|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In the earliest lines of latitude, what marked the zero-degree line?
(a) The tropic of cancer.
(b) The equator.
(c) The north pole.
(d) The prime meridian.
2. Thirty miles is how many degrees of longitude?
(a) Ten degrees.
(b) Half a degree.
(c) Eight degrees.
(d) Five degrees.
3. How old was Harrison when he built his first pendulum clock?
(c) Less than 20.
4. What was the powder of sympathy method to determine longitude called?
(a) The barking animal theory.
(b) The healing bird theory.
(c) The magical powder theory.
(d) The wounded dog theory.
5. Hooke nor Huygens were able to:
(a) Collaborate on a working clock.
(b) Produce a clock that worked at sea.
(c) Collect on the monetary prize offered for solving the problem of longitude.
(d) Get the Royal Society to declare a winner.
6. What was one benefit of the Whiston-Ditton proposal?
(a) It led to the monetary award for a solution to the longitude problem.
(b) It led to glory for England for being the first to solve the problem of longitude.
(c) Whiston and Ditton each became rich off of their proposal.
(d) It was a reliable method of determining longitude.
7. Who developed the "lunar distance method" to longitude?
(a) Ole Roemer.
(b) John Flamsteed.
(c) Admiral Shovell.
(d) Johannes Werner.
8. What was the problem with pendulum clocks on ships?
(a) Pendulum clocks would always point north.
(b) There were no problems, pemdulum clocks were very accurate onboard ships.
(c) The ship's rocking would slow down or speed up the clock.
(d) Pendulum clocks were so valuable, the main concern was theft.
9. The Parliamentary committee assembled to respond to the problem of longitude relied on which two experts?
(a) Ptolomy and Jupiter.
(b) Newton and Halley.
(c) Whiston and Ditton.
(d) Flamsteed and Thacker.
10. Before using clocks to navigate longitude, sailors used the __________.
(a) Sky: sun, moon, stars and constellations.
11. At the end of Chapter 6: The Prize, how had Newton changed his thinking about the longitude problem?
(a) He wrote about the benefits to an astronomical solution.
(b) He began to think a clock might solve the longitude problem.
(c) He began to believe that there was no hope for solving the longitude problem.
(d) He was so frustrated he gave up the quest to solve longitude.
12. What was wrong with the watch built within a vacuum?
(a) It lost accuracy due to temperature.
(b) The pendulum wasn't able to swing freely because of the vacuum.
(c) It was too expensive for the common sailor.
(d) It was too large to take to sea.
13. Who was in command of the ships that ran into the Scilly Islands near England?
(a) Samuel Pepys.
(b) John Harrison.
(c) Admiral Sir Clowdisley Shovell.
(d) Commodore George Anson.
14. What role did the Board of Longitude play?
(a) Unite angered seamen around the longitude prolem.
(b) Bring an international committee to review the longitude problem.
(c) Provided funding for research to solve the longitude problem.
(d) Test the various proposals to the solution to longitude.
15. How was John Harrison educated?
(a) He attended elementary school in his town.
(b) He went to Oxford.
(c) He learned alongside Newton.
(d) He had no formal education.
Short Answer Questions
1. When the Centurion set sail for the South Pacific, what did they not take with them?
2. Harrison's clocks were referred to as:
3. What is the main point of Chapter 6: The Prize?
4. Harrison was an avid ___________.
5. Where did Newton believe the answer to the longitude problem lie?
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