Orthodoxy Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Chesterton say that moralists, including H. G. Wells, have turned into wickedness?

2. What words does Chesterton prefer when referring to nature?

3. "[T]he happiness depended on not doing something which you could at any moment do and which, very often, it was not obvious why you should not do." (Chesterton 2000, pg 215) What is Chesterton's opinion of this condition for happiness?

4. What does Chesterton label as the second problem of modern intellectualism?

5. As the reader can infer from the beginning of Chapter Two, what is Hanwell?

Short Essay Questions

1. In Chapter IV, The Ethics of Elfland, what does Chesterton give as the first two principles of democracy? How does he convey a sense of wonder even in these principles?

2. Chapter II, The Maniac, begins with the idea that man believing in himself is a weakness. Chesterton asserts this in the face of modern thinking, which says believing in oneself is the strongest way to live. What reasons does Chesterton give for asserting this statement?

3. How does Chesterton explain the idea of the madman in life, in experience? How does this person live in the world?

4. The only authority for Chesterton's argument is the Apostles' Creed. Is this more or less effective than appealing to the Bible as the sole authority?

5. In the example of the explorer who only discovers his own land, Chesterton says that his first emotion might be foolishness. This should not be the sole emotion, though. Why does Chesterton name foolishness as the first emotion and how might this fit the religious explorer?

6. In Chapter I, Introduction in Defense of Everything Else, Chesterton states that the book is written from his own experiences rather than as the result of research and labor. What expectations does this set up or destroy for the reader?

7. Chesterton explains that a madman's mind moves in a small, perfect circle. What does he mean with this picture? How does it relate to the movements of a sane man's mind?

8. What is "the false theory of progress" (Chesterton 2000, pg 196)? What implications does it have for daily life?

9. Chesterton says that a perfect view of the world combines a searching mind with the feeling of being welcomed. What does this mean? How does it relate to Christianity?

10. As he begins to talk about fairy land, what does Chesterton argue about rationalism? How does this open the door to excitement in the world?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

In Chesterton's estimation, men gained their sense of morality by protecting their religion. How is this true? How has it been played out in history?

Essay Topic 2

"For the orthodox there can always be a revolution, for a revolution is restoration." (Chesterton 2000, pg. 264) How is this true? How does this suit or shatter the common understanding of revolution?

Essay Topic 3

What reasons does Chesterton give for saying that fairy land is the land of common sense? What are his comparisons to rationalism and religion? How far can this argument go? In other words, do common sense and fairy land do have a meaningful interaction?

(see the answer keys)

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