|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In Chesterton's thoughts, Christianity came to assert passionately what idea?
(a) Man must look outward for salvation.
(b) Man must look to the Old Testament for salvation.
(c) Man's salvation will come only when Christ returns.
(d) Man must look inward for salvation.
2. Why does Chesterton call suicide the greatest sin?
(a) Because it cuts off the future.
(b) Because man is acting like God.
(c) Because, in the eyes of one man, it kills the whole world.
(d) Because it takes a life God had given.
3. What definition does Chesterton find BEST for optimist and pessimist?
(a) An optimist looks after your eyes, while a pessimist looks after your feet.
(b) An optimist has nothing but hope, while the pessimist has everything but hope.
(c) An optimist sees the world as the best it can be, while the pessimist sees the world as the worst it can be.
(d) An optimist thinks everything right but the pessimist, while the pessimist thinks everything wrong but himself.
4. Why, according to Christianity, can passions be free?
(a) Because they are kept in their proper places.
(b) Because a believer's conscience keeps him from extreme passions.
(c) Because their consequences will not come until the afterlife.
(d) Because they are monitored by the church.
5. How does Chesterton want joy and anger to interact?
(a) Coming together to soften each other.
(b) In opposition, sharpening each other into greater fierceness.
(c) Coming close enough to affect each other.
(d) In opposition, never coming close.
6. Why does Chesterton say that a man is bewildered when asked to summarize his belief in something?
(a) If he has only scattered evidence for that belief.
(b) If he has no evidence for his belief other than his desire to believe.
(c) If he must defend it to people who oppose him.
(d) If everything he knows supports that belief.
7. What does Chesterton call "the spike of dogma" that changed his religious opinion? (Chesterton 2000, pg. 234)
(a) God is loving and created the world in his image.
(b) God can be found in the nature that he made.
(c) God is personal and made a world separate from himself.
(d) God is all-powerful and created the world.
8. After studying the attacks on Christianity, what did Chesterton conclude?
(a) Attacks on Christianity were largely valid.
(b) Christianity must be very wrong or absolutely right.
(c) Christianity might actually be true.
(d) Christianity was full of logical problems.
9. In Chesterton's argument, why can the orthodox man believe in revolution?
(a) Orthodoxy manifests itself as revolution.
(b) Revolution means restoration.
(c) It's a trick question - he cannot.
(d) Revolution coincides with orthodoxy.
10. Why does Chesterton say that miracles are eminently desirable?
(a) Miracles give people a glimpse of the supernatural.
(b) Man can triumph over nature's cruelty.
(c) Man can begin to understand God.
(d) Religious people have the opportunity to prove their beliefs.
11. What is the enormous mistake of the modern age, according to Chesterton?
(a) It does not believe strongly enough in progress.
(b) It does not look to God to answer its questions.
(c) It is changing the ideal rather than reality.
(d) It espouses a weak version of Christianity.
12. According to Chesterton, what mindset, paralleling patriotism, leads to reform?
(a) Rational optimism.
(b) Irrational optimism.
(c) Irrational pessimism.
(d) Rational pessimism.
13. What oddity does Chesterton find in the modern world?
(a) Men have artistic luxury but physical poorness.
(b) Men ignore the spiritual life in pursuit of the physical.
(c) Men ignore the physical life in pursuit of the spiritual.
(d) Men have physical luxury but artistic poorness.
14. What problem did Christianity solve which Paganism could not?
(b) A personal God.
15. As Chesterton contrasts miracles with progress, how does he define a miracle?
(a) Gradual control of a thing by the mind.
(b) Swift control of a thing by the mind.
(c) Evidence for supernatural occurrences.
(d) God stepping into the flow of time.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why are people who admire Christianity, but do not believe it, uncomfortable?
2. What was Chesterton's early progression through religious mindsets?
3. What reason does Chesterton give for the idea that love craves personality?
4. What does Chesterton define as the problem with pessimists?
5. How does Chesterton contrast pantheism and action?
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