London Labour and the London Poor Test | Lesson Plans Mid-Book Test - Hard

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Mid-Book Test - Hard

Name: _________________________ Period: ___________________

This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What happened to the man after he was injured?

2. How did many musician patterers support themselves?

3. Which group in London dominated wholesale trading?

4. Who were the forerunners to doormen?

5. From what ailment did Mayhew say all skilled laborers suffered?

Short Essay Questions

1. How are the various ways to earn a living cataloged and what types of workers existed in England?

2. Who did Halliday say were swindlers?

3. Describe the facilities that were opened between 1847 and 1849 that caused the chimney sweeps to wash more often.

4. How did cab drivers obtain their cabs, how many hours did they work, and what did they sometimes do to mitigate their long hours?

5. How many visits were done by the London City Mission and what were the results of those visits?

6. What were the largest group of London street people and what did they do for a living?

7. What kind of education did many of the street folk have, what types of families did many of them come from and how did many of them start out?

8. What caused a class hierarchy in immigrants in London?

9. Who hired dustmen and how did they do their work?

10. What was the difference between a conductor and other street people?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

Mayhew made sweeping generalizations about the different types of street people, and often relied on stereotypes. For example, he claimed that all blind musicians were highly religious while all "mechanics" or skilled laborers were melancholy, suffering from chronic depression.

1. Refute or defend the following statement: Stereotypes about people are generally true. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

2. How do you think stereotyping or generalization in research can affect the results of research? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

3. The only statement that can be true about a research population is if that population consist of only one person. Discuss this statement in view of Mayhew's tendency to stereotype groups of individuals.

Essay Topic 2

Due to competition, the photographer had to offer portraits for a half-penny, an impossibly low price. To bolster earnings, he either lured people into buying a more expensive photo, or sold them bogus products like a "Patent American Air Preserver" that was actually just scrap paper.

1. After reading this photographer's story would you consider him to be of low moral character? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

2. Explain why this photographer's actions demonstrates the validity of the cliche: buyer beware. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

3. Do you believe it is the responsibility of the seller of a goods to make certain the goods are worth the selling price or it is the responsibility of the buyer to decide that? Why or why not?

Essay Topic 3

One magician worked as an errand boy for four years until at 14 he began to sell oranges outside a theater. From there he went to selling beer inside the theater, to being an extra on stage, to acting at the age of 15. After the show closed, he worked as the doorkeeper until the owner mentioned an opening for a magician. With no knowledge, skill or experience, he volunteered for the position.

1. Discuss this magician's story in terms of the rag to riches stories which were prevalent in America in this era. (This answer may require some research). Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

2. Do you think this magician's story seems to suggest that anyone of the London poor could do better if they would just work at it? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

3. What might people in dire straits in modern America learn from this story? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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