|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which of the following items is needed to find the systematic order a particular subject?
2. Bacon believes that the human mind easily misuses its ____ in many ways.
3. The _____ way starts out hard but ends in "open country."
4. Bacon asks the ____ God to grant him the power to help humanity.
5. Of the ideas of the mind are poorly constructed and ____.
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the opinion of the average man regarding the advancement of sciences?
2. Define syllogism and the reason Bacon thought it was inferior to complete the task, which is to make men more forward thinking.
3. Discuss the second part of The Great Instauration and Bacon's plan to define and explain it.
4. What steps has Bacon taken to devote himself wholly to his philosophy and to eliminate distractions from the outside world?
5. What was the fault of the ancients regarding philosophy?
6. What is Francis Bacon's main complaint about people realizing their strengths and weaknesses?
7. Why did Bacon believed that it was pointless to argue simple human observation?
8. How did Bacon explain why it was necessary to observe everything?
9. Explain the third part of the work and its connection to phenomena.
10. Briefly describe the overall purpose and any of the first part title "The Divisions of the Sciences."
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Describe in detail the journey taken by the sailors. What was the purpose of the journey? Where was the departure point? What was the destination point? What type of ship was used for the voyage? What was the purpose? What were some of the issues faced on the open sea? Do you think that the ship may have been able to stay on course if it had been commanded by someone else? Do you think that the ship would have returned to port if the second set of winds had not pushed them north? Explain.
Essay Topic 2
Friedrich Nietzsche had a great deal to say about nature's part in philosophy. Read a biography on Nietzsche to learn about his career, philosophy and thoughts on nature. Compare them to those held by Bacon.
Essay Topic 3
Bacon sees the debates between philosophers as being relatively useless. Why? What about the debates does not help man move forward? Bacon mentions several schools of thought that could easily spawn heated debates. Examine these topics. Also use references in the text to structure a debate on old logic versus new logic, the wisdom of the ancients versus modern philosophy.
This section contains 990 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)