|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the most intelligent and well-to-do costers sell?
2. How were vendors categorized by Mayhew?
3. Why did Mayhew say many costermongers lived in sin?
4. What did Ragmen do?
5. At about what age did many costermonger children begin to sell?
Short Essay Questions
1. How much education did most costermongers have and what was the general extent of their intellectual abilities?
2. What was pornography and why did it become illegal in London?
3. How honest were costers' suppliers and how did the costers deal with dishonesty?
4. How many visits were done by the London City Mission and what were the results of those visits?
5. How did the costermongers obtain their merchandise and what were the circumstances for borrowing?
6. How did dustmen and mudlarks help each other?
7. What caused a class hierarchy in immigrants in London?
8. About how much coal was used in London in a year and who was responsible for cleaning the aftermath of coal use?
9. How did crossing sweeps earn a living?
10. What was the difference between a conductor and other street people?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Costermongers usually lived in a drab, dreary, dirty rented room. Often it was shared with other family members. A mother, father and four or more children might live in a single room.
1. Discuss how living conditions such as in the statement above might affect a family. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. Refute or defend the following statement: Human beings have a right to food, shelter and safety. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. Explore some of the similarities and differences between the living conditions of costermongers in London during the era of this book and the slums of modern cities. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
Essay Topic 2
Mayhew made sweeping generalizations about the different types of street people, and often relied on stereotypes. For example, he claimed that all blind musicians were highly religious while all "mechanics" or skilled laborers were melancholy, suffering from chronic depression.
1. Refute or defend the following statement: Stereotypes about people are generally true. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. How do you think stereotyping or generalization in research can affect the results of research? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. The only statement that can be true about a research population is if that population consist of only one person. Discuss this statement in view of Mayhew's tendency to stereotype groups of individuals.
Essay Topic 3
Due to competition, the photographer had to offer portraits for a half-penny, an impossibly low price. To bolster earnings, he either lured people into buying a more expensive photo, or sold them bogus products like a "Patent American Air Preserver" that was actually just scrap paper.
1. After reading this photographer's story would you consider him to be of low moral character? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. Explain why this photographer's actions demonstrates the validity of the cliche: buyer beware. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. Do you believe it is the responsibility of the seller of a goods to make certain the goods are worth the selling price or it is the responsibility of the buyer to decide that? Why or why not?
This section contains 3,525 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)