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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why are people who admire Christianity, but do not believe it, uncomfortable?
(a) Christianity has philosophical answers but not realistic answers.
(b) Christianity has only a few answers for their problems.
(c) Christianity was valid in the past but may not continue to be valid.
(d) Christianity is elaborately right.
2. Chesterton names four standards by which people try to establish the ideals of equality and inequality. What is his opinion of the fourth standard?
(a) It is the only one fitting to Christianity.
(b) Its roots are in paganism.
(c) It is ridiculous.
(d) It is the only sensible one.
3. In Chesterton's argument, why can the orthodox man believe in revolution?
(a) Revolution coincides with orthodoxy.
(b) Revolution means restoration.
(c) Orthodoxy manifests itself as revolution.
(d) It's a trick question - he cannot.
4. In determining his criteria for progress, what does Chesterton discover?
(a) Christianity could not answer any of his questions.
(b) Buddhism shed some light on his questions.
(c) Christianity arrived there first.
(d) Christianity could lead him to the answers.
5. According to Chesterton, what mindset, paralleling patriotism, leads to reform?
(a) Rational optimism.
(b) Rational pessimism.
(c) Irrational pessimism.
(d) Irrational optimism.
6. Chesterton names four standards by which people try to establish the ideals of equality and inequality. What is the first?
(a) The passage of time.
(b) God-given authority.
(c) The progression of creatures through evolution.
(d) Persuasive thinking, similar to Nietzsche's.
7. According to Chesterton, what is the problem with moving slowly toward justice?
(a) The definition of justice changes too often in that time.
(b) It does not allow a man to move swiftly toward a better state of things.
(c) People cannot make just decisions in a large amount of time.
(d) A man will only be able to act on old ideas.
8. What is the thesis of Mrs. Besant's book?
(a) God is distant from the world and man must struggle on alone.
(b) Each religion has the same basic tenets but a different God figure.
(c) All religions are the same, and their church is the universal self.
(d) Man's largest desire is unity with all of humanity.
9. As he began to consider Christianity, what lifted Chesterton's heart and made him happy?
(a) To hear he was in the right place.
(b) To pray to God for the first time.
(c) To hear he was not in the right place.
(d) To find fulfillment of his optimism.
10. Why did the writings of skeptics and evolutionists push Chesterton toward Christianity?
(a) He formulated responses to their arguments.
(b) Traces of Christianity were found in the writings.
(c) He was not convinced by their arguments.
(d) He stopped believing the skeptics and evolutionists.
11. Why does Chesterton say there is no equality or inequality in nature?
(a) There is no standard for value.
(b) Humans cannot judge by animal standards.
(c) The standard of value changes within each species.
(d) Oligarchy is a human construction.
12. What is Chesterton's second criterion for progress?
(a) A variety of racial backgrounds.
(b) A collection of cultures.
(c) A devotion to Christianity.
(d) A composite of happiness.
13. At the end of Chapter VI, The Paradoxes of Christianity, what conclusion does Chesterton reach about orthodoxy?
(a) It is inflexible.
(b) It is thrilling and perilous.
(c) It is a tool for understanding Christianity.
(d) It is man's only hope for understanding Christianity.
14. In the Christian's view, why does a man's soul provide enough outlet for both the optimist and the pessimist?
(a) He has hope for a heavenly future but fear for an earthly one.
(b) He now has reason to claim brotherhood with Christ.
(c) Both passions are allowed free reign.
(d) He is exalted as God's creation and humbled as a sinner.
15. What is Chesterton's stated purpose in Chapter VI, the Paradoxes of Christianity
(a) To show that Christianity's irregularities are matched in its truths.
(b) To show that Christianity has an answer for every problem.
(c) To show that Christianity is fully logical.
(d) To show that Christianity cannot account for irregularities.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why does Chesterton call suicide the greatest sin?
2. In looking at Christianity and materialism, what coincidence stopped Chesterton in his tracks?
3. According to Chesterton, how did men gain morality?
4. After studying the attacks on Christianity, what did Chesterton conclude?
5. In Chesterton's example, why is it important for Gradgrind to give his employees skeptical literature?
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