|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was one difficulty that Guderian's forces encountered during the march into Austria?
2. Guderian suggested a plan for the Western campaign that had what characteristic?
3. Why did Guderian have difficulty in gaining what he sought while on inactive service?
4. Guderian's concept of the "panzer division" had what distinction?
5. What was the diplomatic result of Germany's invasion of Poland?
Short Essay Questions
1. What post did Hitler want to promote Guderian to; why was Guderian hesitant, and what was the outcome of the offer?
2. What was the impact of the T34 tank on the German military?
3. How did Germany prepare to counter the T34 tank?
4. What tactical considerations did Guderian insist on in the planning of the invasion of France?
5. When and by whom were tanks first introduced?
6. What did Guderian do while on inactive service?
7. Why did von Kluge threaten to court-martial Guderian and Hoth?
8. What factors made tank production and maintenance more difficult in 1942?
9. Describe some of the advantages of tanks over other military units and formations.
10. How did Guderian's military career change in 1921?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In general, Hitler executed brilliant strategies for the invasion of multiple nations in Europe and achieved military successes almost unrivaled in history. However, he eventually became a victim of his own ambition and failed to adapt to a changing environment in the war. His unrealistic strategic goals in Russia led to the defeat of the German army and the eventual collapse of the Third Reich.
1) Describe the strategic goals in the invasion of Poland and the tactical means employed in order to accomplish them.
2) Explain the final plan that was developed for the invasion of France. Discuss how the channel ports were seized and why they were important strategic goals as well as explaining how the French army was encircled and defeated.
3) Discuss Hitler's plan for the invasion of Russia and list and explain the specific strategic goals of the invasion. Discuss the importance of the decision to attack Kiev instead of Moscow.
Essay Topic 2
As the war turned against Germany, Hitler began to make increasingly serious defensive blunders, often refusing to allow troops to withdraw to defensible positions or to retreat when overwhelmed by enemy forces. These decisions cost many Germans their lives and turned the course of the war irrevocably against Germany.
1) Identify and explain the events that caused Germany to go on the defensive.
2) Describe, based on the German army's doctrine and mentality, how ready the German forces were to fight a defensive war.
3) Use examples from the book to explain some situations were German military leaders recommended prudent defensive strategies, such as tactical withdrawals.
4) Explain or speculate as to why Hitler refused these recommendations, and explain the consequences of these decisions.
Essay Topic 3
The inner circle of Nazi leaders, both political and military, affected the course of the war significantly. A small number of individuals, their capabilities and beliefs, determined in large part the fate of the German people.
1) Describe Goering's position in the Third Reich, his personality, and his connection with Hitler. Explain at least one major way in which he affected the course of the war.
2) Explain Himmler's background and dual political and military position. Explain his use of the SS and his command over Army Group Vistulla, as well as the results of both of these commands.
3) Describe Goebbels as a person and explain his importance in the German political infrastructure. Discuss his influence on the war and personal connections with Hitler.
This section contains 987 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)