Mythology Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Another story tells that Zeus was angry with early men and sent what to destroy them?

2. ____________ was the god of light, archery, music, culture, healing, and prophecy.

3. Later Greek writers include ______________, a lyric poet whose poems contained references to mythology, and the tragic playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides.

4. Why did Hercules kill his wife and children?

5. Zeus imprisoned the Titans and forced _______ to hold up the sky.

Short Essay Questions

1. Why might Zeus have struck Aesculapius dead?

2. How were Homeric heroes different from earlier Greek heroes? What does this say about the Greeks at the time?

3. How did the bad luck of the House of Atreus begin? Why did it continue?

4. How is Aeneas tied to the great Roman Republic?

5. What are the Danaids known for doing? Why might they have done this?

6. How is Aeneas' story unique?

7. Compare one of these stories to a fairly tale or tall tale with which you are familiar.

8. How did Hercules purify himself? Do you see this as being necessary? Why or why not?

9. What lesson can be learned about the power of the gods from these stories? Is this lesson still relevant today? Why or why not?

10. Why were women seen as lesser beings? How does Greek mythology support this belief regarding women?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

Norse mythology is studied in the last section of this book.

Part 1) Describe Norse mythology. Who are the main gods? What are the basic beliefs regarding the gods, life on earth, and the afterlife? What does Norse mythology reveal about those who believe in it?

Part 2) Why does the author choose to analyze Norse mythology after studying Greek mythology for the rest of the book? How similar is Norse mythology to Greek mythology? How are these two mythologies different? How can these mythologies be used to compare these two different cultures?

Part 3) How do these mythologies compare to other ancient religious beliefs? Why do similarities exist? What does this say about mankind and his understanding of the universe of which he is a part?

Essay Topic 2

The author states that Greek mythology should not be seen as a Bible of religious belief.

Part 1) What is meant by this statement? How should Greek mythology be viewed? Why should it not be understood as a Bible of religious belief? How might this affect one's belief in the Greek gods? How does this affect the power of these gods?

Part 2) How did this give freedom to various Greek writers and thinkers throughout history? How did these writers and thinkers influence Greek mythology? Why did they influence it in this way?

Part 3) Would a religion such as what is known as Greek mythology flourish today? Why or why not? What is necessary for a religion to be successful today? How does this reflect mankind today? What does it also reveal about the ancient Greeks?

Essay Topic 3

Jason was the hero who set out to retrieve the Golden Fleece.

Part 1) Why did he set out to do this? What challenges did he face along the way? What led to these challenges? How did these challenges affect Jason? How did this adventure make him a hero in the eyes of the Greeks?

Part 2) How did Jason and his adventures compare to those of other heroes discussed in this book? Why did similarities exist? How do these similarities help one to determine the requirements of a Greek hero? Why did differences exist between Jason and other heroes? What does this also reveal about all Greek heroes?

Part 3) How do Jason and other Greek heroes compare to heroes, both real and fictional, in our own culture today? Do you see Jason and others as heroes? Why or why not? What is your definition of a hero? What is required to make someone a hero?

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