Maria Montessori: Her Life and Work Test | Final Test - Easy

E. M. Standing
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does the Montessori method try to encourage concerning silence?
(a) It is natural.
(b) It is something the children make themselves.
(c) It is boring.
(d) Children can not be silent for long periods.

2. What process does not complete itself for several years after birth and can be fostered by the Montessori school?
(a) Progressive incarnation.
(b) Self.
(c) Superior incarntaion.
(d) Inactive incarnation.

3. What term refers to the infinite complexity of voluntary muscles?
(a) Muscular system.
(b) Flesh.
(c) Self.
(d) Body.

4. At what age do many educational professional (non Montessori) feel children should learn how to read?
(a) 3 years.
(b) 2 years.
(c) 7 years.
(d) 5 years.

5. What was one thing Montessori would telling her international training courses about teaching?
(a) Teach a formatted curriculum.
(b) Teach learning.
(c) Teach discipline.
(d) Teach teaching.

6. What does Montessori feel the first step to teacher preparation should be?
(a) Mental preparation.
(b) Spiritual preparation.
(c) Physical preparation.
(d) College degree.

7. In "Size, Movement, Instinct, Reason," what does the author suggest about the development of a child when they are first born?
(a) Development is complete.
(b) They are like a bird.
(c) They are not ready to learn.
(d) They are incomplete.

8. According to Montessori, what can be said about the adults feeling of oppressing their children?
(a) They feel it is necessary.
(b) They do not care.
(c) It is intentional.
(d) It is not intentional.

9. In "Size, Movement, Instinct, Reason," what does the author state psychologists of this time placed an emphasis in?
(a) Deviations.
(b) Learning theories.
(c) Positive behaviors.
(d) Inherited behaviors.

10. In "The Fundamental Problem & Prepared Environment," what did Montessori say about universal oppression in relation to children?
(a) Children are oppressed world wide.
(b) Children are oppressed only in poor countries.
(c) Children are oppressed only in rich countries.
(d) Children are learning how to fight oppression.

11. What does a teacher in a traditional school, being tied to a curriculum experience each day?
(a) Boredom.
(b) Similar planned activities each day.
(c) Defined progress.
(d) Order.

12. According to Standing, in "Practical Life & Mental Processes," what does silence create?
(a) Immobility.
(b) A peaceful class.
(c) Calm students.
(d) A calm teacher.

13. What type of interaction occurs in a traditional classroom?
(a) Teacher-Child.
(b) Child-Environemnt.
(c) Teacher-Environment.
(d) Teacher-Child-Envorinment.

14. Who defined man as the rational animal?
(a) Aristotle.
(b) Socrates.
(c) Plato.
(d) Jung.

15. According to Montessori, what must be constructed before the individual can begin his movements?
(a) The soul.
(b) The muscles.
(c) The mind.
(d) The psyche.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is considered a good class size in a Montessori classroom?

2. What did some Froebelians think the Montessori method do not give enough attention to?

3. According to Standing, what do both the Montessori and the Froebel methods have a great affinity to produce?

4. According to Standing, when might a piece of material be taken away from a child in the Montessori classroom?

5. Why did Montessori suggests that the animal instinct to walk at birth is gone in humans?

(see the answer keys)

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