Orthodoxy Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was Chesterton's early progression through religious mindsets?
(a) Pagan by twelve, agnostic by sixteen.
(b) Agnostic by ten, Christian by thirteen.
(c) Pagan by six, pantheist by eight.
(d) Pantheist by twelve, Christian by fifteen.

2. Why, in the abstract, does Chesterton disapprove of long, complicated words?
(a) They do not require thinking.
(b) They are difficult to read and pronounce.
(c) They hinder understanding.
(d) Few people know what they mean.

3. What oddity does Chesterton find in the modern world?
(a) Men ignore the spiritual life in pursuit of the physical.
(b) Men ignore the physical life in pursuit of the spiritual.
(c) Men have artistic luxury but physical poorness.
(d) Men have physical luxury but artistic poorness.

4. Chesterton names four standards by which people try to establish the ideals of equality and inequality. What is the first?
(a) God-given authority.
(b) The progression of creatures through evolution.
(c) Persuasive thinking, similar to Nietzsche's.
(d) The passage of time.

5. According to Chesterton, how did men gain morality?
(a) By consciously working out a moral code.
(b) By safe-guarding their culture.
(c) By safe-guarding their religion.
(d) By teaching tradition to their children.

6. According to Chesterton, what is the problem with moving slowly toward justice?
(a) The definition of justice changes too often in that time.
(b) A man will only be able to act on old ideas.
(c) It does not allow a man to move swiftly toward a better state of things.
(d) People cannot make just decisions in a large amount of time.

7. What is Chesterton's second criterion for progress?
(a) A composite of happiness.
(b) A collection of cultures.
(c) A devotion to Christianity.
(d) A variety of racial backgrounds.

8. How do St. Francis of Assisi and George Herbert think of Nature?
(a) As a laughing little sister.
(b) As a step-mother.
(c) As a mother.
(d) As a goddess.

9. What taunt does Swinburne hurl about the Galilean, Christ?
(a) His heart cannot soften the world.
(b) His salvation is not sufficient for all of humanity.
(c) His gaze makes men's hearts quiver in fear.
(d) His breath turns the world gray.

10. How does Bernard Shaw speak of miracles?
(a) With disbelief.
(b) With admiration.
(c) With contempt.
(d) With awe.

11. What does Chesterton say is the result of believing that progress is a natural, predictable happening?
(a) A person becomes lazy.
(b) A person looks for ethical support.
(c) A person works harder to achieve this.
(d) A person ceases to believe in progress.

12. In Chesterton's argument, why can the orthodox man believe in revolution?
(a) Revolution coincides with orthodoxy.
(b) It's a trick question - he cannot.
(c) Orthodoxy manifests itself as revolution.
(d) Revolution means restoration.

13. In Chesterton's example, why is it important for Gradgrind to give his employees skeptical literature?
(a) If their minds always change, they will be content with anything he provides.
(b) He wants to tear down the traditions.
(c) If the ideal always changes, earthly life will stay the same.
(d) He wants to keep their minds sharp.

14. At the end of Chapter VI, The Paradoxes of Christianity, what conclusion does Chesterton reach about orthodoxy?
(a) It is thrilling and perilous.
(b) It is man's only hope for understanding Christianity.
(c) It is a tool for understanding Christianity.
(d) It is inflexible.

15. What does Chesterton call "the most difficult and interesting part of the mental process" that he reached? (Chesterton 2000, pg. 247)
(a) The fact that love and hate must soften each other.
(b) The problem of balance which is presented in the world.
(c) The problem of dealing with human passions.
(d) The fact that love and hate must burn equally strong.

Short Answer Questions

1. Chesterton notes a startling difference between Christian and Buddhist art. What is this difference?

2. In Chesterton's example of a man's interaction with the tiger, what does evolution not tell the man?

3. Chesterton chooses miracles as his first example regarding liberal thinking. What does he call this example?

4. After studying the attacks on Christianity, what did Chesterton conclude?

5. Why does Chesterton say that any discussion about the creation/sustaining principle in the world must be metaphorical?

(see the answer keys)

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