Orthodoxy Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was Chesterton's early progression through religious mindsets?
(a) Agnostic by ten, Christian by thirteen.
(b) Pagan by six, pantheist by eight.
(c) Pagan by twelve, agnostic by sixteen.
(d) Pantheist by twelve, Christian by fifteen.

2. Why did the writings of skeptics and evolutionists push Chesterton toward Christianity?
(a) Traces of Christianity were found in the writings.
(b) He was not convinced by their arguments.
(c) He stopped believing the skeptics and evolutionists.
(d) He formulated responses to their arguments.

3. In Chesterton's example, why is it important for Gradgrind to give his employees skeptical literature?
(a) If the ideal always changes, earthly life will stay the same.
(b) He wants to keep their minds sharp.
(c) If their minds always change, they will be content with anything he provides.
(d) He wants to tear down the traditions.

4. Why does Christianity mark the graves of the martyr and the suicide?
(a) To show him who died for the sake of life and he who died for the sake of death.
(b) To remember both with sadness.
(c) To show the horror of the suicide.
(d) To praise the martyr by his opposite.

5. Why does Chesterton say that any discussion about the creation/sustaining principle in the world must be metaphorical?
(a) Because it relates to God.
(b) Because it is necessarily verbal.
(c) Because man can never prove the principle.
(d) Because man cannot truly understand creation.

6. What moment does Chesterton point to as the single instant when God appeared to be atheist?
(a) When Eve fell into sin.
(b) When he had to send the Flood to wipe out most of humanity.
(c) When Christ was abandoned on the cross.
(d) When the first person, Abel, was murdered.

7. What is the single true charge that Chesterton found against Christianity?
(a) Christianity cannot be compatible with science.
(b) Christianity's claim to the Trinity is false.
(c) Christianity is one religion.
(d) Christianity's view of salvation is unnecessarily complex.

8. In Chesterton's thoughts, Christianity came to assert passionately what idea?
(a) Man must look inward for salvation.
(b) Man's salvation will come only when Christ returns.
(c) Man must look outward for salvation.
(d) Man must look to the Old Testament for salvation.

9. How has western religion interacted with the idea of social organisms?
(a) Western religion says that social organisms are harmful to faith.
(b) Western religion says that the church provides the only stable society.
(c) Western religion says that the family unit is the only important social organism.
(d) Western religion says that no person should be alone.

10. At the end of Chapter VI, The Paradoxes of Christianity, what conclusion does Chesterton reach about orthodoxy?
(a) It is man's only hope for understanding Christianity.
(b) It is inflexible.
(c) It is a tool for understanding Christianity.
(d) It is thrilling and perilous.

11. Chesterton names four standards by which people try to establish the ideals of equality and inequality. What is the first?
(a) The passage of time.
(b) The progression of creatures through evolution.
(c) God-given authority.
(d) Persuasive thinking, similar to Nietzsche's.

12. What does Chesterton define as the problem with pessimists?
(a) They are opposed to religious beliefs in any form.
(b) They are cosmic anti-patriots.
(c) They are opposed to optimists.
(d) They impede progress.

13. What definition does Chesterton find BEST for optimist and pessimist?
(a) An optimist looks after your eyes, while a pessimist looks after your feet.
(b) An optimist sees the world as the best it can be, while the pessimist sees the world as the worst it can be.
(c) An optimist has nothing but hope, while the pessimist has everything but hope.
(d) An optimist thinks everything right but the pessimist, while the pessimist thinks everything wrong but himself.

14. In Chesterton's image, how did he feel once his religious opinion changed? (Chesterton 2000, pg. 235)
(a) Fairyland was no longer important to his thinking.
(b) The army had fled before the light of his revelation.
(c) The land was lit up even back to his childhood.
(d) The dragon had been conquered.

15. Why does Chesterton call courage a contradiction?
(a) Only the meek person can show courage.
(b) It can only be proven in life-threatening circumstances.
(c) It has no meaning in everyday life.
(d) The person most wanting to live is the person willing to die.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why did the serious changes in our political outlook occur at the beginning of the nineteenth century rather than at the end?

2. In the Christian's view, why does a man's soul provide enough outlet for both the optimist and the pessimist?

3. How does Chesterton's example of the blue world explain modernity's attitude toward progress?

4. How does the Christian idea of a transcendent God manifest itself in a frightening way?

5. Why does Chesterton say there is no equality or inequality in nature?

(see the answer keys)

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