Nicomachean Ethics Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. In X.1, Aristotle says that people educate the young by what two means?

2. By what is the mean determined, according to Aristotle's analysis in the beginning of Book VI?

3. When do people eat snacks the most in theaters, according to Aristotle in X.5?

4. Aristotle notes that each political constitution involves friendship to the same degree that it involves what?

5. What sort of relationship does Aristotle claim is impossible for people who do not have the quality mentioned at the beginning of IX.5?

Short Essay Questions

1. In what way, for Aristotle, do the pursuits of actions in accord with the virtues that pertain to politics and war differ from those that pertain to contemplation?

2. For Aristotle, in what does the relationship between man's nature and his need for friends consist?

3. Through the possession of what virtue, according to Aristotle, is man said to have possession of all the intellectual virtues, at least to some degree, and why?

4. What is the significance of Aristotle saying that the active conditions of the soul that are the intellectual virtues produce something, not as medicine produces health, but as health produces health?

5. For Aristotle, in what way is a neutral or idle state detrimental to many individuals' moral character?

6. In what way does Aristotle agree with Socrates concerning knowledge and moral action?

7. Explain the distinction, and its significance, between Socrates and Aristotle on the relationship between knowledge and moral action.

8. Why does Aristotle state that politics and practical judgment cannot be the highest or most serious things for man's consideration?

9. According to Aristotle, why ought a good person be a lover of himself and a bad person not?

10. What is meant by Aristotle saying that pleasures from different sources can be impediments to activities?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Oftentimes, a true friend is considered to be, in a certain sense, a second self. Compose an essay which considers this claim in the context of Aristotle's examination of friendship. What would it mean for someone to be a second self? How is true friendship related to others? How is friendship related to the self? In what sort of acts does one treat another as though a second self? What characterizes these acts?

Essay Topic 2

Oftentimes, examining a thing's contrariness is helpful in understanding the thing itself: consequently, Aristotle speaks at some length on the conditions in which man is found to be consumed with vice. These are scattered throughout the Ethics; in an insightful essay, unite and analyze the nature of vice as it is presented by Aristotle. What characterizes the vicious man? What is the vicious man's relation to knowledge of his actions? Why can the vicious man not engage in true friendships? How is the nature of vice demonstrated through particular examples of the behavior of vicious men?

Essay Topic 3

In Book X of the Ethics, Aristotle discusses at some length the relationship between pleasure and true happiness. Compose an essay which discusses the nature of this relationship, explicating how the two are intertwined with one another. What is true pleasure? What is true happiness? In what sort of activities do true pleasure and true happiness consist? How is Aristotle's opinion different from those who preceded him? Is Aristotle's opinion superior? If so why, and if not, why not?

(see the answer keys)

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