|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did King Louis build in Paris?
2. What was wrong with the watch built within a vacuum?
3. Besides clocks, what was Hooke known for?
4. Where was the destination the Centurion was sailing for?
5. What is the main difference in measuring longitude and latitude?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why did changes in temperature affect early clocks?
2. What was King Charles II's role in solving the longitude problem?
3. Why was it unusual that John Harrison became an accomplished clockmaker?
4. Describe the legend of how Galileo came up with the idea of the pendulum clock.
5. Describe John Harrison.
6. What is the main difference, as identified in Chapter 1, between latitude and longitude?
7. What two advances did Thacker's chronometer make? Why did it still not work?
8. What was the main problem with the "lunar-distance" method?
9. What was the result of Hooke and Huygens not producing a successful clock that worked at sea?
10. Who were the early players in the longitude prize described in Chapter 6: The Prize. What role did they play?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What role did the astronomers elitism play in the quest for solving the longitude problem?
Essay Topic 2
Early attempts to solve the problem of longitude divided into two main camps, those who were looking for a "heavenly" solution, and those who considered an "earthly" solution. Do these titles imply a hierarchy to you? Do you think that members of the Royal Astronomical Observatory also used this titles to imply superiority over non-members? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 3
In an essay, analyze the role Nevil Maskelyne played in the quest to solve the longitude problem.
This section contains 885 words
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