|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What happened to the German General Staff after WWI?
2. When Guderian was promoted to Inspector-General of the Armored Troops, the German infantry largely lacked what vital weapon?
3. Who originated the term "Blitzkrieg"?
4. What was Guderian's association with the "Court of Honor"?
5. What major problem limited tank production in late 1943?
Short Essay Questions
1. Summarize Guderian's opinion of Hitler's overall strategic mistakes.
2. What faults did Guderian credit for Hitler's declining capabilities?
3. What rumor did Guderian hear about Field Marshal von Kluge on July 18th?
4. What personal danger did Guderian face in Chapter 12?
5. What problem limited production in Germany in 1943?
6. Why was Guderian interrogated?
7. What was the July 20th plot?
8. How well did Himmler fare as the leader of Army Group Vistula?
9. What defensive mistake did Rommel make in dealing with the allied landings at Normandy?
10. How did Guderian quickly create an effective staff for his new command as Inspector-General of the Armored Troops?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In general, Hitler executed brilliant strategies for the invasion of multiple nations in Europe and achieved military successes almost unrivaled in history. However, he eventually became a victim of his own ambition and failed to adapt to a changing environment in the war. His unrealistic strategic goals in Russia led to the defeat of the German army and the eventual collapse of the Third Reich.
1) Describe the strategic goals in the invasion of Poland and the tactical means employed in order to accomplish them.
2) Explain the final plan that was developed for the invasion of France. Discuss how the channel ports were seized and why they were important strategic goals as well as explaining how the French army was encircled and defeated.
3) Discuss Hitler's plan for the invasion of Russia and list and explain the specific strategic goals of the invasion. Discuss the importance of the decision to attack Kiev instead of Moscow.
Essay Topic 2
As the situation worsened for Germany, Hitler became increasingly distrustful of his generals and began to chastise them for minor acts of disobedience. This trend began soon after the close of the Polish campaign and increased in severity until the end of the war.
1) Discuss the beginnings of Hitler's distrust for his generals. Cite Guderian's first hints Hitler was unsatisfied with his generals.
2) Explain some of the issues Hitler disagreed with his generals on, including defensive positions, strategic goals, and tactical withdrawals.
3) Describe some of the consequences of Hitler's distrust for his generals, including but not limited to the diminishing effectiveness of the German war-machine, the promotion of incompetent generals, and the assassination attempts against Hitler himself.
Essay Topic 3
Coming from an unimportant family and rising out of the junior officer corps, Guderian did not have a long-standing relationship with Hitler. However, Guderian's natural talents eventually caused him to be drawn into the Fuhrer's inner circle. Guderian developed strong feelings about Hitler as a leader and his influence on the war and the German people.
1) Trace the course of Guderian and Hitler's relationship through the end of the war. Describe how Guderian was first introduced to this leader and how he gained Hitler's confidence.
2) Explain in detail the major conflicts that occurred between these individuals.
3) Discuss what Guderian believed to be Hitler's most important strengths and weaknesses.
This section contains 882 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)