|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Near the end of Chapter 1, Grossman cites a political cartoon criticizing what American commander?
2. How does the military normally deal with the problem of exhaustion in combat?
3. According to Grossman in Chapter 1, why is it easy for the wealthy to oppress the poor without feeling guilt?
4. Aside from officers, which individuals are often killed in combat for their toll on morale?
5. What term does Grossman use in Chapter 6 to indicate the method one uses to kill in hand-to-hand-combat?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did mechanical distance change the perception of war in the 1990's?
2. What societal and moral tenets cause guilt in an individual who has killed in a war?
3. What factors contribute to group absolution?
4. What is a crew-served weapon?
5. How does Grossman use his distance-guilt corollary to explain the oppression of the poor in Chapter 1?
6. What is surprising about the study cited in Chapter 1 regarding what compels soldiers to shoot?
7. How is the dissuasive potential of familiarity discussed in Chapter 4?
8. Describe the metaphor Grossman uses for fortitude in Chapter 6?
9. In Chapter 4, what philosophical and literary justifications for killing does Grossman cite?
10. In Chapter 7, what comparison does Grossman draw between firing a gun and masturbation?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
At one point in ON KILLING, Grossman discusses the three external concerns that affect a combatant's choice to kill. Write an essay analyzing these three concerns. W hat is the essence of each factor? What gives it its power over the potential killer? How effective is it in catalyzing the killing and in mitigating the guilt that follows? Cite an example of this type of factor that is used in the book.
Part 1) Voice of Authority
Part 2) Group Absolution
Part 3) Attractiveness of the Target
Essay Topic 2
One of the tools that Grossman uses incredibly effectively in ON KILLING is the anecdote. Frequently throughout the book, he will illustrate a trend denoted by statistics and data by incorporating an appropriate war story. In an essay, choose three such war stories and analyze them. What trend in warfare do they illustrate? How do they subvert the tradition of war stories? Do they add an emotional underpinning to the policy speak of the remainder of the text?
Essay Topic 3
Write an essay about the urge not to kill over the course of history. What evidence does Grossman provide that soldiers going back to the American Civil War have chosen not to kill even in the face of death by enemy fire? What tactics did these soldiers use to avoid killing? At what point in the history of the American military did the non-firing problem become readily apparent? How did the military react to this?
This section contains 1,097 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)