Orthodoxy Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Chesterton call "the most difficult and interesting part of the mental process" that he reached? (Chesterton 2000, pg. 247)
(a) The problem of balance which is presented in the world.
(b) The fact that love and hate must soften each other.
(c) The fact that love and hate must burn equally strong.
(d) The problem of dealing with human passions.

2. What is Chesterton's first criterion for progress?
(a) It must be accessible to everyone.
(b) It must be unchanging.
(c) It must mesh with tradition.
(d) It must be attainable.

3. Why did the writings of skeptics and evolutionists push Chesterton toward Christianity?
(a) He formulated responses to their arguments.
(b) Traces of Christianity were found in the writings.
(c) He stopped believing the skeptics and evolutionists.
(d) He was not convinced by their arguments.

4. At the beginning of Chapter VI, The Paradoxes of Christianity, what does Chesterton call the most common problem with the world?
(a) The world is not logical at all.
(b) The world is almost logical but not quite.
(c) The world is governed by mathematical principles.
(d) The world is too logical.

5. Who does Chesterton name as believers in the Inner Light?
(a) The people who hated Marcus Aurelius.
(b) The last Stoics and the Quakers.
(c) The idealists and pantheists.
(d) The early Christians.

Short Answer Questions

1. What problem did Christianity solve which Paganism could not?

2. Why does Chesterton call suicide the greatest sin?

3. What does Chesterton call the worst religion of all?

4. How has western religion interacted with the idea of social organisms?

5. Why does Chesterton say that any discussion about the creation/sustaining principle in the world must be metaphorical?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why, according to Chesterton, do modern thinkers find it advantageous to modernity to change the vision of heaven constantly? What effect does this have on man's mind?

2. At the end of Chapter V, The Flag of the World, what transformation does Chesterton describe? How did the transformation address his question of optimism and pessimism?

3. Chapter V, The Flag of the World, begins with a young girl's idea that "An optimist is a man who looks after your eyes, and a pessimist is a man who looks after your feet" (Chesterton 2000, pg 223). How does Chesterton explain this?

4. Why did Chesterton begin to question the attacks on Christianity? What did he find as he questioned?

5. Near the beginning of Chapter VII, The Eternal Revolution, Chesterton makes an argument concerning superiority. What is this argument? Does he satisfy the question fully?

6. As Chesterton argues, why does love seek individuality and personality? Is this true only in relation to man or also in relation to God?

7. Why is it better to be a progressive, according to Chesterton's understanding of the term? Why should man rebel against the new rather than against the old?

8. The Church holds to some strict doctrines regarding man and his actions. Why is she so strict? Is it possible for her to swerve in her beliefs?

9. What nearly persuaded Chesterton to become a Christian? Why was this thought frightening?

10. As Chesterton shows in Chapter VI, The Paradoxes of Christianity, what is Christianity's view of man? How can it hold to this argument?

(see the answer keys)

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