|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who collected coal, small scraps of wood, lost coins and other junk from the deep, sucking, stinking mud?
2. What was the average wage of someone in the job in number 69?
3. To whom did some merchants loan stock at no cost?
4. Who worked for very low wages in the hopes of finding something to sell?
5. What happened to many coster children if their parents thought they did not bring enough money home at night?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was the story Mayhew wrote about a Cheap Jack?
2. What were some of the positive aspects of being a costermonger?
3. What did bolder boys do with coal barges, how was this viewed and what could happen to the boys? How did the boys feel about jail?
4. How did Jewish traders survive in London and how does Mayhew portray the Jewish traders?
5. What was the story Mayhew told about a crossing sweep from Dublin?
6. What did mudlarks do and how did they bathe?
7. What were some of the circumstances in the better lodging houses for the street people?
8. What types of generalizations did Mayhew make about the London street people and how did this reflect Victorian thinking on industrialization?
9. What area of trade did the Jewish traders dominant and what did Ragmen do?
10. How did some youths work a crossing sweep job and what other ways did they make money?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Due to competition, the photographer had to offer portraits for a half-penny, an impossibly low price. To bolster earnings, he either lured people into buying a more expensive photo, or sold them bogus products like a "Patent American Air Preserver" that was actually just scrap paper.
1. After reading this photographer's story would you consider him to be of low moral character? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. Explain why this photographer's actions demonstrates the validity of the cliche: buyer beware. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. Do you believe it is the responsibility of the seller of a goods to make certain the goods are worth the selling price or it is the responsibility of the buyer to decide that? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 2
Mayhew made sweeping generalizations about the different types of street people, and often relied on stereotypes. For example, he claimed that all blind musicians were highly religious while all "mechanics" or skilled laborers were melancholy, suffering from chronic depression.
1. Refute or defend the following statement: Stereotypes about people are generally true. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. How do you think stereotyping or generalization in research can affect the results of research? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. The only statement that can be true about a research population is if that population consist of only one person. Discuss this statement in view of Mayhew's tendency to stereotype groups of individuals.
Essay Topic 3
One magician worked as an errand boy for four years until at 14 he began to sell oranges outside a theater. From there he went to selling beer inside the theater, to being an extra on stage, to acting at the age of 15. After the show closed, he worked as the doorkeeper until the owner mentioned an opening for a magician. With no knowledge, skill or experience, he volunteered for this position.
1. Discuss the strengths this magician would have had to have worked into the position of magician. Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
2. In reading of this magician's life do you think perseverance or talent was more important? Why? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
3. In view of the versatility this magician demonstrated in his variety of jobs do you think it is possible Mayhew underestimated the will and intelligence of many of the London street people? Why or why not? Use examples from the text and your own life to support your answer.
This section contains 1,432 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)