|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Guderian seek while on inactive service?
2. By December of 1941, what hazard killed more German soldiers than enemy action?
3. What agreement did Germany reach with Russia shortly before the invasion of Poland?
4. What major life change did Guderian make before WWI?
5. Panzer divisions did NOT include which of the following?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did Hitler gain diplomatic approval for the occupation of the Sudetenland?
2. Describe some of the advantages of tanks over other military units and formations.
3. What was the impact of the T34 tank on the German military?
4. Describe the plan advocated by Field Marshall Manstein for the invasion of France.
5. What did the Russian army do in Poland during Germany's invasion?
6. As of March 1942, how was Germany governed?
7. What argument did Guderian have with the German high command about how to prevent the Russians from forming a defensive line?
8. What did Guderian do while on inactive service?
9. What happened to the rest of Czechoslovakia after Germany occupied the Sudetenland?
10. What was the significance of Kuln to Guderian?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Germany's war on the Eastern front quickly became a defensive battle after the stalled offensives of the first winter there and the disasters at Stalingrad and Kursk. However, Hitler failed to adapt to the demands of this style of warfare and the German army suffered significant setbacks as a result. The German army was never able to effectively defend against the advancing Russians.
1) Explain the strategic situation on the Eastern front when Germany went on the defensive.
2) Discuss the recommendations made by Guderian and other German military leaders for the defense of the Eastern front, and explain why Hitler refused to adopt these recommendations.
3) Describe some of the consequences of Hitler's mistakes on the Eastern front, including the loss of German divisions, vital resources, and strategic losses, such as the impact on morale and organization.
Essay Topic 2
Coming from an unimportant family and rising out of the junior officer corps, Guderian did not have a long-standing relationship with Hitler. However, Guderian's natural talents eventually caused him to be drawn into the Fuhrer's inner circle. Guderian developed strong feelings about Hitler as a leader and his influence on the war and the German people.
1) Trace the course of Guderian and Hitler's relationship through the end of the war. Describe how Guderian was first introduced to this leader and how he gained Hitler's confidence.
2) Explain in detail the major conflicts that occurred between these individuals.
3) Discuss what Guderian believed to be Hitler's most important strengths and weaknesses.
Essay Topic 3
When he was reinstated in the army, Guderian was given the rank of Inspector-General of the Armored Troops. This was a very important position that gave Guderian the authority he had always sought, but it came late in the war and at a time when the organization of the armored troops was in a desperate condition.
1) Explain the reasons Guderian was reinstated into the army and given his new rank.
2) Summarize the responsibilities and authority Guderian gained in his new capacity.
3) Explain how Guderian was able to quickly assemble an effective staff.
4) Discuss the state of the German armored troops at the time Guderian assumed his new command, and discuss the changes that Guderian made to these forces in order to make them effective once again.
This section contains 939 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)