|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What type of toiletry items were provided by some of the better lodging houses?
2. What did one of the young thieves who belonged to a gang tell Mayhew?
3. What did the mutual aid societies do?
4. Who were the forerunners to doormen?
5. How did servants sometimes augment their pay without owner's permission?
Short Essay Questions
1. What were the general appearance of chimney sweeps and who most often worked in this type of work and why did they?
2. How did some youths work a crossing sweep job and what other ways did they make money?
3. How honest were costers' suppliers and how did the costers deal with dishonesty?
4. What are the six categories the author separated the London street people into and how did these street people generally earn their living?
5. What was the story Mayhew wrote about a Cheap Jack?
6. What caused a class hierarchy in immigrants in London?
7. What did bolder boys do with coal barges, how was this viewed and what could happen to the boys? How did the boys feel about jail?
8. Describe the facilities that were opened between 1847 and 1849 that caused the chimney sweeps to wash more often.
9. How did Jewish traders survive in London and how does Mayhew portray the Jewish traders?
10. How did the costermongers obtain their merchandise and what were the circumstances for borrowing?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The city of London used 3.5 million tons of coal each year and generated millions of tons of ash and soot. Dustmen were hired to haul off the ashes and dust, as well as haul away garbage and keep the streets clean.
1. Do you think London at this time might have been more polluted than modern cities? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. Discuss how you think the quality of the air in London in this era might have affected people's lives. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. Discuss, in depth, the ways in which a dustman's life and health would have been affected by the job. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
Essay Topic 2
Vagrants were those who loitered in the streets with no work or occupation. Mayhew described them as, "Youths, prostitutes, Irish families and professional beggars." Many were young men between 12 and 20 years old, whom Mayhew described as budding criminals.
1. How does Mayhew's statement about vagrants demonstrate his tendency to generalize groups of people. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. Do you think all vagrants were budding criminals? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. Why do you think Mayhew specifically mentions Irish families in his writing about vagrants and budding criminals? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
Essay Topic 3
The London City Mission was a group of missionaries of various denominations paid to go door-to-door and read scripture, try to convert residents to Christianity and to encourage residents, especially the poor, to attend church. From 1.8 million home visits 307 poor people attending church for the first time, 3,500 being baptized and 48 persons who were living in sin deciding to marry their partners.
1. Do you think the results the London City Mission had was very poor considering the number of home visits that were done? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. What do you think the results of the London City Mission indicates about the poor in London at this time? Discuss the reasons in depth. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. Given the amount of time, work hours and effort the London City Mission put into their efforts what do you think they could have done for the poor of London with the same resources that might have helped the people? Do you think they should have done that? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
This section contains 1,388 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)