|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Aristotle say one must do in addition to knowing virtue?
2. Friendship with whom is discussed in IX.4?
3. To whom does man look concerning things good and bad, as stated by Aristotle in VII.11?
4. In X.1, Aristotle says that people educate the young by what two means?
5. To whose undemonstrated statements and opinions ought people pay attention, according to Aristotle?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does Aristotle end his discussion of ethics by beginning a discussion of politics?
2. In what way does Aristotle agree with Socrates concerning knowledge and moral action?
3. Through the possession of what virtue, according to Aristotle, is man said to have possession of all the intellectual virtues, at least to some degree, and why?
4. What does Aristotle intend to convey by comparing vice to the disease of consumption (tuberculosis)?
5. Why does Aristotle state that there is a virtue connected with art, but that practical judgment is itself an end?
6. Give an example of something affirmed by knowledge, as that which cannot be otherwise than it is.
7. What would it mean, for Aristotle, to describe a sort of friendship as being a hybrid?
8. Why is it that having friends in a time of one's good fortune is, in the philosophy of Aristotle, more beautiful than in other times?
9. What is the Aristotelian relationship between happiness, the gods, human beings, and animals, as discussed in X.8?
10. What is meant by Aristotle saying that pleasures from different sources can be impediments to activities?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Near the end of his Ethics, Aristotle states that perfect happiness comes through the act of contemplation, the only activity that man does entirely for its own sake. Analyze this postulation in a very insightful and carefully planned essay. Why is contemplation considered a perfect action? Does this claim seem justified? Why or why not? Why does Aristotle state that the act of contemplation is that in which perfect happiness and perfect pleasure exist?
Essay Topic 2
What good is understanding a particular virtue if the concept of virtue itself is not understood? Compose an analytical essay which examines the very roots of virtuosity itself, starting with the relationship between particular virtues and Aristotle's conception of it as a mean condition between two extremes. To what does virtue relate? How is that to which virtue is related suspect to extremes of excess and deficiency? What is the essence of virtue itself? What are some particular examples by which this essence is demonstrated?
Essay Topic 3
In Book X of the Ethics, Aristotle discusses at some length the relationship between pleasure and true happiness. Compose an essay which discusses the nature of this relationship, explicating how the two are intertwined with one another. What is true pleasure? What is true happiness? In what sort of activities do true pleasure and true happiness consist? How is Aristotle's opinion different from those who preceded him? Is Aristotle's opinion superior? If so why, and if not, why not?
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