|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Augustine say the student pass through if he/she will be able to understand Scripture?
(a) Rigorous physical and mental challenges to prove to God the seriousness of the desire to learn.
(b) Stages of spiritual purification and understand the need for God and Christian virtues.
(c) The purging of unclean spiritual occupations that are too common in the pagan cultures.
(d) A 40-day period of seclusion and fasting so they can better know the mind of Christ.
2. What does Augustine identify as a necessary subject that a student must learn to understand Scripture?
(a) The Apocrypha so the hidden meaning of Scriptural signs can be illuminated.
(b) Records of the Council of Trent to know the points of sound doctrine.
(c) The relevant languages and make all the translations he can find.
(d) The working order of the Catholic Church to understand where to go for sound reference and guidance.
3. What important understanding must the student of scripture possess, as stated in Book Two?
(a) He/she must understand that covetousness will disrupt the community.
(b) He/she must understand that knowing how to use signs can lead to abusing signs.
(c) His/her own depravity and that he loves temporal things too much.
(d) His/her self love can interfere with his ability to use his inner eye.
4. What are some of the practices of these categories in which humans must not participate?
(a) Teaching literal spheres as figurative spheres.
(b) Using special gifts to attempt to convert things to signs.
(c) Superstition and astrology.
(d) Attempting to reconcile truth with heresy.
5. How does Augustine treat Tyconius' rules that he cites in his book?
(a) Augustine applies them to particular cases to the end of Book Three.
(b) Augustine uses them to prove what he considers misguided thinking of Donatists.
(c) Augustine merely illustrates Tyconius' rules as one of several approaches for interpreting Scripture of the day.
(d) Augustine compares them to his own set of principles to point out differences and similarities.
6. What Scriptural reference does Augustine make to prove his point regarding checking this hazard to learning the fields pertaining to Scripture?
(a) "Knowledge puffs up but love builds up."
(b) "I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds to them, God shall add to him the plagues which are written in this book."
(c) "Ask a sign for yourself from the Lord your God."
(d) "All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness."
7. What facts of Scripture does Augustine set as the foundation for understanding it?
(a) All Scriptural history starting from creation.
(b) All the teachings of Christ.
(c) The context of the miracles so they can understand the purpose of God in delivering them.
(d) Objects, times, places and people referred to in Scripture and the spiritual realm of the people in Scripture.
8. Of Tyconius' rules for interpreting Scripture that Augustine examined, which two relate to the subjects that Augustine recommended for study in Book Two?
(a) On the promises and the law and On the devil and his body.
(b) On the Lord and his body and On the promises and the law.
(c) On species and genus and On measurements of time.
(d) On the Lord's twofold body and On genus and species.
9. Upon what does Augustine say the student of Scripture must rely during his studies?
(a) The student must rely heavily on manuscripts of Scripture.
(b) The student must rely on experience.
(c) The student must rely on translations of manuscripts of Scripture.
(d) The student must rely heavily on experts.
10. What does Augustine state the student must do once the figurative and literal passages have been separated from each other?
(a) The background of the passages needs to be compared.
(b) A second division needs to be made separating Old Testament from New Testament.
(c) The language and grammar must be checked for accuracy and similarities.
(d) The meanings must be harmonized.
11. What is ironic about the fact that Augustine referred to Tyconius' "Book of Rules" as being useful for the interpretation of Scripture?
(a) Tyconius was a Donatist and much of "On Christian Doctrine" is written to address points of disagreement between Augustine and Donatists.
(b) Tyconius was a Greek philosopher and Augustine was wary of Greek philosophers.
(c) Augustine eschewed rules that do not originate from Scripture.
(d) Tyconius was ruled a heretic for taking liberties in the examination of Scripture.
12. In taking the challenge that Augustine presents in Book Three, how should the Christian student differentiate himself from the pagan?
(a) Christians must be careful not to worship things as signs as pagans do.
(b) Christians must be careful not to confuse signs and things as many pagans do.
(c) Christians must be careful not to use signs to elevate oneself as pagans do.
(d) Christians must be careful not to convert personal motivations into causes of worship as pagans do.
13. By the end of Book Two, Augustine devoted much of this text to refuting critics who believe Scriptural interpretation comes simply. What does this infer of Augustine's methods of debate?
(a) Augustine is personally offended with critics and chooses to punish those who most support him.
(b) Augustine chooses to overwhelm his critics with so much information that they lose track of their arguments.
(c) Augustine is obsessive and relentlessly badgers his critics into submission.
(d) Augustine confronts his critics with thorough investigation and lets his text prove his integrity.
14. According to Augustine, to whom are commands from Scripture intended?
(a) Those who live in violation of God's moral standards.
(b) Those who reject God's call to action.
(c) Those who can discern signs from things.
(d) Certain individuals or groups.
15. How can recommendations Augustine makes from Book Three prevent students from falling into the trap that misleads them?
(a) Augustine warns against allowing the increased knowledge of students from developing into pride.
(b) Augustine devotes much of Book Two to detailing the demands on the serious student of Scripture.
(c) Augustine painstakingly differentiates between signs and things to guide students away from misapplying both.
(d) Augustine recommends that students learn the culture, language, and history from the periods that Scripture was written to develop the skill to interpret Scripture intelligently.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Augustine reason, from the scriptural reference regarding the hazard of learning, that a student must be sure to develop.
2. What is an apparent contradiction regarding Augustine's expectation of students to interpretation and an omission from his commentaries in "On Christian Doctrine"?
3. How does Augustine state a student should consider an evil command given to its intended target?
4. From what type of education does Augustine develop his curriculum of Scriptural learning?
5. According to Augustine in Book Three, what is the purpose of Scripture in reporting the condition that affects holy men?
This section contains 1,360 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)