|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who came up with a way to draw longitude meridians on the night sky?
(a) Samuel Fyler.
(b) William Whiston.
(c) John Davis.
(d) Sir Kenelm Digby.
2. What is the main point of Chapter 6: The Prize?
(a) Determine the winner of the longitude prize.
(b) Explain the clock based approach to longitude.
(c) Award a prize of land for an article published about latitude.
(d) Explain the goal of the people in the book: win the prize by solving the problem of longitude.
3. What was the tool introduced by John Davis in 1595 to better look at the sun called?
(a) The backstaff.
(b) The sidestaff.
(c) The cane.
(d) The cross-staff.
4. How many men of the original 500 perished on Centurion's voyage to the South Pacific?
(c) All but two.
(d) One quarter.
5. What did Harrison build that still function today?
6. What did King Louis build in Paris?
(a) A telescope.
(b) An astronomical obersvatory.
(c) The Eifel Tower.
(d) Notre Dame.
7. Harrison's clocks were referred to as:
(a) A technological reversal.
(b) A lump of metal.
(c) A moment in time.
(d) A magic box.
8. What did King Louis XIV of France complain about with more accurate measures of longitude?
(a) That the economic costs of not knowing longitude were bankrupting his country.
(b) That he was losing more territory to his astronomers than his enemies.
(c) That sea travel became more treacherous.
(d) That maps based on stars were inaccurate.
9. What was the name of the Portugese ship described in Chapter 2: The Sea Before Time that ran into a Spanish fleet?
(b) Madre de Deus.
10. What did Humphrey Ditton propose to use to solve the longitude problem?
11. In AD 150, who plotted lines of longitude and latitude?
12. When was the magnetic compass invented?
(a) 17th century.
(b) 10th century.
(c) 12th century.
(d) 15th century.
13. Where did Harrison go to present his case to the Board of Longitude?
14. What year was Harrison born?
15. What did Huygen's published argument state?
(a) A map with correct currents was necessary to navigate at sea.
(b) Jupiters moons were really rings.
(c) Longitude could be determined by the moon.
(d) A clock could establish longitude at sea.
Short Answer Questions
1. How long did Harrison work before receiving his monetary reward?
2. What was Harrison's most prized accomplishment?
3. In the earliest lines of latitude, what marked the zero-degree line?
4. What disease afflicted many sailors at sea for long periods of time?
5. How accurate was the solution to longitude to be?
This section contains 459 words
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