M. Butterfly Test | Lesson Plans Mid-Book Test - Hard

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Mid-Book Test - Hard

Name: _________________________ Period: ___________________

This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How old is Gallimard at the point Scene 13 occurs?

2. What didn't Gallimard like about Song's second letter?

3. What does Gallimard ask Song?

4. What does Song say is undervalued in the West?

5. Who is the American consul character in Madame Butterfly?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Song say that Peepee will never live in the West?

2. Why did Toulon send Gallimard back to France?

3. What is Gallimard's relationship with Marc?

4. What does Gallimard believe when Song says "...sometimes it is also mutual" and why does it surprise him?

5. How does Toulon's view of the Americans and their actions reflect France's opinion of their place in this historic time period?

6. Describe the character of Renee.

7. Why does Toulon approve of Gallimard's infidelity?

8. How has Helga's opinion on China changed when she and Gallimard return to France?

9. Why does Gallimard want Song to say she is his Butterfly?

10. How has the relationship between Marc and Gallimard changed during the course of the play?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

Gallimard claims he is pure imagination. Write an essay on what Hwang meant to portray with this plot development.

1. Do you believe Gallimard knew Song was a man? Cite examples from the story that back your argument.

2. What changes when Gallimard finally sees Song naked? How does he treat Song? How does his opinion on Song changed? According to Gallimard, what was the mistake that Song made?

3. How does Song react to Gallimard's attitude toward him?

4. How does the fantasy world different from the reality of Gallimard's situation? Which does he choose? Why?

5. What does Gallimard mean when he is "pure imagination?"

Essay Topic 2

The character of Comrade Chin represents the Communist politics of China. She enforces the law and the needs of her country, which causes many of the plot elements in M. Butterfly.

1. How does Comrade Chin represent the politics of the time period? How does she represent the changing values of the country?

2. How does Chin differ from the fantasy that Song puts forth regarding the ideal woman? What does she think of Song's role in her society? What does she think of Song's tactics? How does she react to Song's opinion on women?

3. Why does Chin have Song beaten? How do Chin's actions affect the plot?

Essay Topic 3

Throughout the play, Gallimard serves as the narrator, and although he is the guide through the play and the vessel of the story, his own conjured characters break the fourth wall to relate certain ideas or wants of their own that differ from Gallimard's. Occasionally, they break the fourth wall to speak directly to the audience.

1. Describe Hwang's structure of the play: the point of view of the story, and order of the vignettes and the "play-within-a-play" quality of Gallimard's imagination.

2. Cite examples of Hwang "breaking the fourth wall" and theorize why Hwang chose to do so.

3. How does this familiarity with the characters change the relationship to the audience. How does it differ from a script played in the third person?

4. How does the first person narrative change our relationship with Gallimard and his emotions?

(see the answer keys)

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