|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What disease afflicted many sailors at sea for long periods of time?
2. The placement of the prime meridian was a ____________ decision.
3. What did Huygen's published argument state?
4. The Parliamentary committee assembled to respond to the problem of longitude relied on which two experts?
5. Harrison was an avid ___________.
Short Essay Questions
1. What was the main problem with the "lunar-distance" method?
2. In Chapter 2: The Sea Before Time, what happened to Sir Clowdisley's voyage?
3. Explain how longitude is affected by time.
4. Who were the early players in the longitude prize described in Chapter 6: The Prize. What role did they play?
5. Why did changes in temperature affect early clocks?
6. What was Galileo's longitude solution?
7. Describe John Harrison.
8. In 1740, the Centurion set sail for the South Pacific without Harrison's clock. What might have been different about the voyage if they would have taken the clock? Why?
9. What is the main difference, as identified in Chapter 1, between latitude and longitude?
10. Describe the legend of how Galileo came up with the idea of the pendulum clock.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What role did elitism play in the quest for a clock based solution to longitude?
Essay Topic 2
When the Board of Longitude established a large monetary prize, many inventors came forward with ideas on how to solve the problem. In an essay, analyze whether or not the monetary award associated with the longitude prize helped to spur ideas for solving longitude or created a setback in time wasted having to consider crackpot schemes.
Essay Topic 3
In an essay, analyze the role Nevil Maskelyne played in the quest to solve the longitude problem.
This section contains 784 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)