London Labour and the London Poor Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. From what ailment did Mayhew say all skilled laborers suffered?

2. Who often became chimney sweepers?

3. On what did coster children often waste their money?

4. What did Mayhew say was the reason people from wealthier families became patterers?

5. To whom did some merchants loan stock at no cost?

Short Essay Questions

1. What did mudlarks do and how did they bathe?

2. Describe the facilities that were opened between 1847 and 1849 that caused the chimney sweeps to wash more often.

3. How much education did most costermongers have and what was the general extent of their intellectual abilities?

4. About how much coal was used in London in a year and who was responsible for cleaning the aftermath of coal use?

5. How did some youths work a crossing sweep job and what other ways did they make money?

6. Who normally held a crossing sweep position and how was that job viewed? How did the crossing sweep have to eat sometimes?

7. What were the general appearance of chimney sweeps and who most often worked in this type of work and why did they?

8. What were some of the circumstances in the better lodging houses for the street people?

9. How did dustmen and mudlarks help each other?

10. How honest were costers' suppliers and how did the costers deal with dishonesty?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Bolder boys sometimes climbed onto empty coal barges and swept up the leavings of the cargo. This was considered theft, and they were usually chased off by the owners. Sometimes one would be arrested and sent to jail for a week. Like coster children, they regarded a week in relatively warm, safe surroundings with regular meals as a vacation.

1. Do you think the sweepings of coal left behind should be considered theft? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

2. Discuss what the fact that some children regarded the jail as a vacation says about the coster children's lives. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

3. Discuss ways in which you see coster children as being abused in general in this era in London. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

Essay Topic 2

Mayhew seems to genuinely believe that certain occupations like mudlark or dustman are hereditary, rather than learned.

1. Discuss why you think Mayhew was wrong or right in his belief about the occupations being hereditary. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

2. Discuss how Mayhew's belief of lower level occupations being hereditary shows prejudice towards his research subjects. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

3. How do you think Mayhew's prejudices affected his ability to research the lives of the mudlarks or dustmen? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Mayhew made sweeping generalizations about the different types of street people, and often relied on stereotypes. For example, he claimed that all blind musicians were highly religious while all "mechanics" or skilled laborers were melancholy, suffering from chronic depression.

1. Refute or defend the following statement: Stereotypes about people are generally true. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

2. How do you think stereotyping or generalization in research can affect the results of research? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.

3. The only statement that can be true about a research population is if that population consist of only one person. Discuss this statement in view of Mayhew's tendency to stereotype groups of individuals.

(see the answer keys)

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