|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The OKW was created to act as which of the following?
2. Who originated the term "Blitzkrieg"?
3. Where did Rommel believe the Allies would make their major amphibious invasion?
4. What happened to the German General Staff after WWI?
5. According to Guderian, why was the German military unable to oppose Hitler?
Essay Topic 1
After breaking through Belgium and Luxembourg, the German forces routed French and allied divisions, sending them fleeing North to the channel and south to the heart of France. The English expeditionary force was badly disorganized and compacted into a small area at Dunkirk, where they were slowly evacuated. Many military leaders wanted to launch a massive ground attack against these forces, but Hitler indulged Goering's desire to demonstrate the power of the German Luftwaffe by destroying the English from the air. This proved more difficult than planned, and most of the English army escaped.
1) Discuss the events that caused the English army to be cornered at Dunkirk.
2) Explain the opinions of Guderian and other military leaders about what should have been done to wipe out the English army.
3) Explain the reasons that caused Hitler to send only the Luftwaffe to attack this vulnerable position.
4) Summarize the Luftwaffe's attempts to wipe out the English.
5) Using information from the book and Guderian's personal insights, speculate how the war could have gone differently had ground forces been allowed to attack Dunkirk en masse.
Essay Topic 2
At the Munich conference, Hitler received many concessions intended to appease his expansionist desires. World leaders, such as British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, were delighted that peace was achieved, but the Czechoslovakians paid for this peace with their freedom. Their entire state was soon cut into pieces and annexed variously by Germany, Austria, and Hungary. In the end, the peace was only illusory, since Hitler had no intention of ending his ambitions in Czechoslovakia.
1) Explain the Munich conference and the reasons the Western powers were willing to grant Germany permission to annex Czechoslovakia.
2) Summarize the course of the German occupation of Czechoslovakia. How were the Germans met in the Sudetenland?
3) Explain how the Germans, including Guderian and other military leaders, reacted to the annexation of the Sudetenland.
4) Discuss the advantages Germany gained as a result of the annexation of the Sudetenland and other areas of Czechoslovakia.
Essay Topic 3
As the war turned against Germany, Hitler began to make increasingly serious defensive blunders, often refusing to allow troops to withdraw to defensible positions or to retreat when overwhelmed by enemy forces. These decisions cost many Germans their lives and turned the course of the war irrevocably against Germany.
1) Identify and explain the events that caused Germany to go on the defensive.
2) Describe, based on the German army's doctrine and mentality, how ready the German forces were to fight a defensive war.
3) Use examples from the book to explain some situations were German military leaders recommended prudent defensive strategies, such as tactical withdrawals.
4) Explain or speculate as to why Hitler refused these recommendations, and explain the consequences of these decisions.
This section contains 2,770 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)