Mythology Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Later Greek writers include ______________, a lyric poet whose poems contained references to mythology, and the tragic playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides.

2. The Romans believed in the Olympian gods, giving them different ___________.

3. What happened when Venus gave Psyche a series of impossible tasks?

4. On Perseus' return, he flew over _____________ where the maiden Andromeda was being sacrificed to a sea-monster to appease the anger of the sea-god and his nymphs.

5. Zeus and the other gods took over when Zeus dethroned ____________ and seized his power.

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the lesson that is to be learned in the story of Phaeton? How is this an important lesson?

2. Describe the appearance and behavior of the Greek gods. What does this reflect, regarding the attitude towards mankind?

3. Why was Perseus famous? Does this make him a hero? Why or why not?

4. How was Theseus honored by the Athenians? Why was he honored in this way?

5. How does the story of the Trojan War support the fact that many heroes have the same fatal flaw?

6. How did Hercules purify himself? Do you see this as being necessary? Why or why not?

7. How were early royal Greek families able to claim lineage with the gods? How might they have benefited from this?

8. How did Zeus become the king of the gods?

9. What ended when Atalanta was married? What does this reinforce in Greek culture?

10. What do all of these stories reveal about the gods?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

By the 5th century BC, the Greeks were beginning to doubt the truth of the myths.

Part 1)Describe the Greeks myths up to this point. How might the Greeks have been affected by these myths? Why might the Greeks have begun to doubt the validity of the myths? What does this reveal about the Greeks of the 5th century BC?

Part 2) How did this doubt affect Greek mythology and the Greek gods? Who played a large role in spreading this doubt? Why did they want to spread doubt?

Part 3) How have modern religions be affected by feelings of doubt? How do modern religions deal with feelings of doubt among its believers, as well as outsiders? Would you consider these world religions to be myths, similar to Greek mythology? Why or why not?

Essay Topic 2

There are two families discussed in this book who suffer greatly.

Part 1) Who are these two families? How did they become so unlucky? Were they deserving of this bad luck? Why or why not? Could this luck have been avoided? If so, how? If not, why not? Could anyone in these families have stopped the passing along of bad luck? If so, how? If not, why not?

Part 2) What do these stories say about those who act poorly and offend the gods? What do these stories also say about the gods themselves? In our own culture, do we believe that bad luck can be passed down through a family? Why or why not?

Part 3) Do you believe in luck? Why or why not? How did you come to have this belief? How does this belief influence your daily decisions and actions? Might your belief regarding luck ever change? If so, how? If not, why not?

Essay Topic 3

There are several pre-Trojan War heroes that are of great significance.

Part 1) Who are these heroes? Describe each of these heroes and summarize his stories. How did each of them become a hero? What commonalities existed between these heroes?

Part 2) What do these heroes reveal about pre-Trojan War Greece? Based on these stories, what can be learned about how these Greeks felt about heroes, the gods, and their own lives? Do these myths seem realistic? Do you think that the Greeks believed these adventures had actually occurred? Why or why not?

Part 3) Describe the Trojan War heroes. How were they different from the pre-Trojan War heroes? Why? What were heroes like in early America? What made someone a hero at that point in our history? Are the qualities the same today as then? Why or why not? Might the definition of a hero change over time? Why or why not?

(see the answer keys)

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