1. What does Gurdjieff criticize contemporary people for and why?
Gurdjieff feels contemporary people can only take cognizance of the world by means of data which arouse in them all sorts of fantastic impulses. In his opinion this world they envision is not real but illusory.
2. Which two animals does Gurdjieff think each man should embody and why?
Gurdjieff feels that each man should embody the wolf and the sheep and should follow the wise saying "Always strive that the wolf is full and the sheep intact." The wolf symbolizes the fundamental and reflex functioning of the human organism and the sheep the whole functioning of a man's feeling.
3. What does Gurdjieff mean by "word prostitution" in his criticism of contemporary literature?
Contemporary literature is not concentrated on the quality and exactitude of thought but strives only for exterior polish and beauty of style, empty in themselves.
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