|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. This is accomplished through the use of ______.
2. If man was able to focus on these powers, he would be able to master which of the following?
3. Since the observer is ____, he must look to history for similar observations.
4. Bacon believed that common sense established _____ certain degrees of assurance.
5. In the end, the two sides ended up arguing over ______.
Short Essay Questions
1. What was Bacon's way of counteracting the ways of the ancients?
2. What steps has Bacon taken to devote himself wholly to his philosophy and to eliminate distractions from the outside world?
3. Bacon says that there is only way out of stagnation. What is it and why is it important?
4. Why did Bacon feel experiments were necessary to prove one's logic?
5. How did Bacon explain why it was necessary to observe everything?
6. Why did Francis Bacon apologize to King James I in his dedication to "The Great Instauration?" What did Bacon say?
7. Explain the culture needed for an observer.
8. Discuss the process used by traditional logicians.
9. Explain the fourth, fifth and sixth parts of the text.
10. What did Bacon say when people blame Adam's condemnation on science? What can be learned from the experience?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Navigation is referred to in several ways throughout the text. The Governor of Bensalem said it was harder to navigate because the earth was growing larger. What does this mean? Did the governor think that the earth was getting bigger, or that it was harder to navigate because more places were being explored and inhabited? How did the sailors react to the comment? What forms of navigation were used at that time? How has navigation changed since 1612?
Essay Topic 2
Write a detailed short story from the point of view of one of the sailors when landing on Bensalem. Explore every aspect of the island from the food to the terrain, animals, hosts, and climate. Incorporate characters from the text in a new and unique way.
Essay Topic 3
Discuss in detail the rules and regulations on Bensalem regarding immigrants, guests, and travelers. Which are laws and which are customs? What was the collective reaction of the sailors when they learned of these ways? Why did the one man refuse to be paid for lodging, food, and other goods? How did the state raise so much money? What can be learned from the way Bensalem was operated?
This section contains 1,021 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)