|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why was Venus jealous of Psyche?
2. When a mortal committed a crime, broke an oath, or harmed a guest, they were seen to be ___________.
3. The Greeks created their gods in whose image?
4. To what did Atalanta challenge all her suitors?
5. Persephone was enchanted by Orpheus' music, and Hades agreed to release Eurydice, on what condition?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe Demeter and Dionysus. How were Demeter and Dionysus unique?
2. What led to the Trojan War? Was this war necessary? Why or why not?
3. What ended when Atalanta was married? What does this reinforce in Greek culture?
4. How were Homeric heroes different from earlier Greek heroes? What does this say about the Greeks at the time?
5. What do all of these stories reveal about the gods?
6. Overall, what were the initial roles of the Greek and Roman gods? How might this have been beneficial for mankind?
7. What lesson can be learned about the power of the gods from these stories? Is this lesson still relevant today? Why or why not?
8. Describe the appearance and behavior of the Greek gods. What does this reflect, regarding the attitude towards mankind?
9. How did Medea help Jason? Why did she help him? Should she have helped him? Why or why not?
10. Describe Greek heroes. What was the most common flaw? Is this a common flaw in humanity? Why or why not?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Jason was the hero who set out to retrieve the Golden Fleece.
Part 1) Why did he set out to do this? What challenges did he face along the way? What led to these challenges? How did these challenges affect Jason? How did this adventure make him a hero in the eyes of the Greeks?
Part 2) How did Jason and his adventures compare to those of other heroes discussed in this book? Why did similarities exist? How do these similarities help one to determine the requirements of a Greek hero? Why did differences exist between Jason and other heroes? What does this also reveal about all Greek heroes?
Part 3) How do Jason and other Greek heroes compare to heroes, both real and fictional, in our own culture today? Do you see Jason and others as heroes? Why or why not? What is your definition of a hero? What is required to make someone a hero?
Essay Topic 2
Murder frequently takes place in Greek mythology.
Part 1) Describe two stories in which a murder or murders take place. Why do these murders take place? How do these murders affect the other characters in the story? How might the murders affect those who hear this story?
Part 2) Is murder a popular theme of American folk tales? Why or why not? What does this reveal about the Greeks? What does this reveal about Americans? How does this theme of murder add to the drama and tragedy of Greek mythology?
Part 3) What do you believe is the most popular of themes in American tales? Use at least two stories to support this belief. Why is this a popular theme? What does this reveal about Americans?
Essay Topic 3
There are several pre-Trojan War heroes that are of great significance.
Part 1) Who are these heroes? Describe each of these heroes and summarize his stories. How did each of them become a hero? What commonalities existed between these heroes?
Part 2) What do these heroes reveal about pre-Trojan War Greece? Based on these stories, what can be learned about how these Greeks felt about heroes, the gods, and their own lives? Do these myths seem realistic? Do you think that the Greeks believed these adventures had actually occurred? Why or why not?
Part 3) Describe the Trojan War heroes. How were they different from the pre-Trojan War heroes? Why? What were heroes like in early America? What made someone a hero at that point in our history? Are the qualities the same today as then? Why or why not? Might the definition of a hero change over time? Why or why not?
This section contains 1,912 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)