Orthodoxy Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How do St. Francis of Assisi and George Herbert think of Nature?
(a) As a goddess.
(b) As a step-mother.
(c) As a laughing little sister.
(d) As a mother.

2. Why, according to Christianity, can passions be free?
(a) Because they are kept in their proper places.
(b) Because they are monitored by the church.
(c) Because their consequences will not come until the afterlife.
(d) Because a believer's conscience keeps him from extreme passions.

3. What is the enormous mistake of the modern age, according to Chesterton?
(a) It is changing the ideal rather than reality.
(b) It espouses a weak version of Christianity.
(c) It does not look to God to answer its questions.
(d) It does not believe strongly enough in progress.

4. How does the Christian idea of a transcendent God manifest itself in a frightening way?
(a) God sometimes disappears and must be sought.
(b) God is so far above man that he can never be reached.
(c) God is so different from man that the two cannot relate.
(d) God sometimes disappears and cannot be found again.

5. What is Chesterton's third criterion for progress?
(a) It must be earthly.
(b) It must be like Eden.
(c) It must be heavenly.
(d) It must be a utopia.

Short Answer Questions

1. Chesterton names four standards by which people try to establish the ideals of equality and inequality. What is the first?

2. Why did the writings of skeptics and evolutionists push Chesterton toward Christianity?

3. What definition does Chesterton find BEST for optimist and pessimist?

4. According to Chesterton, what mindset, paralleling patriotism, leads to reform?

5. Why does Chesterton call suicide the greatest sin?

Short Essay Questions

1. In Chapter VI, The Paradoxes of Christianity, what does Chesterton name the most common type of trouble in the world? How does Christianity answer this trouble?

2. If Nature does improve man through impersonal means, as Chesterton claims, what must happen? What is happening in reality?

3. Why is it better to be a progressive, according to Chesterton's understanding of the term? Why should man rebel against the new rather than against the old?

4. Near the beginning of Chapter VII, The Eternal Revolution, Chesterton makes an argument concerning superiority. What is this argument? Does he satisfy the question fully?

5. What is the common view of Christianity and Buddhism, according to Chesterton? How are they similar and dissimilar? What is Chesterton's opinion of their differences?

6. The Church holds to some strict doctrines regarding man and his actions. Why is she so strict? Is it possible for her to swerve in her beliefs?

7. At the end of Chapter V, The Flag of the World, what transformation does Chesterton describe? How did the transformation address his question of optimism and pessimism?

8. As Chesterton argues, why does love seek individuality and personality? Is this true only in relation to man or also in relation to God?

9. Chapter V, The Flag of the World, begins with a young girl's idea that "An optimist is a man who looks after your eyes, and a pessimist is a man who looks after your feet" (Chesterton 2000, pg 223). How does Chesterton explain this?

10. Why did Chesterton begin to question the attacks on Christianity? What did he find as he questioned?

(see the answer keys)

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