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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is the thesis of Mrs. Besant's book?
(a) Man's largest desire is unity with all of humanity.
(b) God is distant from the world and man must struggle on alone.
(c) Each religion has the same basic tenets but a different God figure.
(d) All religions are the same, and their church is the universal self.
2. Why did the serious changes in our political outlook occur at the beginning of the nineteenth century rather than at the end?
(a) At the beginning, intellectualism was more highly encouraged.
(b) At the beginning, men still believed fixedly in certain things.
(c) At the end, men began to believe wholeheartedly in certain things.
(d) At the end, men were caught up in religious questions.
3. How does Chesterton contrast pantheism and action?
(a) Pantheism looks only at the world; action looks also at the supernatural.
(b) Pantheism says one thing is as good as another; action chooses one thing as best.
(c) Pantheism entails all possibilities; action is exclusive in its choice.
(d) Pantheism is completely inactive and therefore opposes action.
4. Why does Chesterton say there is no equality or inequality in nature?
(a) There is no standard for value.
(b) Oligarchy is a human construction.
(c) The standard of value changes within each species.
(d) Humans cannot judge by animal standards.
5. At the beginning of Chapter VI, The Paradoxes of Christianity, what does Chesterton call the most common problem with the world?
(a) The world is not logical at all.
(b) The world is too logical.
(c) The world is governed by mathematical principles.
(d) The world is almost logical but not quite.
6. What does Chesterton see as the purpose of the boundaries established by Christianity?
(a) To expel unhappy and fierce things.
(b) To let good things run wild.
(c) To deny earthly happiness to believers.
(d) To establish the power of the church.
7. Why did the writings of skeptics and evolutionists push Chesterton toward Christianity?
(a) Traces of Christianity were found in the writings.
(b) He was not convinced by their arguments.
(c) He formulated responses to their arguments.
(d) He stopped believing the skeptics and evolutionists.
8. Why does Chesterton say that any discussion about the creation/sustaining principle in the world must be metaphorical?
(a) Because it is necessarily verbal.
(b) Because it relates to God.
(c) Because man cannot truly understand creation.
(d) Because man can never prove the principle.
9. What definition does Chesterton find BEST for optimist and pessimist?
(a) An optimist looks after your eyes, while a pessimist looks after your feet.
(b) An optimist sees the world as the best it can be, while the pessimist sees the world as the worst it can be.
(c) An optimist thinks everything right but the pessimist, while the pessimist thinks everything wrong but himself.
(d) An optimist has nothing but hope, while the pessimist has everything but hope.
10. Chesterton names four standards by which people try to establish the ideals of equality and inequality. What is the first?
(a) Persuasive thinking, similar to Nietzsche's.
(b) God-given authority.
(c) The progression of creatures through evolution.
(d) The passage of time.
11. How does the Christian idea of a transcendent God manifest itself in a frightening way?
(a) God is so far above man that he can never be reached.
(b) God sometimes disappears and cannot be found again.
(c) God is so different from man that the two cannot relate.
(d) God sometimes disappears and must be sought.
12. What does Chesterton call "the spike of dogma" that changed his religious opinion? (Chesterton 2000, pg. 234)
(a) God can be found in the nature that he made.
(b) God is all-powerful and created the world.
(c) God is personal and made a world separate from himself.
(d) God is loving and created the world in his image.
13. What is Chesterton's stated goal for Chapter VIII, The Romance of Orthodoxy?
(a) To introduce the idea of Christian romance.
(b) To question the sentimental value of Christianity.
(c) To point out that liberal thinking is actually illiberal.
(d) To point out the paradoxes of Christianity.
14. What is the evil of the pessimist? (Chesterton 2000, pg. 226)
(a) That "he honestly angers honest men."
(b) That "he chastises gods and men."
(c) That "he does not love what he chastises."
(d) That "he will defend the indefensible."
15. What does Chesterton define as the problem with pessimists?
(a) They are cosmic anti-patriots.
(b) They are opposed to optimists.
(c) They are opposed to religious beliefs in any form.
(d) They impede progress.
Short Answer Questions
1. In determining his criteria for progress, what does Chesterton discover?
2. In Chesterton's explanation, how do religions of the world differ?
3. According to Chesterton, most things are allied with oppression. What is the one area where he sees a line past which oppression has no effect?
4. Why does Chesterton call suicide the greatest sin?
5. In general, what does Chesterton say is a liberal clergyman's attitude toward miracles?
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