|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was wrong with the watch built within a vacuum?
2. The moon travels a distance roughly equal to its own width every _________.
3. The difference between longitude and latitude is that latitude lines _____________ each other.
4. What was the official title of the monetary award for solving the longitude problem?
5. When was the magnetic compass invented?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe the legend of how Galileo came up with the idea of the pendulum clock.
2. What was the result of Hooke and Huygens not producing a successful clock that worked at sea?
3. What were the problems with William Whiston's proposal for determining longitude?
4. Why is the story of Sir Clowdisley included in Chapter 2: The Sea Before Time?
5. What did Huygens patent in 1675.
6. In 1740, the Centurion set sail for the South Pacific without Harrison's clock. What might have been different about the voyage if they would have taken the clock? Why?
7. Why was it unusual that John Harrison became an accomplished clockmaker?
8. What was the main problem with the "lunar-distance" method?
9. In Chapter 2: The Sea Before Time, what happened to Sir Clowdisley's voyage?
10. What was Humphrey Ditton's suggestion for determining longitude?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Write an essay describing each of Harrison's clocks. What were the advancements of each one? How long did they take to build? Which ones were shrouded in controversy? Which one was closest to winning the prize?
Essay Topic 2
What role did the astronomers elitism play in the quest for solving the longitude problem?
Essay Topic 3
What role did elitism play in the quest for a clock based solution to longitude?
This section contains 706 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)