|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did few adult Jews seldom work as?
2. Why did Mayhew say many costermongers lived in sin?
3. What is one thing crossing sweeps did for tips?
4. How did the police sometimes help crossing sweeps?
5. What was another name for a patterer?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did dustmen and mudlarks help each other?
2. Who hired dustmen and how did they do their work?
3. What were the general appearance of chimney sweeps and who most often worked in this type of work and why did they?
4. What types of generalizations did Mayhew make about the London street people and how did this reflect Victorian thinking on industrialization?
5. Describe the facilities that were opened between 1847 and 1849 that caused the chimney sweeps to wash more often.
6. What was the story Mayhew wrote about a Cheap Jack?
7. How did some crossing sweep get permanent jobs and why were they given the jobs?
8. What was the usual marriage and family situations like with costermongers?
9. Who normally held a crossing sweep position and how was that job viewed? How did the crossing sweep have to eat sometimes?
10. About how much coal was used in London in a year and who was responsible for cleaning the aftermath of coal use?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
One magician worked as an errand boy for four years until at 14 he began to sell oranges outside a theater. From there he went to selling beer inside the theater, to being an extra on stage, to acting at the age of 15. After the show closed, he worked as the doorkeeper until the owner mentioned an opening for a magician. With no knowledge, skill or experience, he volunteered for this position.
1. Discuss the strengths this magician would have had to have worked into the position of magician. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. In reading of this magician's life do you think perseverance or talent was more important? Why? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. In view of the versatility this magician demonstrated in his variety of jobs do you think it is possible Mayhew underestimated the will and intelligence of many of the London street people? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
Essay Topic 2
Bolder boys sometimes climbed onto empty coal barges and swept up the leavings of the cargo. This was considered theft, and they were usually chased off by the owners. Sometimes one would be arrested and sent to jail for a week. Like coster children, they regarded a week in relatively warm, safe surroundings with regular meals as a vacation.
1. Do you think the sweepings of coal left behind should be considered theft? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. Discuss what the fact that some children regarded the jail as a vacation says about the coster children's lives. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. Discuss ways in which you see coster children as being abused in general in this era in London. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
Essay Topic 3
Mayhew decried the fact that many couples in this group were unmarried, living in sin according to his beliefs. He reluctantly noted that despite the lack of a church ceremony, most were faithful to their mates and did their best to support their children.
1. Discuss the reasons that costermonger couples might not marry. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. Discuss, in depth, what you think the fact that couples without a church marriage ceremony were faithful to each other, implies about church sanctioned marriage. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. Why do you think Mayhew was reluctant to admit that unmarried couples were often monogamous and took care of their children. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
This section contains 1,307 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)