|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Tobias Mayer was a ____________.
(a) American theologian.
(b) German mapmaker.
(c) French scientist.
(d) English astronomer.
2. What kind of mechanisms did the H-4 contain?
(a) Gold mechanisms.
(b) Silver mechanisms.
(c) Diamond mechanisms.
(d) Copper mechanisms.
3. How accurate was Arnold's pocket watch that was tested by Maskelyne?
(a) Accurate within three seconds over a year.
(b) Accurate within four minutes over six months.
(c) Perfectly accurate, not losing any time.
(d) Accurate within thirty seconds over four weeks.
4. Which clock was capable of winning Harrison the Longitude Prize?
5. What did Hadley and Godfrey invent?
(a) A celestial navigation map.
(b) A working telescope.
(c) A method to calculate lunar distance.
(d) A working clock.
6. When was the Longitude Act repealed?
7. What is the size of the H-4?
(a) 4" x 4" x 4".
(b) An area of six centimeters.
(c) Five inches in diameter.
(d) 2" x 2" x 2".
8. What country was Thomas Godfrey from?
(c) United States.
9. Who took Nathaniel Bliss's spot on the Board of Longitude?
(a) Thomas Bradley.
(b) Nevil Maskelyne.
(c) John Harrison.
(d) He was not replaced.
10. How were Harrison and Maskelyne different?
(a) Maskelyne favored an analytical approach.
(b) Maskelyne had an elite education.
(c) Harrison was much younger.
(d) Harrison always worked with a partner, while Maskelyne always worked alone.
11. How much time did H-4 lose at sea when it was being tested?
(a) 45 seconds after 59 days.
(b) 3 minutes after 32 days.
(c) 5 seconds after 81 days.
(d) 8 minutes after 46 days.
12. How did Maskelyne obtain all four of Harrison's clocks?
(a) He came to Harrison's door with a warrant.
(b) He broke into his home and took them.
(c) He tried, but never succeeded, in obtaining Harrison's clocks.
(d) He offered him a sum more than the Longitude Prize.
13. Nevil Maskelyne was a major proponent of ___________.
(a) The lunar-distance method.
(b) A clock-based solution.
(c) A fair distribution of the prize moeny.
(d) The yelping dog method.
14. What did Jeffery's make for Harrison?
(a) A pocketwatch.
(b) A microscope.
(c) A telescope.
(d) A compass.
15. When did Harrison die?
(a) June 9th, 1750, at the age of 68.
(b) October 17th 1790, at the age of 91.
(c) April 23rd 1772, at the age of 71.
(d) March 24th, 1776, at the age of 83
Short Answer Questions
1. How much did Harrison receive to complete H-4 after the initial tests?
2. What was different between H-4 and H-5?
3. Describe the relationship between Harrison and the Royal Academy of Astronomers.
4. How did John Arnold make so many watches at such an economical price?
5. After successfully completing the H-4, who passed an act that placed new restrictions on Harrison?
This section contains 489 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)