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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What German military leader held the same position as Keitel and shared a similar fate?
2. What was Guderian's primary concern, following the assassination attempt of July 20th?
3. In Guderian's story about the Court of Honor, what happened to the soldier, which gave the other soldier the chance to kill himself?
4. What happened to Guderian when the OKH was bombed?
5. Which of the following best describes the relationship that existed between the German General Staff and the Weimar Republic?
Short Essay Questions
1. What defensive mistake did Rommel make in dealing with the allied landings at Normandy?
2. What war did the tradition of the German General Staff date back to?
3. How were the opinions about entering into war different for Hitler and for the General Staff?
4. What was the result of the July 20th plot?
5. According to Guderian, how did Hitler come to power?
6. Why was Guderian relieved from his command after the failed attack on the fortress?
7. Why was Guderian interrogated?
8. What rumor did Guderian hear about Field Marshal von Kluge on July 18th?
9. Describe the political structure of Germany during the war, according to Guderian.
10. What factors caused the German General Staff to adopt strategies for motorized and tank warfare?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
After breaking through Belgium and Luxembourg, the German forces routed French and allied divisions, sending them fleeing North to the channel and south to the heart of France. The English expeditionary force was badly disorganized and compacted into a small area at Dunkirk, where they were slowly evacuated. Many military leaders wanted to launch a massive ground attack against these forces, but Hitler indulged Goering's desire to demonstrate the power of the German Luftwaffe by destroying the English from the air. This proved more difficult than planned, and most of the English army escaped.
1) Discuss the events that caused the English army to be cornered at Dunkirk.
2) Explain the opinions of Guderian and other military leaders about what should have been done to wipe out the English army.
3) Explain the reasons that caused Hitler to send only the Luftwaffe to attack this vulnerable position.
4) Summarize the Luftwaffe's attempts to wipe out the English.
5) Using information from the book and Guderian's personal insights, speculate how the war could have gone differently had ground forces been allowed to attack Dunkirk en masse.
Essay Topic 2
As the war turned against Germany, Hitler began to make increasingly serious defensive blunders, often refusing to allow troops to withdraw to defensible positions or to retreat when overwhelmed by enemy forces. These decisions cost many Germans their lives and turned the course of the war irrevocably against Germany.
1) Identify and explain the events that caused Germany to go on the defensive.
2) Describe, based on the German army's doctrine and mentality, how ready the German forces were to fight a defensive war.
3) Use examples from the book to explain some situations were German military leaders recommended prudent defensive strategies, such as tactical withdrawals.
4) Explain or speculate as to why Hitler refused these recommendations, and explain the consequences of these decisions.
Essay Topic 3
Hitler's plan for the invasion of Russia assumed the campaign would be concluded before the next winter, an assumption that proved to be disastrously wrong. As the Russian winter set in, the organization of German forces fell apart and the army suffered major setbacks and defeats.
1) Explain some of the problems in Germany's preparations for the Russian winter.
2) Discuss the difficulties the Russian winter presented the German army with.
3) Describe the ways the Russian forces took advantage of German disorganization during this time.
4) Summarize the impact of the Russian winter on German morale and war-fighting capability.
This section contains 1,017 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)