|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which of the following promises to remedy the problem by offering repeatable testable methods of inquiry?
2. What years did the King serve England?
3. A person's examination of the world should involve true _____.
4. Which of the following is the process of reasoning probabilistically?
5. Often times the community was controlled by ______ rules.
Short Essay Questions
1. Bacon says that there is only way out of stagnation. What is it and why is it important?
2. What is the opinion of the average man regarding the advancement of sciences?
3. Briefly describe the overall purpose and any of the first part title "The Divisions of the Sciences."
4. How does Bacon referred to the wisdom of the Greeks? Additionally how does Bacon compare the state of learning to which mythical character?
5. Explain the third part of the work and its connection to phenomena.
6. What happens to cause the wanderers to be confused and lost?
7. Discuss the second part of The Great Instauration and Bacon's plan to define and explain it.
8. Why did Francis Bacon apologize to King James I in his dedication to "The Great Instauration?" What did Bacon say?
9. What is Francis Bacon's main complaint about people realizing their strengths and weaknesses?
10. What was Bacon's way of counteracting the ways of the ancients?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Navigation is referred to in several ways throughout the text. The Governor of Bensalem said it was harder to navigate because the earth was growing larger. What does this mean? Did the governor think that the earth was getting bigger, or that it was harder to navigate because more places were being explored and inhabited? How did the sailors react to the comment? What forms of navigation were used at that time? How has navigation changed since 1612?
Essay Topic 2
Bacon sees the debates between philosophers as being relatively useless. Why? What about the debates does not help man move forward? Bacon mentions several schools of thought that could easily spawn heated debates. Examine these topics. Also use references in the text to structure a debate on old logic versus new logic, the wisdom of the ancients versus modern philosophy.
Essay Topic 3
Friedrich Nietzsche had a great deal to say about nature's part in philosophy. Read a biography on Nietzsche to learn about his career, philosophy and thoughts on nature. Compare them to those held by Bacon.
This section contains 1,008 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)