|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What are the two categories of signs Augustine identifies in Book Two?
(a) Natural signs and given signs.
(b) Signs that are things and signs that are words.
(c) Signs that are given through special gifts and signs that are given through angels.
(d) Signs that can be used and signs that can be enjoyed.
2. Even though Augustine does not mention this subject directly, what will his students need to master to understand languages?
(a) Regional accents.
3. What hazard does Augustine state must one keep in check as they learn of the fields pertaining to Scripture?
(a) The consistency of what are considered to be signs against traditional interpretations.
(b) The accuracy of translations against original manuscripts.
(c) The pride develops with great learning.
(d) Eschatology against Scriptural language to prevent heresy.
4. Upon what does Augustine say the student of Scripture must rely during his studies?
(a) The student must rely heavily on manuscripts of Scripture.
(b) The student must rely heavily on experts.
(c) The student must rely on experience.
(d) The student must rely on translations of manuscripts of Scripture.
5. What Scriptural passage does Augustine use to remind the reader of "On Christian Doctrine" of the condition that affects holy men?
(a) "'I am the Alpha and the Omega,' says the Lord God, 'who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.'"
(b) "And we preach to you the good news of the promise made to the fathers, that God has fulfilled this promise to our children that He raised up Jesus."
(c) "Yet the Lord warned Israel and Judah, through all his prophets and every seer, saying, 'Turn from your evil ways and keep my commandments, My statutes according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you through my servants the prophets.'"
(d) "God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble."
6. Based on the academic demands that Augustine places on his students, it is clear that Augustine believes what?
(a) That learning as much as possible is the best way to separate the individual from the common population.
(b) That personal discipline and focusing on things outside of the body helps build chastity and humility.
(c) That God is the master of all creation and language and the more you know of each the better you understand what God passed on in Scripture.
(d) That those who sought Augustine as a teacher will need to have conviction and determination to take on the challenges he puts before his students.
7. What does Augustine recommend as methods for handling the topic in Book Three?
(a) Strict adherence to the dietary laws of Israel and understanding of prophecy as methods of handling the problem of book two.
(b) Exclusive study of Scripture and submission to the proper guidance from church officials as methods of handling the problem of book two.
(c) Seclusion from secular temptations to allow for the maturation of the "inner eye" as methods of handling the problem of book two.
(d) Theological virtue and great learning as methods of handling the problem of Book Two.
8. How does Augustine say a student should treat any evil actions or speech from characters Scriptures praise as holy?
(a) As figurative language.
(b) As a blasphemy against God and the character's holiness must be considered as revoked by God.
(c) They must be treated as a poor interpretation and a study of the language and history of the passage must be examined.
(d) As an announcement from God of impending judgment.
9. Into what two spheres does Augustine divide the natural knowledge needed for Scriptural interpretation?
(a) Literal and figurative.
(b) Arts and sciences.
(c) Truth and heresies.
(d) Things and signs.
10. According to Augustine in Book Three, what is the purpose of Scripture in reporting the condition that affects holy men?
(a) The sins of holy men are reported in Scripture so individuals never think they are too great to sin.
(b) The direct communication that holy men had with God is reported so current students will approach Scripture with the reverence it deserves.
(c) The knowledge of law possessed by holy men is reported in Scripture to guide students to approach God's communication with the same zeal.
(d) The discernment of holy men is reported in Scripture to remind students of the work that needs to be done to understand the history and culture of holy men.
11. What ethical principle of the Bible does Augustine require for students to use as a guide for interpretation of Scripture?
(a) The principle of love.
(b) The principle of original sin.
(c) The principle of the omnipotence of God.
(d) The principle of God's authority over judgment.
12. If Augustine sets a standard for how to interpret Scriptural characters literally, and he applies the converse of that standard for interpreting Scriptural character's figuratively, how would that standard be articulated?
(a) A figurative interpretation of a holy Scriptural character will be applied to language and speech that embraces evil and condemns love or kindness.
(b) A figurative interpretation of a holy Scriptural character will be applied to language and speech that embraces evil and condemns love or kindness.
(c) A figurative interpretation of a holy Scriptural character will be applied to language and speech that describes condemnations on the chosen of God.
(d) A figurative interpretation of a holy Scriptural character will be applied to language and speech that defines how a sign is a thing.
13. Why does Augustine claim that Christian students fall into the trap that prevents them from separating themselves from pagans?
(a) They consider their ability to absorb knowledge as a special gift that makes them closer to God.
(b) They read Scriptural passages according to their own cultural and historical biases.
(c) They are too eager to misapply signs to inappropriate events and situations.
(d) They do not have the discipline to understand that seclusion is intended for purging human weakness and not for self-absorption.
14. What does it mean that Augustine requires his students to have such broad knowledge to master his course?
(a) That he was preparing them for other professions should they not prove adept at teaching.
(b) That he was a hard taskmaster with high expectations of his students.
(c) That he believes that finding the meaning of scripture can only be done through intense and careful study.
(d) That learning from Augustine was all absorbing and time consuming.
15. By making the demands of understanding Scripture difficult, who was Augustine criticizing?
(a) Those who believe that learning information outside of the Bible leads to heresy.
(b) Those who believe that only studying the life of Christ was sufficient to understand Scripture.
(c) His detractors believed Scripture could be interpreted easily through special gifts.
(d) Those who felt that Scripture could be interpreted through current events.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Augustine in Book Two, in order for the student to become an effective teacher, what two skills must the student master?
2. What does Augustine call signs that are only used to express and transmit thoughts?
3. Of Tyconius' rules for interpreting Scripture that Augustine examined, which two relate to the subjects that Augustine recommended for study in Book Two?
4. According to Augustine, how can signs become ambiguous?
5. Of the areas that Augustine emphasizes, what area receives the most intense focus?
This section contains 1,314 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)