Mythology Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why was Dryope transformed into a tree?

2. King Laius heard a prophecy that his own son would kill him, so the baby was sent away to be left to die on a hillside. What did the servant do with the baby?

3. Midas asked for whatever he touched to turn to what?

4. Midas was a king rewarded by ______________ with any gift he chose.

5. What did Jocasta and Oedipus do when they realized they were mother and son?

Short Essay Questions

1. How is Aeneas like both Jason and Odysseus?

2. How did visiting the underworld mark Aeneas as a special hero? What does this say about the Greek's view of the afterlife?

3. Compare one of these stories to a fairly tale or tall tale with which you are familiar.

4. Who are two members of this family who did not deserve the bad luck they received? Why?

5. Summarize two stories found in this section. How do they explain the qualities of a hero?

6. How is Odysseus set apart from other heroes? What does this say about the Greeks at this time?

7. How did Odysseus' adventures make him a hero?

8. Of these two families, which deserved their bad luck the least? Why?

9. How is Midas rewarded by Bacchus? Is this what many people would choose? Why or why not?

10. Why is the Odyssey considered an epic poem? Why was it so important to the Greeks?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

There are several myths about the royal House of Athens.

Part 1) Summarize these stories. What do these stories say about this house? How are these stories similar to those of the House of Atreus and the House of Thebes? What does this reinforce about the gods and their relationships with humans?

Part 2) How are these myths both good and bad? How is this house different from the Houses of Atreus and Thebes? Might these differences be seen today? How might this still affect Athenians today? Explain.

Part 3) What is another city or country in the world today that believes it is special because of its religious connections? How does this affect how its citizens act towards others? Do you see this religious pride as something that is good or bad? Why?

Essay Topic 2

Greek mythology serves several purposes.

Part 1) What are the various purposes of Greek mythology? Give an example of a myth that fits each of these purposes and explain how it serves this purpose. How do the reasons for the existence of Greek mythology compare to the reasons for other folk tales and myths from other parts of the world?

Part 2) Give an example of an American folk tale. How is this similar to Greek mythology? What is the purpose of this tale? What does it reveal about Americans? Is this tale still relevant for Americans today? Why or why not?

Part 3) Are myths and folk tales as important today as they were in the past? Why or why not? What does this reveal about many cultures around the world today, including their belief systems and understanding of the world?

Essay Topic 3

Jason was the hero who set out to retrieve the Golden Fleece.

Part 1) Why did he set out to do this? What challenges did he face along the way? What led to these challenges? How did these challenges affect Jason? How did this adventure make him a hero in the eyes of the Greeks?

Part 2) How did Jason and his adventures compare to those of other heroes discussed in this book? Why did similarities exist? How do these similarities help one to determine the requirements of a Greek hero? Why did differences exist between Jason and other heroes? What does this also reveal about all Greek heroes?

Part 3) How do Jason and other Greek heroes compare to heroes, both real and fictional, in our own culture today? Do you see Jason and others as heroes? Why or why not? What is your definition of a hero? What is required to make someone a hero?

(see the answer keys)

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