|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why was it remarkable for Harrison to build his first pendulum clock?
(a) He was an adamant believer in the astronomical solution to longitude.
(b) His design was stolen midway through building the clock.
(c) He came from a very poor family with no means to build a clock.
(d) He wasn't a watchmakers apprentice.
2. What role did the Board of Longitude play?
(a) Provided funding for research to solve the longitude problem.
(b) Test the various proposals to the solution to longitude.
(c) Bring an international committee to review the longitude problem.
(d) Unite angered seamen around the longitude prolem.
3. What was one of Harrison's innovations?
(a) A brass and steel pendulum that aided in keeping time despite temperature changes.
(b) Gears that could last for extended periods at sea.
(c) A new clock face that revolutionized the way we tell time.
(d) A vacuum that held out temperature changes.
4. How old was Harrison when he built his first pendulum clock?
(c) Less than 20.
5. Which of the following was NOT an early player in the quest for the longitude prize?
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the main point of Chapter 6: The Prize?
2. Who was in command of the ships that ran into the Scilly Islands near England?
3. When did clock makers begin to design clocks to measure longitude?
4. In the Whiston-Ditton proposal, what did they hope to be exempt from?
5. Hooke nor Huygens were able to:
Short Essay Questions
1. What was the result of the Whiston-Ditton proposal?
2. Who were the early players in the longitude prize described in Chapter 6: The Prize. What role did they play?
3. Compare Newton's thoughts about the solution of the longitude problem at the beginning of Chapter 6: The Prize to his thoughts at the end of the chapter.
4. What was Humphrey Ditton's suggestion for determining longitude?
5. Explain how longitude is affected by time.
6. What were the problems with William Whiston's proposal for determining longitude?
7. Why was it unusual that John Harrison became an accomplished clockmaker?
8. In Harrison's early clockmaking years, what was his goal?
9. What was King Charles II's role in solving the longitude problem?
10. In 1530, Flemish astronomer Gemma Frisiusm wrote that the clocks of his day "provided no problem to those who traveled." In reality, what were the problems with clocks of his day for travel?
This section contains 963 words
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