|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who does Chesterton name as believers in the Inner Light?
(a) The last Stoics and the Quakers.
(b) The early Christians.
(c) The idealists and pantheists.
(d) The people who hated Marcus Aurelius.
2. How has western religion interacted with the idea of social organisms?
(a) Western religion says that no person should be alone.
(b) Western religion says that the family unit is the only important social organism.
(c) Western religion says that social organisms are harmful to faith.
(d) Western religion says that the church provides the only stable society.
3. What definition does Chesterton find BEST for optimist and pessimist?
(a) An optimist thinks everything right but the pessimist, while the pessimist thinks everything wrong but himself.
(b) An optimist looks after your eyes, while a pessimist looks after your feet.
(c) An optimist has nothing but hope, while the pessimist has everything but hope.
(d) An optimist sees the world as the best it can be, while the pessimist sees the world as the worst it can be.
4. According to Chesterton, what happens when a man worships physical nature?
(a) Man can only then begin to search for God.
(b) Nature becomes pure as it offers salvation.
(c) Man is lifted up to God.
(d) Nature becomes twisted.
5. What is Chesterton's second criterion for progress?
(a) A devotion to Christianity.
(b) A variety of racial backgrounds.
(c) A composite of happiness.
(d) A collection of cultures.
6. What does Chesterton call the worst religion of all?
(a) The religion that debases a man.
(b) The religion that worships multiple gods.
(c) The religion of the Christian God.
(d) The religion that worships the god inside.
7. What does Chesterton call "the most difficult and interesting part of the mental process" that he reached? (Chesterton 2000, pg. 247)
(a) The fact that love and hate must burn equally strong.
(b) The problem of dealing with human passions.
(c) The fact that love and hate must soften each other.
(d) The problem of balance which is presented in the world.
8. What reason does Chesterton give for the idea that love craves personality?
(a) Love desires a human object.
(b) Love desires human quirks, including problems.
(c) Love desire reciprocation.
(d) Love desires difference and division.
9. How does Chesterton want joy and anger to interact?
(a) Coming close enough to affect each other.
(b) Coming together to soften each other.
(c) In opposition, never coming close.
(d) In opposition, sharpening each other into greater fierceness.
10. Chesterton notes a startling difference between Christian and Buddhist art. What is this difference?
(a) Whether the people are predominantly young or old.
(b) Whether the people's eyes are open or shut.
(c) Whether the scene is set indoors or outdoors.
(d) Whether the colors are bright or dim.
11. What moment does Chesterton point to as the single instant when God appeared to be atheist?
(a) When Christ was abandoned on the cross.
(b) When Eve fell into sin.
(c) When the first person, Abel, was murdered.
(d) When he had to send the Flood to wipe out most of humanity.
12. Why does Chesterton call courage a contradiction?
(a) Only the meek person can show courage.
(b) The person most wanting to live is the person willing to die.
(c) It has no meaning in everyday life.
(d) It can only be proven in life-threatening circumstances.
13. What does Chesterton define as the problem with pessimists?
(a) They are opposed to religious beliefs in any form.
(b) They impede progress.
(c) They are opposed to optimists.
(d) They are cosmic anti-patriots.
14. Why does Chesterton say that a man is bewildered when asked to summarize his belief in something?
(a) If he has no evidence for his belief other than his desire to believe.
(b) If everything he knows supports that belief.
(c) If he must defend it to people who oppose him.
(d) If he has only scattered evidence for that belief.
15. Why, in the abstract, does Chesterton disapprove of long, complicated words?
(a) They are difficult to read and pronounce.
(b) Few people know what they mean.
(c) They hinder understanding.
(d) They do not require thinking.
Short Answer Questions
1. At the beginning of Chapter VI, The Paradoxes of Christianity, what does Chesterton call the most common problem with the world?
2. At the end of Chapter VI, The Paradoxes of Christianity, what conclusion does Chesterton reach about orthodoxy?
3. What is Chesterton's stated purpose in Chapter VI, the Paradoxes of Christianity
4. According to Chesterton, most things are allied with oppression. What is the one area where he sees a line past which oppression has no effect?
5. Why did a typical nineteenth-century man not believe in Christ's resurrection, according to Chesterton?
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