Mythology Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Endymion was a shepherd who was loved by the Moon goddess __________.

2. Later Greek writers include ______________, a lyric poet whose poems contained references to mythology, and the tragic playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides.

3. ____________ was the goddess of love, who was said to have been born from the foam of the sea.

4. _______________ was the goddess of wisdom, and protector of cities and civilization.

5. Pygmalion fell in love with the statue of a woman that he had created. Venus took pity on his aching heart and turned the statue into a real, living woman. Pygmalion married her and named her ____________.

Short Essay Questions

1. Why were the Greek gods worshiped? How does this reason compare to the reasons one might worship a god today?

2. Why were women seen as lesser beings? How does Greek mythology support this belief regarding women?

3. Overall, what were the initial roles of the Greek and Roman gods? How might this have been beneficial for mankind?

4. Choose another one of the love stories. How does this story show the kindness the gods are capable of feeling?

5. How did Medea help Jason? Why did she help him? Should she have helped him? Why or why not?

6. Should Greek mythology be understood as a bible of sorts? Why or why not?

7. Who won the Trojan War? How did they win? What do their successful tactics say about them?

8. How were early royal Greek families able to claim lineage with the gods? How might they have benefited from this?

9. Why was Perseus famous? Does this make him a hero? Why or why not?

10. What is the lesson that is to be learned in the story of Phaeton? How is this an important lesson?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

The Greek gods were based on the perfect man.

Part 1) What did the Greeks consider a perfect man? Why might they have thought this? How did the gods reflect this attitude regarding man? How did this, in turn affect man?

Part 2) Choose two Greek gods or goddesses. What human qualities do they have? How do these gods or goddesses affect humans? How might one relate to these gods or goddesses?

Part 3) What are two world religions of today? Describe their god or gods. How do these gods compare to the Greek gods? What might this reveal about the people who worship this god or these gods today?

Essay Topic 2

The Trojan War lasted for many years.

Part 1) What was the cause of the Trojan War? What took place during the Trojan War? How were the Greeks and the Trojans affected by this war? How did the requirements of a hero also change because of this war?

Part 2) What ended the Trojan War? How were both the Greeks and Trojans affected by this event? What does this event say about the Greeks? What does it also say about the Trojans?

Part 3) Describe a war that has taken place since the United States has been a country. Why did it begin? What took place during this war? How long did it last? Why? How did it end? How did this war affect those involved? How are the effects of this war still seen today?

Essay Topic 3

According to the Greeks, in the beginning their was only chaos.

Part 1) Describe the main stories of creation and the birth of man, according to Greek mythology. How do these stories compare to each other? What might be the reasons for differences between these stories?

Part 2) How do these stories compare to the creation stories found in world religions today? What might be the reason for any similarities? Are you surprised by these similarities? Why or why not?

Part 3) What are your beliefs regarding the creation of the universe and the birth of man? From where do your beliefs come? How has your culture influenced your beliefs regarding creation? How important is one's culture to one's beliefs? Explain.

(see the answer keys)

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