Orthodoxy Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Chesterton call "the spike of dogma" that changed his religious opinion? (Chesterton 2000, pg. 234)
(a) God is personal and made a world separate from himself.
(b) God can be found in the nature that he made.
(c) God is all-powerful and created the world.
(d) God is loving and created the world in his image.

2. In the Christian's view, why does a man's soul provide enough outlet for both the optimist and the pessimist?
(a) Both passions are allowed free reign.
(b) He has hope for a heavenly future but fear for an earthly one.
(c) He now has reason to claim brotherhood with Christ.
(d) He is exalted as God's creation and humbled as a sinner.

3. As he began to consider Christianity, what lifted Chesterton's heart and made him happy?
(a) To pray to God for the first time.
(b) To find fulfillment of his optimism.
(c) To hear he was in the right place.
(d) To hear he was not in the right place.

4. Chesterton notes a startling difference between Christian and Buddhist art. What is this difference?
(a) Whether the scene is set indoors or outdoors.
(b) Whether the people are predominantly young or old.
(c) Whether the colors are bright or dim.
(d) Whether the people's eyes are open or shut.

5. What does Chesterton say is the result of believing that progress is a natural, predictable happening?
(a) A person works harder to achieve this.
(b) A person ceases to believe in progress.
(c) A person looks for ethical support.
(d) A person becomes lazy.

Short Answer Questions

1. Chesterton opens Chapter VII, The Eternal Revolution, with how many points of summary?

2. What people, in their interactions with women, does Chesterton call stupid?

3. In looking at Christianity and materialism, what coincidence stopped Chesterton in his tracks?

4. How does Chesterton's example of the blue world explain modernity's attitude toward progress?

5. What is Chesterton's stated purpose in Chapter VI, the Paradoxes of Christianity

Short Essay Questions

1. At the end of Chapter V, The Flag of the World, what transformation does Chesterton describe? How did the transformation address his question of optimism and pessimism?

2. Why, according to Chesterton, do modern thinkers find it advantageous to modernity to change the vision of heaven constantly? What effect does this have on man's mind?

3. What is the common view of Christianity and Buddhism, according to Chesterton? How are they similar and dissimilar? What is Chesterton's opinion of their differences?

4. How does Chesterton explain the modern view of miracles? Is this view contradictory?

5. What nearly persuaded Chesterton to become a Christian? Why was this thought frightening?

6. Chapter V, The Flag of the World, begins with a young girl's idea that "An optimist is a man who looks after your eyes, and a pessimist is a man who looks after your feet" (Chesterton 2000, pg 223). How does Chesterton explain this?

7. If Nature does improve man through impersonal means, as Chesterton claims, what must happen? What is happening in reality?

8. How does Chesterton explain pantheism's relation to wonder? What is the primary difference between pantheism and action?

9. Chesterton says that the primary evil with the pessimist is that he does not love what he chastises. How is this true?

10. What does Chesterton say is the most sensible ideal for nature? Is this a valid ideal? Why or why not?

(see the answer keys)

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