|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did the police sometimes help crossing sweeps?
2. What was the name of the vaudeville show costers enjoyed?
3. How were dustmen hired?
4. Into what kind of fund did residents of better lodging houses pay?
5. What did a lodging manager do when a child brought in a stolen item for rent?
Short Essay Questions
1. How much education did most costermongers have and what was the general extent of their intellectual abilities?
2. Who did Halliday say were swindlers?
3. How prevalent was theft, where did it often occur and how did a thief make money on stolen goods?
4. Who were generally managers of lodging houses and what happened to a child who did not have the money for lodging?
5. What types of generalizations did Mayhew make about the London street people and how did this reflect Victorian thinking on industrialization?
6. How did crossing sweeps earn a living?
7. Who hired dustmen and how did they do their work?
8. What was the story Mayhew told about a crossing sweep from Dublin?
9. What caused a class hierarchy in immigrants in London?
10. What were the general appearance of chimney sweeps and who most often worked in this type of work and why did they?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Mayhew states that the necessity of finding food separates animals from plants. Humans also must work for a living. Someone who is physically or mentally unable to work must rely on others, or on charity.
1. Discuss what you think separates animals from plants that are different from what Mayhew has said. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. Do you think all humans should have to work for a living? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. What types of obligations do you think society has towards the physically or mentally handicapped? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
Essay Topic 2
The emaciated, depressed man with sunken eyes and wrinkles had worked as a clown for 16 years. He would prefer to be a groom or a police officer, anything except a clown. However, now that he had a wife and children to support, he clowned from 8 am to dark every day for 6 shillings per week. Ashamed, he hid his occupation from the neighbors.
1. Discuss the symptoms of depression you think is evident in this clown's story. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. How would being ashamed of a person's occupation affect the quality of his or her life? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. Discuss the ways in which this clown could be considered courageous for persisting in a job that he hated and was ashamed of for the benefit of his wife and children. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
Essay Topic 3
Most costermongers were uneducated, and had attended the free public schools only for a few years, or not at all. Although costers were adept at adding and subtracting to figure their profits, they were ignorant of multiplication and very few could read or write.
1. Discuss how lack of education contributes to poverty. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. Discuss some of the reasons that might keep a child of a costermonger family from attending free public schools. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. Taking into consideration the factors of poverty, should the government of London in this era have made school mandatory? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
This section contains 3,647 words
(approx. 13 pages at 300 words per page)