|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In AD 150, who plotted lines of longitude and latitude?
2. How many times was Harrison married?
(a) Three times.
3. Why was it remarkable for Harrison to build his first pendulum clock?
(a) He wasn't a watchmakers apprentice.
(b) He was an adamant believer in the astronomical solution to longitude.
(c) His design was stolen midway through building the clock.
(d) He came from a very poor family with no means to build a clock.
4. Who came up with a way to draw longitude meridians on the night sky?
(a) Samuel Fyler.
(b) William Whiston.
(c) John Davis.
(d) Sir Kenelm Digby.
5. How was John Harrison educated?
(a) He attended elementary school in his town.
(b) He had no formal education.
(c) He learned alongside Newton.
(d) He went to Oxford.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was Harrison's most prized accomplishment?
2. Besides clocks, what was Hooke known for?
3. Harrison was an avid ___________.
4. Where did Newton believe the answer to the longitude problem lie?
5. Who was in command of the ships that ran into the Scilly Islands near England?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why did changes in temperature affect early clocks?
2. Explain the title of Chapter 5: Powder of Sympathy.
3. In Harrison's early clockmaking years, what was his goal?
4. Describe the legend of how Galileo came up with the idea of the pendulum clock.
5. What was the result of Hooke and Huygens not producing a successful clock that worked at sea?
6. What was Galileo's longitude solution?
7. What did the Longitude Act establish?
8. Why is the story of Sir Clowdisley included in Chapter 2: The Sea Before Time?
9. In Chapter 2: The Sea Before Time, what happened to Sir Clowdisley's voyage?
10. What two advances did Thacker's chronometer make? Why did it still not work?
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