|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. With what power of the soul does Aristotle state that astuteness shares its concern?
2. While in the throes of true friendship, Aristotle states at the end of Book IX that one has the same relationship with a friend as he does with whom?
3. What sort of person is opposite, in the opinion of Aristotle, the person who is soft?
4. What sort of people does Aristotle state seldom turn up in positions of power?
5. Which two thinkers does Aristotle reference in X.8 concerning the nature of those who are happy?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does Aristotle state that politics and practical judgment cannot be the highest or most serious things for man's consideration?
2. Explain the distinction, and its significance, between Socrates and Aristotle on the relationship between knowledge and moral action.
3. In what way does Aristotle agree with Socrates concerning knowledge and moral action?
4. For Aristotle, in what way is a neutral or idle state detrimental to many individuals' moral character?
5. Explain the relationship Aristotle makes note of between affirming and denying in thinking and pursuing, and avoiding in desiring.
6. What is one reason Aristotle gives for which someone ought not to treat former friends in some way different than strangers if the friendship was dissolved to to an excess of vice?
7. What would it mean, for Aristotle, to describe a sort of friendship as being a hybrid?
8. Why is it that having friends in a time of one's good fortune is, in the philosophy of Aristotle, more beautiful than in other times?
9. For Aristotle, in what does the relationship between man's nature and his need for friends consist?
10. Why does Aristotle state that there is a virtue connected with art, but that practical judgment is itself an end?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Analyze in a comparative essay the three archetypal kinds of friends--utility, pleasure, and virtue--as they relate to man and to man's happiness. Which is the most perfect and truest kind of friendship, and why? What does true friendship do for man's moral character? What does true friendship have to do with happiness? What is the relationship between happiness and the lesser levels of friendship? What is the principal lesson that one ought to take away from Aristotle's extensive discussion of the topic of friendship?
Essay Topic 2
Truly vicious men are rare, though not so rare as truly virtuous men. Most men exist in one or another state of struggle. Examine this struggle, that which is experienced by both the man of self-restraint and the unrestrained man, in regards to the pleasures with which all men are concerned, in a thoughtful and well-organized critical essay. Why are only these two states of character truly states of struggle? How do they confront these struggles? What emotions, feelings, and reactions accompany these struggles? With what do these men struggle? What characterizes the pleasures that are most likely to cause a man to struggle?
Essay Topic 3
Of the five intellectual virtues, wisdom receives almost as much attention as practical judgment, but is simultaneously put somewhat out of the reach of human beings. In an analytical essay, examine the nature of wisdom as a virtue: its ends and objects, its purpose, and its position as an excellence or perfection as an intellectual virtue. How is it distinct from the other intellectual virtues? Why is it difficult, or perhaps even impossible, for human beings to attain? Answering this question will take some consideration of the whole of the Ethics.
This section contains 1,225 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)