Mythology Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. The _____________ were fifty women who killed their husbands on the wedding night, with the exception of Hypermnestra, who woke her husband and helped him escape.

2. Proper _____________ was also considered very important in order to appease the spirits of the dead.

3. When Odysseus blinded the Cyclops, he angered whom?

4. Queen __________ welcomed Aeneas' group.

5. Midas was a king rewarded by ______________ with any gift he chose.

Short Essay Questions

1. Why might someone want a cornucopia?

2. How did visiting the underworld mark Aeneas as a special hero? What does this say about the Greek's view of the afterlife?

3. How did Odysseus' adventures make him a hero?

4. How did the bad luck of the House of Atreus begin? Why did it continue?

5. How is Odysseus set apart from other heroes? What does this say about the Greeks at this time?

6. How are some of the stars explained in this section?

7. How is Aeneas like both Jason and Odysseus?

8. How does the story of Procne, Philomela, and Tereus explain the origins of species?

9. Why is the Odyssey considered an epic poem? Why was it so important to the Greeks?

10. How is this bad luck tied to the future of the city of Thebes?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

There are several pre-Trojan War heroes that are of great significance.

Part 1) Who are these heroes? Describe each of these heroes and summarize his stories. How did each of them become a hero? What commonalities existed between these heroes?

Part 2) What do these heroes reveal about pre-Trojan War Greece? Based on these stories, what can be learned about how these Greeks felt about heroes, the gods, and their own lives? Do these myths seem realistic? Do you think that the Greeks believed these adventures had actually occurred? Why or why not?

Part 3) Describe the Trojan War heroes. How were they different from the pre-Trojan War heroes? Why? What were heroes like in early America? What made someone a hero at that point in our history? Are the qualities the same today as then? Why or why not? Might the definition of a hero change over time? Why or why not?

Essay Topic 2

Dionysus and Demeter had two of the most important cults.

Part 1) Describe each of these gods and their roles in Greek mythology. How did they help man explain the ways in which the world works? How did this make these two gods so important?

Part 2) Why did these gods suffer more in their mythology than other gods? What does this reveal about the Greeks and their beliefs about man and the gods? How is this suffering both good and bad?

Part 3) Do the world's major religions today have gods that suffer? If so, explain this suffering. If not, why not? What does this suffering, or lack thereof, reveal about these religious believers?

Essay Topic 3

According to the Greeks, in the beginning their was only chaos.

Part 1) Describe the main stories of creation and the birth of man, according to Greek mythology. How do these stories compare to each other? What might be the reasons for differences between these stories?

Part 2) How do these stories compare to the creation stories found in world religions today? What might be the reason for any similarities? Are you surprised by these similarities? Why or why not?

Part 3) What are your beliefs regarding the creation of the universe and the birth of man? From where do your beliefs come? How has your culture influenced your beliefs regarding creation? How important is one's culture to one's beliefs? Explain.

(see the answer keys)

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