|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why do abused children have a tendency to view the world differently?
2. Why is parental abandonment particularly dangerous?
3. What can happen in these early instances of violence in young boys?
4. What does the author argue is the other factor when, combined with rick factors, influences homicide rates?
5. What gift does Garbarino give Malcolm that makes him cry?
Short Essay Questions
1. Explain the term 'toxic shame', and what it means to Garbarino.
2. Describe the four types of attachment.
3. Explain the effect of the historical and cultural patterns of the South on the 'war zones' of larger urban cities.
4. Describe the first step in how the 'disease' of youth violence spread in the United States.
5. Explain the four factors that help keep a young soul from dying?
6. Explain the three effects of living without a father on youth development.
7. Explain what class and race bias are, and how they contribute to a lack of concern for youth violence in minority areas.
8. What are some of the risk factors for youth violence?
9. Explain 'Conduct Disorder', and why it is a useful, but dangerous, label.
10. Explain why suicides should be included in rates of youth violence.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
List and discuss the four factors that can help keep a young person from becoming despondent, or as Garbarino puts it, "keep a soul from dying". Be sure to discuss not only the four factors, but how those factors help to keep the "inner light" of young people alive, despite any negative circumstances they may be in.
Essay Topic 2
Garbarino lists a total of eight lines of defense communities, families, schools, and establishments can do to help prevent lethal youth violence. Choose three of the eight lines of defense listed in the book, and explain what they are, and how they can help prevent youth violence. Be sure to include examples, if needed.
Essay Topic 3
In the book, Garbarino argues that in order for his political agenda to succeed, public institutions must be used, and that the Declaration of Independence defines the position of the government within the role of child development. Why does he believe this document is key to defining the contract between government and society? What does he say about equal rights, human rights, and public happiness? What does he say the document says about why the government exists? How has history altered this initial contract to make it fit for all people? Do you agree with Garbarino about the relationship between government and society? Why or why not?
This section contains 1,297 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)