|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Cicero resist being identified with, according to Grant?
2. Who does Grant say took over power in the Roman Republic during Cicero's writing?
3. What does Cicero emphasize in the third and fourth principles in "On Duties"?
4. According to Cicero in "On Duties," what do men need?
5. What is concluded about the achievement of moral goodness, in "Discussions at Tusculum"?
Short Essay Questions
1. What did the Epicureans believe happiness was?
2. How did Cicero feel about statesmanship?
3. Of those listed in the introduction, what were some of the opinions the various author's had of Cicero?
4. What is the importance of stability in external goods, according to "Discussions at Tusculum"?
5. What did Cicero's work return to in "On Duties" and why?
6. How was Cicero received by the public?
7. Describe how Cicero perceived philosophy.
8. What type of system of government did Cicero prefer in "On Duties"?
9. What does Discussions at Tusculum discuss?
10. Describe what the series of arguments in "On Duties" discusses.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Explain why Laelius places such great importance on having friends to live a decent life in Laelius: On Friendship. Discuss who Laelius believes friendship can only exist between and why.
Essay Topic 2
Explain Cicero's philosophy in comparison to the Greek's philosophy. Discuss how they are similar and how they differ.
Essay Topic 3
Compare and contrast the power of the orator in battle, to the power of a weapon in battle. Explain how the orator is most effective in holding control in a battle.
This section contains 586 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)