M. Butterfly Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Song say is necessary to counter a counter-revolutionary act?

2. Finish Gallimard's sentence: "Oriental women - when they're good they're very good, but when they're bad..."

3. What is the last thing that Helga says to Gallimard?

4. In the end, what was a reason for Gallimard's refusal to go to the doctor?

5. In what years does Scene 5 take place?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Throughout the play, Gallimard serves as the narrator, and although he is the guide through the play and the vessel of the story, his own conjured characters break the fourth wall to relate certain ideas or wants of their own that differ from Gallimard's. Occasionally, they break the fourth wall to speak directly to the audience.

1. Describe Hwang's structure of the play: the point of view of the story, and order of the vignettes and the "play-within-a-play" quality of Gallimard's imagination.

2. Cite examples of Hwang "breaking the fourth wall" and theorize why Hwang chose to do so.

3. How does this familiarity with the characters change the relationship to the audience. How does it differ from a script played in the third person?

4. How does the first person narrative change our relationship with Gallimard and his emotions?

Essay Topic 2

Who is the Butterfly in M. Butterfly? Write an essay backing your argument.

1. At the beginning of the play, who does Gallimard cast as Butterfly? What is his reasoning for doing so?

2. Who does Gallimard claim is the Butterfly at the conclusion of the story? Describe how and why the situation has changed during the progression of the story.

3. Describe Hwang's use of symbolism during Gallimard donning of the Butterfly costume at the play's conclusion.

4. Do you feel Hwang's choices were strong? How would you choose to end the play?

Essay Topic 3

Marc and Gallimard have different points of view on the definition of infidelity and the morals involved with it. Write an essay comparing and contrasting Gallimard and Marc and their view and treatment of women.

1. How does Marc know Gallimard? What is the nature of their relationship? During their friendship, how did their lives differ? More specifically, what were their places within their social circle?

2. How did Marc view women in his youth? How did he treat them? Did this change after he got married? How do these characteristics differ from Gallimard's? How are they similar?

3. What kind of life did Marc lead while Gallimard was in China? How did their relationship change during the course of the play? How did Gallimard conjured image of Marc affect his actions in the play?

(see the answer keys)

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