Maria Montessori: Her Life and Work Test | Final Test - Easy

E. M. Standing
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In "The Fundamental Problem & Prepared Environment," Standing discusses a daydream of Montessori's concerning her wish to teach adults about dealing with children. What did she wish she could do?
(a) Provide psychotherapy for all adults who deal with children.
(b) Provide role playing exercises.
(c) Invite the adults to the Montessori classroom.
(d) Create a space big enough for the adults to learn in.

2. In the Montessori classroom, what must be distributed evenly to foster the child?
(a) Punishment and warnings.
(b) Supplies and free time.
(c) Fun games and learning.
(d) Correction and encouragement.

3. What simile about children is used by both Montessori and Froebel?
(a) Soft wax.
(b) Willing learners.
(c) Open books.
(d) Blank slates.

4. What is the aim of practicing life tasks such as domestic chores?
(a) Help keep the room clean.
(b) Allow for movement.
(c) To assist development.
(d) Keep children busy.

5. In "Montessori & Froebel," what does Standing conclude is one common view held by both Froebelians and Montessori?
(a) The essence of play.
(b) A child's freedom.
(c) A world view.
(d) Direct instruction.

6. What was the first thing that Montessori requires of a Montessori Directress?
(a) Avoidance of center stage.
(b) Coddling the children.
(c) Yelling at the children.
(d) Providing direction to the children.

7. Why did Montessori suggests that the animal instinct to walk at birth is gone in humans?
(a) Infants are too pampered.
(b) We have digressed as a species.
(c) It is unnecessary.
(d) We have the opportunity to create our movement.

8. In "Liberty in Education & the Montessori Directress," what does Standing suggests is needed for a teacher to avoid demanding things of a child in the Montessori classroom?
(a) Education.
(b) Faith.
(c) Experience.
(d) Understanding.

9. In "The Fundamental Problem & Prepared Environment," what did Montessori say about universal oppression in relation to children?
(a) Children are oppressed only in rich countries.
(b) Children are learning how to fight oppression.
(c) Children are oppressed world wide.
(d) Children are oppressed only in poor countries.

10. What are the material called that were used in Froebel's classrooms?
(a) Froebelian gifts.
(b) Froebelian materials.
(c) Froebelian tools.
(d) Froebelian documents.

11. According to Standing, in "Practical Life & Mental Processes," what does silence create?
(a) Calm students.
(b) A peaceful class.
(c) A calm teacher.
(d) Immobility.

12. What does Montessori feel the first step to teacher preparation should be?
(a) Mental preparation.
(b) Physical preparation.
(c) College degree.
(d) Spiritual preparation.

13. What does the Montessori method try to encourage concerning silence?
(a) Children can not be silent for long periods.
(b) It is boring.
(c) It is something the children make themselves.
(d) It is natural.

14. What does Standing suggest that children prefer an imaginary world?
(a) The real world is too large for them.
(b) It is one they can dominate.
(c) The real world is too dark for them.
(d) Simply because they are children.

15. What does Standing do in "Montessori & Froebel" that is typically frowned upon in formal writing?
(a) Provide opinion.
(b) Self-reference.
(c) Change of subject.
(d) Misspelling.

Short Answer Questions

1. What do some teachers feel is the only necessary component for a child to be expressing themselves?

2. According to Standing, when might a piece of material be taken away from a child in the Montessori classroom?

3. Who defined man as the rational animal?

4. According to Montessori, what must a a teacher do in order to no longer look at herself as someone with a duty to push children forward?

5. What are traditional curriculum topics referred to as?

(see the answer keys)

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