|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. When a mortal committed a crime, broke an oath, or harmed a guest, they were seen to be ___________.
2. Homeric hymns, written from the end of the ______________ century BC to the fifth or even fourth century BC, were written to honor various gods.
3. Why were the gods worshiped?
4. The Romans believed in the Olympian gods, giving them different ___________.
5. When they reached home, Medea helped Jason take revenge on whom?
Short Essay Questions
1. What led to the Trojan War? Was this war necessary? Why or why not?
2. How does the story of the Trojan War support the fact that many heroes have the same fatal flaw?
3. Describe the appearance and behavior of the Greek gods. What does this reflect, regarding the attitude towards mankind?
4. Describe one of the Greek creation stories. How does this story compare to your own idea regarding the creation of the world?
5. How did Hercules purify himself? Do you see this as being necessary? Why or why not?
6. What is the lesson that is to be learned in the story of Phaeton? How is this an important lesson?
7. Why was Perseus famous? Does this make him a hero? Why or why not?
8. What ended when Atalanta was married? What does this reinforce in Greek culture?
9. Should Greek mythology be understood as a bible of sorts? Why or why not?
10. Why were the Greek gods worshiped? How does this reason compare to the reasons one might worship a god today?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Mythology has been an important part of human cultures around the world.
Part 1) Support this statement with information from this text, as well as information you have learned from other sources. Why is mythology so important to humans? What does it provide mankind?
Part 2) Why have certain mythologies, such as Greek mythology, been so important for other cultures besides their own? How has Greek mythology and Greek culture influenced other areas of the world? How are the cultures of others seen in the way people live in the United States, and even in the way our country operates?
Part 3) Does modern mythology exist? If so, what is it? If not, why not? What information and beliefs from today will be passed on to future generations? How might our beliefs and ideas influence those living in the future? Use the text to support your response.
Essay Topic 2
The Greek gods were based on the perfect man.
Part 1) What did the Greeks consider a perfect man? Why might they have thought this? How did the gods reflect this attitude regarding man? How did this, in turn affect man?
Part 2) Choose two Greek gods or goddesses. What human qualities do they have? How do these gods or goddesses affect humans? How might one relate to these gods or goddesses?
Part 3) What are two world religions of today? Describe their god or gods. How do these gods compare to the Greek gods? What might this reveal about the people who worship this god or these gods today?
Essay Topic 3
Tragedy was often a part of Greek mythology.
Part 1) Describe four myths that one would consider tragic. What led to tragedy in each of these myths? How does the tragedy found in each myth compare to the tragedy found in the others?
Part 2) What is the purpose of this tragedy? What does it reveal about the Greeks? What lessons can still be learned from this tragedy today? Do tragedies such as this exist in contemporary literature? Why or why not?
Part 3) Do you believe that tragic tales are necessary for a culture? Why or why not? Is there a focus on tragedy in American literature? Why or why not? What does this say about Americans and their view of tragedy and loss?
This section contains 1,782 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)