|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Augustine state an interpreter sometimes looks to to get the right meanings and right number of meanings from a passage?
(a) The original language.
(b) The original manuscripts.
(c) The history of the period that the Scripture was recorded.
(d) The author's intentions.
2. What was the topic of Book Three?
(a) Learning how to overcome critics with well-reasoned and complete prose.
(b) Learning as a discipline to prove Christian convictions.
(c) Learning how to handle unknown or unfamiliar signs.
(d) Learning the philosophy of Classic Greeks as a key to Scriptural interpretation.
3. What are some of the practices of these categories in which humans must not participate?
(a) Using special gifts to attempt to convert things to signs.
(b) Attempting to reconcile truth with heresy.
(c) Superstition and astrology.
(d) Teaching literal spheres as figurative spheres.
4. Based on the academic demands that Augustine places on his students, it is clear that Augustine believes what?
(a) That learning as much as possible is the best way to separate the individual from the common population.
(b) That personal discipline and focusing on things outside of the body helps build chastity and humility.
(c) That God is the master of all creation and language and the more you know of each the better you understand what God passed on in Scripture.
(d) That those who sought Augustine as a teacher will need to have conviction and determination to take on the challenges he puts before his students.
5. What does Augustine recommend as methods for handling the topic in Book Three?
(a) Exclusive study of Scripture and submission to the proper guidance from church officials as methods of handling the problem of book two.
(b) Strict adherence to the dietary laws of Israel and understanding of prophecy as methods of handling the problem of book two.
(c) Theological virtue and great learning as methods of handling the problem of Book Two.
(d) Seclusion from secular temptations to allow for the maturation of the "inner eye" as methods of handling the problem of book two.
6. According to Augustine, of the different forms through which the grammar types show themselves, which is, by definition, the most difficult to interpret?
(a) The poem because it relies heavily on metaphor, hyperbole, and enigma.
(b) The riddle because it often requires an answer that was even hidden in the day it was given.
(c) The catachresis because of its "misuse or strained use of words, as in a mixed metaphor, occurring either in error or for rhetorical effect."
(d) The sarcasm because it is often undetectable unless the intended tone of the writer is examined.
7. Why does Augustine claim that Christian students fall into the trap that prevents them from separating themselves from pagans?
(a) They are too eager to misapply signs to inappropriate events and situations.
(b) They do not have the discipline to understand that seclusion is intended for purging human weakness and not for self-absorption.
(c) They consider their ability to absorb knowledge as a special gift that makes them closer to God.
(d) They read Scriptural passages according to their own cultural and historical biases.
8. How does Augustine state a student should consider an evil command given to its intended target?
(a) As being good for the individual or group at the time.
(b) That God is becoming intolerant of defiance against his laws.
(c) That God requires that his will be followed.
(d) As a sign that God will exercise an act of judgment.
9. What is a major challenge in dealing with the topic addressed in Book Three?
(a) The meanings of Scriptural phrases that contain ambiguous signs can often be changed with misplaced punctuation.
(b) The sinful nature of the human filter can interfere with the interpretation of Scripture at any stage of investigation.
(c) Often figurative language is used to represent both God and angels and this language must be investigated in its original form, not translations.
(d) Understanding the difference between signs given to groups and signs given to individuals can only be achieved after study of the languages in which languages were written.
10. According to Augustine in Book Three, what is the purpose of Scripture in reporting the condition that affects holy men?
(a) The discernment of holy men is reported in Scripture to remind students of the work that needs to be done to understand the history and culture of holy men.
(b) The knowledge of law possessed by holy men is reported in Scripture to guide students to approach God's communication with the same zeal.
(c) The direct communication that holy men had with God is reported so current students will approach Scripture with the reverence it deserves.
(d) The sins of holy men are reported in Scripture so individuals never think they are too great to sin.
11. Augustine writes in Book Three that in order to make the type of evaluation of the command given to the intended target, what knowledge must a student of Scripture possess?
(a) Of how God makes his will manifest.
(b) Of the history of the event for which God is giving the command.
(c) Of how God expects his laws to be applied.
(d) Of how God used a sign to foretell his command.
12. According to Book Three, what is the cause of Christians who are not diligent in separating themselves from pagans?
(a) Students will take their time in seclusion to focus on themselves rather than enjoying the presence of God.
(b) A Christian will attach a figurative meaning to a passage intended to be read literally.
(c) A Christian will confuse things as signs to be symbols of God.
(d) Students will not be diligent in checking their pride as their learning increases.
13. How can recommendations Augustine makes from Book Three prevent students from falling into the trap that misleads them?
(a) Augustine painstakingly differentiates between signs and things to guide students away from misapplying both.
(b) Augustine recommends that students learn the culture, language, and history from the periods that Scripture was written to develop the skill to interpret Scripture intelligently.
(c) Augustine warns against allowing the increased knowledge of students from developing into pride.
(d) Augustine devotes much of Book Two to detailing the demands on the serious student of Scripture.
14. What does Augustine identify as a necessary subject that a student must learn to understand Scripture?
(a) The Apocrypha so the hidden meaning of Scriptural signs can be illuminated.
(b) The relevant languages and make all the translations he can find.
(c) Records of the Council of Trent to know the points of sound doctrine.
(d) The working order of the Catholic Church to understand where to go for sound reference and guidance.
15. How does Augustine treat Tyconius' rules that he cites in his book?
(a) Augustine compares them to his own set of principles to point out differences and similarities.
(b) Augustine uses them to prove what he considers misguided thinking of Donatists.
(c) Augustine applies them to particular cases to the end of Book Three.
(d) Augustine merely illustrates Tyconius' rules as one of several approaches for interpreting Scripture of the day.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Augustine in Book Three, what is a condition that affects holy men and God's commands of them?
2. What is ironic about the fact that Augustine referred to Tyconius' "Book of Rules" as being useful for the interpretation of Scripture?
3. What Scriptural reference does Augustine make to prove his point regarding checking this hazard to learning the fields pertaining to Scripture?
4. What are subjects that Augustine identifies that 'must be learned'?
5. What does Augustine state the student must do once the figurative and literal passages have been separated from each other?
This section contains 1,492 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)