|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What fortress was the new commander of Army Group Vistulla ordeedr to relieve?
2. Which of the following best describes the relationship that existed between the German General Staff and the Weimar Republic?
3. Who did Guderian demand that Hitler replace?
4. Guderian described Hitler as being prone to panic in what situations?
5. What new commander of Army Group Vistula was ordered to relieve a surrounded fortress?
Short Essay Questions
1. What factors caused the German General Staff to adopt strategies for motorized and tank warfare?
2. What defensive mistakes did Hitler constantly make during the allied advances in Europe?
3. What was the July 20th plot?
4. What faults did Guderian credit for Hitler's declining capabilities?
5. What is the role of the "Court of Honor"?
6. How did Guderian quickly create an effective staff for his new command as Inspector-General of the Armored Troops?
7. Summarize Guderian's opinion of Hitler's overall strategic mistakes.
8. What problems did the German General Staff face in the inter-war period?
9. What was the result of the July 20th plot?
10. What kind of audience did Guderian seek in Chapter 12?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
As the war turned against Germany, Hitler began to make increasingly serious defensive blunders, often refusing to allow troops to withdraw to defensible positions or to retreat when overwhelmed by enemy forces. These decisions cost many Germans their lives and turned the course of the war irrevocably against Germany.
1) Identify and explain the events that caused Germany to go on the defensive.
2) Describe, based on the German army's doctrine and mentality, how ready the German forces were to fight a defensive war.
3) Use examples from the book to explain some situations were German military leaders recommended prudent defensive strategies, such as tactical withdrawals.
4) Explain or speculate as to why Hitler refused these recommendations, and explain the consequences of these decisions.
Essay Topic 2
Guderian's publication, "Tank Attack by Movement" was intended for military theorists and described the ways he believed armor should be used in warfare. His ideas were developed in an atmosphere that increasingly stressed the importance of armor, but Guderian codified the principles of armored tactics for the first time, and identified the major advantages of the tank as a war-fighting machine.
1) Explain what "Tank Attack by Movement" was, why Guderian wrote it, and who his intended audience was.
2) Discuss how Guderian believed tanks should be employed in warfare.
3) Summarize what Guderian believed to be the major advantages of tanks over other available forces.
4) Describe some of the differences between Guderian's approach to armored warfare and the classic approach used in WWI and endorsed by other military leaders of the time.
Essay Topic 3
The allied landing at Normandy was the largest amphibious invasion in history. The allies took great care to conceal the final location of their attack and to prepare the French coastline for their invasion. For their part, the Germans made many mistakes in assessing the allied invasion and suffered serious setbacks when the allies achieved air superiority.
1) Describe the German plan for the defense of occupied France. Who was in charge of this defense? Was this general well-suited for his task? What special preparations did he make?
2) Explain how allied air superiority affected the German plans for defense of the coastline.
3) Discuss the German response to the invasion. What mistakes were made in this response? Why did Rommel believe the real attack would come elsewhere? Why were German armored units unable to respond and attack the allied beachhead?
This section contains 931 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)