Orthodoxy Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the enormous mistake of the modern age, according to Chesterton?
(a) It is changing the ideal rather than reality.
(b) It does not believe strongly enough in progress.
(c) It espouses a weak version of Christianity.
(d) It does not look to God to answer its questions.

2. In determining his criteria for progress, what does Chesterton discover?
(a) Christianity could not answer any of his questions.
(b) Buddhism shed some light on his questions.
(c) Christianity arrived there first.
(d) Christianity could lead him to the answers.

3. In Chesterton's example, why is it important for Gradgrind to give his employees skeptical literature?
(a) If the ideal always changes, earthly life will stay the same.
(b) He wants to keep their minds sharp.
(c) He wants to tear down the traditions.
(d) If their minds always change, they will be content with anything he provides.

4. How do St. Francis of Assisi and George Herbert think of Nature?
(a) As a mother.
(b) As a step-mother.
(c) As a laughing little sister.
(d) As a goddess.

5. Chesterton opens Chapter VII, The Eternal Revolution, with how many points of summary?
(a) Four.
(b) Two.
(c) Three.
(d) Five.

6. Chesterton notes a startling difference between Christian and Buddhist art. What is this difference?
(a) Whether the scene is set indoors or outdoors.
(b) Whether the people's eyes are open or shut.
(c) Whether the colors are bright or dim.
(d) Whether the people are predominantly young or old.

7. Why does Christianity mark the graves of the martyr and the suicide?
(a) To show him who died for the sake of life and he who died for the sake of death.
(b) To show the horror of the suicide.
(c) To remember both with sadness.
(d) To praise the martyr by his opposite.

8. At the beginning of Chapter VIII, the Romance of Orthodoxy, what does Chesterton name as the cause for busyness in modern society?
(a) Bustle.
(b) Fast-paced life.
(c) Laziness.
(d) Stress.

9. In Chesterton's argument, why can the orthodox man believe in revolution?
(a) Orthodoxy manifests itself as revolution.
(b) Revolution coincides with orthodoxy.
(c) It's a trick question - he cannot.
(d) Revolution means restoration.

10. In Chesterton's explanation, how do religions of the world differ?
(a) They teach the same things but have different God figures.
(b) They teach the same things but appear different.
(c) They appear the same but teach different things.
(d) They treat the idea of sin differently.

11. What is the evil of the pessimist? (Chesterton 2000, pg. 226)
(a) That "he honestly angers honest men."
(b) That "he chastises gods and men."
(c) That "he will defend the indefensible."
(d) That "he does not love what he chastises."

12. How does Chesterton want joy and anger to interact?
(a) In opposition, sharpening each other into greater fierceness.
(b) Coming together to soften each other.
(c) Coming close enough to affect each other.
(d) In opposition, never coming close.

13. According to Chesterton, what mindset, paralleling patriotism, leads to reform?
(a) Rational optimism.
(b) Irrational pessimism.
(c) Irrational optimism.
(d) Rational pessimism.

14. Why does Chesterton say that any discussion about the creation/sustaining principle in the world must be metaphorical?
(a) Because man can never prove the principle.
(b) Because man cannot truly understand creation.
(c) Because it relates to God.
(d) Because it is necessarily verbal.

15. In Chesterton's thoughts, Christianity came to assert passionately what idea?
(a) Man's salvation will come only when Christ returns.
(b) Man must look inward for salvation.
(c) Man must look to the Old Testament for salvation.
(d) Man must look outward for salvation.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is Chesterton's third criterion for progress?

2. What does Chesterton say is the result of believing that progress is a natural, predictable happening?

3. Why did the serious changes in our political outlook occur at the beginning of the nineteenth century rather than at the end?

4. What problem did Christianity solve which Paganism could not?

5. What is Chesterton's stated purpose in Chapter VI, the Paradoxes of Christianity

(see the answer keys)

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