|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What term does Bacon use to describe syllogism?
2. Bacon states that people tend lean toward false and hasty ______.
3. With clear ____, the intellect can become more powerful.
4. Science descended from debates held by the ______.
5. Which Biblical person was condemned for illicit moral knowledge?
Short Essay Questions
1. What are Bacon's thoughts on the advancement of philosophy?
2. Why did Bacon believed that it was pointless to argue simple human observation?
3. What is Bacon's advice to the people who would spend the majority of their time reading books on arts and sciences?
4. Why did Bacon feel experiments were necessary to prove one's logic?
5. Explain the culture needed for an observer.
6. What was Bacon's way of counteracting the ways of the ancients?
7. What is Francis Bacon's main complaint about people realizing their strengths and weaknesses?
8. What is the opinion of the average man regarding the advancement of sciences?
9. Why did Francis Bacon apologize to King James I in his dedication to "The Great Instauration?" What did Bacon say?
10. Discuss the process used by traditional logicians.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Bacon's plan of scientific inquiry was divided into six parts. Give an overview of each part; discuss how it aids in the progression of thought. Also discuss why there are omissions and unfinished parts of the work.
Essay Topic 2
Bacon sees the debates between philosophers as being relatively useless. Why? What about the debates does not help man move forward? Bacon mentions several schools of thought that could easily spawn heated debates. Examine these topics. Also use references in the text to structure a debate on old logic versus new logic, the wisdom of the ancients versus modern philosophy.
Essay Topic 3
Bacon has a great deal to say about nature. Nature offers clues to man as to how things work in a logical sense. Should nature be trusted over ideas and/or reason? Explain. What types of clues can man receive from nature? Why does Bacon say that man is nature's servant? Do you believe that man is subject to nature's causes, actions and whims? Explain and give examples of each.
This section contains 940 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)