Nicomachean Ethics Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. With what sort of artists does Aristotle draw a comparison concerning the incontinent?

2. What is the impasse Aristotle confronts in IX.8?

3. Which of the following is NOT one of the things that must be avoided, having to do with one's character, according to Aristotle's claims in the beginning of VII.1?

4. From which of the following does Aristotle say the activities of thinking differ in kind?

5. Which of the powers of the soul that Aristotle claims is used to disclose truth is directed at the sources of truth?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the significance of Aristotle saying that the active conditions of the soul that are the intellectual virtues produce something, not as medicine produces health, but as health produces health?

2. In what way, for Aristotle, do the pursuits of actions in accord with the virtues that pertain to politics and war differ from those that pertain to contemplation?

3. What does Aristotle intend to convey by comparing vice to the disease of consumption (tuberculosis)?

4. What characterizes the blame put upon people who are in animal-like conditions, according to Aristotle's perspective?

5. Explain the three sorts of friendship described in Book VIII.

6. Why does Aristotle state that there is a virtue connected with art, but that practical judgment is itself an end?

7. Why does Aristotle state that mothers have greater love for their children than children for their parents?

8. Explain the relationship Aristotle makes note of between affirming and denying in thinking and pursuing, and avoiding in desiring.

9. For Aristotle, in what way is a neutral or idle state detrimental to many individuals' moral character?

10. Why is it that having friends in a time of one's good fortune is, in the philosophy of Aristotle, more beautiful than in other times?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

The virtue of courage is given significant consideration in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Analyze this consideration in a thoughtful essay. What are the extremes opposed to courage? To which of these extremes is courage closer, and why? What does this indicate about the nature of virtue as a whole? How does the courageous man react to fearful situations? In what way is courage relative to the individual man?

Essay Topic 2

Near the end of his Ethics, Aristotle states that perfect happiness comes through the act of contemplation, the only activity that man does entirely for its own sake. Analyze this postulation in a very insightful and carefully planned essay. Why is contemplation considered a perfect action? Does this claim seem justified? Why or why not? Why does Aristotle state that the act of contemplation is that in which perfect happiness and perfect pleasure exist?

Essay Topic 3

Oftentimes, a true friend is considered to be, in a certain sense, a second self. Compose an essay which considers this claim in the context of Aristotle's examination of friendship. What would it mean for someone to be a second self? How is true friendship related to others? How is friendship related to the self? In what sort of acts does one treat another as though a second self? What characterizes these acts?

(see the answer keys)

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