Nicomachean Ethics Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Aristotle claim the lover of self takes for himself?

2. With what virtue does Aristotle credit Eudoxus in X.2?

3. What does Aristotle say one must do in addition to knowing virtue?

4. What is a fitting word for the capacity that Aristotle describes as allowing people to easily achieve one's goal or object?

5. Friendship with whom is discussed in IX.4?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is meant by Aristotle saying that pleasures from different sources can be impediments to activities?

2. In what way does Aristotle agree with Socrates concerning knowledge and moral action?

3. Why does Aristotle state that there is a virtue connected with art, but that practical judgment is itself an end?

4. Why do friendships of utility quickly come about and subsequently dissolve, according to Aristotle?

5. Through the possession of what virtue, according to Aristotle, is man said to have possession of all the intellectual virtues, at least to some degree, and why?

6. What is the Aristotelian relationship between happiness, the gods, human beings, and animals, as discussed in X.8?

7. Explain the distinction, and its significance, between Socrates and Aristotle on the relationship between knowledge and moral action.

8. What characterizes the blame put upon people who are in animal-like conditions, according to Aristotle's perspective?

9. Why is it said by Aristotle that the lesser types of friendship are called friendship only insofar as they resemble the highest?

10. Why is it difficult, in the opinion of Aristotle, for a person to have many close and virtuous friends?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

In Book X of the Ethics, Aristotle discusses at some length the relationship between pleasure and true happiness. Compose an essay which discusses the nature of this relationship, explicating how the two are intertwined with one another. What is true pleasure? What is true happiness? In what sort of activities do true pleasure and true happiness consist? How is Aristotle's opinion different from those who preceded him? Is Aristotle's opinion superior? If so why, and if not, why not?

Essay Topic 2

Truly vicious men are rare, though not so rare as truly virtuous men. Most men exist in one or another state of struggle. Examine this struggle, that which is experienced by both the man of self-restraint and the unrestrained man, in regards to the pleasures with which all men are concerned, in a thoughtful and well-organized critical essay. Why are only these two states of character truly states of struggle? How do they confront these struggles? What emotions, feelings, and reactions accompany these struggles? With what do these men struggle? What characterizes the pleasures that are most likely to cause a man to struggle?

Essay Topic 3

Though not addressed as explicitly in the Ethics, a persistent topic around which much of Aristotle's philosophical inquiry circles is the relationship between friendship and the community. Analyze this topic in a carefully developed essay, considering both the way in which friendship influences the community and how community influences friendships. What is the effect of virtuous, true friendships on a community? Upon what principles do such friendships exist, and why are these important to a solid community? What are the conditions of the community that help create such friendships? In what way are these two things reciprocal in terms of giving to one another?

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