Mythology Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Important themes in the myths connected to the House of Thebes include the importance of proper respect for the gods, and the importance of ________,

2. When Odysseus blinded the Cyclops, he angered whom?

3. This story is very different from the other myths in the book for ____________ reasons.

4. Erysichthon was punished for cutting down a tree that was sacred to what goddess?

5. Pelops' sons Atreus and Thyestes quarreled over Thyestes' affair with whom?

Short Essay Questions

1. What are the purpose of many of these stories?

2. Who are two members of this family who did not deserve the bad luck they received? Why?

3. How did Odysseus' adventures make him a hero?

4. How did visiting the underworld mark Aeneas as a special hero? What does this say about the Greek's view of the afterlife?

5. How are the lessons learned from these stories relevant today?

6. Compare one of these stories to a fairly tale or tall tale with which you are familiar.

7. Why is the Odyssey considered an epic poem? Why was it so important to the Greeks?

8. Summarize two stories found in this section. How do they explain the qualities of a hero?

9. How does the story of Procne, Philomela, and Tereus explain the origins of species?

10. How did the bad luck of the House of Atreus begin? Why did it continue?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Greeks had a low opinion of women.

Part 1) Support the statement "Greeks had a low opinion of women" with information from this book. Why might the Greeks have had such a low opinion of women? How might this have affected the lives of women in ancient Greece?

Part 2) How do other world religions today view women? How does this view of women compare to that of the Greeks? What might be the reasons for any similarities and/or differences in this view of women?

Part 3) Has the view of women changed greatly over the centuries? If so, how? If not, why not? What can be done to continue to encourage equality between the sexes?

Essay Topic 2

Greek mythology serves several purposes.

Part 1) What are the various purposes of Greek mythology? Give an example of a myth that fits each of these purposes and explain how it serves this purpose. How do the reasons for the existence of Greek mythology compare to the reasons for other folk tales and myths from other parts of the world?

Part 2) Give an example of an American folk tale. How is this similar to Greek mythology? What is the purpose of this tale? What does it reveal about Americans? Is this tale still relevant for Americans today? Why or why not?

Part 3) Are myths and folk tales as important today as they were in the past? Why or why not? What does this reveal about many cultures around the world today, including their belief systems and understanding of the world?

Essay Topic 3

Murder frequently takes place in Greek mythology.

Part 1) Describe two stories in which a murder or murders take place. Why do these murders take place? How do these murders affect the other characters in the story? How might the murders affect those who hear this story?

Part 2) Is murder a popular theme of American folk tales? Why or why not? What does this reveal about the Greeks? What does this reveal about Americans? How does this theme of murder add to the drama and tragedy of Greek mythology?

Part 3) What do you believe is the most popular of themes in American tales? Use at least two stories to support this belief. Why is this a popular theme? What does this reveal about Americans?

(see the answer keys)

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