Mythology Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. The heroes of the Trojan War, also called __________ heroes, were slightly different from the older mythological heroes such as Hercules, Perseus and Theseus.

2. Theseus was honored by the Athenians as a protector of _____________ and a great king of their city.

3. Baucis and Philemon were an old couple who showed good hospitality towards ________________ when they visited them disguised as mortals.

4. These gods were the children of the ____________, who were the children of heaven and earth.

5. _______________ was the goddess of wisdom, and protector of cities and civilization.

Short Essay Questions

1. How does the story of the Trojan War support the fact that many heroes have the same fatal flaw?

2. Describe Greek heroes. What was the most common flaw? Is this a common flaw in humanity? Why or why not?

3. Describe one of the Greek creation stories. How does this story compare to your own idea regarding the creation of the world?

4. Overall, what were the initial roles of the Greek and Roman gods? How might this have been beneficial for mankind?

5. Should Greek mythology be understood as a bible of sorts? Why or why not?

6. Choose another love story from this section. How does this story show control or the lack of control?

7. Why did Greek mythology come to exist? What was its purpose?

8. Why were the Greek gods worshiped? How does this reason compare to the reasons one might worship a god today?

9. How did Medea help Jason? Why did she help him? Should she have helped him? Why or why not?

10. What led to the Trojan War? Was this war necessary? Why or why not?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

The Trojan War lasted for many years.

Part 1) What was the cause of the Trojan War? What took place during the Trojan War? How were the Greeks and the Trojans affected by this war? How did the requirements of a hero also change because of this war?

Part 2) What ended the Trojan War? How were both the Greeks and Trojans affected by this event? What does this event say about the Greeks? What does it also say about the Trojans?

Part 3) Describe a war that has taken place since the United States has been a country. Why did it begin? What took place during this war? How long did it last? Why? How did it end? How did this war affect those involved? How are the effects of this war still seen today?

Essay Topic 2

There are several pre-Trojan War heroes that are of great significance.

Part 1) Who are these heroes? Describe each of these heroes and summarize his stories. How did each of them become a hero? What commonalities existed between these heroes?

Part 2) What do these heroes reveal about pre-Trojan War Greece? Based on these stories, what can be learned about how these Greeks felt about heroes, the gods, and their own lives? Do these myths seem realistic? Do you think that the Greeks believed these adventures had actually occurred? Why or why not?

Part 3) Describe the Trojan War heroes. How were they different from the pre-Trojan War heroes? Why? What were heroes like in early America? What made someone a hero at that point in our history? Are the qualities the same today as then? Why or why not? Might the definition of a hero change over time? Why or why not?

Essay Topic 3

Dionysus and Demeter had two of the most important cults.

Part 1) Describe each of these gods and their roles in Greek mythology. How did they help man explain the ways in which the world works? How did this make these two gods so important?

Part 2) Why did these gods suffer more in their mythology than other gods? What does this reveal about the Greeks and their beliefs about man and the gods? How is this suffering both good and bad?

Part 3) Do the world's major religions today have gods that suffer? If so, explain this suffering. If not, why not? What does this suffering, or lack thereof, reveal about these religious believers?

(see the answer keys)

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