Orthodoxy Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Chesterton call the cross "the symbol at once of mystery and of health?" (Chesterton 2000, pg. 188).

2. When materialism leads a man to fatalism, what does it also accomplish, according to Chesterton?

3. What is Chesterton's attitude toward fairy tales?

4. What does Chesterton say that moralists, including H. G. Wells, have turned into wickedness?

5. What problem, according to Chesterton, is the central issue in the book?

Short Essay Questions

1. Chesterton ends Chapter II, The Maniac, with a look at the true skeptic. What picture does this man present? How does he relate to the man at the beginning of the chapter, the man who believed in himself?

2. Chesterton explains that a madman's mind moves in a small, perfect circle. What does he mean with this picture? How does it relate to the movements of a sane man's mind?

3. In Chapter IV, The Ethics of Elfland, what does Chesterton give as the first two principles of democracy? How does he convey a sense of wonder even in these principles?

4. What role does Mr. G. S. Street play in the book?

5. In Chapter I, Introduction in Defense of Everything Else, Chesterton states that he hates the defense of something that cannot be proved or disproved. How is this important for the rest of the book?

6. Materialism is a much narrower belief than Christianity, in fact, more than any religion. What reasons does Chesterton give for this? How does it relate to the discussion of madness and sanity?

7. The only authority for Chesterton's argument is the Apostles' Creed. Is this more or less effective than appealing to the Bible as the sole authority?

8. The author says people can justly call him a fool because he is a fool. What does this reveal about the man himself? How does this set up expectations for the rest of the book?

9. The second problem with modern thought is that it is intellectually weak and helpless. What does Chesterton mean by this idea? How is it manifested in everyday life, much less intellectual circles?

10. How does Chesterton explain the idea of the madman in life, in experience? How does this person live in the world?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

How does Christianity answer illogical questions in the world? Do you think these answers are valid? Why was Chesterton puzzled at these answers, and how did it lead him to question atheism?

Essay Topic 2

"For the orthodox there can always be a revolution, for a revolution is restoration." (Chesterton 2000, pg. 264) How is this true? How does this suit or shatter the common understanding of revolution?

Essay Topic 3

Compile the examples Chesterton gives from Bernard Shaw's writings and speeches. What kind of thinker is Shaw? How does he differ from Chesterton? How is he similar?

(see the answer keys)

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