Miracle at Philadelphia Test | Final Test - Hard

Catherine Drinker Bowen
This set of Lesson Plans consists of approximately 171 pages of tests, essay questions, lessons, and other teaching materials.
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why do delegates to the Massachusetts Convention meet in Boston's Brattle Street Church?

2. Which delegate to the Pennsylvania Convention is most vocal in his support for the Constitution?

3. What new phrase does Governor Morris insert in the short preamble to the Constitution?

4. Who creates a dictionary to capitalize on the uniqueness of the American language?

5. Why does the Convention need to end by September?

Short Essay Questions

1. In the discussion on ratification, why does Edmund Randolph announce that he dissents from the whole system?

2. What is the difference between the British and American views of the farmer during the eighteenth century?

3. Why is slavery an issue at the Convention?

4. Why is it difficult for the delegates to define treason?

5. What is the basis for the arguments presented by the Anti-federalists in Massachusetts?

6. What arguments do the Anti-federalists use in their opposition to the Constitution?

7. What are the differences between living conditions along the Atlantic coastline and in the interior country or back land?

8. Why is Jonathan Smith's speech powerful?

9. Why do the delegates vote against adding the Bill of Rights to the Constitution?

10. How are George Washington and James Wilson connected to the Western Territories?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Convention delegates find many topics that cause controversy. In several instances, the best solution is a compromise. Identify three controversial topics, describe the source of the controversy, and explain how the delegates compromise to resolve the issue. Which compromise do you believe to be the most important? Provide evidence to support your answer.

Essay Topic 2

Of all the states, Virginia and her delegates hold some of the most prominent positions at the Convention. Why does Virginia have such a prominent part at the Convention? What evidence does Bowen provide to support your claim? In a well-crafted essay, discuss the ways that Virginia's delegates shape the final Constitution, including references to specific presentations, arguments, and decisions.

Essay Topic 3

Convention delegates have multiple procedures for ensuring every delegate has a chance to express their ideas, concerns, and opinions. One procedure permits delegates to re-open, re-examine, and re-vote on issues that previously are decided. Choose an issue delegates re-consider after a vote. In a well-crafted essay, present the initial discussion and decision, the reason for re-examination, the second decision, and reasons for a change in the decision, if appropriate. Is the re-consideration prompted by someone who initially expresses a dissenting opinion with the majority vote or is there a change in sentiment by the delegate? Does the re-examination have an impact on the final version of the Constitution? If so, what is it? Include evidence to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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