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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. At the beginning of Chapter VIII, the Romance of Orthodoxy, what does Chesterton name as the cause for busyness in modern society?
(c) Fast-paced life.
2. Chesterton opens Chapter VII, The Eternal Revolution, with how many points of summary?
3. What does Chesterton see as the purpose of the boundaries established by Christianity?
(a) To expel unhappy and fierce things.
(b) To establish the power of the church.
(c) To let good things run wild.
(d) To deny earthly happiness to believers.
4. What does Chesterton say is the result of believing that progress is a natural, predictable happening?
(a) A person ceases to believe in progress.
(b) A person becomes lazy.
(c) A person works harder to achieve this.
(d) A person looks for ethical support.
5. In Chesterton's argument, why can the orthodox man believe in revolution?
(a) It's a trick question - he cannot.
(b) Revolution coincides with orthodoxy.
(c) Orthodoxy manifests itself as revolution.
(d) Revolution means restoration.
6. What definition does Chesterton find BEST for optimist and pessimist?
(a) An optimist looks after your eyes, while a pessimist looks after your feet.
(b) An optimist thinks everything right but the pessimist, while the pessimist thinks everything wrong but himself.
(c) An optimist has nothing but hope, while the pessimist has everything but hope.
(d) An optimist sees the world as the best it can be, while the pessimist sees the world as the worst it can be.
7. According to Chesterton, what happens when a man worships physical nature?
(a) Nature becomes pure as it offers salvation.
(b) Nature becomes twisted.
(c) Man is lifted up to God.
(d) Man can only then begin to search for God.
8. What is the evil of the pessimist? (Chesterton 2000, pg. 226)
(a) That "he will defend the indefensible."
(b) That "he does not love what he chastises."
(c) That "he honestly angers honest men."
(d) That "he chastises gods and men."
9. How does Chesterton contrast pantheism and action?
(a) Pantheism looks only at the world; action looks also at the supernatural.
(b) Pantheism is completely inactive and therefore opposes action.
(c) Pantheism says one thing is as good as another; action chooses one thing as best.
(d) Pantheism entails all possibilities; action is exclusive in its choice.
10. Who does Chesterton name as believers in the Inner Light?
(a) The early Christians.
(b) The last Stoics and the Quakers.
(c) The people who hated Marcus Aurelius.
(d) The idealists and pantheists.
11. Why does Chesterton say that a man is bewildered when asked to summarize his belief in something?
(a) If he must defend it to people who oppose him.
(b) If he has no evidence for his belief other than his desire to believe.
(c) If he has only scattered evidence for that belief.
(d) If everything he knows supports that belief.
12. Chesterton names four standards by which people try to establish the ideals of equality and inequality. What is the first?
(a) The passage of time.
(b) God-given authority.
(c) Persuasive thinking, similar to Nietzsche's.
(d) The progression of creatures through evolution.
13. What is the single true charge that Chesterton found against Christianity?
(a) Christianity is one religion.
(b) Christianity cannot be compatible with science.
(c) Christianity's view of salvation is unnecessarily complex.
(d) Christianity's claim to the Trinity is false.
14. Why did the serious changes in our political outlook occur at the beginning of the nineteenth century rather than at the end?
(a) At the end, men were caught up in religious questions.
(b) At the end, men began to believe wholeheartedly in certain things.
(c) At the beginning, men still believed fixedly in certain things.
(d) At the beginning, intellectualism was more highly encouraged.
15. In Chesterton's explanation, how do religions of the world differ?
(a) They appear the same but teach different things.
(b) They teach the same things but appear different.
(c) They teach the same things but have different God figures.
(d) They treat the idea of sin differently.
Short Answer Questions
1. At the beginning of Chapter VI, The Paradoxes of Christianity, what does Chesterton call the most common problem with the world?
2. Why did a typical nineteenth-century man not believe in Christ's resurrection, according to Chesterton?
3. According to Chesterton, most things are allied with oppression. What is the one area where he sees a line past which oppression has no effect?
4. How has western religion interacted with the idea of social organisms?
5. Why does Christianity mark the graves of the martyr and the suicide?
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