|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the first nation that Guderian's forces invaded in the "Breakthrough to the Channel"?
2. What was Germany's next target after Czeckoslovakia?
3. What was the model number of the new tank, believed to be superior to German tanks, that Russia put into combat for the first time during the fighting around Smolensk?
4. What river was Brest-Litovsk located on?
5. What disadvantage did the Russians face in their defense of the region around Smolensk?
Short Essay Questions
1. What factors made tank production and maintenance more difficult in 1942?
2. Why did Guderian believe France wanted to avoid real fighting?
3. What was Guderian's mission in the invasion of Poland.
4. When and by whom were tanks first introduced?
5. What was the significance of Kuln to Guderian?
6. Describe some of the advantages of tanks over other military units and formations.
7. As of March 1942, how was Germany governed?
8. How did Guderian's military career change in 1921?
9. Why did the German forces face difficulties during the first winter of the Russian campaign.
10. What did the Russian army do in Poland during Germany's invasion?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Germany's war on the Eastern front quickly became a defensive battle after the stalled offensives of the first winter there and the disasters at Stalingrad and Kursk. However, Hitler failed to adapt to the demands of this style of warfare and the German army suffered significant setbacks as a result. The German army was never able to effectively defend against the advancing Russians.
1) Explain the strategic situation on the Eastern front when Germany went on the defensive.
2) Discuss the recommendations made by Guderian and other German military leaders for the defense of the Eastern front, and explain why Hitler refused to adopt these recommendations.
3) Describe some of the consequences of Hitler's mistakes on the Eastern front, including the loss of German divisions, vital resources, and strategic losses, such as the impact on morale and organization.
Essay Topic 2
Hitler's plan for the invasion of Russia assumed the campaign would be concluded before the next winter, an assumption that proved to be disastrously wrong. As the Russian winter set in, the organization of German forces fell apart and the army suffered major setbacks and defeats.
1) Explain some of the problems in Germany's preparations for the Russian winter.
2) Discuss the difficulties the Russian winter presented the German army with.
3) Describe the ways the Russian forces took advantage of German disorganization during this time.
4) Summarize the impact of the Russian winter on German morale and war-fighting capability.
Essay Topic 3
As the war turned against Germany, Hitler began to make increasingly serious defensive blunders, often refusing to allow troops to withdraw to defensible positions or to retreat when overwhelmed by enemy forces. These decisions cost many Germans their lives and turned the course of the war irrevocably against Germany.
1) Identify and explain the events that caused Germany to go on the defensive.
2) Describe, based on the German army's doctrine and mentality, how ready the German forces were to fight a defensive war.
3) Use examples from the book to explain some situations were German military leaders recommended prudent defensive strategies, such as tactical withdrawals.
4) Explain or speculate as to why Hitler refused these recommendations, and explain the consequences of these decisions.
This section contains 870 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)