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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. At the end of Chapter 6: The Prize, how had Newton changed his thinking about the longitude problem?
(a) He was so frustrated he gave up the quest to solve longitude.
(b) He wrote about the benefits to an astronomical solution.
(c) He began to think a clock might solve the longitude problem.
(d) He began to believe that there was no hope for solving the longitude problem.
2. How is the fog described at the beginning of Chapter 2: The Sea Before Time?
(a) "Dirty weather."
(b) "Pea soup."
(c) "London fog."
3. What could the powder of sympathy reportedly do?
(a) Cure scurvy.
(b) Make one immortal.
(c) Point north when mixed with water.
(d) Heal at a distance.
4. What unusual occurrence helped in early navigation at sea?
(b) Solar and lunar eclipses.
5. What was Huygens best known as?
(a) The first great horologist.
(b) The first great scientist.
(c) The first great philosopher.
(d) The first great astronomer.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Huygen's published argument state?
2. What was the powder of sympathy method to determine longitude called?
3. What does the coiled balance spring do in clocks?
4. Hooke nor Huygens were able to:
5. How long did Harrison work before receiving his monetary reward?
Short Essay Questions
1. What were the problems with William Whiston's proposal for determining longitude?
2. Why did changes in temperature affect early clocks?
3. What was the Longitude Act of 1714?
4. What was the main problem with the "lunar-distance" method?
5. What was the result of Hooke and Huygens not producing a successful clock that worked at sea?
6. In 1530, Flemish astronomer Gemma Frisiusm wrote that the clocks of his day "provided no problem to those who traveled." In reality, what were the problems with clocks of his day for travel?
7. Compare Newton's thoughts about the solution of the longitude problem at the beginning of Chapter 6: The Prize to his thoughts at the end of the chapter.
8. What were the economic consequences of not knowing longitude?
9. What did the Longitude Act establish?
10. Describe John Harrison's family.
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