|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the city of London use several tons of per year?
2. What did one Jewish trader claim to have purchased?
3. What did the mutual aid societies do?
4. How were dustmen hired?
5. What did Ragmen do?
Short Essay Questions
1. What did the patterers do who could be classified as entertainers?
2. What area of trade did the Jewish traders dominant and what did Ragmen do?
3. Describe the facilities that were opened between 1847 and 1849 that caused the chimney sweeps to wash more often.
4. Who normally held a crossing sweep position and how was that job viewed? How did the crossing sweep have to eat sometimes?
5. How honest were costers' suppliers and how did the costers deal with dishonesty?
6. How did some crossing sweep get permanent jobs and why were they given the jobs?
7. How did some youths work a crossing sweep job and what other ways did they make money?
8. Who were generally managers of lodging houses and what happened to a child who did not have the money for lodging?
9. Where did orphan or runaway coster children live and how did they get money?
10. What caused a class hierarchy in immigrants in London?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Discuss the following:
1. Do you think the prejudice and stereotyping of poor people still exist today? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. Do you believe the government has an obligation to ensure that all citizens have a certain minimal level of existence? Why or why not?
3. How do you think Mayhew's religious beliefs affected his research? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
Essay Topic 2
Mayhew decried the fact that many couples in this group were unmarried, living in sin according to his beliefs. He reluctantly noted that despite the lack of a church ceremony, most were faithful to their mates and did their best to support their children.
1. Discuss the reasons that costermonger couples might not marry. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. Discuss, in depth, what you think the fact that couples without a church marriage ceremony were faithful to each other, implies about church sanctioned marriage. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. Why do you think Mayhew was reluctant to admit that unmarried couples were often monogamous and took care of their children. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
Essay Topic 3
The emaciated, depressed man with sunken eyes and wrinkles had worked as a clown for 16 years. He would prefer to be a groom or a police officer, anything except a clown. However, now that he had a wife and children to support, he clowned from 8 am to dark every day for 6 shillings per week. Ashamed, he hid his occupation from the neighbors.
1. Discuss the symptoms of depression you think is evident in this clown's story. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. How would being ashamed of a person's occupation affect the quality of his or her life? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. Discuss the ways in which this clown could be considered courageous for persisting in a job that he hated and was ashamed of for the benefit of his wife and children. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
This section contains 1,181 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)