|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Upon what does Augustine focus most of his efforts in the Preface of "On Christian Doctrine"?
(a) Criticism from those who refuse or are unable to apply it.
(b) Criticism from those who claim that Augustine relied too much on training and not enough on divine guidance.
(c) Criticism from those who believe it is not needed.
(d) Criticism that his demands for linguistic studies were too exclusive.
2. What basic fact do the critics discussed in the Preface ignore by discounting teaching from Augustine and others?
(a) Trial and error application often give non-Christians the opportunity to "mock God."
(b) The works of writers closer to the time of the authors of Scripture are frequently incomplete, disjointed, and often unverifiable.
(c) Many writers have intensely studied Scriptures and have left their impressions for their use.
(d) The fact that they learned important tools, such as the alphabet, from other humans.
3. With what prediction does Augustine start "On Christian Doctrine"?
(a) Christians will gather around a uniform doctrine.
(b) Christians will transform society through piety and rhetorical skill.
(c) The work will face three kinds of criticism.
(d) God will assure that the Church will become the primary social force in the world.
4. What is the primary tool for interpretation for the critics that Augustine primarily focuses on in the Preface?
(a) Investigating commentaries produced closer to the time of the authors of Scriptures.
(b) Trial and error application to the situations for which they need Scriptural guidance.
(c) Intense study of Scripture.
(d) A "special gift" from God.
5. What is the logical inconsistency of the critics that Augustine confronts in the Preface?
(a) If learning only comes through community, why does Scripture encourage separation for prayer?
(b) If these critics believe they need no training, why are they reviewing Augustine's works?
(c) If these critics believe learning only comes through the possession of "special gifts," why do they teach?
(d) If these critics believe that Scripture can only be learned through "special gifts," and God wants everyone to know scriptures, then why doesn't everyone have "special gifts"?
6. Why does Augustine expect the method of accessing knowledge he lacks to be successful?
(a) Augustine is familiar with the classification system of the library at Hippo Regius.
(b) Augustine has great respect for other learned Priests within his sphere.
(c) Augustine believes God guides those who gather in Christian community.
(d) Augustine believes that God will give to him because God gives to those who "give away," as does Augustine when he teaches.
7. What is the first important distinction that Augustine makes in Book One?
(a) The distinction between discovering what Scripture teaches and communicating it.
(b) The distinction between the Christian conception of love and the pagan conception of love.
(c) The distinction between learning and teaching.
(d) The distinction between "enjoy" and "use."
8. How does Augustine use the items of his example to illustrate his distinction?
(a) The meal is enjoyed, but the pot is used.
(b) That critics who do not understand show a lack of interest to discover, but those who believe in special gifts use a false faith to rationalize their lack of interest.
(c) That Lucifer sought to discredit Job's faith, but God realized the depth of Job's convictions.
(d) That Adam made the choice of sin, but Cain responded out of the impulse passed to him from Adam's choice.
9. What are the two primary reasons that Augustine devotes his time to those questions?
(a) The two commandments of Christianity to love God and to love one's neighbor.
(b) God's omnipotence establishes His authority over creation and judgment.
(c) Because Scriptural infallibility affirms God's role in miracles and prophesy.
(d) The Christian conception of Christ's deity explains His resurrection and authority over forgiveness.
10. What is the nature of the second important distinction Augustine identifies in Book One?
(a) Encouragement is an exhortation, but not every exhortation is an encouragement.
(b) Everything that is enjoyed is used, but not everything that is used is enjoyed.
(c) Christian love can be found within pagans, but pagan love is antithetical to Christian love.
(d) A sign is always a thing, but not all things are signs.
11. What is an important distinction that Augustine teaches students to understand through three Books of "On Christian Doctrine?
(a) The difference between "special gifts" and talents.
(b) The difference between sins of omission and original sin.
(c) The difference between original sin and human nature.
(d) The difference between "things" and "signs."
12. What does Augustine conclude are the only things that can be enjoyed?
(a) Only wisdom and Truth can be enjoyed.
(b) Only things that reveal Truth can be enjoyed.
(c) Only things that are used with special gifts to prove Truth can be enjoyed.
(d) Only eternal and unchangeable things can be enjoyed.
13. What doctrine does Augustine introduce to explain how Truth can be seen?
(a) The doctrine of "special gifts of seeing" that God grants when individuals seek eternal truths illuminated by God.
(b) The doctrine of "things and signs" helps an individual know which things and signs illuminate eternal truths.
(c) The doctrine of the "inner eye" that can see eternal truths even when tainted by sin because it is illuminated by God.
(d) The doctrine of "community vision" is achieved when individuals join their desires to seek eternal truths illuminated by God.
14. How are things separated by Augustine?
(a) Categories of things under God's authority and things that are sinful.
(b) Categories of things that are things and things that are signs.
(c) Categories of things that are Biblical and things that are non-Biblical.
(d) Categories of things that are enjoyed and things that are used.
15. What are the two main tools that God uses to teach men what to do, as identified by Augustine?
(a) Priests and Rabbis
(b) Scripture and nature.
(c) Wars and rumors of wars.
(d) Angels and human communities.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the step that Augustine identifies an individual should take before entering into a proper relationship with God?
2. What are the three things that Augustine claims that interpretations of Scripture should build up?
3. What is the problem for the critics that Augustine addresses in the Preface when they choose to teach?
4. What does Augustine claim is the consequence of refusing to learn in a proper setting for Scriptural learning?
5. What is the source of teaching Augustine most advocates?
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