Orthodoxy Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What definition does Chesterton find BEST for optimist and pessimist?
(a) An optimist has nothing but hope, while the pessimist has everything but hope.
(b) An optimist thinks everything right but the pessimist, while the pessimist thinks everything wrong but himself.
(c) An optimist sees the world as the best it can be, while the pessimist sees the world as the worst it can be.
(d) An optimist looks after your eyes, while a pessimist looks after your feet.

2. After studying the attacks on Christianity, what did Chesterton conclude?
(a) Christianity must be very wrong or absolutely right.
(b) Christianity might actually be true.
(c) Attacks on Christianity were largely valid.
(d) Christianity was full of logical problems.

3. Why does Chesterton say there is no equality or inequality in nature?
(a) The standard of value changes within each species.
(b) There is no standard for value.
(c) Oligarchy is a human construction.
(d) Humans cannot judge by animal standards.

4. How do St. Francis of Assisi and George Herbert think of Nature?
(a) As a step-mother.
(b) As a goddess.
(c) As a laughing little sister.
(d) As a mother.

5. According to Chesterton, what is the problem with moving slowly toward justice?
(a) A man will only be able to act on old ideas.
(b) It does not allow a man to move swiftly toward a better state of things.
(c) The definition of justice changes too often in that time.
(d) People cannot make just decisions in a large amount of time.

6. Who does Chesterton name as believers in the Inner Light?
(a) The early Christians.
(b) The last Stoics and the Quakers.
(c) The idealists and pantheists.
(d) The people who hated Marcus Aurelius.

7. How has western religion interacted with the idea of social organisms?
(a) Western religion says that no person should be alone.
(b) Western religion says that the family unit is the only important social organism.
(c) Western religion says that the church provides the only stable society.
(d) Western religion says that social organisms are harmful to faith.

8. Why did the writings of skeptics and evolutionists push Chesterton toward Christianity?
(a) He stopped believing the skeptics and evolutionists.
(b) He formulated responses to their arguments.
(c) He was not convinced by their arguments.
(d) Traces of Christianity were found in the writings.

9. Chesterton names four standards by which people try to establish the ideals of equality and inequality. What is his opinion of the fourth standard?
(a) It is the only sensible one.
(b) Its roots are in paganism.
(c) It is the only one fitting to Christianity.
(d) It is ridiculous.

10. In the Christian's view, why does a man's soul provide enough outlet for both the optimist and the pessimist?
(a) He is exalted as God's creation and humbled as a sinner.
(b) Both passions are allowed free reign.
(c) He now has reason to claim brotherhood with Christ.
(d) He has hope for a heavenly future but fear for an earthly one.

11. Why does Chesterton say that a man is bewildered when asked to summarize his belief in something?
(a) If he must defend it to people who oppose him.
(b) If he has only scattered evidence for that belief.
(c) If he has no evidence for his belief other than his desire to believe.
(d) If everything he knows supports that belief.

12. What does Chesterton call the worst religion of all?
(a) The religion of the Christian God.
(b) The religion that worships the god inside.
(c) The religion that worships multiple gods.
(d) The religion that debases a man.

13. Why, according to Christianity, can passions be free?
(a) Because their consequences will not come until the afterlife.
(b) Because they are kept in their proper places.
(c) Because they are monitored by the church.
(d) Because a believer's conscience keeps him from extreme passions.

14. As Chesterton contrasts miracles with progress, how does he define a miracle?
(a) Gradual control of a thing by the mind.
(b) God stepping into the flow of time.
(c) Evidence for supernatural occurrences.
(d) Swift control of a thing by the mind.

15. What does Chesterton call "the most difficult and interesting part of the mental process" that he reached? (Chesterton 2000, pg. 247)
(a) The problem of dealing with human passions.
(b) The fact that love and hate must burn equally strong.
(c) The fact that love and hate must soften each other.
(d) The problem of balance which is presented in the world.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Chesterton say is the result of believing that progress is a natural, predictable happening?

2. Chesterton chooses miracles as his first example regarding liberal thinking. What does he call this example?

3. In determining his criteria for progress, what does Chesterton discover?

4. What is the enormous mistake of the modern age, according to Chesterton?

5. What is Chesterton's first criterion for progress?

(see the answer keys)

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