|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did the first waves of the 10th Panzer Division cross the Meuse River?
2. Germany's first experimental medium tanks had guns with what diameter of bore?
3. What did Guderian not like about the post that was offered to him after the occupation of the Sudetenland?
4. How many French troops surrendeedr to German forces after their defeat at Belfort?
5. Panzer divisions did NOT include which of the following?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why was Hitler affected by his visit to Linz?
2. Describe the basic components of a Panzer division.
3. What diplomatic event immediately proceeded the invasion of Poland?
4. What happened to the rest of Czechoslovakia after Germany occupied the Sudetenland?
5. What did Guderian do while on inactive service?
6. What tactical considerations did Guderian insist on in the planning of the invasion of France?
7. How did Guderian's military career change in 1921?
8. What argument did Guderian have with the German high command about how to prevent the Russians from forming a defensive line?
9. What difficulties did Guderian face in the march on Austria?
10. Why did Guderian believe France wanted to avoid real fighting?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Guderian's publication, "Tank Attack by Movement" was intended for military theorists and described the ways he believed armor should be used in warfare. His ideas were developed in an atmosphere that increasingly stressed the importance of armor, but Guderian codified the principles of armored tactics for the first time, and identified the major advantages of the tank as a war-fighting machine.
1) Explain what "Tank Attack by Movement" was, why Guderian wrote it, and who his intended audience was.
2) Discuss how Guderian believed tanks should be employed in warfare.
3) Summarize what Guderian believed to be the major advantages of tanks over other available forces.
4) Describe some of the differences between Guderian's approach to armored warfare and the classic approach used in WWI and endorsed by other military leaders of the time.
Essay Topic 2
After dealing with France, Hitler turned his attention to Russia. He devised another daring plan for quickly annexing an entire nation through a focus on mobile warfare and rapid advances. The initial attacks took the Russian completely by surprise and resulted in huge territorial gains by the Germans. However, the Russians quickly reorganized and began to push the German army back.
1) Explain Hitler's plan for attack against Russia. What were the major strategic goals of the plan? How did Hitler intend to overcome the massive Russian advantage in manpower? What were to be the final goals of the invasion?
2) Summarize the course of the invasion of Russia.
3) Discuss the important strategic decision whether to attack Moscow or Kiev first. What has Hitler's final decision, and what motivated it?
4) Discuss the impact of the T34 tank on the war. How did the Germans respond to this threat?
5) Explain some of the major factors that led to the turn-around of Germany's success in Russia.
Essay Topic 3
In general, Hitler executed brilliant strategies for the invasion of multiple nations in Europe and achieved military successes almost unrivaled in history. However, he eventually became a victim of his own ambition and failed to adapt to a changing environment in the war. His unrealistic strategic goals in Russia led to the defeat of the German army and the eventual collapse of the Third Reich.
1) Describe the strategic goals in the invasion of Poland and the tactical means employed in order to accomplish them.
2) Explain the final plan that was developed for the invasion of France. Discuss how the channel ports were seized and why they were important strategic goals as well as explaining how the French army was encircled and defeated.
3) Discuss Hitler's plan for the invasion of Russia and list and explain the specific strategic goals of the invasion. Discuss the importance of the decision to attack Kiev instead of Moscow.
This section contains 908 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)