|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Perseus was the son of Zeus and whom?
2. Out of this came Night and Death, then Light, followed by Earth (_________) and Heaven (Ouranos, or Uranus).
3. _________ was the king of the gods and ruler of Olympus.
4. The behavior of the Greek gods reflects the Greek attitude towards the beauty and perfection of _______.
5. When a mortal committed a crime, broke an oath, or harmed a guest, they were seen to be ___________.
Short Essay Questions
1. Why were the Greek gods worshiped? How does this reason compare to the reasons one might worship a god today?
2. Why was Perseus famous? Does this make him a hero? Why or why not?
3. How were Homeric heroes different from earlier Greek heroes? What does this say about the Greeks at the time?
4. How does the story of the Trojan War support the fact that many heroes have the same fatal flaw?
5. Choose two of the Greek gods or goddesses. Describe the personalities and roles of these gods or goddesses.
6. Who won the Trojan War? How did they win? What do their successful tactics say about them?
7. Should Greek mythology be understood as a bible of sorts? Why or why not?
8. What led to the Trojan War? Was this war necessary? Why or why not?
9. Describe Greek heroes. What was the most common flaw? Is this a common flaw in humanity? Why or why not?
10. How did Zeus become the king of the gods?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
King Midas was rewarded by Bacchus.
Part 1) Describe the story of King Midas. Why was he rewarded? How did this reward affect him? What does this reveal about King Midas? What can be learned from this story?
Part 2) How does Midas' story compare to other myths? What theme or themes can be found in this story? How is each theme also popular in other Greek myths? How might each theme also be important to the ancient Greeks? Are these themes important today? Why or why not?
Part 3) What is a tale or myth that is told today in the U.S.? Describe this tale. What are the themes found in this tale? What is the moral of this tale? How does this tale compare to Greek mythology? What does this tale reveal about modern Americans?
Essay Topic 2
By the 5th century BC, the Greeks were beginning to doubt the truth of the myths.
Part 1)Describe the Greeks myths up to this point. How might the Greeks have been affected by these myths? Why might the Greeks have begun to doubt the validity of the myths? What does this reveal about the Greeks of the 5th century BC?
Part 2) How did this doubt affect Greek mythology and the Greek gods? Who played a large role in spreading this doubt? Why did they want to spread doubt?
Part 3) How have modern religions be affected by feelings of doubt? How do modern religions deal with feelings of doubt among its believers, as well as outsiders? Would you consider these world religions to be myths, similar to Greek mythology? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 3
Jason was the hero who set out to retrieve the Golden Fleece.
Part 1) Why did he set out to do this? What challenges did he face along the way? What led to these challenges? How did these challenges affect Jason? How did this adventure make him a hero in the eyes of the Greeks?
Part 2) How did Jason and his adventures compare to those of other heroes discussed in this book? Why did similarities exist? How do these similarities help one to determine the requirements of a Greek hero? Why did differences exist between Jason and other heroes? What does this also reveal about all Greek heroes?
Part 3) How do Jason and other Greek heroes compare to heroes, both real and fictional, in our own culture today? Do you see Jason and others as heroes? Why or why not? What is your definition of a hero? What is required to make someone a hero?
This section contains 1,764 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)