|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why was refusing someone a burial a serious affront to the gods?
2. ____________ was the goddess of love, who was said to have been born from the foam of the sea.
3. Zeus and the other gods took over when Zeus dethroned ____________ and seized his power.
4. Jason was the hero who set out to retrieve the Golden Fleece from whom?
5. When a mortal committed a crime, broke an oath, or harmed a guest, they were seen to be ___________.
Short Essay Questions
1. Choose two of the Greek gods or goddesses. Describe the personalities and roles of these gods or goddesses.
2. Choose another love story from this section. How does this story show control or the lack of control?
3. How were early royal Greek families able to claim lineage with the gods? How might they have benefited from this?
4. How does the story of the Trojan War support the fact that many heroes have the same fatal flaw?
5. How did Medea help Jason? Why did she help him? Should she have helped him? Why or why not?
6. How did Zeus become the king of the gods?
7. How were Homeric heroes different from earlier Greek heroes? What does this say about the Greeks at the time?
8. Why was Perseus famous? Does this make him a hero? Why or why not?
9. Describe Demeter and Dionysus. How were Demeter and Dionysus unique?
10. What are two ancient sources that can be used to study Greek mythology? How is each of these sources useful?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The author states that Greek mythology should not be seen as a Bible of religious belief.
Part 1) What is meant by this statement? How should Greek mythology be viewed? Why should it not be understood as a Bible of religious belief? How might this affect one's belief in the Greek gods? How does this affect the power of these gods?
Part 2) How did this give freedom to various Greek writers and thinkers throughout history? How did these writers and thinkers influence Greek mythology? Why did they influence it in this way?
Part 3) Would a religion such as what is known as Greek mythology flourish today? Why or why not? What is necessary for a religion to be successful today? How does this reflect mankind today? What does it also reveal about the ancient Greeks?
Essay Topic 2
Norse mythology is studied in the last section of this book.
Part 1) Describe Norse mythology. Who are the main gods? What are the basic beliefs regarding the gods, life on earth, and the afterlife? What does Norse mythology reveal about those who believe in it?
Part 2) Why does the author choose to analyze Norse mythology after studying Greek mythology for the rest of the book? How similar is Norse mythology to Greek mythology? How are these two mythologies different? How can these mythologies be used to compare these two different cultures?
Part 3) How do these mythologies compare to other ancient religious beliefs? Why do similarities exist? What does this say about mankind and his understanding of the universe of which he is a part?
Essay Topic 3
There are two families discussed in this book who suffer greatly.
Part 1) Who are these two families? How did they become so unlucky? Were they deserving of this bad luck? Why or why not? Could this luck have been avoided? If so, how? If not, why not? Could anyone in these families have stopped the passing along of bad luck? If so, how? If not, why not?
Part 2) What do these stories say about those who act poorly and offend the gods? What do these stories also say about the gods themselves? In our own culture, do we believe that bad luck can be passed down through a family? Why or why not?
Part 3) Do you believe in luck? Why or why not? How did you come to have this belief? How does this belief influence your daily decisions and actions? Might your belief regarding luck ever change? If so, how? If not, why not?
This section contains 1,834 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)