|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did coster runaway children usually support themselves?
2. What would very occasionally happen to a dependable crossing sweep?
3. What did costermongers hope to do by dark everyday?`
4. What did some of the boys do to earn tips while serving as crossing sweeps?
5. Why did some of these low-end workers go into the business?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who normally held a crossing sweep position and how was that job viewed? How did the crossing sweep have to eat sometimes?
2. What were the general appearance of chimney sweeps and who most often worked in this type of work and why did they?
3. Who hired dustmen and how did they do their work?
4. What caused a class hierarchy in immigrants in London?
5. What were some of the circumstances in the better lodging houses for the street people?
6. What modern institutions did Costermongers fill in the 1800's London and what are some of the merchandise they sold? What did the more intelligent costers do?
7. Where did most costermongers and their families live
8. How much education did most costermongers have and what was the general extent of their intellectual abilities?
9. What was the story Mayhew told about a crossing sweep from Dublin?
10. How honest were costers' suppliers and how did the costers deal with dishonesty?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Mayhew made sweeping generalizations about the different types of street people, and often relied on stereotypes. For example, he claimed that all blind musicians were highly religious while all "mechanics" or skilled laborers were melancholy, suffering from chronic depression.
1. Refute or defend the following statement: Stereotypes about people are generally true. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. How do you think stereotyping or generalization in research can affect the results of research? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. The only statement that can be true about a research population is if that population consist of only one person. Discuss this statement in view of Mayhew's tendency to stereotype groups of individuals.
Essay Topic 2
Discuss the following:
1. Do you think the prejudice and stereotyping of poor people still exist today? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. Do you believe the government has an obligation to ensure that all citizens have a certain minimal level of existence? Why or why not?
3. How do you think Mayhew's religious beliefs affected his research? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
Essay Topic 3
One magician worked as an errand boy for four years until at 14 he began to sell oranges outside a theater. From there he went to selling beer inside the theater, to being an extra on stage, to acting at the age of 15. After the show closed, he worked as the doorkeeper until the owner mentioned an opening for a magician. With no knowledge, skill or experience, he volunteered for this position.
1. Discuss the strengths this magician would have had to have worked into the position of magician. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. In reading of this magician's life do you think perseverance or talent was more important? Why? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. In view of the versatility this magician demonstrated in his variety of jobs do you think it is possible Mayhew underestimated the will and intelligence of many of the London street people? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
This section contains 1,261 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)