|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. By the end of Book Two, Augustine devoted much of this text to refuting critics who believe Scriptural interpretation comes simply. What does this infer of Augustine's methods of debate?
(a) Augustine is obsessive and relentlessly badgers his critics into submission.
(b) Augustine confronts his critics with thorough investigation and lets his text prove his integrity.
(c) Augustine is personally offended with critics and chooses to punish those who most support him.
(d) Augustine chooses to overwhelm his critics with so much information that they lose track of their arguments.
2. How will studying this subject help in understanding Scripture?
(a) Understanding the regional accents of the time will help interpret phrases and word variations.
(b) Understanding the dialects of the time will help to interpret discussions and analogies of Scripture.
(c) Understanding the grammar of languages will help interpret the prose and poetry of Scripture.
(d) Understanding the metaphors of the time will help bring deeper meaning to signs and parables.
3. According to Augustine, of the different forms through which the grammar types show themselves, which is, by definition, the most difficult to interpret?
(a) The catachresis because of its "misuse or strained use of words, as in a mixed metaphor, occurring either in error or for rhetorical effect."
(b) The sarcasm because it is often undetectable unless the intended tone of the writer is examined.
(c) The poem because it relies heavily on metaphor, hyperbole, and enigma.
(d) The riddle because it often requires an answer that was even hidden in the day it was given.
4. Why does Augustine claim this knowledge is required to understand what Scripture teaches?
(a) Because knowing the language, culture, and settings of the Scriptural record guides in making correct interpretations of Scripture.
(b) Because knowing the demands of the law of Israel helps to understand the freedom that Christians have through the atoning death of Christ.
(c) Because knowing the history of Israel and the prophecies concerning Christ makes a full connection between Israelite and Christian Scriptures.
(d) Because knowing the dietary and moral laws of the Nazarites aids in understanding the life and miracles of Christ.
5. What form do these grammar types take?
(a) Prose, poem, dissertation, and story.
(b) Hyperbole, riddle, song, and parable.
(c) Allegory, enigma, parable, and catachresis.
(d) Poem, metaphor, sarcasm, and hyperbole.
6. What is an apparent contradiction regarding Augustine's expectation of students to interpretation and an omission from his commentaries in "On Christian Doctrine"?
(a) Augustine demands his students to spend time in seclusion and study, but does not call for the same from teachers.
(b) Augustine criticizes the Donatists yet he uses their theology on which to base "On Christian Doctrine."
(c) Augustine expects his students to investigate the intentions of the authors of Scripture, but he does not detail his intentions in choosing the issues on which he focuses.
(d) Augustine writes that the understanding of the principles of Christian love are sufficient to begin the interpretation of Scripture, but he spends more time examining Old Testament law.
7. What Augustine accomplished with his first three books from "On Christian Doctrine"?
(a) He established a beginning set of exegetical principles.
(b) He set out an intimidating course of study that only the serious student of Scripture will be willing to consider.
(c) He identified the difference between his line of reasoning and those who criticize his views.
(d) He left out important details that could be useful in the interpretation of Scripture.
8. What does Augustine call the types of grammar used through Scripture?
9. In Book Three, Augustine argues that since holy men from scripture receive evil language from God because of their condition, how should the passages with such language be read?
(a) With sufficient references to historical data.
(b) Both literally and figuratively.
(c) In context with the laws that God is applying to the particular situation.
(d) With the understanding that God's word transcends time, so that spoken directly to holy men can be considered relevant to current settings.
10. What ethical principle of the Bible does Augustine require for students to use as a guide for interpretation of Scripture?
(a) The principle of the omnipotence of God.
(b) The principle of original sin.
(c) The principle of God's authority over judgment.
(d) The principle of love.
11. What hazard does Augustine state must one keep in check as they learn of the fields pertaining to Scripture?
(a) Eschatology against Scriptural language to prevent heresy.
(b) The consistency of what are considered to be signs against traditional interpretations.
(c) The pride develops with great learning.
(d) The accuracy of translations against original manuscripts.
12. Since Augustine regards his disciples as "divinely instituted," what responsibility falls on his students?
(a) They have the duty to discover their "special gift."
(b) They have the duty to apply good social and intellectual practices.
(c) They have the duty to know the difference between things and signs.
(d) They have the duty to develop their "inner eye."
13. What are the primary possessions of the student of Scripture, according to Augustine in Book Two?
(a) Love, illuminated truth, and the inner eye.
(b) Faith, hope, and love.
(c) Illuminated truth, the inner eye, and faith.
(d) Special gifts, things, and signs.
14. How does Augustine state a student should consider an evil command given to its intended target?
(a) As being good for the individual or group at the time.
(b) As a sign that God will exercise an act of judgment.
(c) That God is becoming intolerant of defiance against his laws.
(d) That God requires that his will be followed.
15. What is an important omission that Augustine commits as it applies to moral rules in Scripture?
(a) Augustine omits standards for interpreting Scripture.
(b) Augustine omits examples of grammatical forms from Scripture.
(c) Augustine omits grammatical techniques for interpreting Scripture.
(d) Augustine does not guide students to understand whether the moral rules of Scripture are universal or particular.
Short Answer Questions
1. In taking the challenge that Augustine presents in Book Three, how should the Christian student differentiate himself from the pagan?
2. What is a major challenge in dealing with the topic addressed in Book Three?
3. What does Augustine prove from the demands he expects from his students that he began defending against critics in the Preface?
4. How does Augustine treat Tyconius' rules that he cites in his book?
5. What does Augustine identify as a necessary subject that a student must learn to understand Scripture?
This section contains 1,330 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)