|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who is the token American at the Solvay Conference?
2. Where does Lise Meitner go when she flees Germany?
3. Who is the Director of the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge after World War I?
4. Who is the second woman in history to earn a Ph.D. at the University of Vienna?
5. Where do Frisch's parents go to live after his father is released from concentration camp?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is Albert Einstein's role in the initial contact between the nuclear scientists and President Roosevelt?
2. What are "banzai charges"?
3. What is Oppenheimer's "Los Alamos Primer"?
4. What is a cyclotron, who patents it, and who produces the first working model?
5. What is the Balfour Declaration?
6. Why or how does Bohr get to Manchester?
7. What is the difference between the atomic model of classical physics and Rutherford's model?
8. What is the topic for the seventh Solvay Conference in Brussels in 1933 and what is its relationship to George Gamow?
9. Why is the discovery of the neutron important?
10. What city does General Groves remove from the target list for the atomic bomb and why?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Discuss Robert Oppenheimer's role in the making of the atomic bomb. Be sure to Include his scientific accomplishments and his role at Los Alamos. Is the bomb built without him?
Essay Topic 2
Compare and contrast the opinions of Dwight Eisenhower and Curtis LeMay, two military leaders of the time, about the use of the atomic bomb. One is involved in the European war and the other in the Pacific war. Does this make a difference?
Essay Topic 3
What are the emotional effects of the creation of the atomic bomb on scientists? Does it effect all scientists the same way? Discuss specific scientists' response, including Leo Szilard and Robert Oppenheimer. In your answer discuss the Interim Committee Scientific Panel and its response.
This section contains 1,276 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)