|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Augustine, to whom are commands from Scripture intended?
(a) Certain individuals or groups.
(b) Those who live in violation of God's moral standards.
(c) Those who can discern signs from things.
(d) Those who reject God's call to action.
2. According to Augustine, of the different forms through which the grammar types show themselves, which is, by definition, the most difficult to interpret?
(a) The poem because it relies heavily on metaphor, hyperbole, and enigma.
(b) The riddle because it often requires an answer that was even hidden in the day it was given.
(c) The catachresis because of its "misuse or strained use of words, as in a mixed metaphor, occurring either in error or for rhetorical effect."
(d) The sarcasm because it is often undetectable unless the intended tone of the writer is examined.
3. What are the two different ways that God and angels speak in Scripture, as identified in Book Three?
(a) Of signs and things.
(b) With cruelty and kindness.
(c) In spiritual terms and human terms.
(d) Figuratively and literally.
4. What important understanding must the student of scripture possess, as stated in Book Two?
(a) He/she must understand that covetousness will disrupt the community.
(b) His/her own depravity and that he loves temporal things too much.
(c) He/she must understand that knowing how to use signs can lead to abusing signs.
(d) His/her self love can interfere with his ability to use his inner eye.
5. What does Augustine prove from the demands he expects from his students that he began defending against critics in the Preface?
(a) That understanding Scripture requires intense and focused study so proper interpretation can be applied and demonic misleading can be avoided.
(b) That Augustine does not trust his students, therefore he plans to keep them occupied.
(c) That Augustine does not respect people who believe they do not need to study.
(d) That Augustine intends to protect the integrity of his students by dominating their time.
6. Into what two spheres does Augustine divide the natural knowledge needed for Scriptural interpretation?
(a) Truth and heresies.
(b) Literal and figurative.
(c) Arts and sciences.
(d) Things and signs.
7. According to Augustine in Book Three, what is a condition that affects holy men and God's commands of them?
(a) They discern the signs given by God that appear evil.
(b) They from Scripture became so because God had more direct communication with them.
(c) They can commit great sins.
(d) They have spent time studying God's law and know how to apply his harsh language within the context of His judgment.
8. According to Augustine in Book Three, what is the purpose of Scripture in reporting the condition that affects holy men?
(a) The direct communication that holy men had with God is reported so current students will approach Scripture with the reverence it deserves.
(b) The knowledge of law possessed by holy men is reported in Scripture to guide students to approach God's communication with the same zeal.
(c) The sins of holy men are reported in Scripture so individuals never think they are too great to sin.
(d) The discernment of holy men is reported in Scripture to remind students of the work that needs to be done to understand the history and culture of holy men.
9. By the end of Book Two, Augustine devoted much of this text to refuting critics who believe Scriptural interpretation comes simply. What does this infer of Augustine's methods of debate?
(a) Augustine chooses to overwhelm his critics with so much information that they lose track of their arguments.
(b) Augustine is obsessive and relentlessly badgers his critics into submission.
(c) Augustine confronts his critics with thorough investigation and lets his text prove his integrity.
(d) Augustine is personally offended with critics and chooses to punish those who most support him.
10. What is a requirement of Augustine's disciples?
(a) To identify signs and their role in Scriptural learning.
(b) To use their "inner eye."
(c) To use their "special gift."
(d) To understand God's revelation.
11. What does Augustine call the types of grammar used through Scripture?
12. What was the topic of Book Three?
(a) Learning how to overcome critics with well-reasoned and complete prose.
(b) Learning as a discipline to prove Christian convictions.
(c) Learning the philosophy of Classic Greeks as a key to Scriptural interpretation.
(d) Learning how to handle unknown or unfamiliar signs.
13. How does Augustine treat Tyconius' rules that he cites in his book?
(a) Augustine applies them to particular cases to the end of Book Three.
(b) Augustine merely illustrates Tyconius' rules as one of several approaches for interpreting Scripture of the day.
(c) Augustine compares them to his own set of principles to point out differences and similarities.
(d) Augustine uses them to prove what he considers misguided thinking of Donatists.
14. According to Book Three, what is the cause of Christians who are not diligent in separating themselves from pagans?
(a) A Christian will attach a figurative meaning to a passage intended to be read literally.
(b) A Christian will confuse things as signs to be symbols of God.
(c) Students will take their time in seclusion to focus on themselves rather than enjoying the presence of God.
(d) Students will not be diligent in checking their pride as their learning increases.
15. According to Augustine, how should misunderstood signs become understood?
(a) By considering how the used thing is accepted by the community.
(b) By examining the context in which things appear as signs.
(c) By committing the misunderstood words or expressions to memory.
(d) By examining the use of the word that appears to be a thing.
Short Answer Questions
1. How will studying this subject help in understanding Scripture?
2. Even though Augustine does not mention this subject directly, what will his students need to master to understand languages?
3. What does Augustine call signs that are only used to express and transmit thoughts?
4. What are the primary possessions of the student of Scripture, according to Augustine in Book Two?
5. Why does Augustine claim that words as signs are difficult to understand?
This section contains 1,102 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)