|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What happened to the German General Staff after WWI?
2. Which of the following does Guderian NOT cite as a reason for Hitler's declining capabilities?
3. Guderian claimed that Himmler has strange fantasies about the German people colonizing what area?
4. What did Guderian want to send to Africa to help stabilize the collapsing front there?
5. During Germany's final collapse, Guderian sought an audience with Hitler and what other major leader?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Guderian, how did Hitler come to power?
2. What defensive mistakes did Hitler constantly make during the allied advances in Europe?
3. What faults did Guderian credit for Hitler's declining capabilities?
4. What defensive mistake did Rommel make in dealing with the allied landings at Normandy?
5. What was the result of the July 20th plot?
6. What was the July 20th plot?
7. What is the role of the "Court of Honor"?
8. What personal danger did Guderian face in Chapter 12?
9. What war did the tradition of the German General Staff date back to?
10. What problem limited production in Germany in 1943?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The unification, or Anschluss with Austria, was one of Hitler's first major moves on the world diplomatic stage. The annexation set the tone for Hitler's aggressive political and military campaigns intended to unite all German-speaking people and create a new German empire.
1) Explain the relationship between Austria and Germany and discuss why Austria was willing to participate in the unification.
2) Discuss the course of the actual march on Austria, including Guderian involvement in it. Describe how the Germans were met in Austria and how the Germans reacted to this.
3) Summarize the advantages Germany gained as a result of the Anschluss, both material and diplomatic.
Essay Topic 2
Germany's sudden invasion of Poland on September 1st, 1939 opened the second World War. The effectiveness and speed of the German advances shocked the world and changed military strategy and tactics instantly. Germany's quick occupation of Poland established it as a prime military power not to be trifled with. Further, it established the tank and the Panzer division as major weapons in this new type of warfare.
1) Explain why Germany went to war with Poland.
2) Discuss the German plan of attack on Poland. What were Germany's specific strategic goals?
3) Discuss Guderian's involvement in the invasion and assess how successful Guderian was as a military leader during this campaign.
4) Describe the importance of the tank and the Panzer division in this invasion.
5) Summarize some of the results of the invasion.
Essay Topic 3
As the situation worsened for Germany, Hitler became increasingly distrustful of his generals and began to chastise them for minor acts of disobedience. This trend began soon after the close of the Polish campaign and increased in severity until the end of the war.
1) Discuss the beginnings of Hitler's distrust for his generals. Cite Guderian's first hints Hitler was unsatisfied with his generals.
2) Explain some of the issues Hitler disagreed with his generals on, including defensive positions, strategic goals, and tactical withdrawals.
3) Describe some of the consequences of Hitler's distrust for his generals, including but not limited to the diminishing effectiveness of the German war-machine, the promotion of incompetent generals, and the assassination attempts against Hitler himself.
This section contains 868 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)