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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was Guderian's primary concern, following the assassination attempt of July 20th?
2. Guderian showed Hitler proof that Army Group Vistula's attack received which of the following?
3. What did Hitler order Guderian to do after their final confrontation?
4. What new commander of Army Group Vistula was ordered to relieve a surrounded fortress?
5. What fortress was the new commander of Army Group Vistulla ordeedr to relieve?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was the July 20th plot?
2. What personal danger did Guderian face in Chapter 12?
3. What problem limited production in Germany in 1943?
4. How did Guderian quickly create an effective staff for his new command as Inspector-General of the Armored Troops?
5. How were the opinions about entering into war different for Hitler and for the General Staff?
6. What rumor did Guderian hear about Field Marshal von Kluge on July 18th?
7. What problems did the German General Staff face in the inter-war period?
8. What happened when the Russians invaded German-allied Romania?
9. What defensive mistake did Rommel make in dealing with the allied landings at Normandy?
10. What major attack did Hitler order for Army Group Vistula during the events of Chapter 12?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Germany's war on the Eastern front quickly became a defensive battle after the stalled offensives of the first winter there and the disasters at Stalingrad and Kursk. However, Hitler failed to adapt to the demands of this style of warfare and the German army suffered significant setbacks as a result. The German army was never able to effectively defend against the advancing Russians.
1) Explain the strategic situation on the Eastern front when Germany went on the defensive.
2) Discuss the recommendations made by Guderian and other German military leaders for the defense of the Eastern front, and explain why Hitler refused to adopt these recommendations.
3) Describe some of the consequences of Hitler's mistakes on the Eastern front, including the loss of German divisions, vital resources, and strategic losses, such as the impact on morale and organization.
Essay Topic 2
When he was reinstated in the army, Guderian was given the rank of Inspector-General of the Armored Troops. This was a very important position that gave Guderian the authority he had always sought, but it came late in the war and at a time when the organization of the armored troops was in a desperate condition.
1) Explain the reasons Guderian was reinstated into the army and given his new rank.
2) Summarize the responsibilities and authority Guderian gained in his new capacity.
3) Explain how Guderian was able to quickly assemble an effective staff.
4) Discuss the state of the German armored troops at the time Guderian assumed his new command, and discuss the changes that Guderian made to these forces in order to make them effective once again.
Essay Topic 3
After dealing with France, Hitler turned his attention to Russia. He devised another daring plan for quickly annexing an entire nation through a focus on mobile warfare and rapid advances. The initial attacks took the Russian completely by surprise and resulted in huge territorial gains by the Germans. However, the Russians quickly reorganized and began to push the German army back.
1) Explain Hitler's plan for attack against Russia. What were the major strategic goals of the plan? How did Hitler intend to overcome the massive Russian advantage in manpower? What were to be the final goals of the invasion?
2) Summarize the course of the invasion of Russia.
3) Discuss the important strategic decision whether to attack Moscow or Kiev first. What has Hitler's final decision, and what motivated it?
4) Discuss the impact of the T34 tank on the war. How did the Germans respond to this threat?
5) Explain some of the major factors that led to the turn-around of Germany's success in Russia.
This section contains 954 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)