|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How many French troops surrendeedr to German forces after their defeat at Belfort?
2. Why was Guderian gratified to reach Kulm?
3. What was the diplomatic result of Germany's invasion of Poland?
4. When was Heinz Guderian born?
5. What conference led to the incorporation of the Sudetenland into Germany?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did Guderian's military career change in 1921?
2. Why was Guderian not satisfied after the armistice with France?
3. What was the significance of Kuln to Guderian?
4. What was Guderian's mission in the invasion of Poland.
5. Describe some of the advantages of tanks over other military units and formations.
6. How did Hitler gain diplomatic approval for the occupation of the Sudetenland?
7. What difficulties did Guderian face in the march on Austria?
8. What did Guderian do while on inactive service?
9. What tactical considerations did Guderian insist on in the planning of the invasion of France?
10. What argument did Guderian have with the German high command about how to prevent the Russians from forming a defensive line?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
After dealing with France, Hitler turned his attention to Russia. He devised another daring plan for quickly annexing an entire nation through a focus on mobile warfare and rapid advances. The initial attacks took the Russian completely by surprise and resulted in huge territorial gains by the Germans. However, the Russians quickly reorganized and began to push the German army back.
1) Explain Hitler's plan for attack against Russia. What were the major strategic goals of the plan? How did Hitler intend to overcome the massive Russian advantage in manpower? What were to be the final goals of the invasion?
2) Summarize the course of the invasion of Russia.
3) Discuss the important strategic decision whether to attack Moscow or Kiev first. What has Hitler's final decision, and what motivated it?
4) Discuss the impact of the T34 tank on the war. How did the Germans respond to this threat?
5) Explain some of the major factors that led to the turn-around of Germany's success in Russia.
Essay Topic 2
Germany's war on the Eastern front quickly became a defensive battle after the stalled offensives of the first winter there and the disasters at Stalingrad and Kursk. However, Hitler failed to adapt to the demands of this style of warfare and the German army suffered significant setbacks as a result. The German army was never able to effectively defend against the advancing Russians.
1) Explain the strategic situation on the Eastern front when Germany went on the defensive.
2) Discuss the recommendations made by Guderian and other German military leaders for the defense of the Eastern front, and explain why Hitler refused to adopt these recommendations.
3) Describe some of the consequences of Hitler's mistakes on the Eastern front, including the loss of German divisions, vital resources, and strategic losses, such as the impact on morale and organization.
Essay Topic 3
As the war turned against Germany, Hitler began to make increasingly serious defensive blunders, often refusing to allow troops to withdraw to defensible positions or to retreat when overwhelmed by enemy forces. These decisions cost many Germans their lives and turned the course of the war irrevocably against Germany.
1) Identify and explain the events that caused Germany to go on the defensive.
2) Describe, based on the German army's doctrine and mentality, how ready the German forces were to fight a defensive war.
3) Use examples from the book to explain some situations were German military leaders recommended prudent defensive strategies, such as tactical withdrawals.
4) Explain or speculate as to why Hitler refused these recommendations, and explain the consequences of these decisions.
This section contains 967 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)