|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Upon what does Augustine focus most of his efforts in the Preface of "On Christian Doctrine"?
(a) Criticism from those who refuse or are unable to apply it.
(b) Criticism from those who claim that Augustine relied too much on training and not enough on divine guidance.
(c) Criticism from those who believe it is not needed.
(d) Criticism that his demands for linguistic studies were too exclusive.
2. How are things separated by Augustine?
(a) Categories of things that are enjoyed and things that are used.
(b) Categories of things that are things and things that are signs.
(c) Categories of things that are Biblical and things that are non-Biblical.
(d) Categories of things under God's authority and things that are sinful.
3. How does Augustine characterize things in Book One?
(a) They are the items that God puts before Christians to enjoy.
(b) They are all items that fall under God's authority.
(c) They are ordinary objects that are not used to signify something.
(d) They are the items that God puts before Christians to use.
4. Why does Augustine expect the method of accessing knowledge he lacks to be successful?
(a) Augustine believes God guides those who gather in Christian community.
(b) Augustine is familiar with the classification system of the library at Hippo Regius.
(c) Augustine has great respect for other learned Priests within his sphere.
(d) Augustine believes that God will give to him because God gives to those who "give away," as does Augustine when he teaches.
5. What is the source of teaching Augustine most advocates?
(a) Christ dispensing special gifts without communities.
(b) Human teachers in human communities.
(c) God directing the student to understand His role in Scripture.
(d) Angels guiding human teachers in spiritual communities.
6. What was the second type of criticism that Augustine suggests "On Christian Doctrine" would face?
(a) Criticism from those who claim too many Christians could not access proper training.
(b) Criticism from those who face punishment if they try to apply it.
(c) Criticism from those who refuse or are unable to apply it.
(d) Criticism from those who claim that Augustine relied too much on training and not enough on divine guidance.
7. What is the problem for the critics that Augustine addresses in the Preface when they choose to teach?
(a) If these critics believe students of Scripture can only receive understanding through "special gifts", why do they attempt to teach about "special gifts"?
(b) If God only communicates the truth of Scripture through those who have "special gifts", is not God limiting his communication with the pagan who has not received such gifts?
(c) If these critics believe that understanding Scripture can only be achieved through the application of "special gifts", doesn't their effort to teach expose their students to personal bias that might interfere with their "special gifts"?
(d) If these critics believe that Scripture can only be achieved through "special gifts", isn't God's power of communicating limited out side of his act to give the gifts?
8. What is Augustine's perception of God's dispensation of "special gifts" of interpreting Scripture?
(a) That they precede periods of peace and prosperity.
(b) That they follow periods of oppression of those seeking His blessings.
(c) Dispensing of such gifts is atypical.
(d) That they follow miraculous events.
9. Of these influences on personal thought, which does Augustine claim Scripture teaches can lead a Christian to positive patterns?
(a) That Priests are a model of what St. Paul inferred in Hebrews was the "Priesthood of Believers," and are therefore a legitimate source of guidance.
(b) That God always calls His chosen people to work productively.
(c) That God uses angels to direct men to human communities to learn.
(d) That "leaving and cleaving" that forms marriage is a reflection of God's character.
10. Based on Augustine's Preface, what is the perception of critics toward learning?
(a) The most reliable aids for interpretation are writings from individuals directly connected to the authors of Scriptures.
(b) Reliable interpretation can come from a situational application.
(c) The most reliable aids for interpretation are from Scripture themselves.
(d) They do not need aids for interpretation such as those Augustine offers.
11. What is the main difference between the system of learning that Augustine advocates and that advocated by the critics he focuses on in the Preface?
(a) Augustine's system of learning requires study in Greek philosophy whereas the critics require researching copies of manuscripts.
(b) Augustine's system requires study and application of rules whereas the critics believe they can understand through special gifts.
(c) Augustine's system requires finding a qualified Priest to hand down the official teaching of the Church whereas the critics allow free interpretation.
(d) Augustine's system requires great expense in accessing the necessary documents of learning whereas the critics allow for the interpretation of the spirit through tongues.
12. What Scriptural defense does Augustine use for encouraging critics to consider the validity of "On Christian Doctrine"?
(a) Augustine argues, in his blending of Greek and Christian thoughts, that Scripture contains many examples of God using pagans to exhibit his will.
(b) Augustine argues that Scripture is the foundation of his writing, so his effort is divinely inspired.
(c) Augustine argues that Scripture does not negate any teaching extrapolated from Scripture.
(d) Augustine argues that Scripture contains many examples of people teaching others.
13. When Augustine focuses on one of the types of criticism he expects to receive, what does he suggest to the reader?
(a) That these types of critics, if they gather a following around their criticism, are dangerously close to practicing heresy.
(b) That these types of critics will either understand Scripture or believe they do.
(c) That these types of critics are stagnant in their thoughts and threaten to limit the influence of Divine guidance.
(d) That these types of critics are a threat to the true Church.
14. To what does Augustine compare his distinction of things?
(a) To that between instrumental and intrinsic good.
(b) To that between critics who do not understand and critics who believe in "special gifts."
(c) To that between God and Lucifer.
(d) To that between human nature and original sin.
15. How does Augustine relate Truth and God?
(a) God created truth, but humans misuse things to reject truth.
(b) God creates things and Truth, but the way humans use things and accept Truth determines whether humans enjoy the experience.
(c) God creates things and things can be used to prove truth.
(d) Truth is based upon an unchanging standard and God is that unchanging standard.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the first important distinction that Augustine makes in Book One?
2. What are the two primary reasons that Augustine devotes his time to those questions?
3. How does Augustine expect to get the knowledge that he lacks?
4. In approaching this distinction, what is Augustine's first focus in Book One?
5. How does Augustine use the items of his example to illustrate his distinction?
This section contains 1,296 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)