|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What happened to the German General Staff after WWI?
2. Following the allied breakout from Normany, German forces retreated to what region?
3. How many panzer divisions did Guderian manage to scrape together for the Western front?
4. What happened to Keitel after the war?
5. What problem did the German General Staff face after 1933?
Short Essay Questions
1. What major attack did Hitler order for Army Group Vistula during the events of Chapter 12?
2. What happened when the Russians invaded German-allied Romania?
3. What war did the tradition of the German General Staff date back to?
4. Describe the political structure of Germany during the war, according to Guderian.
5. What is the role of the "Court of Honor"?
6. What special authority did Guderian seek from general Schmundt?
7. What problems did the German General Staff face in the inter-war period?
8. Why was Guderian relieved from his command after the failed attack on the fortress?
9. What personal danger did Guderian face in Chapter 12?
10. What factors caused the German General Staff to adopt strategies for motorized and tank warfare?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Just before launching his attack against Poland, Hitler signed a non-aggression pact with Russia that, in theory, guaranteed peace between these nations for the immediate future. This agreement allowed Hitler to safely and quickly invade Poland with little concern for a Russian attack on his rapidly-advancing and disorganized troops.
1) Explain why Hitler sought and signed the non-aggression pact with Russia. What major strategic advantages did this pact provide for Germany?
2) Discuss the agreement between Germany and Russia to split Poland's territory and explain how this agreement enticed Russia to agree to the deal arrangement and to avoid attacking Germany.
3) Explain how Hitler took advantage of the period of relative peace that the non-aggression pact provided him following the conclusion of the Polish campaign.
Essay Topic 2
As the war turned against Germany, Hitler began to make increasingly serious defensive blunders, often refusing to allow troops to withdraw to defensible positions or to retreat when overwhelmed by enemy forces. These decisions cost many Germans their lives and turned the course of the war irrevocably against Germany.
1) Identify and explain the events that caused Germany to go on the defensive.
2) Describe, based on the German army's doctrine and mentality, how ready the German forces were to fight a defensive war.
3) Use examples from the book to explain some situations were German military leaders recommended prudent defensive strategies, such as tactical withdrawals.
4) Explain or speculate as to why Hitler refused these recommendations, and explain the consequences of these decisions.
Essay Topic 3
Germany's sudden invasion of Poland on September 1st, 1939 opened the second World War. The effectiveness and speed of the German advances shocked the world and changed military strategy and tactics instantly. Germany's quick occupation of Poland established it as a prime military power not to be trifled with. Further, it established the tank and the Panzer division as major weapons in this new type of warfare.
1) Explain why Germany went to war with Poland.
2) Discuss the German plan of attack on Poland. What were Germany's specific strategic goals?
3) Discuss Guderian's involvement in the invasion and assess how successful Guderian was as a military leader during this campaign.
4) Describe the importance of the tank and the Panzer division in this invasion.
5) Summarize some of the results of the invasion.
This section contains 946 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)