|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. When a Trojan prince called Paris was asked to judge a beauty contest between three goddesses, who bribed him with the offer of the most beautiful woman in the world?
2. Achilles could not stand the slight to his honor that Agamemnon brought about by ______________.
3. Theseus was honored by the Athenians as a protector of _____________ and a great king of their city.
4. According to the Greeks, in the beginning there was only __________.
5. ________________ was the hero who rode the famous winged horse Pegasus, whom Athena helped him to catch.
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe the appearance and behavior of the Greek gods. What does this reflect, regarding the attitude towards mankind?
2. Why were women seen as lesser beings? How does Greek mythology support this belief regarding women?
3. What is the lesson that is to be learned in the story of Phaeton? How is this an important lesson?
4. How does the story of the Trojan War support the fact that many heroes have the same fatal flaw?
5. Choose one of the love stories in this section. Summarize this story. How does it reflect someone's jealousy?
6. Choose another one of the love stories. How does this story show the kindness the gods are capable of feeling?
7. How were early royal Greek families able to claim lineage with the gods? How might they have benefited from this?
8. What do all of these stories reveal about the gods?
9. Choose another love story from this section. How does this story show control or the lack of control?
10. What are two ancient sources that can be used to study Greek mythology? How is each of these sources useful?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
According to the Greeks, in the beginning their was only chaos.
Part 1) Describe the main stories of creation and the birth of man, according to Greek mythology. How do these stories compare to each other? What might be the reasons for differences between these stories?
Part 2) How do these stories compare to the creation stories found in world religions today? What might be the reason for any similarities? Are you surprised by these similarities? Why or why not?
Part 3) What are your beliefs regarding the creation of the universe and the birth of man? From where do your beliefs come? How has your culture influenced your beliefs regarding creation? How important is one's culture to one's beliefs? Explain.
Essay Topic 2
The author states that Greek mythology should not be seen as a Bible of religious belief.
Part 1) What is meant by this statement? How should Greek mythology be viewed? Why should it not be understood as a Bible of religious belief? How might this affect one's belief in the Greek gods? How does this affect the power of these gods?
Part 2) How did this give freedom to various Greek writers and thinkers throughout history? How did these writers and thinkers influence Greek mythology? Why did they influence it in this way?
Part 3) Would a religion such as what is known as Greek mythology flourish today? Why or why not? What is necessary for a religion to be successful today? How does this reflect mankind today? What does it also reveal about the ancient Greeks?
Essay Topic 3
Jason was the hero who set out to retrieve the Golden Fleece.
Part 1) Why did he set out to do this? What challenges did he face along the way? What led to these challenges? How did these challenges affect Jason? How did this adventure make him a hero in the eyes of the Greeks?
Part 2) How did Jason and his adventures compare to those of other heroes discussed in this book? Why did similarities exist? How do these similarities help one to determine the requirements of a Greek hero? Why did differences exist between Jason and other heroes? What does this also reveal about all Greek heroes?
Part 3) How do Jason and other Greek heroes compare to heroes, both real and fictional, in our own culture today? Do you see Jason and others as heroes? Why or why not? What is your definition of a hero? What is required to make someone a hero?
This section contains 1,902 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)