|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The Board of Longitude demanded Harrison hand over the H-4 so it could be used by whom?
(a) The Air Force.
(b) The Marines.
(c) The Army.
(d) The Navy.
2. Why did Harrison take so long to build the H-3?
(a) He repeatedly ran out of money.
(b) It is unknown.
(c) The design faltered during a sea test and he had to start over.
(d) His design was ransacked midway through completion.
3. How would you describe Nevil Maskelyne?
(b) A patriot.
(c) A scientist.
(d) A villian.
4. What kind of solution to the longitude problem did the Board of Longitude originally desire?
(a) A telescope based one.
(b) A clock based one.
(c) A map based one.
(d) An astronomical one.
5. The members of the Board of Longitude were members of which class of society?
(a) The royal class.
(b) The working class.
(c) The seafaring class.
(d) The elite class.
6. What was different between H-4 and H-5?
(a) The H-4 could tell time by the position of the sun.
(b) The H-5 was much simpler than the H-4.
(c) The H-5 was much larger than the H-4.
(d) The H-4 was made out of copper and the H-5 out of iron.
7. Maskelyne eventually concluded that the lunar distance method had problems. When would the lunar-distance method not work?
(a) When there was a crescent moon.
(b) During a solar eclipse.
(c) When the moon rose with the sun.
(d) When the moon was on the other side of the world from the sun.
8. What did Jeffery's make for Harrison?
(a) A microscope.
(b) A compass.
(c) A pocketwatch.
(d) A telescope.
9. Describe the relationship between Harrison and the Royal Academy of Astronomers.
(a) They were colleagues.
(b) They were friends.
(c) They were financial backers.
(d) They were enemies.
10. When Harrison was asked to hand his plans over to the British government, what was his reaction?
(a) He was furious, but complied.
(b) He was excited to share his plans with more people.
(c) He was devastated and burned them.
(d) He was jovial and handed them over.
11. Who aided Harrison in building the H-3?
(a) His father.
(b) His daughter.
(c) No one. He did it entirely on his own.
(d) His son.
12. What did Hadley and Godfrey invent?
(a) A working clock.
(b) A working telescope.
(c) A method to calculate lunar distance.
(d) A celestial navigation map.
13. Which clock was Harrison's greatest triumph?
14. Who was to test H-3 and H-4 at sea?
(b) Edmund, Harrison's colleage.
(c) WIlliam, Harrison's son.
15. How much did the Board of Longitude award both Earnshaw and Arnold?
(a) Three thousand pounds.
(c) Twenty five thousand pounds.
(d) One hundred pounds.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did Maskelyne obtain all four of Harrison's clocks?
2. What did Harrison need to do to prove the H-4 worked?
3. After Bradley died, who filled the open slot on the Board of Longitude.
4. What two problems did H-3 solve that previous clock designs didn't?
5. Who wrote "The British Mariner's Guide?"
This section contains 543 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)