Orthodoxy Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why did the writings of skeptics and evolutionists push Chesterton toward Christianity?
(a) Traces of Christianity were found in the writings.
(b) He formulated responses to their arguments.
(c) He was not convinced by their arguments.
(d) He stopped believing the skeptics and evolutionists.

2. According to Chesterton, what is the problem with moving slowly toward justice?
(a) People cannot make just decisions in a large amount of time.
(b) The definition of justice changes too often in that time.
(c) A man will only be able to act on old ideas.
(d) It does not allow a man to move swiftly toward a better state of things.

3. How does Chesterton's example of the blue world explain modernity's attitude toward progress?
(a) Man can begin with the desire for a blue world but should not end there.
(b) Man must not be sidetracked onto changing every aspect of his world.
(c) Man's desire for a blue world is only illusory.
(d) If a man always works toward a blue world, he will eventually succeed.

4. How does Chesterton contrast pantheism and action?
(a) Pantheism says one thing is as good as another; action chooses one thing as best.
(b) Pantheism is completely inactive and therefore opposes action.
(c) Pantheism entails all possibilities; action is exclusive in its choice.
(d) Pantheism looks only at the world; action looks also at the supernatural.

5. Chesterton names four standards by which people try to establish the ideals of equality and inequality. What is his opinion of the fourth standard?
(a) It is the only one fitting to Christianity.
(b) Its roots are in paganism.
(c) It is ridiculous.
(d) It is the only sensible one.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Christianity mark the graves of the martyr and the suicide?

2. In Chesterton's explanation, how do religions of the world differ?

3. In Chesterton's image, how did he feel once his religious opinion changed? (Chesterton 2000, pg. 235)

4. At the beginning of Chapter VI, The Paradoxes of Christianity, what does Chesterton call the most common problem with the world?

5. In Chesterton's example of a man's interaction with the tiger, what does evolution not tell the man?

Short Essay Questions

1. Chapter V, The Flag of the World, begins with a young girl's idea that "An optimist is a man who looks after your eyes, and a pessimist is a man who looks after your feet" (Chesterton 2000, pg 223). How does Chesterton explain this?

2. Why is it better to be a progressive, according to Chesterton's understanding of the term? Why should man rebel against the new rather than against the old?

3. Near the beginning of Chapter VII, The Eternal Revolution, Chesterton makes an argument concerning superiority. What is this argument? Does he satisfy the question fully?

4. How does Chesterton explain the modern view of miracles? Is this view contradictory?

5. Christianity holds that any man who depends on a luxurious life is fallen and corrupt. What effect does this belief have on the believer, according to Chesterton?

6. As Chesterton shows in Chapter VI, The Paradoxes of Christianity, what is Christianity's view of man? How can it hold to this argument?

7. Why does Chesterton detest the religion of the Inner Light, of looking within oneself for God? What relation does this abhorrence have to Christianity?

8. Chesterton says that the primary evil with the pessimist is that he does not love what he chastises. How is this true?

9. Why did Chesterton begin to question the attacks on Christianity? What did he find as he questioned?

10. What are the pagan and Christian view of virtue? What is Chesterton's view of them?

(see the answer keys)

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