Mythology Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why did Oedipus leave home and travel to Thebes?

2. Orithyia was carried away against her will by whom?

3. This king had been told in a prophecy that his daughter Lavinia was destined to marry __________, and he believed this referred to Aeneas.

4. The _____________ were fifty women who killed their husbands on the wedding night, with the exception of Hypermnestra, who woke her husband and helped him escape.

5. Why did visiting the underworld mark Aeneas as a very special hero?

Short Essay Questions

1. Compare one of these stories to a fairly tale or tall tale with which you are familiar.

2. How is Aeneas like both Jason and Odysseus?

3. Why might Zeus have struck Aesculapius dead?

4. Why is the Odyssey considered an epic poem? Why was it so important to the Greeks?

5. Of these two families, which deserved their bad luck the least? Why?

6. How does the story of Procne, Philomela, and Tereus explain the origins of species?

7. What are four ways in which the House of Thebes was like the House of Atreus?

8. What are the Danaids known for doing? Why might they have done this?

9. What are two important lessons taught in the Odyssey?

10. How are the lessons learned from these stories relevant today?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

According to the Greeks, in the beginning their was only chaos.

Part 1) Describe the main stories of creation and the birth of man, according to Greek mythology. How do these stories compare to each other? What might be the reasons for differences between these stories?

Part 2) How do these stories compare to the creation stories found in world religions today? What might be the reason for any similarities? Are you surprised by these similarities? Why or why not?

Part 3) What are your beliefs regarding the creation of the universe and the birth of man? From where do your beliefs come? How has your culture influenced your beliefs regarding creation? How important is one's culture to one's beliefs? Explain.

Essay Topic 2

By the 5th century BC, the Greeks were beginning to doubt the truth of the myths.

Part 1)Describe the Greeks myths up to this point. How might the Greeks have been affected by these myths? Why might the Greeks have begun to doubt the validity of the myths? What does this reveal about the Greeks of the 5th century BC?

Part 2) How did this doubt affect Greek mythology and the Greek gods? Who played a large role in spreading this doubt? Why did they want to spread doubt?

Part 3) How have modern religions be affected by feelings of doubt? How do modern religions deal with feelings of doubt among its believers, as well as outsiders? Would you consider these world religions to be myths, similar to Greek mythology? Why or why not?

Essay Topic 3

Several heroes faced long, arduous adventures.

Part 1) Describe two heroes who faced long, arduous adventures in the myths. What were their adventures? What led to these adventures? How did they deal with the challenges they had to face? What does this reveal about them? How did this make them heroes?

Part 2) How were these men changed by their adventures? How did these adventures change others who were involved in these adventures or were a part of the hero's life?

Part 3) What adventures and challenges have you faced in your life? How did you deal with these challenges and difficulties? What did these adventures and challenges reveal about you? In general, what do challenges reveal about humans?

(see the answer keys)

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