|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the 1930's, where do Lise Meitner, Otto Hahn, and Fritz Strassman work when they are trying to sort out the elements created by neutron bombardment of the heaviest elements?
2. When does the first meeting of the U.S. Advisory Committee on Uranium meet?
3. How much money does Leo Szilard ask the Uranium Committee for?
4. What does J.J. Thompson discover?
5. Who is the Director of the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge after World War I?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who produces the first controlled nuclear fission reaction and where and when does it take place?
2. What is the Balfour Declaration?
3. What is the topic for the seventh Solvay Conference in Brussels in 1933 and what is its relationship to George Gamow?
4. Is Rutherford's atom a merely theoretical construct?
5. What patent does Leo Szilard apply for in 1934 and where?
6. What is the German Kristallnacht?
7. When Szilard enrolls in the University of Berlin, the physics faculty includes three Nobel Laureates in physics. Who are two of these three and what is one scientific discovery they are famous for?
8. Who is Vannevar Bush and what is his initial opinion of chain-reaction experiments in 1939?
9. What project is code named Mike and where is it designed and tested?
10. What is the difference between the atomic model of classical physics and Rutherford's model?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Discuss the various facilities involved with the Manhattan Project. Where are they located? Who operates them? What is their function? Are they all built at once?
Essay Topic 2
The American atomic bomb building project gets bogged down in bureaucracy. How does the program get jump started? Who are the major people involved? What ware the historical events involved? Is there support in the United States for the program?
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the Potsdam Declaration. What is it? Who is involved? Given what is known at the time, is unconditional surrender the only choice? What is the Japanese response?
This section contains 1,313 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)