major advantages of the tank as a war-fighting machine.
1) Explain what "Tank Attack by Movement" was, why Guderian wrote it, and who his intended audience was.
2) Discuss how Guderian believed tanks should be employed in warfare.
3) Summarize what Guderian believed to be the major advantages of tanks over other available forces.
4) Describe some of the differences between Guderian's approach to armored warfare and the classic approach used in WWI and endorsed by other military leaders of the time.
Essay Topic 3
The July 20th assassination plot against Hitler ended with the killing of several top German military leaders, the light wounding of the Fuhrer, and the execution of most of the conspirators. The German officers who carried out the assassination attempt believed they could end the war by killing Hitler, but Guderian expressed doubt that Hitler's death would mean anything for Germany.
1) Explain the July 20th plot, including the people involved, the plan for the assassination, how the attack was carried out, and how successful the plan was.
2) Discuss the motivations of the conspirators and explain what they hoped to achieve through their actions.
3) Describe Guderian's attitude towards the assassination attempt, including a discussion of his criticisms of the methods used by the conspirators and their morals.
This section contains 909 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)