|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What happened when Guderian was called to meet with Hitler, following the assassination attempt of July 20th?
2. When did Hitler take command of the army away from the OKH?
3. What did Hitler demand to punish the SS division that failed in its attack on Hungary?
4. According to Guderian, Hitler possessed what important capabilities?
5. What did Dr. Geordeler want Guderian to help him with?
Short Essay Questions
1. What problems did the German General Staff face in the inter-war period?
2. What rumor did Guderian hear about Field Marshal von Kluge on July 18th?
3. Describe the political structure of Germany during the war, according to Guderian.
4. How were the opinions about entering into war different for Hitler and for the General Staff?
5. How did Guderian quickly create an effective staff for his new command as Inspector-General of the Armored Troops?
6. What was the July 20th plot?
7. What war did the tradition of the German General Staff date back to?
8. What defensive mistakes did Hitler constantly make during the allied advances in Europe?
9. What defensive mistake did Rommel make in dealing with the allied landings at Normandy?
10. What happened when the Russians invaded German-allied Romania?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Guderian's publication, "Tank Attack by Movement" was intended for military theorists and described the ways he believed armor should be used in warfare. His ideas were developed in an atmosphere that increasingly stressed the importance of armor, but Guderian codified the principles of armored tactics for the first time, and identified the major advantages of the tank as a war-fighting machine.
1) Explain what "Tank Attack by Movement" was, why Guderian wrote it, and who his intended audience was.
2) Discuss how Guderian believed tanks should be employed in warfare.
3) Summarize what Guderian believed to be the major advantages of tanks over other available forces.
4) Describe some of the differences between Guderian's approach to armored warfare and the classic approach used in WWI and endorsed by other military leaders of the time.
Essay Topic 2
After breaking through Belgium and Luxembourg, the German forces routed French and allied divisions, sending them fleeing North to the channel and south to the heart of France. The English expeditionary force was badly disorganized and compacted into a small area at Dunkirk, where they were slowly evacuated. Many military leaders wanted to launch a massive ground attack against these forces, but Hitler indulged Goering's desire to demonstrate the power of the German Luftwaffe by destroying the English from the air. This proved more difficult than planned, and most of the English army escaped.
1) Discuss the events that caused the English army to be cornered at Dunkirk.
2) Explain the opinions of Guderian and other military leaders about what should have been done to wipe out the English army.
3) Explain the reasons that caused Hitler to send only the Luftwaffe to attack this vulnerable position.
4) Summarize the Luftwaffe's attempts to wipe out the English.
5) Using information from the book and Guderian's personal insights, speculate how the war could have gone differently had ground forces been allowed to attack Dunkirk en masse.
Essay Topic 3
The July 20th assassination plot against Hitler ended with the killing of several top German military leaders, the light wounding of the Fuhrer, and the execution of most of the conspirators. The German officers who carried out the assassination attempt believed they could end the war by killing Hitler, but Guderian expressed doubt that Hitler's death would mean anything for Germany.
1) Explain the July 20th plot, including the people involved, the plan for the assassination, how the attack was carried out, and how successful the plan was.
2) Discuss the motivations of the conspirators and explain what they hoped to achieve through their actions.
3) Describe Guderian's attitude towards the assassination attempt, including a discussion of his criticisms of the methods used by the conspirators and their morals.
This section contains 1,061 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)