|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which is not one of the parts of the plan?
2. The first part is referred to as being ______ outlined.
3. It is from the _____ of our causes that are planned fail.
4. Which of the following is the process of reasoning probabilistically?
5. Human reasoning is _____.
Short Essay Questions
1. Why did Francis Bacon apologize to King James I in his dedication to "The Great Instauration?" What did Bacon say?
2. Define syllogism and the reason Bacon thought it was inferior to complete the task, which is to make men more forward thinking.
3. What was the governor's response when the author asked him about Bensalem's traditions and laws on marriage?
4. The Jews had many similar beliefs as those of the Christians on Bensalem. What does the governor say about those laws?
5. Why did Bacon believed that it was pointless to argue simple human observation?
6. What was the first thing asked of the governor?
7. Discuss the second part of The Great Instauration and Bacon's plan to define and explain it.
8. What is the role of the modern logician? What does Bacon want to change about the process?
9. What is said about Atlantis at this point?
10. Briefly describe the overall purpose and any of the first part title "The Divisions of the Sciences."
Essay Topic 1
Bacon refuted a lot of ideas put forth by the ancient Greeks. Discuss in detail the issues Bacon had with the Greeks' development and use of logic, mainly syllogism.
Essay Topic 2
The governor told the sailors about the missions to collect information from other countries but remained secretive about certain aspects of the missions. Why? What do you think the governor wanted to keep secret? Do you think the people were doing anything unlawful? Why did they pose as people from other countries? Why was it important for Bensalem to remain under the radar to the majority of the known world? What are the pros and cons of being remote and unknown?
Essay Topic 3
Friedrich Nietzsche had a great deal to say about nature's part in philosophy. Read a biography on Nietzsche to learn about his career, philosophy and thoughts on nature. Compare them to those held by Bacon.
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