Maria Montessori: Her Life and Work Test | Final Test - Hard

E. M. Standing
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What are the material called that were used in Froebel's classrooms?

2. According to Montessori, what must be constructed before the individual can begin his movements?

3. In "Size, Movement, Instinct, Reason," what stage of development is the child, at birth, considered, according to the Standing?

4. What was one thing Montessori would telling her international training courses about teaching?

5. What does the Montessori school enable children to do?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did Montessori suggest one corrects deviations in learning and development?

2. Why does the Montessori method keep a young child in a limited circle within the prepared environment?

3. What are the two factors involved in the success of the prepared environment?

4. According to "Liberty in Education & the Montessori Directress," how is it possible to be independent but not free?

5. According to Standing, what was Montessroi's view on the nature of play?

6. What are the possibilities of an individual who is a slave or who has limited freedom?

7. According to Montessori, what are the main factors of a child's life that may cause deviations?

8. When did Montessori disagree with Froebels use of free play and make believe?

9. According to Montessori, how can the struggle between the adult and the child end?

10. In "The Fundamental Problem & Prepared Environment," what ways do children right oppression?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Montessori preferred to work with children and she even recognized the vast differences between children and adults. According to Standing, why does she then spend time lecturing intentionally? What is her aim at these lectures and do you think based on the reading in the book and the current popularity of this method that she was successful?

Essay Topic 2

Movement is an important part of learning. Based on information from the book, how does the Montessori method address movement in the classroom and in learning to achieve maximum results in education? Additionally, how is this different than a traditional classroom? Provide specific examples.

Essay Topic 3

Discuss how Montessori was a school reformer. How were children treated and what were schools like during her time that would classify her as a reformer? Explain your answer, using information from the book as support.

(see the answer keys)

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