|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which of the following is not an example provided in Chapter 2 of Vietnam's "dirty" combat?
2. According to Grossman in Chapter 2, what do POW executions do to an enemy?
3. What cold consolation for Vietnam vets does Grossman acknowledge in Chapter 2?
4. According to Grossman in Chapter 3, what does the army use in rifle training?
5. Which of the following is not a means of recuperation Grossman endorses for PTSD in Chapter 3?
Short Essay Questions
1. What changes have occurred in recent years to mitigate the psychiatric casualties of Vietnam?
2. What solution did the American military devise to deal with low firing rates in World War II?
3. Describe the strange dichotomy between nudity and killing in Western culture?
4. As described in Chapter 2, how do children progress through increasingly violent entertainment?
5. How does Grossman explain murder-suicide in terms of the killing process in Chapter 2?
6. How did John Foster rationalize killing a VC in Chapter 1?
7. In Chapter 6, what factors contribute to a soldier's decision to kill in the chart presented and discussed?
8. In Chapter 2, what does Grossman say an atrocity does to a combat unit's group dynamic?
9. In Chapter 5, how does Grossman illustrate the danger of refusing to take part in an atrocity?
10. What factors traditionally assist in rationalization and acceptance after combat?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Write an essay about the urge not to kill over the course of history. What evidence does Grossman provide that soldiers going back to the American Civil War have chosen not to kill even in the face of death by enemy fire? What tactics did these soldiers use to avoid killing? At what point in the history of the American military did the non-firing problem become readily apparent? How did the military react to this?
Essay Topic 2
Write an essay about the root causes and addressing of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the American military? What step of the killing process is interrupted, leading to PTSD, and what factors are involved in this stunting of emotional processing? How does PTSD manifest itself? In what conflict did numbers of soldiers suffering from PTSD skyrocket? How long did it take the American military to address this concern, and what has been done?
Essay Topic 3
Throughout the book, Grossman has argues that conditioning has been the key to increasing shooting rates in combat zones. It bypasses the conscious mind's inclination to avoid killing. Write a three-part essay analyzing the types of conditioning used in a military context:
Part 1) What is standard conditioning, and how is it connected to Pavlov's work with dogs? How does this type of conditioning manifest itself in military training? What specific defenses is it trying to overcome? What is its goal?
Part 2) What is operant conditioning, and how is it connected to Skinner's work with rats? To what extent is military operant training more subtly employed than traditional conditioning? How does this conditioning alter soldier behavior in chaotic combat?
Part 3) In military emulation of a role model, who is the standard soldier's role model? What does this role model represent to the soldier, and how does he wish to emulate him? What aspects of aggression and manhood does this affect?
This section contains 1,174 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)