|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which of the answers below describes the stages and challenges of the life cycle according to Erik Erikson?
(a) The Four Periods of Growth.
(b) The Twelve Stages of Life.
(c) The Five Cycles of a Human.
(d) The Eight Ages of Man.
2. How is it believed that infants perceive their needs in relation to their mother?
(a) Their needs are different than their mother's.
(b) Their needs are greater than their mother's.
(c) Their needs are the same as their mother's.
(d) Their needs are less than their mother's.
3. After fantasizing about her mother having a fatal heart attack, a woman drove up to her mother's apartment building to find what?
(a) Her mother being loaded into an ambulance.
(b) A fire and fire truck.
(c) Her mother's upstairs neighbor being loaded into an ambulance.
(d) Everyone having a block party.
4. What happens when children see their mothers as all good or all bad?
(a) They form a very close relationship with their fathers.
(b) They shun perfect and evil people alike, looking for complete mediocrity in the perfect mate.
(c) They split from relationships their whole life because they think in terms of black and white.
(d) They compare everyone they meet to their mothers.
5. How does Viorst purport that we form an identification of "I"?
(a) We begin to view ourselves as an independent being over a lifetime.
(b) We move away to college and choose our own major.
(c) We find a good job and experience success.
(d) We backpack through Europe and discover ourselves.
6. According to Viorst, in what way do we primarily form our self-identity?
(a) Through imitation of our friends.
(b) Through experimentation with different character traits.
(c) By belonging to a wide variety of social groups.
(d) Through imitation of our parents.
7. According to Chapter 8, it is believed that girls have a greater _______________ ability as opposed to boys.
8. Drugs, communing with nature, religious experiences, and meditation are all ways in which people seek to what?
(a) Fit in and find acceptance with others.
(b) Bridge the loss of oneness with our mother.
(c) Reach a higher level of awareness.
(d) Escape from the stress of everyday life.
9. Even as adults, according to the author, we still view our mothers as what?
(a) As our dearest friend.
(b) As our biggest fan.
(c) As our greatest critic.
(d) As our safety net.
10. According to Viorst, we not only try to re-live the good experiences from our past, but also seek to re-create the bad ones in an effort to do what?
(a) In an effort to torture ourselves.
(b) In an effort to rehearse for the future.
(c) In an effort to assess how we performed.
(d) In an effort to correct them.
11. What is the name of the personality that evolves when a child cannot trust their own feelings and takes on the personality traits of others?
(a) "As-if personality."
(b) "Shifting personality."
(c) "Borderline personality."
(d) "Chameleon personality."
12. "It is __________ to grow up."
13. By consolidating our own "inner law enforcer or superego," we can resolve what in a healthy way?
(a) The inadequate feelings of childhood.
(b) The Oedipus complex.
(c) Our fear of authority.
(d) Our fear of abandoment.
14. In the study discussed in Chapter 8, how many school children were asked how their lives would be different if they woke up the next morning as the opposite sex?
15. Who created the character Alexander Portnoy?
(a) Philip Roth.
(b) Nathaniel Hawthorne.
(c) Leo Tolstoy.
(d) James Joyce.
Short Answer Questions
1. When does it become clear to the child that his needs are different than his mother's?
2. According to Viorst, what are we all striving to be?
3. According to Viorst, which two abilities at which boys excel are the only ones based in scientific fact?
4. According to Chapter 6, is sibling rivalry normal and universal?
5. What does Viorst explain we are trying to accomplish when we try to "undo' the separation from our mother?
This section contains 712 words
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