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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Cicero address in his work, "On Duties"?
2. According to Cicero, what can one NOT be without being intelligent?
3. What must the ruler maintain, according to Cicero?
4. What does Cicero emphasize in the third and fourth principles in "On Duties"?
5. According to Cicero, in "On Duties," what does he feel is more effective in inspiring confidence?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe how Cicero perceived philosophy.
2. Of those listed in the introduction, what were some of the opinions the various author's had of Cicero?
3. What is the importance of stability in external goods, according to "Discussions at Tusculum"?
4. When did Cicero write most of his works?
5. What are the intellectual goods that bring happiness, according to "Discussions at Tusculum"?
6. What are 'preferables,' 'unpreferables,' and 'indifferents' according to the Stoics?
7. What three things did Cicero argue moral goodness is comprised of?
8. What will breed resentment among a ruler's subjects?
9. Describe Cicero's philosophy.
10. Describe why Cicero worried about the Roman republic.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Explain and discuss the paradox of pleasure and pain that comes from having friendship, according to Laelius: On Friendship. Discuss how both pain and pleasure are unavoidable in friendship.
Essay Topic 2
Analyze and explain the effectiveness and purpose of the writing style of On the Orator. Discuss how this writing style is supportive of the subject being discussed.
Essay Topic 3
Compare and contrast the Greek's philosophy to the Stoic's philosophy on what makes a good and happy life.
This section contains 546 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)