|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The difference between longitude and latitude is that latitude lines _____________ each other.
(b) Converge with.
2. How is the fog described at the beginning of Chapter 2: The Sea Before Time?
(a) "Pea soup."
(b) "London fog."
(d) "Dirty weather."
3. Complete this analogy from Chapter 4:Time in a Bottle: Time is to clock as mind is to ____________.
4. When did Harrison learn of the Longitude Prize?
5. Where was the destination the Centurion was sailing for?
(a) Juan Fernandez Island.
(b) Tierra del Feugo.
(c) Scilly Islands.
(d) Cape Noir.
6. What was the tool introduced by John Davis in 1595 to better look at the sun called?
(a) The cross-staff.
(b) The cane.
(c) The sidestaff.
(d) The backstaff.
7. What did Humphrey Ditton propose to use to solve the longitude problem?
8. Early clocks weren't up to measuring longitude at sea for two reasons. They were not accurate and changed because of what while at sea?
(a) Speed of the boat.
(b) Rocking of the boat.
9. What could have avoided the tragedy near the Scilly Islands?
(a) If the rudder on the ship hadn't been broken, the captain could have steered away from the islands.
(b) If the admiral had listened to a sailor who kept his own navigation.
(c) If the lead ship had followed the directions of the admiral.
(d) If the stars had been out so the captains could utilize them for navigation.
10. How long did Harrison work before receiving his monetary reward?
(a) 40 years.
(b) 10 years.
(c) 30 years.
(d) 50 years.
11. Who came up with a way to draw longitude meridians on the night sky?
(a) Samuel Fyler.
(b) William Whiston.
(c) John Davis.
(d) Sir Kenelm Digby.
12. What was the problem with pendulum clocks on ships?
(a) Pendulum clocks were so valuable, the main concern was theft.
(b) Pendulum clocks would always point north.
(c) There were no problems, pemdulum clocks were very accurate onboard ships.
(d) The ship's rocking would slow down or speed up the clock.
13. When did clock makers begin to design clocks to measure longitude?
(a) 15th century.
(b) 14th century.
(c) 17th century.
(d) 16th century.
14. What was Huygens best known as?
(a) The first great astronomer.
(b) The first great scientist.
(c) The first great philosopher.
(d) The first great horologist.
15. Who developed the "lunar distance method" to longitude?
(a) John Flamsteed.
(b) Ole Roemer.
(c) Johannes Werner.
(d) Admiral Shovell.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Huygen's published argument state?
2. What disease afflicted many sailors at sea for long periods of time?
3. What was one of Harrison's innovations?
4. Where did Newton believe the answer to the longitude problem lie?
5. What was one disadvantage to using the magnetic variation method to determine longitude?
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