Miracle at Philadelphia Test | Final Test - Hard

Catherine Drinker Bowen
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What issue is most important for the states of Kentucky and Tennessee?

2. What is the purpose of the Committee of Detail?

3. What is the result of the Great Compromise?

4. Which delegate argue that restrictions on the citizenship of legislators are left for Congress to decide?

5. Which delegate is president of the Illinois-Wabash Land Company?

Short Essay Questions

1. What are the differences between living conditions along the Atlantic coastline and in the interior country or back land?

2. Why aren't the delegates upset by the idea of a monarchy as a form of government?

3. Why is slavery an issue at the Convention?

4. What underlying concerns are voiced during the discussion about the seat of a national government?

5. Why is the Northwest Ordinance called the third great document of American history?

6. How are George Washington and James Wilson connected to the Western Territories?

7. Why is the insertion of the phrase "We the People of the United States" considered to be both a bold move and a smart decision?

8. Why do the delegates vote against adding the Bill of Rights to the Constitution?

9. How is Washington's character described by his contemporaries?

10. What arguments do the Anti-federalists use in their opposition to the Constitution?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Convention delegates have multiple procedures for ensuring every delegate has a chance to express their ideas, concerns, and opinions. One procedure permits delegates to re-open, re-examine, and re-vote on issues that previously are decided. Choose an issue delegates re-consider after a vote. In a well-crafted essay, present the initial discussion and decision, the reason for re-examination, the second decision, and reasons for a change in the decision, if appropriate. Is the re-consideration prompted by someone who initially expresses a dissenting opinion with the majority vote or is there a change in sentiment by the delegate? Does the re-examination have an impact on the final version of the Constitution? If so, what is it? Include evidence to support your answer.

Essay Topic 2

Throughout the book, Bowen refers to interactions between European countries and the United States. What evidence does she present about past events? What evidence does she show about the contemporary situation? What fears do the delegates express about the relationship - past, present, and future - between the states and Europe? How do the relationships between the United States and England and France shape the final Constitution? In a well-crafted essay, describe the relationships between the United States and European countries, with careful attention to how those relationship influence the final Constitution.

Essay Topic 3

The Bill of Rights is not included in the original Constitution, but is added upon recommendations from the state conventions. In a well-crafted essay, address the reasons why delegates feel a Bill of Rights is not needed in the Constitution. Discuss how the individual amendments that comprise the Bill of Rights are extensions, elaborations, or modifications to specific Articles from the Constitution.

(see the answer keys)

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