|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Bacon's goal is to collect particular _______ and then make inferences about general principles.
2. A person's examination of the world should involve true _____.
3. Which Biblical person was condemned for illicit moral knowledge?
4. The author states that the work is only a beginning that developing this philosophy is starting the real _____ of the human race.
5. It is stated that the author believes that men tend to misunderstand their _____.
Short Essay Questions
1. Briefly describe the overall purpose and any of the first part title "The Divisions of the Sciences."
2. How did Bacon explain why it was necessary to observe everything?
3. What happens to cause the wanderers to be confused and lost?
4. Bacon says that there is only way out of stagnation. What is it and why is it important?
5. What is Francis Bacon's main complaint about people realizing their strengths and weaknesses?
6. What did Bacon say when people blame Adam's condemnation on science? What can be learned from the experience?
7. How does Bacon referred to the wisdom of the Greeks? Additionally how does Bacon compare the state of learning to which mythical character?
8. Explain the culture needed for an observer.
9. Explain the fourth, fifth and sixth parts of the text.
10. Discuss the process used by traditional logicians.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Plato and Aristotle were the two main philosophers referred to by Bacon. All three men are highly revered as brilliant men and philosophers. Compare and contrast Bacon, Plato and Aristotle.
Essay Topic 2
Bacon sees the debates between philosophers as being relatively useless. Why? What about the debates does not help man move forward? Bacon mentions several schools of thought that could easily spawn heated debates. Examine these topics. Also use references in the text to structure a debate on old logic versus new logic, the wisdom of the ancients versus modern philosophy.
Essay Topic 3
Define in as much detail as possible the concepts of old logic and new logic. Compare and contrast them to support Bacon's thoughts on the stagnation of thought. Use outside sources to ensure objectivity.
This section contains 973 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)