|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is low resting heart rate associated with, according to the study by Losel, Bender, and Bliesener?
(a) Social behavior.
(b) Avoidance personalities.
(c) Abuse victims.
(d) Antisocial behavior.
2. What do older boys who are violent have in common, in terms of their actions as little boys?
(a) They were shy little boys.
(b) They were violent little boys.
(c) They were happy little boys.
(d) They were depressed little boys.
3. What can happen in these early instances of violence in young boys?
(a) The issue can be ignored.
(b) The issue can be seen and treated immediately.
(c) The issue can either be seen and treated, ignored, or acted out in a harmless manner.
(d) The issue can be harmless.
4. What does the accumulation approach to developmental threat show us about success?
(a) That teens have to be risk free to succeed.
(b) That teens are better off with a balance of risk and support.
(c) That teens do not have to be risk free to succeed.
(d) That teens can have no support and still succeed.
5. Which is the most common parenting problem, according to the federal government?
(a) Physical abuse.
(d) Mental abuse.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Garbarino claim is the point of change in the social decline of neighborhoods?
2. What does the author admit he is trying to do by writing this book?
3. What are some traits that put a child at risk for becoming aggressive?
4. Why does a lowered resilience and coping ability compound negative social influences?
5. In what year did four shootings occur in areas that were not typically hubs of youth violence?
Short Essay Questions
1. Explain why Garbarino calls these violent youth 'lost boys'.
2. Explain the tie between neurological problems and violence, and why Garbarino blames, again, medical technologies for the rise in neurological issues in children.
3. In addition to negative social maps, what are two other links between abuse and child develop issues?
4. Discuss what happened in 1998 that made the world take notice of youth violence.
5. Explain the effect of the historical and cultural patterns of the South on the 'war zones' of larger urban cities.
6. What are the temperamental traits that put a child at risk for trouble and aggression, and what does research on responsive mothers show in light of these traits?
7. Explain the term 'toxic shame', and what it means to Garbarino.
8. What does the social biological perspective say about why children face different opportunities and risks for development?
9. Explain the accumulation approach to risk factors for youth violence, and how it helps lend hope for helping these young men.
10. Describe the four types of attachment.
This section contains 1,194 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)