|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did George Graham give Harrison?
2. Which of the following people were not members of the Board of Longitude?
3. The main problem with the lunar method was that it took a great deal of ________________.
4. What country was John Hadley from?
5. Which clock can function today, but is not run in order to preserve its parts?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was Harrison's primary motivation for winning the longitude prize?
2. Explain the developments in finding an astronomical solution outlined in Chapter 9: Hands on Heaven's Clock.
3. Why was the Board of Longitude biased against Harrison?
4. Why was Maskelyne threatened by Harrison?
5. What hurdles did Harrison have to jump over even though the H-4 was accurate enough to win the Longitude Prize?
6. Explain the title of Chapter 10: The Diamond Timekeeper.
7. According to the Royal Academy of Astronomers, why was Harrison not "worthy" to solve the problem of longitude?
8. What happened to clockmaking after Harrison's death?
9. Describe Harrison's relationship with the Board of Longitude.
10. What effect did Harrison's success have on the Longitude Act and the Board of Longitude?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Place the longitude problem in its historical context Include the following: social, political, cultural, religious, and economic factors.
Essay Topic 2
A theme central to the book is that of ambition. Harrison's ambition comes through with his determination to solve the longitude problem through timepieces, despite various obstacles. In an essay, discuss Harrison's motivation for winning the longitude prize. Was Harrison intrinsically motivated because he was a hard worker and wanted to succeed or extrinsically motivated by wealth and fame?
Essay Topic 3
Write an essay describing each of Harrison's clocks. What were the advancements of each one? How long did they take to build? Which ones were shrouded in controversy? Which one was closest to winning the prize?
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